Area USDA crop production reports

U.S. Department of Agriculture

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – Based on August 1 conditions, South Dakota’s 2017 corn crop is forecast at 672 million bushels, down 19 percent from last year, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Acreage harvested for grain is estimated at 4.80 million acres, down 6 percent from a year ago. Average yield is forecast at 140 bushels per acre, down 21 bushels from last year.

Soybean production is forecast at 220 million bushels, 14 percent below last year’s record. Area for harvest, at 5.36 million acres, is up 4 percent from 2016’s record. Yield is forecast at 41 bushels per acre, down 8.5 bushels from last year.

South Dakota’s 2017 winter wheat crop is forecast at 24.7 million bushels, down 61 percent from last year’s crop. Harvested acreage is estimated at 650,000 acres, down 41 percent from a year ago. Average yield is forecast at 38 bushels per acre, down 20 bushels from last year.

Other spring wheat production is forecast at 30.1 million bushels, down 36 percent from last year. Harvested acreage is estimated at 940,000 acres, down 10 percent from a year ago. The yield, forecast at 32 bushels per acre, is down 13 bushels from last year.

Oat production, at 6.30 million bushels, is down 30 percent from last year. Harvested acreage is estimated at 100,000 acres, down 9 percent from a year ago. The yield is forecast at 63 bushels per acre, down 19 bushels from last year.

Sorghum yield is forecast at 59 bushels per acre, down 20 bushels from last year. Harvested acreage is estimated at 240,000 acres, up 20 percent from a year ago. Production, of 14.2 million bushels, is down 10 percent from a year ago.

Alfalfa hay production is forecast at 2.97 million tons, down 13 percent from last year. Harvested acreage is estimated at 1.65 million acres, down 3 percent from 2016. Expected yield, at 1.80 tons per acre, is down 0.2 tons from last year. All other hay production is forecast at 2.08 million tons, down 1 percent from last year. Harvested acreage is estimated at 1.60 million acres, up 14 percent from a year ago. Expected yield, at 1.30 tons per acre, is down 0.2 tons from last year.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – Based on August 1 conditions, North Dakota’s 2017 spring wheat crop is forecast at 186 million bushels, down 31 percent from last year, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Harvested acreage is estimated at 5.16 million acres, down 12 percent from a year ago. Average yield is forecast at 36 bushels per acre, down 10 bushels from 2016.

Durum wheat production is forecast at 25.9 million bushels, down 56 percent from last year. Harvested acreage is estimated at 1.08 million, down 25 percent from a year ago. Average yield is forecast at 24 bushels per acre, down 16.5 bushel from last year.

Winter wheat production is forecast at 1.52 million bushels, 74 percent below last year’s crop. Harvested acreage is estimated at 40,000 acres, down 67 percent from a year ago. Average yield is forecast at 38 bushels per acre, down 10 bushels from 2016.

Barley production is forecast at 24.2 million bushels, down 44 percent from last year. Harvested acreage is estimated at 410,000 acres, down 36 percent from a year ago. Average yield is forecast at 59 bushels per acre, down 8 bushels from 2016.

Oat production is forecast at 4.60 million bushels, down 37 percent from last year. Harvested acreage, at 100,000 acres, is down 9 percent from a year ago. Average yield is forecast at 46 bushels per acre, down 20 bushels from last year.

Corn production is forecast at 417 million bushels, down 19 percent from 2016. Acreage harvested for grain is estimated at 3.45 million acres, up 6 percent from last year. Average yield is forecast at 121 bushels per acre, down 37 bushel from last year.

Soybean production is forecast at 236 million bushels, down 5 percent from last year. Area for harvest, at a record breaking 7.15 million acres, is up 19 percent from last year. Average yield per acre is forecast at 33 bushels per acre, down 8.5 bushels from 2016.

Alfalfa hay production is forecast at 1.89 million tons, down 21 percent from last year. Harvested acreage is estimated at 1.45 million acres, up 4 from a year ago. Expected yield, at 1.30 tons per acre, is down 0.4 tons from last year. All other hay production is forecast at 1.21 million tons, down 37 percent from last year. Harvested acreage is estimated at 1.10 million acres, unchanged from a year ago. Expected yield, at 1.10 tons per acre, is down 0.65 ton from last year.

Dry edible bean production is forecast at 10.1 million cwt, up 14 percent from last year. The average yield is forecast at 1,500 pounds per acre, down 80 pounds from last year. Acres planted by class are as follows: Pinto, 459,000; Black, 91,000; Navy, 86,000; Large Garbanzo, 31,200; Pink, 2,800; Small Garbanzo, 12,900; Dark Red Kidney, 1,700; Great Northern, 2,900; Small Red, 4,300; All Other, 8,200.

Sugarbeet production is forecast at 6.18 million tons, down 1 percent from 2016. Area for harvest, at 192,000 acres, is down 5 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at a record 32.2 tons per acre, up 1.4 tons from last year.

Minnesota

Minnesota corn production is forecast at 1.38 billion bushels, down 11 percent from last year, according to the latest USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service – Crop Production report. Based on conditions as of August 1, yields are expected to average 183 bushels per acre, a decrease of 10 bushels per acre from last year. Corn planted acreage is estimated at 8.00 million acres. An estimated 7.55 million of the acres planted will be harvested for grain.

Soybean production is forecast at a record high 399 million bushels. If realized this will be up 1 percent from the previous record set by last year’s production of 394 million bushels. The yield is forecast at 49.0 bushels per acre, 3.5 bushels below 2016. Soybean planted acreage is estimated at 8.20 million acres with 8.15 million acres to be harvested.

Spring wheat production is estimated at 77.5 million bushels, an increase of 4 percent from 2016. Yield is forecast at 61.0 bushels per acre, unchanged from the July forecast but up 2 bushels per acre from the 2016 yield. If realized, this will be a record yield for Minnesota, surpassing the current record of 60 bushels per acre set in 2015.

Oat production for grain is forecast at 7.30 million bushels, down 11 percent from last year. The yield is forecast at 73.0 bushels per acre, up 2.0 bushels from July and up 5.0 bushels from 2016.

Barley production is forecast at 5.95 million bushels, up 14 percent from 2016. Yield is forecast at 70.0 bushels an acre, up 3.0 bushels from July and up 4.0 bushels from 2016.

Sugarbeet production is estimated at 12.3 million tons, down 2 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at a record 30.4 tons per acre, up 0.4 ton from the previous record of 30.0 tons in 2016.

Minnesota hay yield for alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures is forecast at 3.00 tons per acre, with a total production of 2.70 million tons, a 21 percent decrease in production from 2016. The forecast yield for other hay is 2.00 tons per acre, with a production of 1.40 million tons.

The forecasts in this report are based on August 1 conditions and do not reflect weather effects since that time. The next crop production forecasts, based on conditions as of September 1, will be released on September 12.

Iowa

Iowa corn production is forecast at 2.46 billion bushels according to the latest USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service – Crop Production report. Based on conditions as of August 1, yields are expected to average 188 bushels per acre, a decrease of 15 bushels per acre from last year. If realized, this will be the third highest yield and production on record behind 2016 and 2015, respectively. Corn planted acreage is estimated at 13.5 million acres. An estimated 13.1 million of the acres planted will be harvested for grain.

Soybean production is forecast at 557 million bushels. If realized, this will be the second highest on record behind last year’s 572 million bushels. The yield is forecast at 56.0 bushels per acre, 4.5 bushels less than 2016. If realized, this will be the third highest yield on record behind 2016 and 2015, respectively. Soybean planted acreage is estimated at 10.0 million acres with 9.95 million acres to be harvested.

Oat production for grain is forecast at 3.46 million bushels. The expected yield is 72.0 bushels per acre, down 4.0 bushels from 2016 but up 3.0 bushels from the July forecast. An estimated 48,000 acres will be harvested for grain.

Iowa hay yield for alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures is expected to be 3.60 tons per acre with a total production of 2.66 million tons, up 15 percent from the previous year. The projected yield for other hay is 2.00 tons per acre, with production at 740,000 tons, down 18 percent from 2016.

The forecasts in this report are based on August 1 conditions and do not reflect weather effects since that time. The next corn and soybean production forecasts, based on conditions as of September 1, will be released on September 12.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – Based on August 1 conditions, Nebraska’s 2017 corn production is forecast at a record high of 1.74 billion bushels, up 2 percent from last year’s production, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Acreage harvested for grain is estimated at 9.50 million acres, down 1 percent from a year ago. Average yield is forecast at 183 bushels per acre, up 5 bushels from last year.

Soybean production in Nebraska is forecast at a record high of 328 million bushels, up 4 percent from last year. Area for harvest, at 5.65 million acres, is up 10 percent from 2016. Yield is forecast at 58 bushels per acre, down 3 bushels from last year.

Nebraska’s 2017 Winter wheat crop is forecast at 46 million bushels, down 35 percent from last year. Harvested area for grain, at 1.00 million acres, is down 24 percent from last year. Average yield is forecast at 46 bushels per acre, down 8 bushels per acre from 2016.

Sorghum production, of 10.1 million bushels, is down 43 percent from a year ago. Area for grain harvest, at 110,000 acres, is down 37 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 92 bushels per acre, down 10 bushels from last year.

Oat production is forecast at 1.50 million bushels, unchanged from last year. Harvested area for grain, at 25,000 acres, is unchanged from last year. Yield is forecast at 60 bushels per acre, unchanged from 2016.

Dry edible bean production is forecast at 4.37 million cwt, up 58 percent from last year. The average yield is forecast at a record high of 2,570 pounds per acre, up 300 pounds from last year. Acres planted by class are as follows: Pinto, 98,000; Great Northern, 56,000; Black, 8,600; Light Red Kidney, 11,000; Chickpeas, 5,200; All Other, 6,200.

Sugarbeet production is forecast at 1.57 million tons, up 11 percent from 2016. Area for harvest, at 48,400 acres, is up 1,200 acres from last year. Yield is estimated at a record high of 32.4 tons per acre, up 2.5 tons from a year ago.

Alfalfa hay production is forecast at 2.93 million tons, down 6 percent from last year. Expected yield, at 3.80 tons per acre, is down 0.35 ton from last year. All other hay production is forecast at 2.21 million tons, down 16 percent from last year. Forecasted yield, at 1.30 tons per acre, is down 0.25 ton from last year.