Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending October 8, 2017, corn and soybean harvest progress remained behind last year and average following another wet week across much of the east, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Rainfall amounts varied considerably with the heaviest precipitation totals occurring in extreme southeastern South Dakota. Producers were able to resume harvesting late in the week in some central and northeast counties, where rainfall amounts were less. There were 4.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 16 percent very short, 20 short, 58 adequate, and 6 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 24 percent very short, 24 short, 50 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 9 percent very poor, 16 poor, 35 fair, 36 good, and 4 excellent. Corn mature was 72 percent, behind 91 last year and 87 for the five-year average. Harvested was 6 percent, behind 19 last year, and well behind 29 average.

Soybean condition rated 5 percent very poor, 12 poor, 32 fair, 44 good, and 7 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 97 percent, near 98 last year, and equal to average. Harvested was 22 percent, well behind 56 last year and 59 average.

Winter wheat planted was 78 percent, near 77 last year and 79 average. Emerged was 50 percent, ahead of 41 last year and 34 average.

Sorghum condition rated 15 percent very poor, 19 poor, 44 fair, 22 good, and 0 excellent. Sorghum coloring was 97 percent, near 100 last year and 98 average. Mature was 51 percent, well behind 85 last year and 79 average. Harvested was 3 percent, well behind 39 last year and 32 average.

Sunflower condition rated 4 percent very poor, 21 poor, 47 fair, 25 good, and 3 excellent. Sunflowers ray flowers dried was 98 percent, ahead of 93 last year. Bracts turning yellow was 85 percent, near 81 last year, but behind 90 average. Bracts turning brown was 62 percent, near 63 last year. Harvested was 10 percent, near 13 last year and 12 average.

Alfalfa third cutting was 85 percent complete, near 87 last year, and behind 93 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range condition rated 29 percent very poor, 25 poor, 24 fair, 21 good, and 1 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 22 percent very short, 25 short, 51 adequate, and 2 surplus.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending October 8, 2017, drier conditions allowed producers to make good progress harvesting late-season crops, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Little to no rain was received across the State last week. The dry weather also allowed producers to do fall tillage work and spraying. Livestock producers continued to haul hay and chop corn for silage. Temperatures were variable as they averaged two to six degrees below normal in the west, while the east was two to six degrees above normal. There were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 8 percent very short, 25 short, 63 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 13 percent very short, 29 short, 55 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 6 percent very poor, 11 poor, 26 fair, 51 good, and 6 excellent. Corn dented was 97 percent, near 100 last year and 99 for the five-year average. Mature was 62 percent, well behind 88 last year and 82 average. Harvested was 4 percent, behind 9 last year and 19 average.

Soybean condition rated 5 percent very poor, 11 poor, 31 fair, 48 good, and 5 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 97 percent, near 99 last year and 98 average. Harvested was 44 percent, well behind 70 last year and 64 average.

Winter wheat planted was 80 percent, near 83 last year. Emerged was 56 percent, near 53 last year.

Sunflowers condition rated 8 percent very poor, 16 poor, 39 fair, 35 good, and 2 excellent. Sunflower bracts turning yellow was 98 percent, near 94 last year. Bracts turning brown was 81 percent, near 84 last year and 78 average. Harvested was 4 percent, behind 11 last year and 12 average.

Dry edible beans harvested was 86 percent, ahead of 75 last year.

Flaxseed harvested was 96 percent.

Potatoes vines dry was 98 percent. Harvested was 79 percent, ahead of 62 last year and 72 average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 6 fair, 25 good, and 67 excellent. Sugarbeets harvested was 61 percent, ahead of 48 last year and 55 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 22 percent very poor, 30 poor, 33 fair, 14 good, and 1 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 17 percent very short, 33 short, 49 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Minnesota

Continued soggy field conditions further delayed soybean harvest, which was still lagging behind the 5-year average pace, and hampered the corn for grain harvest during the week ending October 8, 2017, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were only 2.3 days suitable for fieldwork, the least number of days since the 1.7 days during the week ending April 30. Despite wet conditions sunflower harvest got underway. Harvest continued for corn silage, dry beans, potatoes, and sugarbeets.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 69 percent adequate and 28 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 6 percent short, 73 percent adequate and 19 percent surplus.

Seventy-seven percent of the corn for grain crop had reached maturity, 6 days behind average. Corn harvested for silage was 83 percent complete, 10 days behind average. Corn condition dropped 1 percentage point to 80 percent good to excellent. Ninety-three percent of the soybean crop was dropping leaves, with 22 percent harvested. Soybean condition declined slightly to 69 percent good to excellent.

The dry edible bean crop harvest advanced to 90 percent complete, remaining ahead of the average of 89 percent. Sunflower harvest was 6 percent complete, 15 days behind average. Sunflower condition improved slightly to 84 percent good to excellent. Potato harvest was 82 percent complete. Sugarbeets were 41 percent lifted, surpassing last year’s pace by 2 days. Sugarbeet condition declined slightly to 87 percent good to excellent. Pasture condition declined slightly to 53 percent good to excellent.

Iowa

Rain throughout most of the week prevented Iowa farmers from spending much time in their fields during the week ending October 8, 2017, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were only 2.6 days suitable for fieldwork, the lowest this season since the last week in May. Activities for the week included harvesting corn for grain and soybeans, hauling and drying grain, seeding cover crops, and applying manure.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 9 percent very short, 16 percent short, 59 percent adequate and 16 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 16 percent very short, 23 percent short, 57 percent adequate and 4 percent surplus.

Eighty-seven percent of corn had reached maturity or beyond, one week behind last year and two days behind the 5-year average. Eight percent of the corn crop for grain has been harvested, over two weeks behind average. Moisture content of corn for grain being harvested averaged 22 percent. Corn condition remained at 60 percent good to excellent. Ninety-two percent of soybeans were dropping leaves, one day ahead of last year and four days ahead of average. Twenty-six percent of the soybean crop has been harvested, nearly a week behind average. Percent of soybeans harvested varies widely throughout the state, ranging from 9 percent in south central to 47 percent in east central Iowa. Soybean condition rated 62 percent good to excellent.

Pasture condition improved for the second week in a row to 25 percent good to excellent. Pastures have greened up and ponds are starting to fill. Livestock conditions were reported as good, but feedlots are muddy from the recent rains.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending October 8, 2017, temperatures averaged near normal across western Nebraska, but four to eight degrees above normal in the east, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Significant rainfall of an inch or more was received across most of the State, while some northeastern counties received up to four inches. Substantial amounts of precipitation continued to limit harvest activities. There were 1.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 7 short, 68 adequate, and 23 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 16 short, 72 adequate, and 8 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 4 percent very poor, 8 poor, 24 fair, 46 good, and 18 excellent. Corn mature was 83 percent, behind 91 last year, and near 87 for the five-year average. Harvested was 13 percent, behind 22 last year and 29 average.

Soybean condition rated 4 percent very poor, 8 poor, 26 fair, 49 good, and 13 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 96 percent, near 94 last year and 93 average. Harvested was 23 percent, behind 42 last year, and well behind 46 average.

Winter wheat planted was 77 percent, behind 94 last year and 87 average. Emerged was 57 percent, behind 75 last year, but equal to average.

Sorghum condition rated 3 percent very poor, 2 poor, 20 fair, 54 good, and 21 excellent. Sorghum mature was 81 percent, behind 94 last year, and near 82 average. Harvested was 19 percent, behind 32 last year, and near 20 average.

Alfalfa fourth cutting was 89 percent complete, ahead of 83 last year, and near 87 average.

Dry edible beans harvested was 70 percent, behind 82 both last year and average.

Proso millet harvested was 69 percent, behind 78 last year and 85 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 13 poor, 45 fair, 34 good, and 5 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 4 short, 92 adequate, and 3 surplus.