Crop Progress and Pasture Condition

U.S. Department of Agriculture

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending May 14, 2017, warmer than average weather aided planting, but dried out soil according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. A second week with above average temperatures across much of the State reduced soil moisture supplies and affected crop conditions. Temperatures were six to eight degrees above normal in northwest South Dakota. Much of the west received some moisture with a few southwestern counties receiving up to an inch of rain. There were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 9 percent very short, 31 short, 58 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 6 percent very short, 32 short, 61 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 15 poor, 43 fair, 40 good, and 0 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 40 percent, behind 58 last year.

Spring wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 47 fair, 45 good, and 4 excellent. Spring wheat planted was 99 percent, near 96 last year, and ahead of 90 for the five-year average. Emerged was 83 percent, near 82 last year, and well ahead of 63 average. Jointing was 1 percent, near 2 last year.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 42 fair, 52 good, and 5 excellent. Oats planted was 99 percent, near 95 last year, and ahead of 90 average. Emerged was 91 percent, near 87 last year, and well ahead of 68 average. Jointed was 8 percent, near 5 last year.

Barley condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 45 fair, 51 good, and 0 excellent. Barley planted was 98 percent, ahead of 91 last year and 83 average. Emerged was 70 percent, ahead of 60 last year and 51 average.

Corn planted was 77 percent, ahead of 59 last year and 66 average. Emerged was 15 percent, equal to last year, but behind 21 average.

Soybeans planted was 29 percent, near 25 last year and 26 average. Emerged was 1 percent equal to last year, and near 2 average.

Sorghum planted was 15 percent, ahead of 5 both last year and average.

Sunflower planted was 1 percent, near 2 last year, and equal to average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range condition rated 3 percent very poor, 17 poor, 37 fair, 39 good, and 4 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 2 percent very short, 18 short, 78 adequate, and 2 surplus.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending May 14, 2017, temperatures averaged two to eight degrees above normal across most of the State, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The warmer and drier conditions caused soils to dry out allowing for good planting progress to be made. Producers in parts of southern North Dakota indicated that additional moisture is needed to help germinate recently planted seeds. There were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 21 short, 69 adequate, and 8 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 11 short, 79 adequate, and 9 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn planted was 58 percent, behind 72 last year, but ahead of 53 for the five-year average. Emerged was 8 percent, behind 19 last year and 13 average.

Soybeans planted was 29 percent, behind 48 last year, but near 28 average. Emerged was 1 percent, near 5 last year and 2 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 20 fair, 70 good, and 5 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 41 percent, behind 48 last year. Headed was 3 percent, near 0 last year.

Spring wheat planted was 72 percent, behind 84 last year, but ahead of 63 average. Emerged was 31 percent, behind 48 last year, and near 35 average. Jointed was 4 percent.

Barley planted was 73 percent, behind 84 last year, but ahead of 58 average. Emerged was 29 percent, behind 48 last year, and near 32 average. Jointed was 1 percent.

Oats planted was 73 percent, behind 80 last year, but ahead of 61 average. Emerged was 32 percent, behind 40 last year, but near 29 average. Jointed was 1 percent, near 0 last year, and equal to average.

Sugarbeets planted was 96 percent, near 100 last year, but well ahead of 74 average.

Sunflower planted was 11 percent, behind 19 last year, but near 10 average.

Dry beans planted was 6 percent, behind 24 last year, and near 10 average.

Durum wheat planted was 52 percent, behind 63 last year, but ahead of 45 average. Emerged was 15, percent behind 30 last year and 20 average. Jointed was 3 percent.

Canola planted was 44 percent, behind 57 last year, and near 45 average. Emerged was 8, percent behind 19 last year.

Flaxseed planted was 32 percent, behind 50 last year, but near 30 average. Emerged was 6 percent.

Dry edible peas planted was 79 percent, near 81 last year, but well ahead of 57 average. Emerged was 23 percent, well behind 44 last year, and near 27 average.

Potatoes planted was 42 percent, well behind 64 last year, but near 40 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 9 poor, 37 fair, 51 good, and 3 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 8 short, 86 adequate, and 5 surplus.

Minnesota

Warm and dry weather across Minnesota improved field conditions during the week ending May 14, 2017, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork allowed for rapid planting progress. Forty-nine percent of the total corn acreage, 43 percent of the soybean acreage and 28 percent of the spring wheat acreage was planted during the week. Every crop’s planting progress, with the exception of sunflowers and dry beans, had advanced beyond their respective 5-year averages. Field activities for the week included planting crops and moving cattle to pastures.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 9 percent short, 86 percent adequate, and 5 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 88 percent adequate, and 10 percent surplus.

Minnesota’s spring wheat planting was 93 percent complete. Spring wheat emergence remained behind average at 36 percent emerged. The oat planting progress advanced to 84 percent planted. Fifty-one percent of the oats have emerged, 2 weeks behind last year and 3 days behind average. Oat conditions improved to 0 percent very poor, 0 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 59 percent good and 13 percent excellent. Barley planting progress was 89 percent planted, with 29 percent of the acreage emerged.

Corn planting was 84 percent completed, 8 days behind last year. Twenty percent of the corn has emerged, 5 days behind average. Soybeans were 47 percent planted, 6 days behind last year. Dry edible bean planting has begun and was 9 percent completed. Sunflowers were 28 percent planted, 1 week behind last year and 1 day behind average.

Potatoes and Sugarbeet planting advanced to 72 and 99 percent complete, respectively. Hay conditions improved to 1 percent very poor, 1 percent poor, 23 percent fair, 65 percent good, and 10 percent excellent. Pasture conditions were 0 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 63 percent good, and 8 percent excellent.

Iowa

It was a dry week across much of Iowa for the week ending May 14, 2017, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 4.5 days suitable for fieldwork, up more than a day from the previous week. This allowed farmers to plant one-third of the State’s expected corn acreage and just under one-third of the State’s expected soybean acreage. The dry and warm weather also aided crop emergence.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 86 percent adequate and 13 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 84 percent adequate and 15 percent surplus. Similar to last week, the Southwest and South Central Districts reported the largest percentages of surplus subsoil moisture.

Eighty-five percent of the corn crop has been planted, 2 days behind last year, but 4 days ahead of the 5-year average for the first time this year. Farmers in the Central and North Central Districts have over 90 percent of their corn planted. Twenty-eight percent of corn has emerged, 6 days behind last year, and 3 days behind average. Forty percent of the soybean acreage has been planted, 1 day behind last year, but 2 days ahead of average. Oats emerged reached 85 percent, 3 days ahead of average. Oat condition rated 79 percent good to excellent.

Hay condition rated 84 percent good to excellent. Pasture condition rated 82 percent good to excellent with most livestock reported as being out in pastures. Livestock conditions were reported as good.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending May 14, 2017, temperatures averaged four to six degrees above normal, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Rainfall accumulations of an inch were common in Panhandle, southcentral, and southwestern counties, but limited to half an inch or less for the rest of the State. Dry, warm weather allowed farmers to make progress in corn and soybean planting. There were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 14 short, 79 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 14 short, 78 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn planted was 78 percent, ahead of 71 last year, and near 76 for the five-year average. Emerged was 31 percent, near 28 last year and 34 average.

Soybeans planted was 37 percent, ahead of 27 last year, but equal to average. Emerged was 4 percent, near 3 last year and 7 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 12 poor, 40 fair, 41 good, and 5 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 94 percent, near 90 last year, and ahead of 76 average. Headed was 32 percent, near 31 last year, and ahead of 22 average.

Sorghum planted was 14 percent, near 12 last year, but behind 19 average. Emerged was 1 percent.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 15 fair, 81 good, and 4 excellent. Oats planted was 99 percent, ahead of 92 last year, and near 97 average. Emerged was 95 percent, ahead of 85 both last year and average. Jointed was 16 percent.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 29 fair, 59 good, and 9 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 3 short, 94 adequate, and 2 surplus.