BEGIN:VCALENDAR VERSION:2.0 PRODID:-//Farm Forum - ECPv4.6.10.1//NONSGML v1.0//EN CALSCALE:GREGORIAN METHOD:PUBLISH X-WR-CALNAME:Farm Forum X-ORIGINAL-URL: X-WR-CALDESC:Events for Farm Forum BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180421T110033Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180419T161749Z SUMMARY:It's time to celebrate auctioneers DESCRIPTION:Today is Auctioneers Day! Merlin Worlie and Val Jark of Jark/Worlie Auction Service talk about the best part of the job at a recent sale near Conde. Make sure to celebrate your favorite auctioneer today. \nWatch the video here. \n\n \n \n \n \n Val Jark calls an auction near Conde on Thursday\, April 12.\nFarm Forum photo by Elizabeth Varin\n \n \n \n \n \n Merlin Worlie looks for a bid at an auction near Conde on Thursday\, April 12.Farm Forum photo by Elizabeth Varin\n \n \n \n \n \n A bidder’s number is seen at an auction near Conde on Thursday\, April 12.\nFarm Forum photo by Elizabeth Varin\n \n \n \n \n \n Val Jark starts an auction near Conde on Thursday\, April 12.Farm Forum photo by Elizabeth Varin\n \n \n \n \n \n Pieces of farm equipment are placed around a property near Conde for an auction on Thursday\, April 12.Farm Forum photo by Elizabeth Varin\n \n \n \n \n \n Buyers surround equipment near Conde for an auction on Thursday\, April 12.Farm Forum photo by Elizabeth Varin\n \n \n \n \n \n Pieces of farm equipment are placed around a property near Conde for an auction on Thursday\, April 12.Farm Forum photo by Elizabeth Varin\n \n \n \n \n \n Pieces of farm equipment are placed around a property near Conde for an auction on Thursday\, April 12.Farm Forum photo by Elizabeth Varin\n \n \n \n \n \n Pieces of farm equipment are placed around a property near Conde for an auction on Thursday\, April 12.Farm Forum photo by Elizabeth Varin\n \n \n \n \n \n Pieces of farm equipment are placed around a property near Conde for an auction on Thursday\, April 12.Farm Forum photo by Elizabeth Varin\n \n \n \n \n \n Buyers surround equipment near Conde for an auction on Thursday\, April 12.Farm Forum photo by Elizabeth Varin\n \n \n \n \n \n Merlin Worlie looks for a bid at an auction near Conde on Thursday\, April 12.Farm Forum photo by Elizabeth Varin\n \n \n \n \n \n Val Jark starts an auction near Conde on Thursday\, April 12.Farm Forum photo by Elizabeth Varin\n \n \n \n \n \n Pieces of farm equipment are placed around a property near Conde for an auction on Thursday\, April 12.Farm Forum photo by Elizabeth Varin\n \n \n \n \n \n Buyers surround equipment near Conde for an auction on Thursday\, April 12.Farm Forum photo by Elizabeth Varin\n \n \n \n \n \n Buyers surround equipment near Conde for an auction on Thursday\, April 12.Farm Forum photo by Elizabeth Varin\n \n \n \n \n \n Buyers surround equipment near Conde for an auction on Thursday\, April 12.Farm Forum photo by Elizabeth Varin\n \n \n \n \n \n Pieces of farm equipment are placed around a property near Conde for an auction on Thursday\, April 12.Farm Forum photo by Elizabeth Varin\n \n \n\n  \n URL: ATTACH;FMTTYPE=image/jpeg: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180420T222602Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180420T222606Z SUMMARY:4-Hers excel in North Dakota 4-H Horse Contests DESCRIPTION:\n \n \n #td_uid_1_5adc5c2e804b3 .td-doubleSlider-2 .td-item1 {\n background: url( 0 0 no-repeat;\n }\n #td_uid_1_5adc5c2e804b3 .td-doubleSlider-2 .td-item2 {\n background: url( 0 0 no-repeat;\n }\n #td_uid_1_5adc5c2e804b3 .td-doubleSlider-2 .td-item3 {\n background: url( 0 0 no-repeat;\n }\n #td_uid_1_5adc5c2e804b3 .td-doubleSlider-2 .td-item4 {\n background: url( 0 0 no-repeat;\n }\n \n\n \n \n \n \n\n \n 1 of 4\n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n A Ward County team took first place in junior division horse judging and intermediate division hippology. Pictured are\, from left (front row): coach Emily Goff and team members Mackenzie Wipf\, Haley Buck and Sadie Lemer; (back row); team members Macey Moore\, Hailey Schauer\, Anne Schauer and Emily Fannik\, and coach Paige Brummund. NDSU photo \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n A Benson County team placed first in the senior division of the hippology contest. Pictured are (from left): coach Barb Rice and team members Victoria Christensen\, Marit Wang\, Ashton Wold and Jacob Arnold. NDSU photo \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n A Kidder County team won first place in the junior division of the hippology contest. Pictured are (from left): team members Mica Klein\, Alea Kramlich\, Jade Shipley and Elyse Tufte. NDSU photo \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n A Ward County team took first place in the senior division of horse judging. Pictured are (from left): team members Mariah Braasch\, Madilyn Berg\, Sidney Lovelace and Kaitlyn Berg. NDSU photo \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n\n \n \nNDSU Extension \nSeveral North Dakota 4-H teams and individuals brought home honors from state horse judging\, hippology\, demonstration\, public speaking and quiz bowl competitions in 2018. \nResults by competition were: \nHorse Judging \nJunior Division (ages 8 to 13)\, team \n• First – Ward County \n• Second – Mountrail County \n• Third – Ransom County \n• Fourth – Sargent County \n• Fifth – Pierce County \nJunior Division\, individual \n• First – Hailey Maddock\, Benson County \n• Second – Emily Fannick\, Ward County \n• Third – Haley Buck\, Ward County \n• Fourth – Anne Schauer\, Ward County \n• Fifth – Molly Lund\, Mountrail County \n• Sixth – Norah Hermanson\, Mountrail County \n• Seventh – Ayriel Lyons\, Ransom County \n• Eighth – Macey Moore\, Ward County \n• Ninth – Jami Bopp\, Sargent County \n• 10th – Mika Guty\, Pierce County \nSenior Division (ages 14 to 18)\, team \n• First – Ward County \n• Second – Ransom County \n• Third – Sargent County \n• Fourth – Benson County \nSenior Division\, individual \n• First – Sidney Lovelace\, Ward County \n• Second – Kaitlyn Berg\, Ward County \n• Third – Lydia Lyons\, Ransom County \n• Fourth – Mariah Braasch\, Ward County \n• Fifth – Jacob Arnold\, Benson County \n• Sixth – Kasen Anderson\, Ransom County \n• Seventh – Jacy Bopp\, Sargent County \n• Eighth – Ella Reinke\, Ransom County \n• Ninth – Samantha Bergrud\, Ransom County \n• 10th – Madilyn Berg\, Ward County \nHippology \nJunior Division (ages 8 to 10)\, team \n• First – Kidder County \n• Second – Pierce County \n• Third – Ward County \n• Fourth – Foster County \n• Fifth – Grand Forks County \nIntermediate Division (ages 11 to 13)\, team \n• First – Ward County \n• Second – Pierce County \n• Third – Sargent County \n• Fourth – Mountrail County \n• Fifth – Morton County \nSenior Division (ages 14 to 18)\, team \n• First – Benson County \n• Second – Ward County \n• Third – Ransom County \n• Fourth – Hettinger County \n• Fifth – Foster County \nSenior Division\, individual \n• First – Victoria Christensen\, Benson County \n• Second – Marit Wang\, Benson County \n• Third – Ashton Wold\, Benson County \n• Fourth – Jacob Arnold\, Benson County \n• Fifth – Sidney Lovelace\, Ward County \n• Sixth – Kaitlyn Berg\, Ward County \n• Seventh – Samantha Bergrud\, Ransom County \n• Eighth – Kasen Anderson\, Ransom County \n• Ninth – Lydia Lyons\, Ransom County \n• 10th – Jacy Bopp\, Hettinger County \nDemonstration \nJunior Division (ages 8 to 13)\, team \n• First – Emily Fannick and Macey Moore\, Ward County: “Wrap it Up” \n• Second – Madison Anliker and Kali Norton\, Dickey County: “Keeping it Safe” \n• Third – Elle Cline and Kaia Heimbuch\, Dickey County: “Stall Specialists” \nJunior Division\, individual \n• First – Gabi Christianson\, Sargent County: “Sudsy Saddle Makes Shine!” \n• Second – Anne Schauer\, Ward County: “My Noseless Horse” \n• Third – Allie Bopp\, Sargent County: “Got Rope. Will Tie” \nSenior Division (ages 14 to 18)\, individual \n• First – Marit Wang and Victoria Christenson\, Benson County: “It’s OK to Judge” \n• Second – Samantha Bergrud\, Ransom County: “Equine Massage Therapy” \n• Third – Morgan Dutton\, Kidder County: “How to Tie a Rope Halter” \nPublic Speaking \nJunior Division (ages 8 to 13) \n• First – Kari Fuhrman\, Sargent County: “Settle Slew\, Triple Crown Legend!” \n• Second – Kris Fuhrman\, Sargent County: “The Horses of Ulysses S. Grant” \n• Third – Bailey Hawn and Rochelle Jacobson\, Ramsey County: “Farrier Tools” \nSenior Division (ages 14 to 18) \n• First – Teresa Wald\, Kidder County: “How to Buy First Horse” \n• Second – Mariah Braasch\, Ward County: “Quality Hay” \nQuiz Bowl \nJunior Division (ages 8 to 13)\, team \n• First – Mountrail County \n• Second – Ward County \n• Third – Sargent County \nJunior Division\, individual \n• First – Norah Hermanson\, Mountrial County \n• Second – Kris Furhman\, Sargent County \n• Third – Kaley Buck\, Ward County \n• Fourth – Anne Schauer\, Ward County \n• Fifth – Kari Fuhrman\, Sargent County \n• Sixth – Ashton Boehm\, Morton County \n• Seventh – Alli Bopp\, Sargent County \n• Eighth – Anna Hoistsad\, Sargent County \n• Ninth – Emily Fannik\, Ward County \n• 10th – Emma Brewer\, Mountrail County \nSenior Division (ages 14 to 18)\, team \n• First – Stark/Billings counties \n• Second – Kidder/Sargent counties \n• Third – Morton County \nSenior Division\, individual \n• First – Katelyn Eisenbeis\, Morton County \n• Second – Morgan Dutton\, Kidder/Sargent counties team \n• Third – Ashely Goldade\, Morton County \n• Fourth – Madison Kadrmas\, Stark-Billings counties team \n• Fifth – Marit Wang\, Benson/Ramsey counties team \n• Sixth (tie) – Jacob Arnold\, Benson/Ramsey counties team \n• Sixth (tie) – Madilyn Berg\, Ward County \n• Eighth – Teresa Wald\, Kidder/Sargent counties team \n• Ninth – Kaylee Obrigewitch\, Stark-Billings counties team \n• 10th – Mariah Braasch\, Ward County \nVisit for complete results. \nThe North Dakota 4-H’ers who competed in these state 4-H equine contests in 2018 demonstrated perseverance and flexibility after being faced with a challenging year\, according to Leigh Ann Skurupey\, the North Dakota State University Extension Service’s 4-H animal and equine sciences 4-H youth development specialist. Unforeseen weather and biosecurity measures needed at the NDSU Equine Center meant the events had to be held elsewhere. \n“A special thank you goes to Nicky Overgaard at the University of Minnesota Crookston for hosting the state 4-H and FFA horse judging contest and the state 4-H hippology contest this year\,” Skurupey adds. “The hospitality they showed us was priceless.” \nSkurupey also praised the youth and coaches for their efforts. \n“The 4-H’ers’ hard work and dedication in preparing for these contests are immeasurable\,” she notes. “The life and career skills gained from these contests far surpass the incredible equine knowledge gained. \n“A special thank you also goes to the coaches for their understanding characters\, recruitment in volunteers and positive attitudes that helped drive the success of each contest this year\,” she says. “Your positivity truly shined through to your teams\, which was exciting to see within each contest.” \n URL: ATTACH;FMTTYPE=image/jpeg: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180420T221602Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180420T221605Z SUMMARY:Aberdeen Central FFA Horse Judging Team results DESCRIPTION:\n \n \n #td_uid_2_5adc5c2e84a59 .td-doubleSlider-2 .td-item1 {\n background: url( 0 0 no-repeat;\n }\n #td_uid_2_5adc5c2e84a59 .td-doubleSlider-2 .td-item2 {\n background: url( 0 0 no-repeat;\n }\n \n\n \n \n \n \n\n \n 1 of 2\n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n Aberdeen Central\, first place at the Miller horse judging contest. From left: Gabi Siefkes\, Caylee Klein\, Anna Moser. Courtesy photo \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n Aberdeen Central FFA at the Groton FFA Contest. Front row\, from left: Jenna Loebs\, Cassie Kolb\, Alecia Morehouse\, Ajay Shaunaman. Middle row\, from left: Jillian Kiefer and Akaysha Delzer. Back row\, from left: Gabi Siefkes\, Caylee Klein\, Amanda Wiek\, and Anna Moser. Courtesy photo \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n\n \n \nAberdeen Central FFA Chapter \nThe Aberdeen Central FFA Horse Judging Team participated in the following events. \nWatertown CDE\, March 13 \n• Horse Judging: 2nd Place. \n• Caylee Klein 1st\, Gabi Siefkes 8th\, Anna Moser 13th. \nMiller CDE\, March 20 \n• Horse Judging: 1st Place. \n• Caylee Klein 6th\, Anna Moser 7th\, Gabi Siefkes 9th. \nGroton CDE\, April 5 \n• Horse Judging: 1st Place. \n• Caylee Klein 1st\, Anna Moser 3rd\, Gabi Siefkes 9th. \nState FFA Convention \n• Horse Judging: 5th Place Team. \n• Caylee Klein 10th\, Anna Moser 25th\, Gabi Siefkes 57th\, Alecia Moser. \n URL: ATTACH;FMTTYPE=image/jpeg: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180420T192604Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180420T192604Z SUMMARY:Understanding how to weaken Clostridium perfringens' effects on calves DESCRIPTION:By Russ Daly\nSpecial to the Farm Forum \nUsing the “epidemiologic triad” to understand calf illnesses caused by Clostridium perfringens is helpful in keeping calves healthy. To recap the explanation in the last column\, the “epidemiologic triad” is a big-picture view of animal diseases. It’s the recognition that the germ\, the animal\, and their environments all interact with each other to determine whether an infectious disease will rear its ugly head or not. \nClostridium perfringens infections are pertinent examples of how the three parts of the epidemiologic triad interrelate. This germ is very common and persistent in manure and soil. It does its damage by producing toxins that damage the gut and sometimes other organs. The “animal” corner of the triangle helps us understand that calves can gain immunity against the effects of clostridial toxins. And\, as is the case with calf gut germs in general\, the environment of the calving lot or barn is an important aspect too. \nNow that – thanks to the epidemiologic triad – we better understand how Clostridium perfringens causes calf illness\, we can potentially start to understand what to do about it. \nLet’s start with the germ itself. Could we just get rid of Clostridium perfringens in our cattle operations? Not a chance. As mentioned last time\, some types of Clostridium perfringens have adapted to survive very well in pens\, lots\, and dirty bedding. Even if calves and cows are put into a sterile environment\, the premises would quickly become contaminated by the germs normally shed in cattle manure. \nHow about the animal itself? Could we bolster the calf’s immune system so it’s not affected by these commonly-encountered germs? It turns out that might be possible. Calves get more resistant to the effects of Clostridium perfringens Types A\, C\, and E as they get older. But before that\, immunity definitely plays a role. \nYoung calves gain immunity against harmful germs in one of two ways. First is the colostrum they get from their mother during the first hours of life. This first milk is rich in antibodies that attack specific germs\, protecting the calf during its first weeks and months. The antibodies in colostrum reflect those made by the cow’s immune system\, so we can affect their amount and variety by vaccinating the mother during late pregnancy with “scour shots.” \nClostridium perfringens Types C and D are common components of these vaccines. They provide protection against beta and epsilon toxins – not the alpha toxin produced by the frequently-identified Clostridium perfringens Type A infections. A separate Type A vaccine is marketed for that purpose. To protect against all those types of toxins\, both vaccines are necessary. \nWhat about vaccinating the baby calf itself? While most vaccines don’t work very well in days-old calves\, evidence suggests that Clostridial vaccines might be an exception. Even so\, vaccines still take time to work: vaccinating a day-old calf might only be useful in preventing infections seen later in life. Typical “7-way” vaccines aren’t formulated to protect against alpha toxin. A separate Type A vaccine is considered necessary to protect against that version of the germ. \nThe final corner of the triad is the environment. While we can’t rid our cattle lots of Clostridium perfringens\, we can cut down on their numbers. Regular cleaning of pens\, lots\, and calving sheds should be part of our efforts to minimize the influence Clostridium perfringens has on our calves. \nThere’s another environment to consider for Clostridium perfringens\, too – the environment inside the calf’s gut. When a calf’s milk intake changes erratically or rapidly\, Clostridium perfringens can exponentially grow and produce the harmful toxins. While it would be impractical to influence milk intake in our beef calves\, producers can at least be aware of those conditions. The story is different for calves on milk replacer\, for which we can directly work to eliminate sudden changes in milk intake. \nOne person in your community who has dealt with issues such as Clostridium perfringens is your veterinarian. When it comes to the specific challenges your operation faces with this and other germs this calving season\, there’s no one better to lay out the possible solutions. Make sure you enlist their advice and experience when you suspect Clostridial problems in your calves this season. \nRuss Daly\, DVM\, is the Extension veterinarian at South Dakota State University. He can be reached via e-mail at or at 605-688-5171. \n URL: ATTACH;FMTTYPE=image/jpeg: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180420T192602Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180420T192602Z SUMMARY:Farmers make their voices heard in Farm Bill debate DESCRIPTION:Farm Policy Facts \nThe Farm Bill debate is officially underway with the House Agricultural Committee marking up H.R. 2\, the Agriculture and Nutrition Act of 2018\, this week. \nThe Senate Ag Committee is expected to markup its version of the 2018 Farm Bill this spring. Following floor consideration and passage of separate bills in both houses of Congress\, a conference committee will resolve the differences between the bills and send the negotiated agreement back to both chambers for final passage. \nWhat the final legislation will look like after legislators finish their work is unclear. But what is clear is that farmers have been vocal – and will continue to be vocal – every step of the way. \nMembers of Congress have heard from growers and business owners over the last several months in listening sessions\, during personal visits and in opinion pieces published in newspapers across the nation. \nFarm Policy Facts sat down with a few of them to find out why they spend their time flying to Washington\, or writing editorials\, to help advocate for a strong farm policy. \nThousands and thousands of jobs \nGreg Sandrock is a partner in the Cornerstone Agency insurance company in northern Illinois. \nHe sells crop insurance\, so farm policy is critical to his business. \nBut he’s also a resident of Tampico\, Illinois\, a town of about 800 where agriculture touches everything. So\, the Farm Bill\, with its safety net of crop insurance\, is also critical to the place he calls home. \n“It’s crucial that the Farm Bill stay strong in terms of the safety net provided by crop insurance with all the crops\,” he said. “It’s so crucial\, anymore\, because margins are extremely tight and so there’s very little room for error.” \nHe was in Washington this week as part of a fly-in of about 1\,100 insurance agents from across the nation. Sandrock has been making trips like this for 15 years. \nOne of the messages he’s routinely brought to Congress is that crop insurance is more than just a safety net for farmers. From banking\, to agricultural inputs like fertilizer\, to machinery and even pickup trucks\, crop insurance creates a stable economy that touches many lives. \n“When you look at all of that combined\, it is so much more than just the farmers. Crop insurance lays the ground work for all the ag inputs and all the folks that work in that industry\,” he said. “As you throw that stone in the water that ripple effect goes out to thousands and thousands and thousands of jobs.” \nMore vital than ever \nKirby Hettver\, of De Graff\, Minnesota\, made the rounds in Congress in March with the Minnesota Corn Growers Association. He’s the president. Hettver is a fifth-generation farmer growing corn\, soybean and alfalfa. \nHe\, and five fellow farmers\, met with the Minnesota delegation and House and Senate leaders\, including House Ag Chairman Conaway\, Senate Ag Chairman Roberts and Michigan Senator Debbie Stabenow. \nThe Farm Bill\, he told lawmakers\, is critical this year. \n“With us looking at five years of declining net farm income the safety net is more vital than it has been for a number of years\,” he said. \nThe group of corn growers specifically discussed tweaking Agricultural Risk Coverage and Price Loss Coverage – two policies designed to help growers when prices are low – and talked a lot about crop insurance that enable growers to rebuild after weather disasters. \n“Especially for a farmer like me that is on the younger side of the farming scope\, we talked about how important [farm policy] is for financing and how that’s part of our business plan\,” he said. \nHettver felt like members of Congress and congressional staffers were listening. He said the Minnesota delegation asked for feedback and viewed his group as a resource. Hettver and his group also explained why it is important to get the Farm Bill done by September. \n“In the businesses that we run\, there’s a lot of things we plan out for long term\,” he said. “And the certainty of having a Farm Bill for the next 5 years helps us build those plans with our financial institutions and with the other partners we rely on to provide products and services to the farm.” \nDon’t cut families out \nHettver probably bumped into dozens of sugar farmers\, who were in town at the same time to advocate for sugar policy and request help in beating back attempts to weaken that policy. \nIn addition to meeting with hundreds of offices\, two sugar farmers – Catherine LaCour of Louisiana and Joel Gasper of Minnesota – shared their story with the Washington Examiner newspaper. \nThey explained that for most Americans\, it’s a great time to be in business. The economy is booming\, stocks are soaring\, and unemployment is at a 17-year low. But all that prosperity seems a long way off when you work in a farm field. \n“If you’re a farmer\, like we are\, the outlook is horrible\,” they wrote. “Farm incomes are down\, commodity prices are low\, and the weather is increasingly unpredictable.” \nThey pointed out that prices for sugar are lower today than they were in 1980\, while inputs like fuel and machinery have all increased in cost. And\, they wrote\, subsidized foreign sugar has killed American jobs. \nTo protect America’s remaining sugar farms and jobs\, they urged Congress to keep a strong sugar program in the Farm Bill. \n“We need lawmakers continue to support a strong sugar policy\,” they wrote. “Communities\, and families like ours\, are counting on them. Please\, Congress\, don’t cut us out of the Farm Bill.” \n URL: ATTACH;FMTTYPE=image/jpeg: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180420T190602Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180420T191833Z SUMMARY:Milbank student named Borlaug Scholar DESCRIPTION:Milbank Ag Ed/FFA Advisor \nMilbank agriculture education students Claire Mischel\, Halli Essington\, Cassidy Christians\, Katie Stodolski and Katie Wollschlager participated in the South Dakota Youth Institute held on April 16 at the South Dakota State University in Brookings. Claire Mischel earned recognition as the Borlaug Scholar and will represent South Dakota at the Global Youth Institute in Iowa this fall. \nThe South Dakota Youth Institute is a life-changing experience where high school students engage with local leaders and experts on critical global challenges\, participate in hands-on activities\, and explore exciting ways to make a difference in South Dakota and around the world. Students research issues they care about\, and propose their ideas to solve these grand challenges. \nAt the South Dakota Youth Institute\, participating high school students have the opportunity to: \n• Present research and recommendations on ways to solve key global challenges in a short speech and small group discussions with statewide experts. \n• Connect with other student leaders from across South Dakota to share ideas\, identify solutions to these problems and build lasting friendships. \n• Explore the issues\, current research and opportunities to make a difference at South Dakota State University\, \n• Interact with global leaders\, innovators and entrepreneurs in South Dakota working to end hunger and poverty and improve food security around the world. \nStudent’s papers was evaluated by The World Food Prize Board of Reviewers. This distinguished group of educators and experts was established to mentor and personally encourage students. Reviewers write thoughtful\, personalized feedback to each student who participates in the Youth Institute. \nThe South Dakota Youth Institute is hosted by South Dakota State University with the generous support of the College of Agriculture and Biological Sciences and the College of Education and Human Science. \nJerry Janisch is the Milbank agriculture education instructor. \n URL: ATTACH;FMTTYPE=image/jpeg: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180420T181602Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180420T181602Z SUMMARY:South Dakota Center for Farm/Ranch Management releases Crops Report 2017 report DESCRIPTION:Mitchell Technical Institute \nMitchell\, S.D. — The widespread heat and lack of rain extending into to the middle portion of the growing season set up a challenge for crop performance. When rain did fall\, it was too late for many\, especially in central South Dakota. Other areas\, especially east central South Dakota\, received too much rain when the dry pattern changed to frequent showers and occasional violent storms with hail. \nAs per averages\, the 2017 soybean crop was the most profitable of crops produced on farms enrolled in the South Dakota Center for Farm/Ranch Management program. This is the fifth consecutive year of this trend. Verified data is compiled from farms participating in the South Dakota Farm/Ranch Business Management program at Mitchell Technical Institute. Soybeans averaged a net return of $38 per acre\, down from $96 per acre in 2016. The average yield of 44 bushels per acre vs 51 in 2016 was the biggest factor. The total cost of production for an acre of soybeans was $323 down from $341 in 2016. \nOn the fields included in the enterprise analysis\, corn also had lower total costs per acre than the prior year; $434 per acre vs $480 in 2016. This somewhat offset the effect that slightly lower yields (143) and prices ($2.95) had on the gross revenue per acre. In 2017 the net return per acre was -$7 per acre compared to a -$19 per acre net return in 2016. “It may seem odd to get excited about ‘less’ loss\, but it represents improvement\,” said Will Walter\, instructor at MTI. \nOf note is the price/bushel. The $2.95 per bushel was calculated by an average of fall sales and ending inventory. According to Walter\, “Corn prices have rallied since January 1\, 2018\, to the tune of 40-50 cents per bushel giving the producer an opportunity to show a profit on those same acres if some was carried over to be sold in 2018.” The high 20 percent return corn fields yielded 173 bushels per acre and the low 20 percent return corn fields only 114. Thus\, gross income was the determining factor vs. cost comparison\, as is often the case. \nWith a much smaller subset of data than corn and soybeans\, the average return per acre of winter wheat was -$32 per acre. The average yield was only 56 bushels per acre vs. 84 in 2016. Alfalfa hay produced an average return of $10 per acre. Other crops\, with lower instances\, often are unique to a small group of operations. All crop reports can be viewed via the South Dakota Annual Report at \n URL: ATTACH;FMTTYPE=image/jpeg: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180420T180604Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180420T180604Z SUMMARY:Research on woodland management and soybean aphid: Cooperating growers needed DESCRIPTION:by Marcella Windmuller-Campione\nUniversity of Minnesota Extension Assistant Professor\, Dept. of Forest Resources\nBy Robert Koch\nUniversity of Minnesota Extension Assistant Professor\, Dept. of Entomology \nWhile there are several options for managing the destructive soybean aphid\, including insecticides and aphid-resistant soybean varieties\, these options focus solely on the soybean field. However\, it is very likely that buckthorn is lurking (and reproducing!) in your woodland or an adjacent publicly own forest\, proving the required overwintering habitat for soybean aphid. Research in Ontario\, as well as in Minnesota\, has observed the relationship between proximity of buckthorn and early season \nsoybean aphid population levels. What has been little explored is if this relationship varies with buckthorn density – Does higher density buckthorn result in higher early season soybean aphid populations? If so\, are there management techniques that we can implement to reduce buckthorn density\, which could possibly reduce soybean aphid populations\, thus improving quality and yield for soybean growers? These questions require an interdisciplinary approach\, bringing together research faculty\, Extension educators\, and soybean growers with expertise in forestry\, entomology\, and agriculture. \nDo you have a soybean field adjacent to a woodland in central or southern Minnesota? \nWe are looking for soybean growers in central and southern Minnesota who have 10 or more acres of woodlands or forests that they own and/or are publicly owned and adjacent to their soybean field. Our request is for cooperators to allow field crews from the U of MN to sample in both the woodland and the soybean fields. Field crews will set-up forest inventory plots in the woodlands to gain information on the overstory\, regenerating seedlings and saplings\, and buckthorn density once during the summer growing season. This information will be shared with the landowner. Field crews will use transects to sample soybean aphid populations two to three times during the growing season to quantify how soybean aphid levels change. This information will be used to test the relationships between buckthorn density\, buckthorn proximity\, and soybean aphid populations through the growing season. \nIf you are interested and/or would like additional information on participating in this study please contact Dr. Marcella Windmuller-Campione at 612-624-3699 (office) or 847-772-5458 (cell) or by email ( or website ( \n URL: ATTACH;FMTTYPE=image/jpeg: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180420T180603Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180420T180603Z SUMMARY:Wet and cool pattern fades into summer season DESCRIPTION:SDSU Extension \nBROOKINGS —According to April 19\, 2018 National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Climate Prediction Center outlooks\, the relentless cool and wet climate pattern throughout South Dakota is likely to fade away as summer approaches. \n“The outlooks show a transition away from cool and wet in the month ahead\,” said Laura Edwards\, SDSU Extension state climatologist. \nBased on the models\, Edwards said South Dakota is less likely to have cooler than average conditions in May\, with the exception of the northwest. \nRecord breaking spring \nReflecting on the cooler than average start to the month\, Edwards said that some South Dakota locations\, like Sioux Falls\, broke monthly snowfall records. \n“The growing season is off to a slow start with cold air and soil temperatures\, and not just wet\, but snowy conditions. The first half of April has been the coldest start on record across the region\,” she said. \nAlready this winter and spring\, there have been record or near-record snowfall in central and eastern Montana as well. Moving into May\, the outlooks show Montana and a portion of northwest South Dakota are likely to continue to be wetter than average. \n“Gradually\, the drought is easing in the Northern Plains region\,” Edwards said. “Even with cold temperatures\, stock ponds are refilling and soil moisture is being slowly replenished.” \nShe referenced the U.S. Drought Monitor’s maps over recent weeks which shows improvements across the region. The worst drought areas from 2017 are now in D0\, Abnormally Dry\, or D1\, Moderate Drought\, severity levels in South Dakota. \n“This is a two-class improvement from mid-winter\,” Edwards said. \nThe U.S. Army Corps of Engineers have been keeping a close watch on snowpack in Montana as it has melted. They are prepared for the remaining snowmelt runoff and any spring rainfall to be captured in the reservoir system. \n“The Corps is expecting higher runoff than usual this season. However\, reservoir levels are low enough to accommodate the snowmelt runoff and rainfall from the prairies and mountains\,” Edwards said. \nSummer 2018: What can we expect? \nLooking ahead to the early summer season\, Edwards said it is predicted that the wet soils will prevent air temperatures from getting very warm in the region. \n“For the months of May through July\, South Dakota has equal chances of warmer\, cooler or near average temperatures overall\,” she said. \nPrecipitation is often a challenge for long-term climate forecasts in the summer season in the Northern Plains. Currently\, according to NOAA\, our region has equal chances of wetter\, drier or near average rainfall. \n“The forecast for the next one to two weeks gives some optimism that spring-like temperatures will finally arrive\, as warmer air gradually comes in from the west\,” Edwards said. \nShe added that drier weather is expected overall\, which will help to melt snow and dry the soils. \n“This spring has been one of the most difficult for calving and lambing in recent years\, with a continued pattern of cold\, wet mud and snow. Perhaps at last we can plant spring wheat\, and get ready for corn and soybean planting in the coming weeks\,” Edwards said. \n URL: ATTACH;FMTTYPE=image/jpeg: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180420T180602Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180420T180602Z SUMMARY:Home on the range: Green grass caution DESCRIPTION:By Chanda Engel\nSDSU Cow Calf Field Specialist \nAs we enter the last week of April\, the lingering of winter has many weary from long days and nights slogging through snow\, slush and mud. Some sunshine and the hope of green grass will do much to lift the spirits of cattle caretakers in the area. However\, a bit of caution about the importance of letting the grass get a bit of a head start before allowing cattle the luxury of grazing it. Not only will this assist with the production and sustainability of the pasture\, but it may assist with avoiding potential grass tetany issues in cattle. \nGrass tetany is a nutritional metabolic disorder caused by low blood magnesium levels. It primarily affects older ruminant animals (sheep and cattle) at early stages of lactation\, but may occur in younger lactating\, dry\, or growing animals. Tetany occurs most frequently when livestock are grazing lush and immature grass\, particularly in the spring\, often following cool periods (temps between 45 and 60 degrees F) when grass is growing rapidly. However it is also seen in the fall with new growth of cool season grass or wheat pastures. \nLow blood magnesium may be caused by: \n• A diet low in magnesium. \n• A diet with nutrient imbalances that interfere with magnesium metabolism. \n• Higher levels of milk production. When blood magnesium drops too low\, proper nerve impulse transmission fails\, causing the disorder. \nThe following signs and symptoms have been observed in livestock affected by tetany: \n• Grazing away from the herd. \n• Irritability. \n• Muscular twitching in the flank. \n• Wide-eyed and staring. \n• Muscular in-coordination. \n• Staggering. \n• Collapse. \n• Thrashing. \n• Head thrown back. \n• Coma. \n• Death. \nAnimals on pasture are often found dead without illness having been observed. Generally\, evidence of thrashing will be apparent if grass tetany is the cause of death. The cause of death may be confirmed by collecting a urine sample from the bladder during postmortem examination. The magnesium concentration in the urine is very low when grass tetany was the cause of death. \nThe prevention of grass tetany depends largely on avoiding conditions that bring it on: \n• Hold animals off new grass until it is 4-6” tall. \n• Feed dry hay or grain until grass can provide adequate nutrition. \n• Maintain animals on a moderate plane of nutrition until ample grass is available. \n• If possible\, feed some legume hay or graze early legume pasture\, since legumes are higher in magnesium than grass. \n• Supplement with high magnesium mineral. \nSupplementation increases blood magnesium levels and alleviates much of the grass tetany problem. Magnesium should be consumed on a daily basis. Livestock that are afflicted with grass tetany need to be treated immediately. The most common treatment is an intravenous injection of a dextrose solution containing both magnesium and calcium. I would suggest consulting your veterinarian regarding recommended preparations\, dosages\, and administration. \nDecreasing and preventing animal losses from grass tetany depends on using one or more of the suggested preventative management practices\, and timely treatment of affected animals. Lastly\, I want to encourage livestock caretakers to hang in there and to take care of themselves as well. \n“Ever tried\, ever failed—No matter. Try again! Fail again\, fail better.” — Samuel Beckett \n URL: ATTACH;FMTTYPE=image/jpeg: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180420T174602Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180420T174602Z SUMMARY:BeefTalk: Crested wheatgrass needs grazing management DESCRIPTION:By Kris Ringwall\nNDSU Extension Service Beef Specialist \nThe spring is a bit cooler than normal\, and grazing vigorous and productive cool-season grasses is still on the menu. \nCool-season grasses\, such as crested wheat in the northern Plains\, are a top priority for many cattle operations. Cattle producers are grass producers\, so appropriate grass management determines the success of the overall grazing season. Moisture and temperature impact grass production\, but managerial tweaks keep grass at its best. \nLet’s take a closer look at crested wheatgrass. Crested wheat\, an introduced grass\, generally is ready to graze around May 1\, one month earlier than native rangeland grasses. Those 30 days of grazing in May are welcomed by cattle producers\, who are anxious to give up the feed wagon and turn cattle out on grass. \nWhat happens when weather slows crested wheatgrass growth? From the grass perspective\, the delay means more time will be needed to meet grazing expectations. Generally\, a cow needs to meet her nutritional requirements every month. That’s 2.5 to 3 percent of her body weight during lactation. Typical 1\,200- to 1500-pound cows eat 30 to 40 pounds of dry matter per day. \nWe know moisture and temperature impact the discussion. However\, a good stand of crested wheat has the capacity to meet the cows’ and calves’ nutritional requirements\, provided temperatures reach 50 F and the stand has adequate moisture. \nLee Manske\, Dickinson Research Extension Center range scientist\, took weekly total forage production from crested wheat pastures that were grazed every other week and recorded 300 pounds of crested wheat forage produced per acre per day during May. Obviously\, such heavy growth has a very high moisture content\, so a producer needs to maintain old growth with the new growth to slow the rate of the forage’s passage through the digestive tract. \nBut the forage production from a good stand of crested wheat offers a lot of potential. Essentially\, cattle will consume a greater percentage of old growth in early May and more new growth in later May. Thus\, crested wheatgrass must be managed across years and not just within a year. \nIf one makes the assumption that 6 inches of standing crested wheatgrass equals 1\,000 pounds of dry forage\, then leaving 3-plus inches for next spring is a good idea. So\, stocking at one animal unit month per acre\, or 1\,000 pounds of cow per acre\, would mean the previous year’s growth and new growth has to contribute at least 25 pounds of dry-matter forage per grazing day per acre per 1\,000 pounds of cow. \nThat works if old growth is available from last year and the stocking rate is adjusted properly for cow weight. Because of the need for a mixture of old growth and new growth\, resist the temptation to graze crested wheat too long or let the cows have a walk through in the fall. \nCrested wheatgrass can be used beneficially one time per year without detrimental effects as a spring (May) pasture or as an early cut at the boot stage hay field. Rotate pasture and hay field use every three to five years. \nUnfortunately\, crested wheatgrass cannot have double use during the same growing season. Crested wheatgrass plants are hardy\, but they do not fully recover from two heavy uses. Why? Manske notes on the center’s grazing site ( that perennial grass produces tillers\, and the management of these tillers is essential for the survival of our grasslands. \nPerennial grass tillers live for two growing seasons and are the heart of the cattle and grass operation. Remember\, for the first growing season\, the tillers remain in a vegetative growth stage\, only producing leaves. \nKeeping the leaves growing is critical for the plant’s well-being and the utilization of the leaves for grazing. Manske indicates all native and introduced grasses produce six to eight leaves per growing season\, for a total of 12 to 16 leaves for each tiller that the plant produces. \nThe vigor of the grass stand is in keeping bountiful grass tillers on each plant. Effective producer grazing systems are very important in stimulating tiller production. Grass producers need to understand how to establish and utilize these tillers effectively. \nBalancing harvest and plant needs is critical. Manske notes that during the winter\, between the first and second growing seasons\, three or four of the previous season’s leaves remain alive and “re-green” with chlorophyll in the spring. These green carryover leaves show up soon after the snow melts and provide most of the carbohydrate used to produce the set of new leaves. \nCrested wheatgrass leaves are too small to start grazing in April\, thus the delay to early May. Cattle producers need to monitor pasture growth and determine appropriate grass turnout to assure enough grass growth to sustain a cow and calf. But turning out early is not a proper option. \nMay you find all your ear tags. \nFor more information\, contact your local NDSU Extension Service agent ( or Ringwall at the Dickinson Research Extension Center\, 1041 State Ave.\, Dickinson\, ND 58601; 701-456-1103; or \n URL: ATTACH;FMTTYPE=image/jpeg: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180420T165602Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180420T165602Z SUMMARY:Kennedy Deuschle earns Draft Horse Youth Grant DESCRIPTION:Dakota Charity Royal Draft Horse Show \nIona\, Minn.\, native Kennedy Deuschle’s dedication to draft horses\, her many years of assisting the Dakota Thunder Shire six horse hitch\, along with her talent to drive Grandpa’s 4-up of Birens Family Belgian draft horses at the Britt\, Iowa\, show has earned her a $500 grant from the Dakota Royal Charity Draft Horse Show Youth Fund. The grant will support her efforts to expand her education at South Dakota State University in Brookings as she continues her journey to someday enter vet school. \nMake plans now to attend the June 23-24 Dakota Charity Royal Draft Horse Show at the Swiftel Center in Brookings and support the silent auction that will once again raise funds to support youth efforts to remain engaged in the draft horse world. More info at \n URL: ATTACH;FMTTYPE=image/jpeg: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180420T162602Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180420T162602Z SUMMARY:Jane Green: This weather’s for the birds DESCRIPTION:by Jane Green\nSpecial to the Farm Forum \nWithout any fanfare\, apologies\, or reservations\, I declare that the recent weather we have been experiencing in South Dakota is for the birds and only for the birds! And when I declare that something is for the birds\, I mean that it is strictly for the birds! This “spring time” weather has caused so much havoc in farm country that\, well\, only the birds seem to be able to tolerate it! And the story goes like this… \nEndless grief sagas \nRather from snow\, sleet\, rain\, thunder\, lightning\, whiteouts\, or tornadic winds\, nothing keeps the true livestock people from braving the weather and rescuing the newborns. It’s prime calving season in Dakotaland\, and therefore it’s all hands on deck. Time is of the essence to save each newbie and sadly many have been lost this season for one reason or another. \nThe blizzard scenarios are graphic and leave us wondering why do we do this for a living? I can’t answer that question but according to some ag experts “if raising livestock was easy; everyone would be doing it.” ‘Nuff said. We’ll continue on by putting one foot in front of the other doing the best we can. In the mean time… \nBird watching \nBird Watching has become the new game in town. We have been inundated with large numbers of waterfowl and song birds. Every shape\, color\, and size of specie with wings seem to have found their way past our kitchen window. It has been a fun game to watch and wonder about. But where are all these birds coming from and for Pete’s sake Jane\, how have you had the time to sit and watch the birds? Hm? \nWell\, I hate to admit it\, but the calving crew retired me to the house this year. You see\, my mud-yucking boots sprung a leak\, and so the crew said\, “Jane\, we can’t afford a new pair of boots for you\, so you’ll just have to stay inside and handle the calving book\, the colostrum bottles\, the vaccines\, and the cow/calf numbers from the safety of the house. And we’ll handle the rest.” \nWith a tear in my eye (ha-ha)\, I took them up on their offer\, and so I have a little more time now to watch the birds and also to do a lot more cooking. As I cogitate on this whole situation\, I do believe the crew maybe wasn’t thinking so much about me\, but about their stomachs. Whatever\, I’ll take the change in my daily duties and enjoy the cows and calves when they’re on pasture this summer. Yes! \nWhat kind of bird is that? \nPar usual for me\, when I experience any kind of change in my life\, adventures and misadventures always seem to follow and so it has been with my bird watching escapades. I was forever coming across a bird frolicking outside my kitchen window that I did not recognize. And then driving my family crazy with questions about what kind of bird it was\, what was its name\, why was it in our locality\, and why hadn’t I seen it before? I was like a kid with a new toy. Questions\, questions\, questions \nFortunately for me and the crew\, I had purchased a bird book a few years ago and has it ever come in handy. It’s entitled Birds of the Dakotas by Stan Tekiela published by Adventure Publications Inc. of Cambridge\, Minnesota. This field guide book contains 125 species of birds found in the Dakotas. And the part that I like the best is its easy-to-use color guide\, and you’ll find the bird. \nFor example\, our farm crew brought in a photo on their cell phone of an unusual blue bird with an orange breast that was living at their house. They had never seen this birdie before and had lots of questions about it. \nSo\, I whipped out my handy dandy bird book\, opened to the blue section and found an exact matching photo. We discovered that this bird was called an eastern bluebird. And after reading the book’s data about the bird learned that “it is similar to its cousin the robin and that it has made a remarkable comeback in the Dakotas with the aid of bird enthusiasts putting up bluebird boxes for their nest cavities.” \nHow about that? Our questions were answered and we all had learned something new. But what else happened with the bird game? \nReflections \nCan you guess? The bird game caused us to concentrate on one of nature’s beautiful creations — the birds — and gave us a little respite from nature’s blizzardy furies. I said that this weather was for the birds. Let’s hope it flies away soon. \nJane Green and her husband\, Jim\, live near Clark. Contact Jane for some public speaking\, to order one of her books\, or to register your comments. Email her at \n URL: ATTACH;FMTTYPE=image/jpeg: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180420T154602Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180420T154602Z SUMMARY:Other Voices: Soybean tariff would inflict broad pain DESCRIPTION:The stakes are growing in America’s escalating trade war threats with China\, and America’s soybean producers fear they may be caught in the middle. \nAnd if they are\, they won’t be alone. \nEarlier this month\, the Chinese government responded to President Donald Trump’s threat of imposing tariffs on some goods made in China by announcing a potential round of tariffs of its own\, including a 25 percent tariff on U.S. soybean imports. With China serving as the world’s largest international consumer of American soybeans\, such a tariff threat carries with it potentially devastating consequences. \nThe essential role of soybeans as a foodstuff and as a political tool cannot be understated. According to Bloomberg News\, soybeans are a protein-rich source used for feed in raising livestock\, and that is particularly important in China\, where the demand for meat is on the rise. Also\, Chinese officials worry that a volatile food market for its massive and growing population could fuel political unrest\, and that makes soybeans even more crucial. So\, this potential tariff carries a substantial risk for China\, too. \nThis tariff threat comes at a precarious moment for American crop producers. With corn prices low\, soybeans have been seen as an economic cushion for many farmers. (Last year\, American farmers reportedly planted more soybeans than corn for the first time ever.) A tariff could cripple America’s soybean industry; in turn\, it could be a windfall for Brazil\, which combines with the U.S. to feed 85 percent of China’s soybean appetite\, and the European Union. This would cost the U.S. a valuable share of a lucrative market. \nWhat’s more\, such a hit on U.S. producers would have broad economic consequences for rural America. Nearly a quarter of this country’s soybean crop is sold annually to China\, the Wall Street Journal reported. Such a loss in ag revenues usually means farmers spend less\, which means there is less money circulating in rural communities. \n“In farming communities\, that pain (from a soybean tariff) will filter down to other businesses so it’s not just agriculture that will get hit\,” said Dan Kowalski\, vice president of CoBank. “It’s going to be everything from the local co-op to local law firms.” \nPresident Trump appears to acknowledge this\, but even this could create problems. Trump responded to China’s soybean tariff threat by ordering the U.S. Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue “to use his broad authority to implement a plan to protect our farmers and agricultural interests.” That would strongly suggest more subsidization for soybean producers\, which would almost certainly unleash criticism from other nations that already complain about the way the U.S. currently subsidizes its farmers\, thus giving them what other nation’s claim is an unfair advantage in the global market. \nEconomist Intelligence Unit analyst Simon Baptist told CNBC\, “It is basically impossible for the U.S. to be confident that any actions it takes will protect its agricultural sector from Chinese tariffs\, given the ways that other countries will respond to it.” \nThe potential fallout from a Chinese tariff on soybeans could well have painful consequences for rural America. Perhaps all this is simply the Trump administration’s high-stakes attempt to draw China to the negotiating table to address trade issues that America (and other countries) have long had with Beijing. Or maybe there’s more behind it. \nEither way\, U.S. farmers — and rural America — are caught in the middle. And it’s generating storm clouds of uncertainty as planting season nears. \n— Yankton Daily Press & Dakotan \n URL: ATTACH;FMTTYPE=image/jpeg: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180420T144415Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180420T144639Z SUMMARY:Public Notice: Brown County lowering values on ag land in 15 townships DESCRIPTION:By Elisa Sand\ \nThe Brown County Board of Equalization has started lowering the value of agriculture land in 15 southern townships\, according to a public notice in Wednesday’s American News. \nAdjustments were made in five townships April 10 and in four more townships Tuesday. \nThe Board of Equalization meets at 10 a.m. Tuesday at the Brown County Courthouse Annex\, 25 Market St.\, and will handle another batch of adjustments. \nThe values are being decreased because of a state Department of Revenue ruling that the way Brown County has determined ag land values in the townships has been improper in recent years. There were two problems\, according to the state. One was that the values were set\, in part\, to reflect that the property would sell for more than other ag land in the county. The other was that they were above the top per-acre total determined by the state in a model that values ag land on how productive it is. \nAg land in the 15 townships was assessed at 118 percent of the maximum per-acre value under the old plan that divided the county into three neighborhoods. \nAt the April 10 meeting\, the assessed value for ag land in five townships was reduced to 87 percent of full productivity. That affected 956 parcels. In all\, values were adjusted for 242 properties in Columbia Township\, 170 in Henry Township\, 190 in Putney Township\, 172 in Garden Prairie Township and 182 in West Hanson Township. \nOne property previously valued at $455\,702 is now valued at $396\,460. Another previously valued at $327\,902 is now at $285\,275. \nGener Loeschke\, Brown County’s interim director of equalization\, said similar adjustments were made Tuesday to ag land in Cambria\, Riverside\, East Rondell and West Rondell townships. More will follow next week and on May 1\, which is the last day the Board of Equalization meets. \nThe values in the townships are being adjusted at a series of meetings so affected landowners can attend\, if they so choose. Those people are being notified with letters. \nLoeschke said he doesn’t know how many parcels will have values changed\, but he estimated roughly 200 in each township. \nThe property owners did not submit appeals\, but Loeschke said the Board of Equalization can make a universal adjustment in one property classification within a township. \nThe adjustments are for 2018 values\, which are used to calculate 2018 property taxes payable in 2019. \nBecause of the higher values\, ag land owners in the 15 townships have paid disproportionately high property taxes in recent years. \nWarner hearing set to discuss dairy variance \nThe town of Warner will have a public hearing May 9 at 6:30 p.m. in the Warner Community Center to discuss a variance request from Silverstreak Dairies\, according to a public notice in Tuesday’s American News. \nSilverstreak Dairies\, also known as Warner Dairy\, is at 14354 388th Ave.\, about a mile south and a mile east of Warner. The business is asking for a variance on the placement of a man camp building. \n URL: ATTACH;FMTTYPE=image/jpeg: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180419T210602Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180419T210602Z SUMMARY:North Dakota man to make 2\,000-mile journey by horse and wagon DESCRIPTION:Staff reports \nIn August Scott Schlepp of Ashley\, N.D.\, will begin a 2\,000-mile horse and wagon trip from border to border — from Rolla\, N.D.\, to Brownsville\, Texas. He expects the trip to take approximately five months. \nAlong the way\, Schlepp plans to stop and give rides to elementary school students in his covered wagon pulled by two Belgian horses. \nSchlepp is trying to raise money for the trip. Ten percent of the money raised will be donated to the American Cancer Society\, and five percent will be donated to the Germans from Russia Tri-County Tourism Alliance. The remainder of the funds raised will be used to finance the journey. \nAnyone interested in sponsoring the trip can contact Schlepp at 701-288-3759 or \n URL: ATTACH;FMTTYPE=image/jpeg: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180419T201602Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180419T201602Z SUMMARY:FFA members package 69\,336 meals during Living to Serve Day DESCRIPTION:South Dakota FFA Foundation \nBATH\, S.D. — The blue corduroy jacket is a familiar symbol of the FFA organization\, worn as part of official dress during most FFA activities. On April 16 at the South Dakota FFA convention in Brookings\, as part of a South Dakota FFA Living to Serve Day\, members removed their jackets and rolled up their sleeves to help stop hunger. \nGrants from DuPont Pioneer\, Farm Credit Services of America and the National FFA made this project possible\, and also provided t-shirts for participating students. This service project exemplified the portion of the FFA motto which states “Living to Serve” by teaming up with industry to fund a Meals of Hope\, hands on project that combats hunger. South Dakota FFA members and DuPont Pioneer staff measured\, poured\, sealed and boxed 69\,336 meals in assembly line fashion throughout the day-long event. Members stopped in between workshops and competitive events throughout convention and left the event knowing that by giving a few minutes of their time they would make a significant difference in the life of a person less fortunate then themselves. \nFor less than $0.25 per meal\, Meals of Hope food packages include a comforting bowl of macaroni and cheese (fortified with soy protein and 21 vitamins and minerals). The 69\,336 meals will be distributed across South Dakota through Feeding South Dakota. Meals of Hope recognizes the need to start with charity at home\, and focus on offering more than nutrition\, providing a bit of hope to carry those in need through another day. \n“The FFA organization believes strongly in the fourth line of the FFA Motto “Living to Serve\,” which is why we are very excited to receive grants from DuPont Pioneer\, Farm Credit Services of America and the National FFA as well as day of event manpower assistance and interaction from DuPont Pioneer staff\,” says Sandy Osterday\, South Dakota FFA Foundation president. Osterday shares\, “The past few years we have incorporated a community service event into our annual South Dakota FFA state convention. The event gives students the opportunity to work together with FFA members from across the state to make items that will help those in need\, the grants allowed us to surpass our goal and have our most successful event since we started the Day of Service project. Knowing we are helping those in need across our state is a great feeling.” \nThe South Dakota FFA Foundation is proud to support agricultural education and the FFA’s mission to make a difference in the lives of students by developing their potential for premier leadership\, personal growth and career success through agricultural education. For more information about the South Dakota FFA Foundation and South Dakota’s FFA programs\, visit or follow us on Facebook. \n URL: ATTACH;FMTTYPE=image/jpeg: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180419T175606Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180419T175606Z SUMMARY:6 steps to making a salad in a jar DESCRIPTION:By Julie Garden-Robinson\nNDSU Extension Service Food and Nutrition Specialist \nEvery now and then I get a little envious of the creativity of my co-workers’ lunches. \nI have noted a couple of people making “salads in a jar” on occasion. All they need to do is gently shake the glass quart jar to mix the ingredients\, grab a fork and enjoy their healthful creation. \nMaybe these lunches were inspired by colorful photos shared on Facebook or Pinterest or another social media outlet. In this week’s column\, I was inspired by the work of my dietetic intern and a staff member who made salads in a jar when I was at a conference. \nHowever\, seeing the photos is not quite the same as tasting the recipes\, but I was assured the salads were tasty. \nMost people shortchange themselves on fruits and vegetables\, so filling a quart jar with a variety of veggies\, fruits\, protein and grains provides a balanced meal. On average\, adults need at least 4 1/2 cups of fruits and vegetables daily. In 2017\, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that just one in 10 people meets the goal. \nIf you are trying to consume more vegetables or fruits\, tap into your creative side and personalize your creation. If you have children or grandchildren\, invite them into the kitchen to help prepare these no-fuss salads. All you do is add the salad dressing of your choice and then layer the ingredients. Shake together when ready to eat. \nStart with safety. Thoroughly rinse vegetables and fruit before cutting and adding to your salad. Water speeds spoilage/wilting of salads\, so spin lettuce and vegetables in a salad spinner or pat dry with paper toweling. Store salad in a refrigerator at 40 F\, and for best quality and safety\, use your salads within four days of preparation. \nHere’s how to make a salad in a glass quart-size jar: \n• Step 1: Add 1 to 2 tablespoons of your dressing of choice to the jar. Nutritional value varies among salad dressing types\, so consult the information on the label. Salad dressings add flavor to your salad\, so don’t be afraid to expand your horizons and try something new. Placing the salad dressing in the jar first helps prevent the salad from wilting. If desired\, you can keep the dressing separate and add it right before eating. \nConsider making your own salad dressing to avoid excess sodium while adding a personalized flavor. See the NDSU Extension publication “7 Tips for Choosing and Using Healthful Oils and Fats” ( to learn about creating a salad dressing. \n• Step 2: Choose one or a variety of vegetables. Add 1/2 cup of chopped vegetables for texture\, flavor and nutrition. Consider enhancing the flavor by roasting vegetables drizzled in olive oil with desired seasonings in a 400 F oven until they reach your desired tenderness. Most take 30 to 40 minutes to roast and should be stirred every 15 minutes. Cool\, then add to your salad. \nConsider using leftover cooked potatoes\, squash or sweet potatoes\, or begin with fresh\, raw chopped or sliced vegetables when creating your salad. Here are some options\, with the approximate calorie content per half cup indicated in parentheses: sliced beets (35)\, bell peppers (74)\, broccoli (15)\, carrots (26)\, cauliflower (14)\, celery (8)\, corn (60)\, edamame (soy beans) (64)\, green beans (13)\, mushrooms (8)\, potatoes (58)\, radishes (10)\, squash (15)\, sweet potatoes (57)\, tomatoes (16) or zucchini (10). \n• Step 3: Choose one or more fruits if desired. Add 1/2 cup of fruit to contribute fiber and a touch of sweetness. Examples of fruit (with approximate calorie content shown in parentheses) include apple slices dipped in lemon juice or an anti-darkening solution (such as Fruit Fresh) to prevent browning (32)\, blueberries (42)\, grapefruit chunks (44)\, grapes (33)\, mango slices (50)\, orange slices (42)\, raspberries (32) or strawberries (27). \n• Step 4: Choose one grain if desired. Adding 1/2 cup of cooked\, chilled grain of your choice balances the flavor of the ingredients. Examples (with approximate calorie content in parentheses) include brown rice (120)\, couscous (88)\, pasta (110)\, whole wheat (72) or quinoa (111). Adding quinoa to your salad creation increases the fiber and protein content for an extra-satisfying salad. \n• Step 5: Choose one or more proteins. Add 1/2 cup of protein to your salad. Examples (with approximate calorie content shown in parentheses) include drained and rinsed canned black beans (110)\, kidney beans (95)\, pinto beans (99)\, chicken (115)\, chickpeas (105)\, hard-cooked egg (105)\, cooked lentils (115)\, shrimp (48)\, medium-well done steak slices (142)\, tofu (36) or turkey (65). Draining and rinsing canned beans washes away up to 40 percent of the sodium. Be sure to use lean meats and trim away extra fat for optimal nutrition; cook meat to a safe internal cooking temperature. \n• Step 6: Choose one or more toppings. Toppings enhance flavor and add interest and nutrition to your salad creation. Add about 1 tablespoon of each desired topping. Approximate calorie content per tablespoon is shown in parentheses: blue cheese (30); croutons (8); dried cranberries (23); feta cheese (25); nuts such as almonds (33)\, pecans (48) or walnuts (48); olives (10); raisins (33); shredded cheese (29); or sunflower seeds (52). \nEnjoy your creation and add up the calories if you’d like. \nIf you prefer a recipe\, here’s an example of a layered salad you can make with planned-over foods. You might even be inspired to grow some vegetables this summer. Check out the NDSU Extension Field to Fork website at to view online webinars about growing foods in our region\, along with many garden-to-table nutrition-related handouts and recipes. \nBarbecue Chicken and Ranch Layered Salad in a Jar \n2 Tbsp. barbecue ranch dressing \n1/2 c. roasted potatoes with parsley \n1/2 c. carrots\, shredded \n1/2 c. pineapple\, fresh or canned \n1/2 c. grilled chicken\, chopped \n1 c. romaine lettuce\, rinsed and patted dry \nPrepare ingredients as directed. Layer in order in a glass jar. Cover and refrigerate up to four days. \nMakes one serving\, with 310 calories\, 11 grams (g) fat\, 24 g protein\, 29 g carbohydrate\, 3 g fiber and 190 milligrams sodium. \n URL: ATTACH;FMTTYPE=image/jpeg: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180419T175604Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180419T175604Z SUMMARY:Stretch forage resources until pasture turnout DESCRIPTION:NDSU Extension \nMany livestock producers went into winter with little to no hay surplus due to the 2017 drought. \nPlus\, prolonged winter conditions have delayed pasture turnout\, and producers are short on hay and other feedstuffs. \nThe delay in spring weather has resulted in a delay in grazing readiness. By mid-April in 2017\, brome grass pastures were ready to be grazed\, while this year\, many areas still are covered in snow. \n“Grazing readiness for most domesticated pasture is at the three-leaf stage\, whereas grazing readiness for most native range grasses is the 3 1/2-leaf stage\,” says Miranda Meehan\, the North Dakota State University Extension Service’s livestock environmental stewardship specialist. “Early spring grazing\, especially following a drought\, can be costly in terms of total forage production during the entire grazing season.” \nThe shortage of forage\, in combination with the delay in grazing readiness\, has many livestock producers looking for strategies to continue to provide feed for their livestock. \n“At times like this\, it may be necessary for producers to think outside of their traditional feeding strategy\,” says John Dhuyvetter\, Extension livestock systems specialist at NDSU’s North Central Research Extension Center near Minot. “Utilizing alternative feeds such as distillers grains\, wheat midds or corn are cost-effective methods of stretching hay supplies.” \nIn mixed rations containing silage\, corn stalks or cereal straw could replace hay with the addition of a protein/energy supplement such as distillers grains. In cows being fed hay to appetite\, the hay can be limited to about 70 percent of their intake\, the specialists say. Then the cows can be provided with a grain or grain byproduct supplement at 5 to 10 pounds daily. Actual feeding rates and feed choice will depend on availability\, feeding equipment and nutritional needs. \n“If feed resources are not completely exhausted\, producers may want to consider feeding on pasture or hayland to get cows out of muddy lots and reduce the risk of disease issues in newborn calves\,” advises Janna Kincheloe\, Extension livestock systems specialist at NDSU’s Hettinger Research Extension Center. “However\, this strategy will put additional stress on pasture or hay land.” \nIf producers must initiate grazing earlier than normal\, the specialists recommend grazing domesticated pastures such as crested wheatgrass before early to mid-May\, when they typically reach grazing readiness. This prevents damage to native rangeland and still allows producers to turn cattle out on pasture. \nStocking rates should be moderate if livestock are turned out early with no supplemental feed because grass growth will not be able to keep up with the traditional stocking rate at this time. \nSelective culling can help reduce feed needs\, according to Dhuyvetter. Culling targets include cows that are old\, have poor disposition or physical structure\, and that lost calves or had a difficult time giving birth this spring. \nKincheloe suggests that if heifers have been retained for replacements\, producers should consider whether adequate grazing will be available for cow-calf pairs and replacements. Producers may have to develop heifers in a dry lot rather than allow them to graze. A number of feedlots are willing to custom feed heifers. Some of these feedlots specialize in heifer development and offer artificial insemination breeding services. \nMost likely\, heifers still on the farm already have been selected from others sold as feeders\, so sorting the heifers again may be necessary to select only those most likely to breed on time with the least feed inputs. \nThe specialists recommend producers evaluate their calving records and look for heifers that were born in the first 30 days of last year’s calving season out of dams with no calving difficulty or other issues as the ones to keep. If heifers have been wintered on a high-roughage ration\, the fleshy\, heavier heifers will be more likely to breed earlier. \n“The importance of records is magnified in times when tough culling decisions need to be made\,” Dhuyvetter says. “Good calving and production records can help producers pinpoint cows that could be culled and make the best decisions for retaining replacements.” \n URL: ATTACH;FMTTYPE=image/jpeg: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180419T175603Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180419T175603Z SUMMARY:Show 4-H pride with license plate decal DESCRIPTION:SDSU Extension \nBROOKINGS — 4-H members\, supporters and alumni can show their pride with a 4-H license plate decal. \nAll funds collected from the $10 decals will go to 4-H programming. \n“This decal provides an opportunity to showcase 4-H pride\,” explained Peter Nielson\, SDSU Extension coordinator of youth development operations. \nShowing your support through an organizational license plate is easy. Purchase an organizational license plate from the South Dakota Department of Transportation (DOT). The 4-H decal is registered with the South Dakota DOT\, so all you have to do is contact the State 4-H Office at 605-688-4792 to purchase the decals. \nSouth Dakota 4-H \nSDSU Extension’s 4-H Youth Development Program is a partnership of federal (USDA)\, state (Land Grant University)\, and county resources through youth outreach activities of SDSU Extension. Youth learn and experience Leadership\, Health and Wellness\, Science and Ag-Vocacy through a network of professional staff and volunteers reaching more than 9\,000 enrolled members with yearly programming efforts to an additional 35\,000 youth participants. \nTo learn more\, contact your local SDSU Extension 4-H Youth Program Advisor. A complete listing can be found at under Field Staff icon. \n URL: ATTACH;FMTTYPE=image/jpeg: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180419T175602Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180419T175602Z SUMMARY:Secretary Perdue announces new senior leaders at USDA DESCRIPTION:U.S. Department of Agriculture \nWashington\, D.C. – On April 19\, U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue announced the selection of senior leaders in several U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) agencies. Perdue appointed Ken Isley as Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) administrator\, Joel Baxley as Rural Housing Service (RHS) administrator\, and Martin Barbre as Risk Management Agency (RMA) administrator. In addition\, Perdue announced the appointment of Tommie Williams as minister-counselor for agriculture at the U.S. Mission to the United Nations Agencies for Food and Agriculture in Rome. \n“President Trump has made increasing prosperity in rural America a priority for his administration\, and our new USDA team members will be key in advancing us toward that goal\,” Secretary Perdue said. “Improving economic conditions in rural America involves providing services to farmers\, ranchers\, foresters\, and producers\, and it also means helping people who live in those communities. In addition\, we must continually try to find new markets for the agricultural bounty they produce. Our new leaders in FAS\, RHS\, and RMA will help us carry out our mission.” \nKen Isley\, FAS administrator \nKen Isley most recently served as special adviser for Corteva Agriscience\, the agriculture division of DowDuPont. For the previous five years\, he served as vice president\, general counsel\, secretary of Dow AgroSciences\, and was a member of Dow AgroSciences’ Corporate Management Committee. Isley was also associate general counsel of Dow\, with oversight of Dow’s Latin America Legal group. He spent nearly 29 years of service at Dow\, beginning his career with the firm in 1989. Isley is a member of the Indiana Bar Association\, Michigan Bar Association (inactive)\, and the American Corporate Counsel Association. \nJoel Baxley\, RHS administrator \nJoel Baxley comes to USDA with 23 years of real estate finance experience\, including 13 years providing valuations of complex property types. He most recently served as the consulting services director and the senior real estate technical consultant with RSM US LLP’s Financial Advisory Services consulting practice. Baxley holds an undergraduate degree and MBA from the University of Alabama and two post-graduate degrees from the University of Oxford. \nMartin Barbre\, RMA administrator \nMartin Barbre owns and operates Chestin Farms and grows 6\,000 acres of corn\, soybeans\, wheat\, grain sorghum\, and alfalfa\, as well as specialty crops. He is a past president of the National Corn Growers Association Corn Board and a member of the Illinois Corn Growers Association (ICGA)\, having served on the board of directors from 1995 to 2006. Barbre served as vice president of the ICGA in 2003 and president in 2004. He graduated from Southeastern Illinois College in 1974 with a degree in ag business. \nTommie Williams\, minister-counselor for agriculture\, U.S. Mission to the United Nations Agencies for Food and Agriculture in Rome \nTommie Williams began his career as an onion farmer in Toombs County\, Georgia and later founded several successful businesses\, including marketing native pine straw and growing olives on a 30-acre farm. He has worked in Italy\, China\, Belize\, and Israel. Williams was elected to the Georgia State Senate in 1998\, eventually rising to the ranks of majority leader and president pro tempore before retiring in 2006. He holds a bachelor’s degree from the University of Georgia and a master’s degree in education from Georgia Southern University. \n URL: ATTACH;FMTTYPE=image/jpeg: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180419T174602Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180419T174603Z SUMMARY:Words and deeds earn Rist family FFA Family of the Year Award DESCRIPTION:\n \n \n #td_uid_3_5adc5c2e9e627 .td-doubleSlider-2 .td-item1 {\n background: url( 0 0 no-repeat;\n }\n #td_uid_3_5adc5c2e9e627 .td-doubleSlider-2 .td-item2 {\n background: url( 0 0 no-repeat;\n }\n \n\n \n \n \n \n\n \n 1 of 2\n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n State FFA President Dalton Larson presents John Rist the Family of the Year award. Courtesy photo \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n The John Rist family receive the FFA Family of the Year award during the State FFA Convention April 15. Front row: Jenna Rist\, Ali Rist\, Noelle (Rist) Swanson\, Stetson Swanson\, John Rist\, Corbin Swanson. Back row: Eric Valasek (Jenna)\, Ben Blair (Ali)\, Andrew Swanson. Courtesy photo \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n\n \n \nNational FFA Organization \nBROOKINGS — The South Dakota FFA Foundation named the annual FFA Family of the Year award\, honoring a family’s long term involvement in the South Dakota FFA/Agriculture Education program. The 2018 recipient of this award is the John Rist family\, including John\, along with his children and their spouses\, Noelle and Andrew Swanson\, Jenna\, and Ali as well as future FFA members Stetsen and Corbin. The award was presented on April 15\, during the State FFA Convention in Brookings. \n“The purpose of this award is to recognize a South Dakota FFA family that has gone the extra mile for the FFA at the local and state levels through their words and deeds. The actions of the entire Rist family through multiple generations have modeled the FFA mission … developing premier leadership\, personal growth and career success through agriculture education. We are proud to recognize them with this special award\,” said Gerri Ann Eide\, South Dakota FFA Foundation executive director. \nThe Rists have been active at the chapter\, state\, and national levels of FFA. They put the phrase from the FFA Creed\, “a faith\, born not of words but of deeds” into action. As a parent of three past FFA members of the Viborg and West Central FFA chapters\, and John a past FFA member himself\, their association with the blue corduroy jackets spans decades. John has been the agricultural education instructor/FFA advisor at Viborg-Hurley since 1999\, where the FFA chapter is the go to organization when something needs to be done in the community. Prior to that\, he taught agriculture education in Bowdle\, S.D.\, and in Minnesota\, and spent time in ag business\, while continuing to support the local and state FFA. Noelle is also an ag instructor\, currently at Northwestern where she helped start a program. Ali has served as a long-term agriculture education substitute and chaperoned countless FFA events. Jenna teaches young children\, including curriculum on gardening and small animal care. \nThe Rist family has shown leadership at the state level in countless ways. John developed an electronic SAE record book utilized state wide by thousands of FFA members earning their State and American FFA Degrees\, hosted and lead many teacher training sessions\, organized state event service projects and leadership retreats\, and supported teachers and students state wide with projects\, conferences and leadership. Both he and Noelle are active members of the South Dakota Association of Ag Educators and South Dakota Association of Career and Technical Education organizations\, serving in officer positions and being recognized with various awards. They also serve as liasons for FFA Leadership and Career Development events. \nThe 2018 FFA Family of the Year has had all members serve in chapter and district leadership positions\, four State and American FFA Degree recipients\, two state officers\, four state winning proficiencies\, two national proficiency finalists\, a national Agri-Entreprenership winner\, State Star Farmer finalist\, District Star Greenhand\, an FFA work Experience Abroad to Australia participant\, National Leadership Development Event participants\, State Foundation board members\, district FFA advisors\, and advised five past state officers\, a PALS and Food for America programs\, and numerous teams and individuals that advanced to national competition. Focused on community service\, John has been a national finalist for the Carl Perkins Community Service Award for ACTE\, received the Honorary State FFA Degree\, and while in Bowdle\, they received the Governor’s Citation for Community Development twice. The family fully embraces the 3-circle model and are great advocates of Agricultural Education and FFA. \nFFA is a way of life for the Rist family. Noelle\, Jenna and Ali all grew up in the FFA world and have many fond memories of those experiences. Family bonding revolved around SAE projects and FFA events. “Joining and being active in FFA was one of the easiest choices we could make growing up. We saw other students grow and develop through their time in FFA\, and we were able to realize our own potentials through this organization\, thanks in large part to the consistent support and mentorship we had both at home and at school\,” shares Jenna Rist. In addition to their own personal successes\, the family has also been great about sharing their knowledge and supporting others – whether that be sharing curriculum\, hosting student teachers\, encouraging students to become teachers\, mentoring a student with an SAE project\, or providing assistance with something FFA related. They have volunteered for years at county and state fair\, helping with shows\, registration and judging. \nThe Rist family not only gives their time to the FFA – they give it to several other organizations\, including: 4-H and open class shows\, state and national level Suffolk and Hampshire Sheep Associations\, many church and community activities and serve as volunteer firemen. They are all active in production agriculture or the agricultural industry\, and all actively seek ways to help educate and support agriculture education and FFA chapters through their careers. \nThe South Dakota FFA Foundation presented each Rist family group with an FFA Family of the Year photo frame and thank you for their tremendous impact on agriculture education and FFA in South Dakota. The FFA Family of the year award is sponsored by the South Dakota FFA Foundation. \n URL: ATTACH;FMTTYPE=image/jpeg: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180419T172602Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180419T172602Z SUMMARY:NFU: House Farm Bill fails to meet needs of family farmers DESCRIPTION:National Farmers Union \nWASHINGTON – The U.S. House Agriculture Committee today marked up the 2018 Farm Bill\, H.R. 2\, sending the bill to the full U.S. House of Representatives for its consideration. \nNational Farmers Union (NFU)\, the nation’s second largest general farm organization\, opposes the legislation as it is currently written\, as it fails to provide an adequate safety net to family farmers and consumers\, fails to support the long-term sustainability of family farms and ranches\, and fails to ensure fair and diverse markets for farmers and ranchers. In a series of recommendations released today\, NFU urged House members to make significant improvements on the floor prior to passing the bill. \n“This bill is wholly inadequate for providing family farmers with the resources they need to endure the worst decline in the farm economy in decades\,” said NFU President Roger Johnson. “Congressional leadership’s directive to withhold any additional support has hamstrung the committee’s ability to address the six-year\, fifty percent drop in net farm income. This bill lacks the improvements needed to provide sufficient farmer and consumer safety nets\, it upends programs that improve sustainability\, and it removes programs that aid the growth of fair and diverse markets for family farmers. Farmers Union is also deeply disappointed in the partisan nature of the House Farm Bill deliberations thus far. We urge members of Congress to make significant improvements to the bill prior to its passage.” \nIn its list of recommendations\, NFU urged House members to significantly improve the farm safety net to reflect the current state of the farm economy. It noted the safety net needs to be improved to keep family farmers in business during down market cycles\, yet the current version of the House Farm Bill does not provide enough support to help family farmers and ranchers make ends meet. \n“Farmers need higher PLC reference prices for commodities that have been underwater for years\,” said NFU’s recommendations list. “Dairy farmers need both price supports and a mechanism that manages our nation’s oversupply of milk. At the same time\, these programs should be implemented responsibly by capping payments and directing them solely to family farmers.” \nNFU also suggested the bill needs to ensure credit availability for family farmers and ranchers\, whereas the bill currently does nothing to increase loan authority for FSA’s overall loan portfolio. And to ensure a strong consumer nutrition safety net\, the NFU recommended the Farm Bill should maintain funding levels for consumer benefits under nutrition programs. “Unfortunately\, the multitude of changes proposed in the bill would compromise food security for working families who currently use SNAP while adding to needless bureaucracy\,” said NFU. \nNFU’s second major recommendation is to promote the long-term sustainability of family farms and ranches. The organization urged the House to provide incentive-based working lands programs\, whereas the current version of the farm bill cuts $5 billion from these programs over the next decade\, and it eliminates the Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP). NFU also called for funding to energy programs to be restored\, as Farm Bill energy programs help family farmers and ranchers lower their environmental footprint\, reduce their energy usage\, and improve their bottom lines. \n“Sustainability is critical for farm productivity and the health of rural communities now and for generations to come\,” NFU said. “The House Farm Bill must be improved to provide family farmers and ranchers the tools they need to be the best possible stewards of our natural resources.” \nFinally\, Farmers Union urged House members to ensure fair and diverse markets for family farmers. \nThe current version of the House Farm Bill eliminates mandatory funding for key programs that are critical in promoting access to local\, regional and specialty markets. “The Farmers’ Market and Local Foods Promotion Program (FMLFPP) and Value Added Producer Grants (VAPG) improve market opportunities and increase the farmer’s share of the consumer dollar. At the same time\, the National Organic Certification Cost Share Program (NOCCSP) and the Agricultural Marketing Assistance (AMA) program make it easier for farmers to transition into organic agriculture. Congress must recognize the value of the programs referenced above and restore mandatory funding\,” NFU said. \nThe House Farm Bill also lacks provisions to ensure the fair treatment of family farmers and ranchers in the exceptionally consolidated markets they operate in. NFU recommended the House include a title that promotes competition in the marketplace\, enhances antitrust enforcement\, and establishes protections from unfair and deceptive practices in the contract poultry and livestock sectors. \n“Farmers Union has tirelessly advocated for these priorities over the past many years\,” said Johnson. “We cannot support a bill that does so little to improve the farm safety net\, and that guts important conservation and market access programs. If the House of Representatives wants to pass a Farm Bill that is worthy of the men and women who produce our food\, fuel and fiber\, they need to make significant improvements to the current version of the Farm Bill.” \n URL: ATTACH;FMTTYPE=image/jpeg: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180419T163602Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180419T163602Z SUMMARY:Ag mega-mergers alter landscape for farm retailers DESCRIPTION:Globe Newswire \nDENVER — Three market-influencing mergers are reshaping the crop protection and seed industry\, and that transformation has important implications for the farm supply sector\, according to a recent report from CoBank’s Knowledge Exchange Division. Many agriculture retailers will likely face operational decisions due to these changes. \n“Mergers in the seed and crop protection industry will likely further complicate business in the farm supply sector\,” said Will Secor\, CoBank economist. “Farm retailers are already facing new competitors and business models that challenge their success and way of doing business. Meanwhile\, their farmer-customers are becoming larger and beginning to come from a new generation—factors that are changing what they need from their local grain and farm supply company.” \nCombined with the tight margins of the stressed farm economy and fierce business competition\, this confluence of dynamics has ratcheted up the pressure on the agriculture retail sector. \nStill\, farm retailer objectives must remain the same regardless of these challenges or merger activity: gain efficiencies and remain relevant in the face of a changing industry. \nPrice\, rebate consequences \nDivestments by the parties involved in each of the three mega-mergers — Dow-DuPont\, ChemChina-Syngenta and Bayer-Monsanto — will likely maintain significant competition in the seed and crop protection markets — and should ease price increase concerns\, according to Secor. \nHowever\, questions remain regarding manufacturer rebates and the changes the merged companies are expected to bring to the rebate process. These rebates are often the key to agriculture retailer profitability so they are keeping a keen eye on the process. \nThe report suggests that merged companies will want to capitalize on their size and greater link between seed and crop protection products. Rebate changes will likely provide incentives for larger volume thresholds and tie discounts together across seed\, crop protection and farmer data products. \n“Rebate structure changes will require agricultural retailers to adapt\,” said Secor. “While many in the farm supply sector hold out hope that rebate programs will be simplified\, the seed and crop protection mergers will likely make rebate programs more complex.” \nChanges ahead \nThe major issue moving forward will be the number of options that are available to farm retailers. Secor expects these retailers will likely experiment with several strategies when faced with changing rebate programs. \nIn the report\, Secor outlines the pros and cons of four potential options for farm retailers\, including: \n1. Exit aspects of the crop protection or seed segment and devote resources to other areas. This option is a worst-case scenario and sets a baseline for analyzing the other strategies. It explores what the ag retailer can do instead of being in a particular area of the crop protection and seed segment. \n2. Partner with a manufacturer to maximize rebates. This option enables an ag retailer to more easily maximize rebates through increased volumes within a given product and across the manufacturer’s portfolio of products. However\, it limits variety available to farmer-customers. \n3. Offer retailer-branded\, competing products. Successful retailer-branded products can improve the bargaining power of farm retailers while adding to the bottom line\, lowering cost and improving relevance to customers. This strategy adds complexity and cost to the ag retailer because they become a manufacturer\, not just a distributor. \n4. Consolidate or cooperate with other agricultural retailers. With fewer suppliers\, ag retailers may lose bargaining position. To counteract this\, they can work together or merge and obtain a stronger bargaining position. \n“The farm supply sector was already responding to changes among its farmer-customers and within its own industry\,” said Secor. “The mergers’ potential influence on rebates\, stiff competition and slim margins will accelerate the process. Changes in the seed and crop protection landscape reinforce retailers’ pursuit of lower costs and lasting relevance.” \n URL: ATTACH;FMTTYPE=image/jpeg: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180419T161602Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180419T161602Z SUMMARY:Managing heifers to improve longevity DESCRIPTION:SDSU Extension \nBROOKINGS — Management strategies to develop the best possible conception rate for replacement heifers are critical to improve longevity in the herd. Hence the ultimate goal is the same: getting the heifers bred — and preferably early in the breeding season. \n“Developing or purchasing replacement heifers is a huge investment and potential financial returns depend on future calf production\,” explained Julie Walker\, professor and SDSU Extension beef specialist. \nWalker points to research which indicates it takes net revenue from approximately six calves to cover the development and production cost of each replacement heifer. \nWhat the research says about time of calving: Research conducted at USDA-Meat Animal Research Center (USDA MARC) and with South Dakota herds showed that heifers who calved in the first 21 days had greater longevity and increased weaning weight compared to heifers that calved in the second 21-day period or later. \nThe South Dakota study looked at 2\,195 heifers who calved in the first 21-day period. These heifers had increased longevity (5.1 years compared to 3.9 years). \nThe USDA MARC longevity data resulted in 8.2 years for heifers calving in the first calving period; 7.6 years for those calving in the second calving period and 7.2 years for heifers that calved in the last portion of the calving season. \nIn addition\, the study reported improved weaning weights through the sixth calf born for the heifers that calved in the first calving period. \nWhat the research says about nutritional development: It has been reported numerous times that heifers developed in a drylot and turned out to grass immediately following breeding\, have fewer pregnancies in the first 21 days. \n“A possible reason is a negative plane of nutrition due to re-learning grazing skills\,” Walker said. \nWalker points to research conducted at the Antelope Research Station\, which reported that when heifers were moved from drylot to range\, they lost weight (3.5 pounds per day) during the first week; whereas\, range-developed heifers gained weight (2 pounds per day). \nHowever\, after 27 days of grazing\, there was no difference in average daily gain between heifers developed in a drylot and heifers developed on forage. \n“So\, when observing heifers we may not notice this short period of negative energy; however\, it can impact conception rates especially the early conceptions\,” Walker said. \nWhat the research says about activity level: A second possible reason in decreased pregnancy rates\, may be increased activity level. \nWalker discusses an experiment conducted by SDSU researchers on 69 drylot developed heifers allotted to one of two treatments: \n• Heifers remained in the drylot; or \n• Heifers were moved to graze spring forage for 42 days prior to breeding. \nDaily activity was measured by pedometers (steps per day). Heifers that were grazing spring forage took more steps per day compared to heifers in the drylot. However\, following being moved to spring pasture\, heifers that remained in the drylot increased activity compared to those with previous experience grazing spring forage. \n“This is significant because energy requirements increase with activity\,” Walker said. \nOther considerations \nThe question becomes\, what management strategies can help improve conception rates and promote heifers conceiving earlier in the breeding season? \n“First if your heifer system is working\, there is no reason to change\,” Walker said. \nHowever\, if a livestock producer wants to see an improvement in early-season heifer conception rates below are a few management strategies to review. \nBody condition score: Heifers should be in a body condition score of 5 or 6 and range between 55 to 65 percent of their mature weight. \nConception rates are impacted by heifers that are over or under-conditioned. \nReduce changes in diet immediately following breeding: Heifers can be kept in the drylot and fed a similar diet or heifers can be adapted to pasture prior to the breeding season. \nThe specific number of days that heifers should be on pasture prior to the breeding season is unknown. However\, heifers should be on a positive plane of nutrition at the start of the breeding season. \nEstrous synchronization: Estrous synchronization will group heifers to express estrus within a similar window of time as well as allow some heifers to express estrus earlier. \nEstrous synchronization can be completed with artificial insemination or natural service. \nFor more details on specific estrous synchronization programs and other management strategies discussed in this article\, contact Walker at \n URL: ATTACH;FMTTYPE=image/jpeg: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180419T121605Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180419T121605Z SUMMARY:Northern Oahe Walleye Series adds new tournament DESCRIPTION:Staff reports \nThe Northern Oahe Walleye Series is preparing for its third year of competition\, and a new fishing tournament has been added to its schedule. \nThe Grand River Casino Cup will be the sixth qualifying tournament of the series that anglers can participate in to qualify for the championship tournament and accumulate points for the circuit’s team-of-the-year title. \nHere are the tournaments\, dates and locations for the series: \n• Wolves on the Water: June 2\, New Evarts Resort near Glenham. \n• Denny Palmer Memorial: June 8-9\, Mobridge. \n• Pollock Men’s Club: June 16-17\, Pollock. \n• Whitlock Bay: July 7-8\, Gettysburg. \n• South Dakota Walleye Classic: July 21-22\, Akaska. \n• Grand River Casino Cup: July 14\, Mobridge. \n• Series Championship: Aug. 3-4\, Mobridge. \nAs in the past\, anglers can fish one or all of the tournaments without participating in the series itself. \nTwo- or three-person teams that participate in the series will receive points based upon where they finish in each tournament\, and the top 25 teams in each tournament qualify for the championship event. \nIf teams fish in at least three qualifying tournaments\, point totals will be applied toward a team-of-the-year title. If they fish in more than three qualifying tournaments\, point totals from their top three finishes will be applied toward the team-of-the-year standings. \nAlong with other prizes\, a $5\,000 cash prize is guaranteed for teams that win the championship or team-of-the-year title. \nFor more information or to register for any of the tournaments\, go to \n URL: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180419T121605Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180419T121605Z SUMMARY:GFP Commission proposes East River deer season DESCRIPTION:Staff reports \nDuring its April meeting the state Game\, Fish and Parks Commission proposed that the 2018 East River deer hunting season would have 175 fewer licenses than 2017\, with no more than 20\,900 one-tag and 5\,250 two-tag licenses available this year. \nFor 2018\, the season would run Nov. 17 to Dec. 2. Antlerless tags would be valid Dec. 8-16 for late-season hunting. \nThe commission also proposed to create a new limited-access unit\, Unit 59L\, on public land only in Hughes and Sully counties. To view a map of the proposed unit\, go to \nTo accommodate the new limited-access unit\, the commission proposed eliminating Unit 59B and modifying Unit 59A to include all of Sully County except public lands within the newly proposed Unit 59L. \nThe commission also proposed modifying Unit 36A to include all of Hughes County\, excluding public lands within Unit 59L. \nThe commission will discuss the East River deer hunting proposal at its next meeting May 3-4 in Custer State Park\, when public comments will be heard. Written comments\, which must include name and city of residence\, can be emailed to or mailed to 523 E. Capitol Ave.\, Pierre\, SD 57501. \n URL: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180419T121605Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180419T121605Z SUMMARY:Stats compiles for North Dakota pronghorn seasons DESCRIPTION:Staff reports \nHunter success during last fall’s pronghorn hunting season was 75 percent\, according to statistics provided by the North Dakota Game and Fish Department. \nNDGF issued 410 licenses (255 lottery and 155 gratis)\, and 366 hunters took 275 pronghorn. Of that harvest total\, 264 were bucks\, 10 were does and one was a fawn. Each hunter spent an average of 2.4 days afield. \nThree percent of the harvest occurred during the archery-only portion of the season. \nNorth Dakota’s 2018 pronghorn hunting season will be determined in July. \n URL: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180419T121604Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180419T121605Z SUMMARY:Try these five tips to catch more walleyes DESCRIPTION:\n \n \n #td_uid_4_5adc5c2ea8b94 .td-doubleSlider-2 .td-item1 {\n background: url( 0 0 no-repeat;\n }\n #td_uid_4_5adc5c2ea8b94 .td-doubleSlider-2 .td-item2 {\n background: url( 0 0 no-repeat;\n }\n \n\n \n \n \n \n\n \n 1 of 2\n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n Learning new tactics and approaching things from a different perspective can keep fishing fresh and interesting. Photo by Jason Mitchell Outdoors \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n If open water ever returns to the Dakotas this spring\, use these five tips to put more walleyes in your boat. Photo by Jason Mitchell Outdoors \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n\n \n \nBy Jason Mitchell \nFishing can be frustrating\, humiliating and humbling\, regardless of how often you fish or how much you think you have learned over the years. When it comes to catching fish\, and\, more specifically\, catching walleyes\, there will always come a time when you feel like you just hit a wall. \nAnglers who say they’ve never been stumped on the water aren’t being honest or they haven’t backed the boat down the ramp too many times. Truth is\, we have probably all pounded a lake from before sunrise to after sunset with our pride seriously tarnished by the time we pulled out of the boat ramp. \nI can’t tell you how many lessons I have had to learn over and over in my life\, but\, at the end of the day\, I have learned some things that help me stay consistent and catch fish more often than not. None of you want to know how many tough days of walleye fishing I have had in my life\, but believe me when I tell you that some of this is hard-earned intel. \nHere a few guidelines I had to learn the hard way that just might help you catch a few more walleyes this season. \nUnderstand water clarity \nOne of the secrets to consistently catching walleyes is simply staying away from bad situations. Extremely clear water and extremely turbid water are two conditions to avoid when possible. \nYou can sometimes find the “right” water by using wind. On really clear bodies of water\, wind will give the wind-blown area of the lake just enough stain. \nOn the flip side\, what often happens on wind-swept\, dish-bowl lakes is that prairie wind can whip up too much turbidity in the water. If that happens\, I look for areas that are out of the wind so that the sediment can settle. \nThere is a difference between stain and turbidity. Fish can still see well in stained water\, but they can’t see well if the water is too turbid. Fishing is usually better in stained water that has some color\, and this stained water often gets moved or pushed around the lake with wind or current. \nThis is why mud lines have a life cycle. Mud lines create an opportunistic window when waves crash up against a bank until a veil of turbid water protrudes from the shoreline. In the early stages of the mud line\, the plume of churned-up\, muddy water reaches out and hangs like a veil in the top of the water column. \nAt this stage is typically when mud lines are the most productive. However\, as the wind continues to pound and the veil becomes bigger and sinks down through the water column\, the bite will often dissipate. \nWhen wind churns up sediment and clouds the water\, the day after the big wind can often be the best time to fish. As sediment sinks\, water visibility increases yet still offers some stain in the water. \nWhat also happens is the water will get a green color as it warms up\, so stained water can also be found by using the temperature gauge. Colder water is often much more clear\, and warmer water is typically more stained. \nFocus on the process \nSo often with walleye fishing\, the key to catching fish is finding fish. This may sound too simply\, but the fact of the matter is there are times when your go-to lakes will let you down\, specific spots on those lakes will let you down\, or tried and true patterns will let you down. That’s just how fishing goes sometimes. \nHowever\, if you have enough time\, what never fails is an honest and thorough process of elimination. In order to truly be successful\, you have to almost turn off human emotion and start checking off possibilities from the list. \nFor example\, when walleyes should be shallow but aren’t anywhere to be found\, the next step is eliminating main lake structure in depths from 20 to 40 feet. If they’re not hanging out there\, then move on to the next spot. \nThe key is to keep checking off possibilities even if the possibilities don’t feel right at the time. Quite often there are things happening in an fishery’s ecosystem that we can’t quite grasp until after the fact. \nWhen it comes to finding fish\, the less you know going into the day is sometimes better because you can adhere to the process of elimination easier. If you give something a good\, honest effort and it isn’t happening\, turn the switch. It is always amazing how many anglers will cling to a spot or pattern for agonizing amounts of time with little or no results. \nI’ve been guilty of beating a dead horse myself\, and this is why I’ve learned that a clock is an invaluable fishing tool. Use the element of time to force yourself out of ruts and also use the clock to slow yourself down when you begin to scramble. \nWhat can also happen in search mode is not giving any one spot enough time. Commit yourself to hour increments as you begin the process of elimination so that your day has some structure and you can stick to the strategy. \nWorry about efficiency \nI honestly believe that most anglers worry about the wrong stuff. They get hung up on matching the hatch or they simply outthink the fish. With everything that you do in fishing\, focus on becoming as efficient as possible\, because this can greatly increase your likelihood for success. \nConsider this … if you can become twice as efficient\, you can basically become twice as successful. Conduct a thorough and honest self-evaluation\, and try to do an honest assessment of how much you actually have a lure or hook in front of fish. What you learn about yourself might surprise you. \nIf you can take steps to become more efficient\, you will basically increase your success exponentially. If you can land a higher percentage of the fish you hook or hook a higher percentage of bites\, your success climbs. \nMost people want some secret walleye formula. Examples include the ill-founded reasoning that if there is sunshine you need to use bright colors\, or if there are perch in the lake you need to worry about using a perch pattern or color. \nMy simple advice is ditch the secret-formula myth and worry about being in the right place at the right time —and when you get an inch\, take a mile. You do all of these things right and you can use the wrong color to catch all kinds of fish in the right spot at the right time until the paint is all chipped off. \nChameleons catch more fish \nWe all have our favorite way of doing something. We all have something that gives us confidence. Sooner or later\, however\, there will come a time when you are simply an observer and all you can do is watch while somebody else catches all kinds of fish. A little humility can do an angler a lot of good\, if he or she lets it. \nWhen it is your turn to watch somebody else put on a clinic\, embrace the opportunity and let the experience make you a better angler. That means no excuses or over-evaluation. Adjust and match. Be the chameleon. \nAgain\, don’t get hung up on cosmetics\, but monitor and break down the big picture — watch the jig stroke\, the rate of retrieve\, casting angle\, etc. \nVisualize what the lure or presentation looks like and what it’s doing in relation to the structure and fish. If you are fishing below the boat\, look to see what the angle is from the rod tip to the water and match that angle with the angler catching fish. \nTest location versus presentation so that you gather better information. Locational nuances to test might be pushing the boat up or out of the break. \nWhen somebody is catching fish and you are not\, the best thing that can happen to you as an angler\, is to figure out why. This often means you will have to swallow some pride. \nMake time to learn \nIt’s easy to go right back to the same old well because of the familiarity it provides\, such as going back to a good spot or sticking with a presentation that worked well in the past. There are times when we cling to the past with too tight a grip\, because that experience that works so well for catching fish can start to work against us. \nSpend parts of your day exploring. Make a point to try something different each day. Mix up exploring the unknown with the tried and true. Force yourself to embrace the unknown. Experiment with new lures\, new tactics and\, most of all\, new locations. Try approaching old locations with a different mindset. \nWhat I have found in my own experience is that learning new things keeps fishing exciting and fresh. I sometimes hear anglers complain that there is nothing new in walleye fishing\, but I would argue that anglers who refuse to learn are not making an effort. \nBy forcing yourself out of the rut\, you not only expand your knowledge but also increase the amount of satisfaction fishing can provide. \nAbout the author: Jason Mitchell Outdoors airs Saturdays at 9:30 a.m. on Fox Sports Midwest and Sundays at 9 a.m. on Fox Sports North. \n URL: ATTACH;FMTTYPE=image/jpeg: END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTART;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTEND;TZID=America/Chicago:20180422T045558 DTSTAMP:20180422T095558 CREATED:20180419T121602Z LAST-MODIFIED:20180419T121604Z SUMMARY:Hunting turkeys in the Black Hills provides springtime adventure DESCRIPTION:\n \n \n #td_uid_5_5adc5c2eabf24 .td-doubleSlider-2 .td-item1 {\n background: url( 0 0 no-repeat;\n }\n #td_uid_5_5adc5c2eabf24 .td-doubleSlider-2 .td-item2 {\n background: url( 0 0 no-repeat;\n }\n #td_uid_5_5adc5c2eabf24 .td-doubleSlider-2 .td-item3 {\n background: url( 0 0 no-repeat;\n }\n \n\n \n \n \n \n\n \n 1 of 3\n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n Venturing into the woods often pays us back in subtle ways. Ruffed grouse are extremely rare in South Dakota\, and this specimen put on quite the show\, drumming and doing some strutting of his own up and down a deadfall. Photo by Andrew Johnson \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n With good turkey numbers and a wealth of public hunting land\, the Black Hills have long been a hotspot for turkey hunters looking to wrap their tag around the leg of a Merriam’s gobbler. Photo by Andrew Johnson \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n Setting up where gobblers want to be is half the battle\, and Dennis Foster’s (right) first turkey was a prime 2-year-old Merriam’s gobbler that followed a morning routine of leaving the roost and using a strut zone that local guide Larry Bennett had previously identified. Photo by Andrew Johnson \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n\n \n \nBy Andrew Johnson \nThe idea to head to the Black Hills on a Merriam’s hunt spawned from a conversation during a February ice-fishing trip. A friend of mine\, Dennis Foster\, and I were targeting pike and walleye through the ice on a small pothole in the Glacial Lakes region of northeastern South Dakota\, and somehow our conversation drifted west nearly 350 miles as the crow flies to Black Hills turkeys. \nThere isn’t much Foster hasn’t accomplished in the outdoors\, but to this point he had never killed a turkey. \n“A lot of my clients who come up from southern states keep telling me it’s something I should do\,” said Foster\, who owns and operates Dakota Pheasant Guide\, a large pheasant hunting operation near his hometown of Mellette\, S.D. “They all say it’s a riot.” \nThrough the years Foster has invited me along on plenty of his outdoor endeavors\, so I was excited at the thought of repaying him in some small way by helping him kill his first longbeard. \n“Dennis\,” I said\, “all it takes is one to come in on a string gobbling his head off and you’ll be hooked.” \nWhat I didn’t tell him was how frustrating and downright maddening chasing the gobble could be. I figured he’d find that out on his own\, and after pulling a few more walleyes through the ice\, we decided to go turkey hunting later that spring. \nOn an even more personal note\, I was excited to head back to the pine-laden hills where I first hunted turkeys nearly two decades ago. At the time\, I was a young flatlander from the eastern half of South Dakota who loved hunting pheasants\, waterfowl and deer\, but I had no idea how addictive turkey hunting would be\, especially in a setting as inviting as the Black Hills. \nThere’s always a return \nFoster mentioned he had some connections in the Black Hills\, and in early May we headed west as guests of the Deadwood Chamber of Commerce. Even better\, Lee Harstad\, the Chamber’s executive director\, had lined us up with a local turkey hunter\, Larry Bennett\, who had done most of the dirt work prior to our arrival. \nWe arrived in Deadwood on a Tuesday afternoon\, met up with Bennett and drove just north of Deadwood to pattern our turkey guns. As we set up the targets and got situated\, a loud thumping sound echoed through the ponderosa and spruce. Bennett eased up the logging trail we were on\, then motioned for us to join him. He had found the sound’s source\, a ruffed grouse drumming on a deadfall just off the trail. \nWhile South Dakota is widely recognized for its pheasant and sharptail grouse hunting\, it isn’t known for its small population of ruffed grouse. \n“There’s a few of them scattered around here in the Black Hills\,” Bennett said as he pointed out the grouse’s location. “There aren’t too many\, though\, and they’re such a cool bird that it’s a real treat to see one every now and then.” \nI had never seen a ruffed grouse in the wild in my home state before\, so I decided to capitalize on the opportunity by grabbing my camera and sneaking in for a closer look. Unfazed by my approach\, the grouse let me get within 7 yards as he kept performing his courtship display. \nPerhaps Tom Kelly said it best in his book on turkey hunting titled Tenth Legion. “You ought to realize that time spent in the pursuit of turkeys always pays you back; there is always a return\,” Kelly wrote. “It is just that sometimes these returns are in the strangest of currencies.” \nKelly’s right. There is indeed and always a return when we step outside to pursue our passions. The return may reveal itself in subtle ways\, but make no mistake\, it’s always there\, even when it shows up in its least expected form like the rare encounter of a ruffed grouse drumming in the turkey woods. \nWith daylight fading\, I wished the grouse luck\, rejoined the group and went about the business of patterning our guns. After dialing in Foster’s gun\, another sound caught us by surprise as we walked back toward the truck — gobbles. Lots of them. \nThey were a ways off\, but the rattling was close enough to get our blood going and our hopes up. I asked Bennett if we were coming back to this piece of national forest ground the following morning. \n“Nope\,” he said with a smile. “I’ve got something else lined up for you.” \nBad habits \nWhile part of the appeal of hunting Merriam’s in the Black Hills lies squarely in the sheer amount of public national forest land available to the traveling turkey hunter\, Bennett had secured permission on a small chunk of private ground next to a roost site. \nSo\, an hour and a half before sunup the next morning\, we followed Bennett up a faint trail that led us to a blind he’d set up weeks in advance. It was next to flat\, open clearing\, and as he was leaving he gave us a brief outline of what to expect. \n“This is one of my favorite spots\, and they typically roost right down here in the draw\,” he said\, pointing into the blank distance. “This clearing is one of their morning strut zones. You can’t see it now\, but once it gets light enough you’ll be able to get your bearings and you’ll probably hear them wake up.” \nFoster climbed into the ground blind while I staked out a Suzie Snood decoy from H.S. Strut. In our conversations leading up to the hunt\, Bennett mentioned he had seen hens starting to nest. I figured if there was a chance that not every gobbler in the woods would be henned up\, an upright\, lonely hen decoy might just help get their attention more than a flock-type setup that included multiple hens along with a gobbler or jake decoy. \nAfter Bennett’s footsteps faded down the trail\, Foster and I waited another half-hour in silence. No matter where you’re hunting\, everything looks the same in the dark. It’s an uncomfortable yet peaceful feeling\, watching the world wake up in an unfamiliar place\, but I could tell Foster and his fidgeting couldn’t take it anymore. \n“Aren’t you going to make a call or two?” Foster asked. \n“I’m going to let them make the first move\,” I whispered back. “We’ll let them determine what kind of game they want to play.” \nFifteen minutes later it turned out that Bennett’s scouting was dead on. From somewhere deep down the draw below the opposing ridge\, which had just started to appear in the gray light\, came the first gobbles of the morning from about 300 yards away. \nNow that we knew the turkeys were indeed roosted where Bennett said they’d be\, I decided to tread lightly at first\, starting with some soft tree yelps from a mouth call. The gobblers rattled back incessantly\, but so did an old boss hen. I could tell the toms were moving our way\, and she was not happy about it\, lighting up the woods with raucous\, aggressive yelps and cutts. \nI hammered back at her on a box call\, matching her every step of the way. It was quite the show\, and less than an hour later two longbeards\, several jakes and the boss hen careened down a ridge into the clearing. At 13 yards\, the two toms locked up\, gobbled one last time and paraded around in full strut. Once they broke stride and poked their heads up our of strut\, Foster sealed the deal on the lead tom. \nWhen the bird and dust had settled\, I glanced over at Foster. \n“Oh great\,” he deadpanned\, his eyes still wide with adrenaline-induced excitement\, “now I’ve got another bad habit.” \nDay 2 \nThe following morning\, it was my turn. Bennett took us back to the forest-service ground a few miles north of Deadwood where we had heard the drumming grouse and distant gobbles. Foster was happy to join me\, toting a video camera to capture the action. \nBennett was unsure of where turkeys roosted in the area\, so Foster and I set off in the direction we heard gobbles that first afternoon. Foster had his first taste of hunting from a blind for turkeys the previous morning\, and now it was time he experienced the run-and-gun action only trolling for turkeys can provide. \nWe ambled up the steep slope in the dark before anchoring next to the roots of a deadfall about halfway up the mountain. Not knowing where the birds were roosted\, I didn’t want to risk busting them off their beds if they had spent the night in the trees at the top of the mountain. I explained to Foster in a hushed tone that we’d once again let them sound off and make the first move. \nThe first gobbles we heard that morning were faint and originated from a ridge a mountain away across a steep valley. With confirmation the birds were a half-mile or more beyond our location on the facing slope\, I told Foster we had to get moving. \nWe raced up the hillside\, and just prior to reaching its apex I broke out a box call to see if I could elicit a response from the birds across the valley. There was hardly any wind to speak of\, so I was certain they could hear even the soft chirps and whines I let fly. However\, after not hearing a response I decided it couldn’t hurt to ramp things up a bit. \nI was surprised when a chorus of gobbles from the valley floor met my aggressive cutts and yelps. They were the garbled\, high-pitched gobbles indicative of jakes — you know the kind\, where an adolescent bird tries hard to sound like a grown-up only to have its voice crack and break halfway through. \nThe ridge top still hid us from their view\, so we scrambled to set up the decoy and dove for cover. We were facing west\, and the morning sun was now streaming over our shoulders through the pines. \nOnce we were settled I started in on them again with the box call they seemed to like so well. Soon\, a gang of jakes crested the hill about 100 yards away\, charging in to our setup. Their blood-red heads would melt back into the shadows for a moment\, only to reappear closer and closer. \nThey’d stop to gobble every time I’d yelp. Had I been hunting alone\, I would have sat in silence and let them find me on their own. They were closing fast and didn’t need any more encouragement\, but the temptation to rile them up was too great\, as I wanted Foster to really get a feel for what turkey hunting was all about. \nOnce in range they mingled around for a bit\, trying to figure out why the hen decoy they were locked on wouldn’t budge. Cover was scarce\, and our hideout against two towering pines wasn’t ideal and part of me was sure they’d bust at any second. So\, at 30 yards\, I singled out the largest jake and gently squeezed the trigger\, capping off our hunt with another beautiful bird. \nDue to both of our busy schedules\, we had plans to leave later in the day\, which made my decision to shoot the jake an easy one. Some hunters may argue against shooting jakes\, but I’m not prejudiced and have been on enough hunts where I know better than to pass up such an easy opportunity. Sure\, it might have “only” been a jake\, but\, if given the chance\, I’d shoot him again every day of the week and twice on Sundays. \n“That was about the most fun I’ve ever had carrying a gun in the spring\,” Foster said as we walked back down the mountain. “We should look at doing this again next year.” \nYep\, he’s hooked all right. \nAbout the author: Andrew Johnson is editor of Outdoor Forum. Contact him at \n URL: ATTACH;FMTTYPE=image/jpeg: END:VEVENT END:VCALENDAR