Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending September 10, 2017, silage cutting and late-season haying continued under mostly dry conditions, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Producers began seeding winter wheat in parts of the State. Temperatures were seasonally cool early in the week with light frost reported in low-lying areas of the southwest. Corn and soybean maturity ratings continued to lag behind last year and average. There were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 18 percent very short, 28 short, 53 adequate, and 1 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 27 percent very short, 33 short, 39 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 10 percent very poor, 16 poor, 31 fair, 39 good, and 4 excellent. Corn dough was 97 percent, equal to both last year and the five-year average. Dented was 60 percent, well behind 80 last year, and behind 78 average. Corn mature was 4 percent, behind 17 last year and 21 average.

Soybean condition rated 5 percent very poor, 12 poor, 33 fair, 43 good, and 7 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 26 percent, behind 42 last year and 44 average.

Sorghum condition rated 15 percent very poor, 19 poor, 52 fair, 14 good, and 0 excellent. Sorghum coloring was 59 percent, well behind 85 last year and 83 average. Mature was 10 percent, behind 28 last year and 18 average.

Sunflowers condition rated 6 percent very poor, 24 poor, 53 fair, 16 good, and 1 excellent. Sunflower ray flowers dried was 56 percent, ahead of 48 last year, but behind 62 average. Bracts turning yellow was 23 percent, ahead of 16 last year, but near 27 average. Bracts turning brown was 5 percent.

Alfalfa condition rated 26 percent very poor, 34 poor, 23 fair, 16 good, and 1 excellent. Alfalfa second cutting was 80 percent complete, behind 87 last year. Third cutting was 56 percent, behind 67 last year and 69 average.

Barley harvested was 76 percent.

Winter wheat planted was 5 percent, near 6 last year and 9 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range condition rated 24 percent very poor, 30 poor, 29 fair, 16 good, and 1 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 20 percent very short, 34 short, 45 adequate, and 1 surplus.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending September 10, 2017, small grain harvest was wrapping up over much of the State, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Temperatures averaged near normal across North Dakota. Little to no rainfall was received and some crops showed stress due to the hot, dry weather. There were 6.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 23 percent very short, 39 short, 38 adequate, and 0 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 23 percent very short, 38 short, 38 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 7 percent very poor, 13 poor, 31 fair, 44 good, and 5 excellent. Corn dough was 94 percent, near 97 last year and 95 for the five-year average. Dented was 56 percent, behind 75 last year and 69 average. Mature was 4 percent, behind 21 last year and 18 average.

Soybean condition rated 5 percent very poor, 13 poor, 35 fair, 44 good, and 3 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 46 percent, near 50 last year, and behind 51 average.

Winter wheat planted was 11 percent, near 9 last year.

Spring wheat harvested was 94 percent, equal to last year, but ahead of 84 average.

Barley harvested was 96 percent, near 98 last year, but ahead of 89 average.

Oats harvested was 93 percent, behind 98 last year, but near 89 average.

Sunflowers condition rated 7 percent very poor, 16 poor, 46 fair, 30 good, and 1 excellent. Sunflower ray flowers dried was 84 percent, near 85 last year, but ahead of 77 average. Bracts turning yellow was 57 percent, behind 65 last year, but ahead of 42 average. Bracts turning brown was 14 percent, behind 20 last year.

Dry edible beans condition rated 6 percent very poor, 14 poor, 30 fair, 46 good, and 4 excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 88 percent, near 84 last year, and ahead of 83 average. Harvested was 20 percent, behind 29 last year and 28 average.

Durum wheat mature was 96 percent, near 99 last year. Harvested was 87 percent, ahead of 76 last year, and well ahead of 67 average.

Canola harvested was 81 percent, equal to last year, but ahead of 73 average.

Flaxseed harvested was 71 percent, near 72 last year, but ahead of 54 average.

Dry edible peas harvested was 96 percent.

Potato condition rated 4 percent very poor, 13 poor, 28 fair, 50 good, and 5 excellent. Potatoes vines dry was 69 percent, ahead of 63 last year and 51 average. Harvested was 19 percent, ahead of 8 last year.

Alfalfa second cutting was 94 percent complete, near 91 last year.

Sugarbeet condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 6 fair, 27 good, and 66 excellent. Sugarbeets harvested was 7 percent, near 8 both last year and average.

Lentils harvested was 77 percent, behind 87 last year.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 32 percent very poor, 34 poor, 26 fair, 8 good, and 0 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 25 percent very short, 33 short, 42 adequate, and 0 surplus.

Minnesota

Minnesota farmers have nearly completed small grain harvest and have begun harvesting dry edible beans and corn for silage during the week ending September 10, 2017, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork, the second most of any week this year. Field activities included fall tillage, spreading manure, and seeding cover crops.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 5 percent very short, 18 percent short, 73 percent adequate and 4 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 15 percent short, 76 percent adequate and 5 percent surplus.

Ninety-six percent of the corn crop was at or beyond the dough stage. Seventy-one percent of the corn crop reached the dent stage, 9 days behind last year and 5 days behind the 5-year average. There were scattered reports of corn reaching maturity in southern Minnesota. Corn for silage harvest has begun and is 10 percent complete, 8 days behind last year. Corn condition improved slightly to 82 percent good to excellent. Forty-seven percent of the soybean crop was turning color with 13 percent dropping leaves. Soybean condition declined slightly to 72 percent good to excellent.

Both the spring wheat and oat harvests were 97 percent complete. Ninety percent of the dry edible bean crop was dropping leaves. Dry edible bean harvest was 19 percent complete, 3 days behind average. Dry edible bean condition rating dropped to 67 percent good to excellent. Sunflower condition was 86 percent good to excellent. Potato harvest was 39 percent complete. Potato crop condition remained at 92 percent good to excellent. Sugarbeets were 6 percent lifted. Sugarbeet condition increased slightly to 89 percent good to excellent.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay was 85 percent complete. Pasture condition stayed at 58 percent good to excellent.

Iowa

It was another dry week in Iowa with only localized showers during the week ending September 10, 2017, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Activities for the week included cutting hay, chopping corn for silage, seeding cover crops, hauling grain, and preparing for grain harvest.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 17 percent very short, 32 percent short, 51 percent adequate and 0 percent surplus. South central and southeast Iowa continue to be the driest parts of the state with over 80 percent of topsoil moisture rated short to very short. Subsoil moisture levels rated 19 percent very short, 34 percent short, 47 percent adequate and 0 percent surplus.

Seventy-six percent of the corn crop has reached the dent stage or beyond, three days behind the 5-year average. Fifteen percent of corn had reached maturity, six days behind last year and eight days behind average. Corn condition rated 60 percent good to excellent. Forty-seven percent of soybeans were turning color, one day behind average. Eight percent of soybeans were dropping leaves, four days behind average. Soybean condition rated 61 percent good to excellent.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay was 95 percent complete, over one week ahead of last year. There were some reports of producers starting to cut their fourth crop of alfalfa. Pasture conditions declined to 41 percent poor to very poor due to continued dry conditions slowing growth. Livestock conditions remained good, with reports of cattlemen weaning calves.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending September 10, 2017, temperatures averaged near normal across western Nebraska, but two to six degrees below normal in the east, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Precipitation was scattered and limited. Seed corn harvest was underway. There were 6.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 11 percent very short, 33 short, 56 adequate, and 0 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 12 percent very short, 35 short, 53 adequate, and 0 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 4 percent very poor, 8 poor, 24 fair, 47 good, and 17 excellent. Corn dented was 86 percent, near 87 last year and 85 for the five-year average. Mature was 18 percent, behind 25 last year and 27 average. Harvested was 2 percent, near 1 last year and 3 average.

Soybean condition rated 3 percent very poor, 7 poor, 27 fair, 51 good, and 12 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 28 percent, near 27 last year and 25 average.

Winter wheat planted was 7 percent, behind 17 last year and 13 average.

Sorghum condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 29 fair, 50 good, and 18 excellent. Sorghum coloring was 84 percent, behind 94 last year, but ahead of 77 average. Mature was 15 percent, behind 21 last year, but ahead of 8 average.

Alfalfa condition rated 3 percent very poor, 10 poor, 31 fair, 44 good, and 12 excellent. Alfalfa fourth cutting was 57 percent complete, ahead of 50 last year and 47 average.

Dry edible beans condition rated 7 percent very poor, 17 poor, 16 fair, 44 good, and 16 excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 54 percent, well behind 74 last year, and behind 71 average. Harvested was 8 percent, behind 14 both last year and average.

Proso millet harvested was 5 percent, behind 12 last year and 24 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 5 percent very poor, 18 poor, 47 fair, 27 good, and 3 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 11 short, 88 adequate, and 0 surplus.