Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Crop News

South Dakota

For the week ending May 2, there were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 25% very short, 42% short, 33% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 24% very short, 46% short, 30% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn planted was 25%, behind 34% last year, but ahead of 13% for the 5-year average.

Soybeans planted was 8%, near 10% last year, but ahead of 3% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 3% very poor, 14% poor, 45% fair, 38% good and 0% excellent.

Spring wheat planted was 81%, well ahead of 57% last year and 54% average. Emerged was 46%, well ahead of 16% last year and 26% average.

Oats planted was 74%, ahead of 68% last year and 55% average. Emerged was 31%, ahead of 23% last year, and near 29% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 6% very poor, 45% poor, 32% fair, 16% good and 1% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending May 2, there were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 55% very short, 28% short, 17% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 54% very short, 27% short, 18% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Soybeans planted was 2%, near 1% last year and equal to the 5-year average.

Spring wheat planted was 42%, well ahead of 14% last year and 20% average. Emerged was 6%, near 3% average.

Durum wheat planted was 22%, ahead of 12% last year and 10% average. Emerged was 2%.

Winter wheat condition rated 20% very poor, 38% poor, 32% fair, 8% good and 2% excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 21%, ahead of 12% last year and 10% average.

Corn planted was 14%, ahead of 3% last year and 8% average.

Canola planted was 8%, near 5% last year and 7% average.

Sugar beets planted was 66%, well ahead of 20% last year and 37% average.

Oats planted was 20%, ahead of 11% last year, and near 19% average. Emerged was 2%, near 3% average.

Barley planted was 39%, well ahead of 9% last year and 16% average. Emerged was 5%, near 3% average.

Dry edible peas planted was 23%, ahead of 10% last year and 18% average. Emerged was 1%, near 2% average.

Flaxseed planted was 7%, ahead of 2% last year, and near 5% average.

Potatoes planted was 23%, ahead of 6% both last year and average.

Dry edible beans planted was 2%, near 1% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 44% very poor, 30% poor, 19% fair, 7% good and 0% excellent.

Hay and roughage supplies rated 22% very short, 32% short, 42% adequate and 4% surplus.

Stock water supplies rated 37% very short, 37% short, 26% adequate and 0% surplus.

Minnesota

Below normal temperatures persisted, but Minnesota farmers had 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 2, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The primary field activity was planting with significant progress made in seeding small grains, row crops and potatoes.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 8% very short, 27% short, 60% adequate and 5% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 8% very short, 27% short, 60% adequate and 5% surplus. Dry conditions continue to be reported.

Field crops report: During the week ending May 2, Minnesota farmers were able to plant over 40% of their expected corn crop for a total of 60% planted, two days behind last year but 10 days ahead of the 5-year average. Soybeans were 23% planted, two days behind last year but one week ahead of normal.

Spring wheat was 72% planted, over two weeks ahead of last year and 13 days ahead of the 5-year average. Spring wheat was 19% emerged, 11 days ahead of 2020 and eight days ahead of normal.

Oats were 69% planted, four days ahead of last year and 10 days ahead of average. Oats were 25% emerged, one day behind last year but two days ahead of normal.

Barley was 63% planted, two weeks ahead of last year and 12 days ahead of the average. Barley was 6% emerged, two days behind the previous year and one day behind normal.

Potato planting was 44% complete, one day behind last year but four days ahead of the average. Over three-quarters of the sugar beet crop has been planted at 79% complete statewide, almost three weeks ahead of last year and 12 days ahead of average.

Dry beans were 5% planted, equal to last year but four days ahead of normal.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition rated 6% very poor, 10% poor, 37% fair, 41% good and 6% excellent. Pasture growth has been slow in some areas. No problems were reported with livestock.

Iowa

Planting of corn and soybean crops accelerated during the week ending May 2, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Statewide, there were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork for the week due to limited precipitation. Other field activities such as applying anhydrous and dry fertilizer were sporadic, due to strong winds.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 17% very short, 38% short, 45% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 14% very short, 44% short, 42% adequate and 0% surplus. Dry conditions are a concern.

Field crops report: Iowa farmers were able to plant almost half of the state’s expected corn crop during the week ending May 2 for a total of 69% planted, nine days ahead of the 5-year average.

With the week’s warmer temperatures, there were scattered reports of corn emerged.

Iowa farmers planted over one-third of the expected soybean crop during the week ending May 2 for a total of 43% planted, 12 days ahead of normal. Ninety-five percent of Iowa’s expected oat crop has been planted, 2 days ahead of last year and 10 days ahead of the 5-year average. Statewide, 51% of the oat crop has emerged, 3 days ahead of average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition rated 41% good to excellent. Reports were received of slow growth due to lack of moisture. No livestock problems were reported.

Nebraska

For the week ending May 2, there were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 7% very short, 23% short, 68% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 11% very short, 26% short, 62% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn planted was 42%, behind 55% last year, but ahead of 36% for the five-year average. Emerged was 2%, behind 8% last year, and near 5% average.

Soybeans planted was 20%, behind 29% last year, but ahead of 12% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 6% very poor, 12% poor, 40% fair, 39% good and 3% excellent.

Sorghum planted was 1%, behind 6% last year, and near 2% average.

Oats planted was 92%, ahead of 86% last year and 80% average. Emerged was 73%, well ahead of 53% last year and 50% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 6% very poor, 16% poor, 37% fair, 37% good and 4% excellent.