South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending July 7, 2019, there were 3.6 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 68 adequate, and 31 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 0 short, 67 adequate, and 33 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 34 fair, 47 good, and 15 excellent.

Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 43 fair, 40 good, and 12 excellent. Soybeans emerged was 96 percent, near 100 both last year and for the five-year average. Blooming was 3 percent, well behind 27 last year and 31 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 28 fair, 58 good, and 10 excellent. Winter wheat headed was 97 percent, near 99 both last year and average.

Spring wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 28 fair, 61 good, and 10 excellent. Spring wheat headed was 61 percent, well behind 89 last year and 90 average.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 36 fair, 54 good, and 9 excellent. Oats headed was 60 percent, well behind 94 last year and 93 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 36 fair, 59 good, and 4 excellent.

Sunflowers planted was 98 percent, near 95 last year, and equal to average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 13 fair, 58 good, and 28 excellent.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending July 7, 2019, there were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 18 short, 71 adequate, and 9 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 20 short, 70 adequate, and 8 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 27 fair, 63 good, and 6 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 6 percent, well behind 38 last year and 29 for the five-year average.

Spring wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 17 fair, 74 good, and 8 excellent. Spring wheat jointed was 93 percent, near 96 last year and 95 average. Headed was 55 percent, well behind 78 last year, and behind 71 average.

Durum wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 24 fair, 67 good, and 7 excellent. Durum wheat jointed was 95 percent, near 96 last year, but ahead of 88 average. Headed was 47 percent, behind 64 last year, and near 50 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 20 fair, 67 good, and 8 excellent. Winter wheat headed was 92 percent, near 96 last year. Coloring was 11 percent, well behind 41 last year and 35 average.

Corn condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 18 fair, 72 good, and 7 excellent.

Canola condition rated 1 percent very poor, 7 poor, 23 fair, 64 good, and 5 excellent. Canola blooming was 68 percent, well behind 89 last year, and behind 81 average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 4 fair, 15 good, and 81 excellent.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 17 fair, 74 good, and 7 excellent. Oats jointed was 90 percent, near 94 both last year and average. Headed was 43 percent, well behind 74 last year and 71 average.

Barley condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 16 fair, 77 good, and 6 excellent. Barley jointed was 94 percent, near 97 last year and 96 average. Headed was 58 percent, well behind 83 last year, and behind 74 average. Coloring was 1 percent, behind 7 last year.

Dry edible peas condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 18 fair, 74 good, and 6 excellent. Dry edible peas blooming was 67 percent, behind 81 last year and 75 average.

Sunflower condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 17 fair, 77 good, and 4 excellent. Sunflowers emerged was 94 percent, near 95 last year. Blooming was 2 percent, behind 7 last year, and near 4 average.

Flaxseed condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 20 fair, 74 good, and 4 excellent. Flaxseed blooming was 46 percent, behind 51 last year, and near 47 average.

Potato condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 13 fair, 65 good, and 22 excellent. Potatoes blooming was 12 percent, well behind 47 last year and 40 average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 24 fair, 67 good, and 8 excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 9 percent, behind 24 last year and 17 average.

Alfalfa condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 27 fair, 62 good, and 5 excellent. Alfalfa first cutting was 53 percent, behind 70 last year and 67 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 24 fair, 63 good, and 5 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 8 short, 82 adequate, and 9 surplus.

Minnesota

The southern half of Minnesota dealt with wet conditions this week limiting the number of days suitable for fieldwork to 3.8 during the week ending July 7, 2019, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Warmer than normal temperatures over much of Minnesota aided crop development giving crops some much needed heating units. However, the wet conditions in the southern half of the state hindered fertilizer and spraying activities in the area.

Topsoil moisture condition was rated 0 percent very short, 5 percent short, 61 percent adequate and 34 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 1 percent very short, 3 percent short, 62 percent adequate and 34 percent surplus.

Corn condition was rated at 60 percent good to excellent, a slight improvement from the previous week. Nearly all soybeans had emerged this week, with a few reports of some having started to bloom. Soybean condition rated 61 percent good to excellent.

Ninety-seven percent of the spring wheat crop had jointed, 3 days behind the 5-year average. Spring wheat headed reached 75 percent this week, 2 days behind normal. Spring wheat condition rated 83 percent good to excellent. Oats jointed stretched to 99 percent, now 5 days ahead of the average. Oats headed were 79 percent complete, 3 days behind normal. Oats turning color reached 4 percent, 10 days behind average. Oat condition was rated 72 percent good to excellent, improving from the previous week. Barley jointed was 98 percent, 4 days ahead of the average. Barley headed reached 82 percent, now 2 days ahead of normal after being 6 days behind average last week. A few reports of barley turning color were received this week. Barley condition rated 80 percent good to excellent.

Dry edible bean emergence was virtually complete this week, while 6 percent had started to bloom, 5 days behind the average. Dry edible bean condition was rated 65 percent good to excellent, falling from the previous week. Sunflower condition rated 82 percent good to excellent, improving slightly from the previous week. Potato condition rated 94 percent good to excellent. Sugarbeet condition was rated 79 percent good to excellent.

The first cutting of alfalfa hay was 94 percent complete, 2 days behind last year and the 5-year average. The second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 19 percent this week, 8 days behind normal. All hay condition rated 78 percent good to excellent, improving slightly from the previous week. Pasture condition rated 77 percent good to excellent, increasing from the previous week.

Iowa

While parts of Iowa experienced heavy rain, overall it was hot, dry week which allowed farmers to get fieldwork done during the week ending July 7, 2019, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 4.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Fieldwork activities included planting, harvesting hay, spraying and applying nitrogen.

Topsoil moisture condition was rated 0 percent very short, 4 percent short, 80 percent adequate and 16 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 77 percent adequate and 21 percent surplus.

Statewide, 1 percent of the corn crop has begun to silk, over 1 week behind last year and the 5-year average. Corn condition declined to 61 percent good to excellent. Soybean emergence reached 96 percent, 2 weeks behind average. Seven percent of the soybean crop has started to bloom, 12 days behind last year and 10 days behind average. Soybean condition rated 64 percent good to excellent. Ninety-two percent of the oat crop has headed, 1 week behind last year and 6 days behind average. Twenty-eight percent of the crop has started coloring, 6 days behind average. Oat condition rated 61 percent good to excellent.

Ninety-four percent of the first cutting of alfalfa hay has been cut, nearly 1 week behind average. The second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 12 percent statewide, 11 days behind average. Hay condition rated 62 percent good to excellent. Pasture condition rated 69 percent good to excellent. Livestock experienced some stress due to heat. Feedlots continue to dry out.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending July 7, 2019, there were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 4 short, 84 adequate, and 12 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 86 adequate, and 12 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 20 fair, 63 good, and 13 excellent. Corn silking was 2 percent, well behind 28 last year, and behind 16 for the five-year average.

Soybean condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 23 fair, 63 good, and 10 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 10 percent, well behind 48 last year and 37 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 22 fair, 50 good, and 20 excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 2 percent, well behind 22 last year and 26 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 19 fair, 72 good, and 7 excellent. Sorghum headed was 11 percent, near 12 last year, but ahead of 4 average.

Oats condition rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 25 fair, 56 good, and 12 excellent. Oats headed was 90 percent, behind 99 last year and 96 average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 33 fair, 55 good, and 6 excellent. Dry edible beans emerged was 86 percent.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 11 fair, 69 good, and 17 excellent.

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