Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending June 10, 2018, there were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 29 short, 64 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 8 percent very short, 27 short, 64 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 35 fair, 54 good, and 9 excellent. Corn emerged was 95 percent, near 97 last year and 93 for the five-year average.

Soybean condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 37 fair, 53 good, and 7 excellent. Soybeans planted was 96 percent, near 98 last year, but ahead of 91 average. Emerged was 79 percent, behind 85 last year, but ahead of 73 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 12 poor, 41 fair, 45 good, and 1 excellent. Winter wheat headed was 73 percent, behind 92 last year, but ahead of 59 average.

Spring wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 7 poor, 48 fair, 37 good, and 6 excellent. Spring wheat headed was 16 percent, behind 33 last year, and near 17 average.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 33 fair, 55 good, and 8 excellent. Oats headed was 25 percent, behind 38 last year, and near 28 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 12 fair, 88 good, and 0 excellent. Sorghum planted was 85 percent, near 82 last year, and ahead of 73 average.

Sunflowers planted was 64 percent, behind 69 last year, but ahead of 49 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 12 poor, 42 fair, 41 good, and 3 excellent.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending June 10, 2018, there were 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 23 short, 66 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 11 percent very short, 29 short, 58 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 19 fair, 73 good, and 6 excellent. Soybeans planted was 97 percent, equal to last year, and ahead of 89 for the five-year average. Emerged was 75 percent, behind 80 last year, but ahead of 63 average.

Spring wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 27 fair, 65 good, and 6 excellent. Spring wheat emerged was 95 percent, near 97 last year, but ahead of 86 average. Jointed was 31 percent, behind 44 last year, and equal to average.

Durum wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 29 fair, 58 good, and 11 excellent. Durum wheat emerged was 86 percent, behind 95 last year, but ahead of 76 average. Jointed was 26 percent, behind 42 last year, but ahead of 19 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 3 percent very poor, 7 poor, 40 fair, 47 good, and 3 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 87 percent, behind 92 last year. Headed was 23 percent, behind 37 last year.

Corn condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 25 fair, 66 good, and 7 excellent. Corn emerged was 89 percent, near 93 last year, but ahead of 83 average.

Canola condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 24 fair, 68 good, and 5 excellent. Canola emerged was 89 percent, near 92 last year, but ahead of 77 average.

Oats condition rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 34 fair, 55 good, and 4 excellent. Oats planted was 96 percent, near 99 last year and 94 average. Emerged was 84 percent, behind 93 last year, and near 86 average. Jointed was 39 percent, near 42 last year. Headed was 5 percent, near 7 last year and 3 average.

Barley condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 23 fair, 72 good, and 3 excellent. Barley emerged was 94 percent, near 93 last year, and ahead of 82 average. Jointed was 40 percent, near 39 last year, and ahead of 29 average.

Dry edible peas condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 32 fair, 59 good, and 7 excellent. Dry edible peas emerged was 84 percent, behind 95 last year, and near 88 average. Blooming was 5 percent, near 7 last year.

Minnesota

Despite scattered thunderstorms and rainfall, Minnesota farmers were able to find 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 10, 2018, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Warm temperatures allowed for good crop growth during the week while field activities included planting, spraying, and cutting hay.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 6 percent short, 73 percent adequate and 20 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 7 percent short, 81 percent adequate and 12 percent surplus.

Ninety-eight percent of Minnesota’s spring wheat crop had emerged, 5 days ahead of the five-year average. However, spring wheat jointed or beyond is five days behind the average, at 34 percent. Spring wheat condition declined slightly from last week, to a rating of 78 percent good to excellent. Oats were 95 percent emerged and 54 percent at or beyond the jointing stage. Oats were 4 percent headed or beyond, 11 days behind last year and 8 days behind average. Oats condition was rated at 79 percent good to excellent. Ninety-five percent of the barley crop was emerged with 36 percent at or beyond the jointing stage. Barley condition rated 83 percent good to excellent, down from the previous week.

Ninety-seven percent of the corn crop had emerged, 9 days ahead of average. Corn condition was rated 90 percent good to excellent. Soybeans planted was 98 percent complete and 87 percent emerged, with emergence 1 day ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of average. Soybean condition was rated 86 percent good to excellent.

The planting of dry edible beans was 92 percent complete and 80 percent emerged, with emergence 4 days ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of the average. The planting of sunflowers was 94 percent complete, 6 days behind last year but 8 days ahead of average. Potato planting was reported at 96 percent complete, 9 days behind last year and 4 days behind average.

The first cutting of alfalfa hay was 50 percent complete, 4 days behind last year but 3 days ahead of average. All hay condition rated 77 percent good to excellent. Pasture conditions were rated 75 percent good to excellent.

Iowa

While hot and dry conditions allowed many farmers to get caught up on fieldwork, others could do nothing but watch it rain during the week ending June 10, 2018, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork. Activities for the week included hay harvest, wrapping up planting for the year and post-emergent weed and fertilizer applications.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 4 percent very short, 15 percent short, 71 percent adequate and 10 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 5 percent very short, 17 percent short, 69 percent adequate and 9 percent surplus. Drought concerns continue in south central and southeast Iowa as subsoil moisture ratings of very short to short reached 70 percent or more.

Ninety-seven percent of the corn crop has emerged with 81 percent rated in good to excellent condition. Soybean growers have 98 percent of the expected crop planted, 2 weeks ahead of the 5-year average. Eighty-nine percent of soybeans have emerged, 5 days ahead of last year. Seventy-eight percent of the soybean crop was rated in good to excellent condition. Nearly all of the oat crop has emerged, with 38 percent headed. Eighty-one percent of the oat crop was rated in good to excellent condition.

Hay condition was rated 69 percent good to excellent. Pasture conditions rated 60 percent good to excellent. High temperatures have strained pastures in areas lacking rainfall. Cattle continued to experience heat stress.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending June 10, 2018, there were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 21 short, 74 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 21 short, 74 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 13 fair, 74 good, and 12 excellent. Corn emerged was 97 percent, equal to last year, and near 95 for the five-year average.

Soybean condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 12 fair, 78 good, and 9 excellent. Soybeans emerged was 93 percent, ahead of 83 last year and 79 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 7 poor, 23 fair, 52 good, and 16 excellent. Winter wheat headed was 88 percent, behind 99 last year, but near 85 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 13 fair, 82 good, and 5 excellent. Sorghum planted was 91 percent, near 87 last year, and ahead of 86 average.

Oats condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 30 fair, 62 good, and 4 excellent. Oats headed was 55 percent, behind 74 last year, but ahead of 46 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 28 fair, 57 good, and 7 excellent.