Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending May 13, 2018, there were 4.1 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 11 short, 81 adequate, and 7 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 23 short, 70 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn planted was 21 percent, well behind 71 last year and 61 for the five-year average.

Soybeans planted was 4 percent, well behind 26 last year, and behind 22 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 11 poor, 53 fair, 35 good, and 0 excellent.

Spring wheat planted was 79 percent, behind 98 last year and 89 average. Emerged was 28 percent, well behind 81 last year and 58 average.

Oats planted was 78 percent, well behind 98 last year, and behind 90 average. Emerged was 32 percent, well behind 89 last year and 66 average.

Sorghum planted was 3 percent, behind 13 last year, and near 5 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range condition rated 3 percent very poor, 14 poor, 43 fair, 37 good, and 3 excellent.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending May 13, 2018, there were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 12 percent very short, 35 short, 50 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 15 percent very short, 36 short, 47 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybeans planted was 12 percent, behind 25 last year and 21 for the five-year average.

Spring wheat planted was 52 percent, behind 68 last year, and near 56 average. Emerged was 8 percent, well behind 28 last year, and behind 24 average.

Durum wheat planted was 27 percent, well behind 48 last year, and behind 36 average. Emerged was 2 percent.

Winter wheat condition rated 3 percent very poor, 11 poor, 47 fair, 36 good, and 3 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 11 percent, well behind 38 last year.

Corn planted was 35 percent, behind 53 last year and 44 average. Emerged was 1 percent, behind 7 both last year and average.

Canola planted was 23 percent, behind 40 last year and 34 average. Emerged was 1 percent.

Sugarbeets planted was 90 percent, near 93 last year, but ahead of 71 average.

Oats planted was 34 percent, well behind 69 last year and 55 average. Emerged was 5 percent, well behind 28 last year, and behind 21 average.

Barley planted was 47 percent, well behind 68 last year, and near 51 average.

Dry edible peas planted was 39 percent, well behind 75 last year, and behind 50 average. Emerged was 2 percent, behind 21 last year and 19 average.

Sunflower planted was 2 percent, behind 10 last year and 7 average.

Flaxseed planted was 11 percent, behind 30 last year and 24 average.

Potatoes planted was 35 percent, near 38 last year, but ahead of 30 average.

Dry edible beans planted was 5 percent, near 6 last year and 7 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 6 percent very poor, 22 poor, 51 fair, 20 good, and 1 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 4 percent very short, 21 short, 72 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Minnesota

Above average temperatures prevailed across the state, however scattered thunderstorms late in the week kept producers in southern Minnesota from fieldwork during the week ending May 13, 2018, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork. While some areas in northern Minnesota still report having frost in the ground, last week’s warmer temperatures allowed farmers in many areas to apply anhydrous and dry fertilizer to fields, conduct tillage activities, and plant crops.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 6 percent short, 70 percent adequate and 23 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 4 percent short, 81 percent adequate and 14 percent surplus.

Minnesota’s spring wheat was 59 percent planted, 1 week behind last year and 2 days behind the 5-year average. Eleven percent of the spring wheat crop had emerged, 9 days behind last year and 15 days behind average. Oats were reported as 60 percent planted, 5 days behind last year and 4 days behind average. Twenty-one percent of the oat crop had emerged, 10 days behind last year and 13 days behind average. Planting of the barley crop was reported as 45 percent complete, 6 days behind last year and average. Seven percent of the barley crop had emerged, 6 days behind last year and 15 days behind average.

Corn planting was 40 percent completed, 5 days behind last year and 8 days behind average. There were a few reports of corn emerging in the southern half of the state. Soybeans were 11 percent planted, 4 days behind last year and 9 days behind average.

Potato planting was reported as 55 percent complete, 4 days behind last year and 1 day behind average. Sugarbeet planting was reported as 73 percent complete, one week behind last year and 1 day behind average.

Pastures are starting to green up slowly across the state. Pasture conditions were rated 1 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 57 percent good and 5 percent excellent.

Iowa

Iowa farmers were held to 3.8 days suitable for fieldwork after storms left measurable rainfall across much of the State during the week ending May 13, 2018, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 2 percent very short, 6 percent short, 69 percent adequate and 23 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 4 percent very short, 10 percent short, 69 percent adequate and 17 percent surplus. Intermittent rain interrupted fieldwork and planting activities in portions of the State, but recent rains have failed to relieve the dry soil conditions in the southern one-third of the State.

Iowa growers have planted 65 percent of the expected corn crop, 4 days ahead of last year. While the southern two-thirds of the state already has 79 percent or more of the corn crop planted, north central has almost three-quarters of the crop left to be planted. Twenty-six percent of the crop has emerged. Soybean growers have 33 percent of the expected crop in the ground, led by farmers in southeast Iowa who have planted almost two-thirds of their expected crop. Five percent of the crop has emerged. Ninety-two percent of the expected oat crop has been planted, 1 week behind last year and 3 days behind the five-year average. Sixty-one percent of the crop has emerged, 6 days behind last year, and 5 days behind the average.

Rain and warm temperatures have benefited hay acreage and pasture conditions statewide. The first hay condition rating of the season was 4 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 45 percent good and 12 percent excellent. Pasture condition rated 49 percent good to excellent, an increase of 9 percentage points from the previous week. Cattle and sheep are grazing on permanent pastures in many areas and farmers are waiting for drier conditions to take their first cutting of hay for the year.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending May 13, 2018, there were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 22 short, 71 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 25 short, 70 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn planted was 72 percent, near 74 last year and 70 for the five-year average. Emerged was 26 percent, near 28 last year and 25 average.

Soybeans planted was 41 percent, ahead of 34 last year and 29 average. Emerged was 5 percent, near 3 last year and 2 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 29 fair, 54 good, and 10 excellent. Winter wheat headed was 1 percent, well behind 28 average, and behind 15 average.

Sorghum planted was 17 percent, near 13 last year and 14 average.

Oats planted was 88 percent, behind 98 last year and 96 average. Emerged was 71 percent, well behind 92 last year, and behind 83 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 9 poor, 38 fair, 47 good, and 3 excellent.

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