South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS — For the week ending August 11, 2019, there were 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 68 adequate, and 31 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 67 adequate, and 32 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 28 fair, 45 good, and 19 excellent. Corn silking was 85 percent, behind 98 last year and 96 for the five-year average. Dough was 25 percent, well behind 69 last year and 51 average. Dented was 1 percent, behind 10 last year, and near 5 average.

Soybean condition rated 2 percent very poor, 8 poor, 37 fair, 40 good, and 13 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 83 percent, behind 96 last year and 94 average. Setting pods was 47 percent, well behind 79 last year and 76 average.

Winter wheat harvested was 68 percent, well behind 96 last year and 90 average.

Spring wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 32 fair, 47 good, and 15 excellent. Spring wheat harvested was 16 percent, well behind 76 last year and 61 average.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 36 fair, 46 good, and 15 excellent. Oats harvested was 44 percent, well behind 86 last year and 80 average.

Sorghum condition rated 1 percent very poor, 1 poor, 34 fair, 57 good, and 7 excellent. Sorghum headed was 59 percent, behind 73 last year and 77 average. Coloring was 5 percent, behind 11 last year and 12 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 20 fair, 45 good, and 31 excellent.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. — For the week ending August 11, 2019, there were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 10 percent very short, 15 short, 63 adequate, and 12 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 10 percent very short, 20 short, 59 adequate, and 11 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 2 percent very poor, 8 poor, 28 fair, 53 good, and 9 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 94 percent, behind 99 last year, and near 97 for the five-year average. Setting pods was 62 percent, well behind 88 last year and 82 average.

Spring wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 23 fair, 60 good, and 11 excellent. Spring wheat coloring was 92 percent, near 96 last year, and equal to average. Mature was 51 percent, well behind 76 last year. Harvested was 5 percent, well behind 26 last year, and behind 23 average.

Durum wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 22 fair, 67 good, and 8 excellent. Durum wheat coloring was 87 percent, behind 95 last year, but ahead of 82 average. Mature was 42 percent, behind 57 last year. Harvested was 1 percent.

Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 18 fair, 63 good, and 14 excellent. Winter wheat mature was 87 percent, behind 95 last year. Harvested was 34 percent, well behind 68 last year, and behind 53 average.

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 8 poor, 20 fair, 59 good, and 12 excellent. Corn silking was 89 percent, behind 98 last year, and near 92 average. Dough was 7 percent, well behind 59 last year and 35 average.

Canola condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 25 fair, 59 good, and 9 excellent. Canola coloring was 71 percent, behind 90 last year and 83 average. Harvested was 1 percent.

Sugarbeet condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 8 fair, 14 good, and 75 excellent.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 16 fair, 63 good, and 19 excellent. Oats coloring was 85 percent, behind 95 last year and 93 average. Mature was 40 percent, well behind 79 last year. Harvested was 5 percent, well behind 37 last year and 35 average.

Barley condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 21 fair, 63 good, and 9 excellent. Barley coloring was 94 percent. Mature was 59 percent, well behind 91 last year. Harvested was 11 percent, well behind 47 last year and 36 average.

Dry edible peas condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 21 fair, 69 good, and 7 excellent. Dry edible peas dropping leaves was 91 percent, near 94 last year, but ahead of 80 average. Harvested was 23 percent, well behind 55 last year.

Sunflower condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 20 fair, 69 good, and 7 excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 63 percent, well behind 91 last year, and behind 79 average.

Flaxseed condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 21 fair, 70 good, and 7 excellent. Flaxseed coloring was 76 percent, behind 82 last year, but near 74 average.

Potato condition rated 0 percent very poor, 8 poor, 27 fair, 56 good, and 9 excellent. Potatoes rows closed was 88 percent, behind 95 last year, and near 91 average. Vines dry was 1 percent, behind 6 last year.

Dry edible bean condition rated 3 percent very poor, 9 poor, 32 fair, 52 good, and 4 excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 96 percent. Setting pods was 78 percent, behind 93 last year, and near 80 average. Dropping leaves was 3 percent.

Alfalfa condition rated 1 percent very poor, 7 poor, 25 fair, 56 good, and 11 excellent. Alfalfa second cutting was 57 percent, behind 72 last year and 68 average.

Lentils harvested was 1 percent.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 8 poor, 19 fair, 52 good, and 18 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 2 percent very short, 12 short, 72 adequate, and 14 surplus.

Minnesota

Another reasonably dry week across the state allowed Minnesota farmers 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending August 11, 2019, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Crop development has continued at a steady pace. Second cutting of hay was able to progress with the dry weather and is nearing completion. Small grain harvest is now in full swing. Other field activities for the week included some fungicide application on corn and soybeans.

Topsoil moisture condition was rated 2 percent very short, 10 percent short, 80 percent adequate and 8 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 2 percent very short, 7 percent short, 82 percent adequate and 9 percent surplus.

Silked corn, at 96 percent, was 8 days behind last year and 3 days behind the 5-year average. Thirty percent of the corn crop has reached the dough stage, 10 days behind last year and 8 days behind normal. Corn condition was rated at 56 percent good to excellent. Soybeans blooming reached 97 percent this week, 3 days behind last year and 1 day behind the average. Seventy-four percent of soybeans were setting pods, 5 days behind average. Soybean condition rated 59 percent good to excellent, declining from the previous week.

Ninety-seven percent of spring wheat was coloring or beyond, 1 day ahead of the average. Spring wheat harvested reached 8 percent, 9 days behind normal. Spring wheat condition rated 83 percent good to excellent. Oats turning color were virtually complete this week. Thirty-two percent of oats have been harvested, 8 days behind average. Oat condition was rated 67 percent good to excellent, declining slightly from the previous week. Twenty-three percent of the barley crop has been harvested, 1 week behind normal. Barley condition rated 79 percent good to excellent, declining from the previous week.

Dry edible beans blooming reached 96 percent complete, 3 days behind the average. Dry edible beans setting pods progressed to 83 percent this week, 2 days behind normal. Dry edible beans condition was rated 60 percent good to excellent, declining from the previous week. Sunflower condition rated 82 percent good to excellent. Potato condition rated 93 percent good to excellent. Sugarbeet condition was rated 77 percent good to excellent, declining from the previous week.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 95 percent this week, catching up to the 5-year average. Pasture condition rated 68 percent good to excellent, degrading from the previous week.

Iowa

Iowa farmers continued to experience abnormally dry field conditions across most of the State during the week ending August 11, 2019, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Fieldwork activities included spraying fungicides and insecticides and harvesting hay and oats.

Topsoil moisture condition was rated 7 percent very short, 29 percent short, 62 percent adequate and 2 percent surplus. East central, south central and southeast Iowa districts reported topsoil moisture conditions as over 55 percent short to very short. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 4 percent very short, 23 percent short, 70 percent adequate and 3 percent surplus.

Ninety-two percent of the corn crop has begun to silk, 17 days behind last year and nearly two weeks behind the 5-year average. Forty-one percent of the crop reached the dough stage, 10 days behind last year and 8 days behind average. One percent of the crop statewide reached the dented stage. Corn condition rated 65 percent good to excellent. Eighty-seven percent of the soybean crop has started to bloom, 15 days behind last year and 12 days behind average. Fifty-six percent of the crop has started setting pods, also 15 days behind last year and 12 days behind average. Soybean condition rated 63 percent good to excellent. Eighty-nine percent of the oat crop has been harvested for grain, 2 days behind both last year and average.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 92 percent, 5 days behind average. The third cutting of alfalfa hay reached 25 percent, 1 week behind average. Hay condition declined to 57 percent good to excellent. Pasture condition declined for the sixth straight week and rated a season low 46 percent good to excellent. There were no major livestock issues reported this past week.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending August 11, 2019, there were 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 12 short, 78 adequate, and 8 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 11 short, 79 adequate, and 9 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 20 fair, 60 good, and 15 excellent. Corn silking was 95 percent, near 99 for both last year and the five-year average. Dough was 41 percent, well behind 74 last year and 62 average. Dented was 3 percent, behind 16 last year and 11 average.

Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 22 fair, 62 good, and 11 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 87 percent, behind 96 both last year and average. Setting pods was 66 percent, behind 78 last year and 76 average.

Winter wheat harvested was 90 percent, behind 97 last year and 99 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 16 fair, 70 good, and 13 excellent. Sorghum headed was 68 percent, well behind 90 last year, and behind 82 average. Coloring was 9 percent, behind 20 last year and 16 average.

Oats harvested was 89 percent, behind 98 last year, and near 92 average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 11 poor, 37 fair, 43 good, and 8 excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 87 percent. Setting pods was 46 percent.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 15 fair, 66 good, and 15 excellent.

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