South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending April 14, 2019, there were 0.1 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 52 adequate, and 47 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 67 adequate, and 31 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 43 fair, 50 good, and 3 excellent.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending April 14, 2019, there were 0.7 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Reports indicated that, on average, producers intend to begin fieldwork on April 28th. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 6 short, 70 adequate, and 23 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 14 short, 69 adequate, and 14 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 23 fair, 67 good, and 3 excellent.

Livestock Report: Cattle and calf conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 23 fair, 67 good, and 5 excellent. Cattle and calf death loss rated 7 percent heavy, 70 average, and 23 light. Calving progress was 54 percent complete, near 56 both last year and for the five-year average.

Sheep and lamb conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 33 fair, 58 good, and 6 excellent. Sheep and lamb death loss rated 6 percent heavy, 73 average, and 21 light. Lambing progress was 68 percent complete, behind 76 last year, and near 71 average. Shearing progress was 82 percent complete.

Hay and roughage supplies rated 6 percent very short, 24 short, 65 adequate, and 5 surplus.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 5 short, 78 adequate, and 16 surplus.

Minnesota

Limited field activities occurred early in the week before blizzard conditions halted field activities across Minnesota with only 0.1 day suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 14, 2019, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Many reports from the southern third of Minnesota stated that freezing rain, followed by wet snow and high wind speeds downed power lines.

Reported field activities for the week were still scarce with some farmers fertilizing dryer fields, early in the week before the winter storm.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 0 percent short, 36 percent adequate, and 64 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 43 percent adequate, and 56 percent surplus.

Respondents indicated livestock concerns given the extreme changes in weather and short hay supplies. Reports of power outages due to the blizzard conditions lead to stressed livestock and farmers.

Iowa

Iowa farmers were waiting for warmer weather and drier conditions as snow, ice and rain throughout the State prevented much fieldwork during the week ending April 14, 2019, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 1.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Southwest Iowa had the most days suitable for fieldwork at 4.1 days. Fieldwork activities remained mostly limited to applying anhydrous and spreading manure with very little planting done.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 0 percent short, 55 percent adequate and 45 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 0 percent short, 52 percent adequate and 48 percent surplus.

Sixteen percent of the expected oat crop has been planted, 4 days ahead of last year but a week behind the 5-year average. While one-quarter of the expected oats have been planted in northeast and west central Iowa, north central Iowa farmers have not yet begun planting oats.

Pastures continued to green up slowly with very little livestock placed on pasture ground. Overall, livestock and feedlot conditions have improved. However, in the Northwest District there were reports that recent weather conditions stressed livestock and caused respiratory issues.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending April 14, 2019, there were 2.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 66 adequate, and 33 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 68 adequate, and 30 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 27 fair, 64 good, and 4 excellent.

Oats planted was 12 percent, well behind 33 last year and 53 for the five-year average. Emerged was 1 percent, near 4 last year, and behind 13 average.

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