South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS — For the week ending September 8, 2019, there were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 74 adequate, and 24 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 76 adequate, and 22 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 24 fair, 49 good, and 20 excellent. Corn dough was 85 percent, behind 100 last year and 97 for the five-year average. Dented was 35 percent, well behind 88 last year and 71 average. Mature was 2 percent, well behind 27 last year, and behind 14 average.

Soybean condition rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 27 fair, 46 good, and 19 excellent. Soybeans setting pods was 91 percent, behind 100 last year and 99 average. Dropping leaves was 2 percent, well behind 42 last year and 31 average.

Spring wheat harvested was 91 percent, behind 100 last year and 96 average.

Oats harvested was 96 percent, near 100 last year and 99 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 21 fair, 71 good, and 7 excellent. Sorghum coloring was 58 percent, near 60 last year, and behind 69 average. Mature was 4 percent, equal to last year, and behind 9 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 18 fair, 49 good, and 29 excellent.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. — For the week ending September 8, 2019, there were 4.5 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 6 short, 78 adequate, and 13 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 11 short, 76 adequate, and 9 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 26 fair, 58 good, and 8 excellent. Soybeans setting pods was 96 percent, near 100 for both last year and the five-year average. Dropping leaves was 20 percent, well behind 54 last year and 42 average.

Spring wheat harvested was 68 percent, well behind 93 last year, and behind 83 average.

Durum wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 11 poor, 24 fair, 52 good, and 11 excellent. Durum wheat mature was 94 percent. Harvested was 46 percent, well behind 85 last year and 69 average.

Winter wheat harvested was 91 percent.

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 20 fair, 65 good, and 9 excellent. Corn dough was 87 percent, behind 98 last year and 94 average. Dented was 25 percent, well behind 82 last year and 63 average. Mature was 1 percent, well behind 24 last year, and behind 10 average.

Canola condition rated 2 percent very poor, 7 poor, 26 fair, 54 good, and 11 excellent. Canola harvested was 39 percent, well behind 75 last year and 69 average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 7 fair, 14 good, and 75 excellent. Sugarbeets harvested was 10 percent, near 8 last year and 7 average.

Oats mature was 92 percent. Harvested was 72 percent, well behind 94 last year, and behind 87 average.

Barley harvested was 81 percent, behind 96 last year and 90 average.

Dry edible peas harvested was 90 percent.

Sunflower condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 19 fair, 70 good, and 7 excellent. Sunflowers ray flowers dry was 66 percent, well behind 88 last year, and behind 80 average. Bracts turned yellow was 30 percent, well behind 69 last year, and behind 45 average. Bracts turned brown was 4 percent, behind 22 last year.

Flaxseed condition rated 0 percent very poor, 6 poor, 22 fair, 68 good, and 4 excellent. Flaxseed harvested was 27 percent, well behind 74 last year and 58 average.

Potato condition rated 0 percent very poor, 8 poor, 35 fair, 52 good, and 5 excellent. Potatoes vines dry was 70 percent, near 73 last year, but ahead of 54 average. Harvested was 4 percent, equal to last year.

Dry edible bean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 30 fair, 54 good, and 9 excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 77 percent, behind 93 last year and 84 average. Harvested was 8 percent, well behind 55 last year and 28 average.

Alfalfa condition rated 2 percent very poor, 10 poor, 28 fair, 51 good, and 9 excellent. Alfalfa second cutting was 92 percent, behind 97 last year.

Lentils harvested was 35 percent, well behind 85 last year.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 7 poor, 21 fair, 60 good, and 9 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 2 percent very short, 10 short, 81 adequate, and 7 surplus.

Minnesota

Continued cooler than normal temperatures across Minnesota have slowed crop development during the week ending September 8, 2019, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 4.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Small grain harvest continued this week, but was slowed by scattered rains. Reports in and around central Minnesota indicated a prevalence of white mold in soybean fields.

Topsoil moisture condition was rated 0 percent very short, 10 percent short, 82 percent adequate and 8 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 0 percent very short, 7 percent short, 84 percent adequate and 9 percent surplus.

Ninety percent of the corn crop has reached the dough stage, falling to 14 days behind last year and 11 days behind the 5-year average. Corn dented was 42 percent, 2 weeks behind last year and 12 days behind normal. Corn harvested for silage reached 5 percent this week, 10 days behind normal. Corn condition was rated 55 percent good to excellent, unchanged from the previous week. Twenty-one percent of soybeans were turning color, 11 days behind last year and 8 days behind average. Reports of some soybeans starting to drop leaves were received this week. Soybean condition rated 59 percent good to excellent, a slight improvement from the previous week.

Spring wheat harvested reached 78 percent, 9 days behind average. Ninety-four percent of oats have been harvested, 3 days behind normal. Ninety-seven percent of the barley crop has been harvested.

Dry edible beans dropping leaves reached 68 percent this week, 1 day ahead of average. Dry edible beans harvested reached 5 percent this week, 1 week behind normal. Dry edible beans condition rated 68 percent good to excellent, improving slightly from the previous week. Sunflower condition rated 78 percent good to excellent. Potatoes harvested reached 19 percent, 10 days behind average. Potato condition rated 93 percent good to excellent. Sugarbeet harvest was 8 percent complete this week, 5 days ahead of average. Sugarbeet condition was rated 83 percent good to excellent, improving from the previous week.

Pasture condition rated 62 percent good to excellent, declining from the previous week.

Iowa

Most of Iowa experienced cooler than normal temperatures and below normal precipitation during the week ending September 8, 2019, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Fieldwork activities included harvesting hay and seed corn, chopping corn silage, seeding cover crops and preparing machinery for corn for grain and soybean harvest.

Topsoil moisture condition was rated 5 percent very short, 26 percent short, 68 percent adequate and 1 percent surplus. Areas in 28 counties were rated as D1 moderate drought according to the September 3, 2019, U.S. Drought Monitor due to the persistent lack of rain in parts of Iowa. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 5 percent very short, 24 percent short, 70 percent adequate and 1 percent surplus.

Ninety-one percent of the corn crop was in or beyond the dough stage, 2 weeks behind last year and 12 days behind the 5-year average. Sixty percent of the crop reached the dented stage, 2 weeks behind last year and 9 days behind average. Four percent of corn had reached maturity, 11 days behind average. Corn condition rated 63 percent good to excellent. Ninety-four percent of the soybean crop has started setting pods, 18 days behind last year and nearly 2 weeks behind average. Fifteen percent of the crop has begun coloring, 12 days behind last year and 9 days behind average. Soybean condition rated 61 percent good to excellent.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay reached 76 percent, nearly 1 week behind average. Pasture condition declined from the previous week to 42 percent good to excellent. There were no livestock issues to report from this past week.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — For the week ending September 8, 2019, there were 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 8 short, 80 adequate, and 10 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 9 short, 80 adequate, and 9 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 20 fair, 58 good, and 15 excellent. Corn dough was 94 percent, behind 100 last year, and near 98 for the five-year average. Dented was 70 percent, behind 84 last year and 81 average. Mature was 9 percent, behind 20 last year and 18 average.

Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 20 fair, 61 good, and 14 excellent. Soybeans setting pods was 94 percent, behind 100 both last year and average. Dropping leaves was 7 percent, well behind 29 last year, and behind 22 average.

Winter wheat planted was 4 percent, equal to last year, and near 8 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 15 fair, 67 good, and 17 excellent. Sorghum coloring was 59 percent, well behind 82 both last year and average. Mature was 1 percent, behind 12 last year and 10 average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 3 percent very poor, 18 poor, 27 fair, 45 good, and 7 excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 30 percent. Harvested was 2 percent.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 15 fair, 64 good, and 17 excellent.

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