South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS — Based on August 1 conditions, South Dakota’s 2019 corn crop is forecast at 630 million bushels, down 19 percent from last year, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Acreage harvested for grain is estimated at 4.01 million acres, down 17 percent from a year ago. Average yield is forecast at 157 bushels per acre, down 3 bushels from last year.

Soybean production is forecast at 156 million bushels, 39 percent below last year. Area for harvest, at 3.46 million acres, is down 38 percent from 2018. Yield is forecast at 45 bushels per acre, down 1 bushel from last year.

South Dakota’s 2019 winter wheat crop is forecast at 38.0 million bushels, up 20 percent from last year’s crop. Harvested acreage is estimated at 730,000 acres, up 11 percent from a year ago. Average yield is forecast at 52 bushels per acre, up 4 bushels from last year.

Other spring wheat production is forecast at 36.2 million bushels, down 11 percent from last year. Harvested acreage is estimated at 770,000 acres, down 20 percent from a year ago. The yield, forecast at 47 bushels per acre, is up 5 bushels from last year.

Oat production, at 6.97 million bushels, is down 11 percent from last year. Harvested acreage is estimated at 85,000 acres, down 11 percent from a year ago. The yield is forecast at 82 bushels per acre, unchanged from last year.

Sorghum yield is forecast at 77 bushels per acre, down 3 bushels from last year. Harvested acreage is estimated at 170,000 acres, down 15 percent from a year ago. Production of 13.1 million bushels is down 18 percent from a year ago.

Alfalfa hay production is forecast at 4.86 million tons, up 29 percent from last year. Harvested acreage is estimated at 1.80 million acres, up 3 percent from 2018. Expected yield, at 2.70 tons per acre, is up 0.55 ton from last year. All other hay production is forecast at 2.61 million tons, up 29 percent from last year. Harvested acreage is estimated at 1.45 million acres, down 3 percent from a year ago. Expected yield, at 1.80 tons per acre, is up 0.45 ton from last year.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. — Based on August 1 conditions, North Dakota’s 2019 spring wheat crop is forecast at 320 million bushels, up 1 percent from last year, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Harvested acreage is estimated at 6.40 million acres, down 1 percent from a year ago. Average yield is forecast at a record 50 bushels per acre, up 1 bushel from 2018.

Durum wheat production is forecast at 28.6 million bushels, down 33 percent from last year. Harvested acreage is estimated at a record low 680,000, down 37 percent from a year ago. Average yield is forecast at a record 42 bushels per acre, up 2.5 bushels from last year.

Winter wheat production is forecast at 3.38 million bushels, 12 percent above last year’s crop. Harvested acreage is estimated at 75,000 acres, up 7 percent from a year ago. Average yield is forecast at 45 bushels per acre, up 2 bushels from 2018.

Barley production is forecast at 38.5 million bushels, up 35 percent from last year. Harvested acreage is estimated at 535,000 acres, up 39 percent from a year ago. Average yield is forecast at 72 bushels per acre, down 2 bushels from 2018.

Oat production is forecast at 9.02 million bushels, up 5 percent from last year. Harvested acreage at 110,000 acres, up 5 percent from a year ago. Average yield is forecast at 82 bushels per acre, tying last year’s record yield.

Corn production is forecast at 477 million bushels, up 6 percent from 2018. Acreage to be harvested for grain is estimated at 3.27 million acres, up 12 percent from last year. Average yield is forecast at 146 bushels per acre, down 7 bushel from last year.

Soybean production is forecast at 198 million bushels, down 19 percent from last year. Area for harvest, at 5.65 million acres, is down 18 percent from last year. Average yield per acre is forecast at 35 bushels per acre, down 0.5 bushel from 2018.

Alfalfa hay production is forecast at 2.43 million tons, down 3 percent from last year. Harvested acreage is estimated at 1.35 million acres, down 8 from a year ago. Expected yield, at 1.80 tons per acre, is up 0.1 ton from last year. All other hay production is forecast at 2.21 million tons, up 15 percent from last year. Harvested acreage is estimated at 1.30 million acres, up 8 percent from a year ago. Expected yield, at 1.70 tons per acre, is up 0.1 ton from last year.

Dry edible bean production is forecast at 939,000 thousand cwt. Harvested acreage is estimated at 610,000. The average yield is forecast at 1,540 pounds per acre. Acres planted by class are as follows: Pinto, 377,000; Black, 134,000; Navy, 76,000; Large Garbanzo, 65,000; Small Red, 11,700; Small Garbanzo, 10,000; Pink, 8,400; Dark Red Kidney, 4,600; Cranberry, 2,400.

Sugarbeet production is forecast at 6.12 million tons, up 7 percent from 2018. Area for harvest, at 209,000 acres, is up 5 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 29.3 tons per acre, up 0.5 ton from last year.

Minnesota

Minnesota corn production is forecast at 1.28 billion bushels, down 6 percent from last year, according to the latest USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service — Crop Production report. Based on conditions as of August 1, yields are expected to average 173.0 bushels per acre, a decrease of 9 bushels per acre from last year. Corn planted acreage is estimated at 7.90 million acres. An estimated 7.40 million of the acres planted will be harvested for grain.

Soybean production is forecast at 314 million bushels, down 19 percent from last year. The yield is forecast at 46.0 bushels per acre, 4.5 bushels below 2018. Soybean planted acreage is estimated at 6.90 million acres with 6.82 million acres to be harvested.

Spring wheat production is estimated at 91.8 million bushels, a decrease of 1 percent from 2018. Yield is forecast at 62.0 bushels per acre, unchanged from the July forecast but up 3.0 bushels per acre from 2018.

Oat production for grain is forecast at 8.36 million bushels, up 35 percent from last year. The yield is forecast at 76.0 bushels per acre, up 1.0 bushel from the July forecast and up 17.0 bushels from 2018.

Barley production is forecast at 5.85 million bushels, up 15 percent from 2018. Yield is forecast at 76.0 bushels an acre, unchanged from 2018.

Sugarbeet production is estimated at 11.6 million tons, up 10 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 27.5 tons per acre, 1.8 tons per acre above last year.

Minnesota hay yield for alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures is forecast at 2.60 tons per acre, with a total production of 2.21 million tons, an 8 percent increase in production from 2018. The forecast yield for other hay is 1.60 tons per acre, with a production of 720 thousand tons.

The forecasts in this report are based on August 1 conditions and do not reflect weather effects since that time. The next crop production forecasts, based on conditions as of September 1, will be released on September 12.

Iowa

Iowa corn production is forecast at 2.52 billion bushels according to the latest USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service – Crop Production report. Based on conditions as of August 1, yields are expected to average 191.0 bushels per acre, down 5.0 bushels from last year. Corn planted acreage is estimated at 13.6 million acres. An estimated 13.2 million of the acres planted will be harvested for grain.

Soybean production is forecast at 502 million bushels. The yield is forecast at 55.0 bushels per acre, 2.0 bushels lower than 2018. Soybean planted acreage is estimated at 9.20 million acres with 9.13 million acres to be harvested.

Oat production for grain is forecast at 5.20 million bushels. The expected yield is 65.0 bushels per acre, up 2.0 bushels from the July forecast and from 2018. An estimated 80,000 acres will be harvested for grain.

Iowa hay yield for alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures is expected to be 3.30 tons per acre with a total production of 2.31 million tons, up 1 percent from the previous year. The projected yield for other hay is 2.40 tons per acre, with production at 912,000 tons, up 30 percent from 2018.

The forecasts in this report are based on August 1 conditions and do not reflect weather effects since that time. The next corn and soybean production forecasts, based on conditions as of September 1, will be released on September 12.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – Based on August 1 conditions, Nebraska’s 2019 corn production is a record forecast at 1.79 billion bushels, up slightly from last year’s production, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Acreage harvested for grain is estimated at 9.65 million acres, up 4 percent from a year ago. Average yield is forecast at 186 bushels per acre, down 6 bushels from last year.

Soybean production in Nebraska is forecast at 287 million bushels, down 14 percent from last year. Area for harvest, at 4.95 million acres, is down 12 percent from 2018. Yield is forecast at 58 bushels per acre, down 1 bushel from last year.

Nebraska’s 2019 winter wheat crop is forecast at 56.3 million bushels, up 14 percent from last year. Harvested area for grain, at 970,000 acres, is down 4 percent from last year. Record yield is forecast at 58 bushels per acre, up 9 bushels per acre from 2018.

Sorghum production of 15.5 million bushels, is down 3 percent from a year ago. Area for grain harvest, at 165,000 acres, is down 5,000 acres from last year. Yield is forecast at 94 bushels per acre, unchanged from last year.

Oat production is forecast at 1.18 million bushels, down 22 percent from last year. Harvested area for grain, at 19,000 acres, is down 3,000 acres from last year. Yield is forecast at 62 bushels per acre, down 7 bushels from 2018.

Dry edible bean production is forecast at 2.43 thousand cwt. The average yield is forecast at 2,310 pounds per acre. Acres planted by class are as follows: Pinto, 49,400; Great Northern, 44,500; Black, 2,600; Light Red Kidney, 11,800 acres.

Sugarbeet production is forecast at 1.37 million tons, down 3 percent from 2018. Area for harvest, at 43,200 acres is down 900 acres from last year. Yield is estimated at 31.6 tons per acre, down 0.3 ton from a year ago.

Alfalfa hay production is forecast at 3.42 million tons, down 6 percent from last year. Expected yield, at 3.80 tons per acre, is down 0.5 ton from last year. All other hay production is forecast at 2.56 million tons, down 23 percent from last year. Forecasted yield, at 1.60 tons per acre, is down 0.2 ton from last year.

United States

Corn production for grain is forecast at 13.9 billion bushels, down 4 percent from 2018. Based on conditions as of August 1, yields are expected to average 169.5 bushels per harvested acre, down 6.9 bushels from 2018. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 82.0 million acres, down 2 percent from the previous forecast, but up less than 1 percent from 2018. Area planted for all purposes totaled 90.0 million acres, down 2 percent from the previous estimate but up 1 percent from 2018.

Soybean production for beans is forecast at 3.68 billion bushels, down 19 percent from 2018. Based on conditions as of August 1, yields are expected to average 48.5 bushels per harvested acre, down 3.1 bushels from 2018. Area harvested for beans is forecast at 75.9 million acres, down 4 percent from the previous forecast, and down 14 percent from 2018. Area planted for all purposes totaled 76.7 million acres, down 4 percent from the previous estimate, and down 14 percent from 2018.

Other spring wheat production for grain is forecast at 597 million bushels, down 1 percent from the previous forecast and down 4 percent from 2018. Based on August 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 49.2 bushels per harvested acre, up 2.0 bushels from the previous forecast, and up 0.9 bushel from 2018. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 12.1 million acres, unchanged from the previous forecast, but down 6 percent from 2018. Of the total production, 566 million bushels are Hard Red Spring wheat, down 4 percent from 2018.

Oat production is forecast at 60.4 million bushels, down 2 percent from the previous forecast but up 12 percent from 2018 for comparable States. Growers expect to harvest 909,000 acres for grain, unchanged from the previous forecast but up 10 percent from 2018 for comparable States. Based on conditions as of August 1, the United States yield is forecast at 66.4 bushels per acre, down 1.4 bushels from the previous forecast but 1.1 bushels above the 2018 average yield for comparable States.

Barley production is forecast at 172 million bushels, up 1 percent from the previous forecast and up 12 percent from 2018. Based on conditions as of August 1, the average yield for the United States is forecast at 73.9 bushels per acre, up 0.6 bushel from the previous forecast but down 3.5 bushels from 2018. Area harvested for grain, is forecast at 2.33 million acres, unchanged from the previous forecast, but up 18 percent from 2018.

Special note

Survey respondents who reported acreage as not yet planted for corn, cotton, sorghum, and soybeans in fourteen States for the Acreage report, released June 28, 2019, were re-contacted in July. Excessive rainfall had led to planting delays and challenges at the time of the survey, leaving a portion of acres still to be planted for corn in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; cotton in Arkansas; sorghum in Kansas; and soybeans in Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

When planting delays occur NASS has established procedures and processes in place to re-contact respondents. In addition to the updated survey information, NASS considered Farm Service Agency (FSA) certified acreage information as well as satellite-based indications of acreage to update planted and harvested acreage estimates for this report.

NASS estimates of planted area are always larger than the certified acres reported by FSA because of definitional differences and the fact that some producers do not participate in USDA programs and therefore do not report their acreage to FSA. It is also important to note that data are reported to FSA over an extended period of time, with varying due dates across the country, and is historically incomplete in early August. NASS has carefully analyzed these data for many years and has determined they normally don’t become nearly complete until September for cotton and October for corn, soybeans, and sorghum. A detailed description of how NASS incorporates the FSA certified acreage information into the estimating process can be found at https://www.nass.usda.gov/Education_and_Outreach/Understanding_Statistics/FSA_Acreage.pdf

Based on all of the data sources described above, planted and harvested area estimates for corn, soybeans, cotton, and sorghum were updated and included in this report. All States in the estimating program for these crops were subject to review and updating.

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