May 10: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Grain News

South Dakota

For the week ending May 9, there were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 24% very short, 43% short, 33% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 22% very short, 48% short, 30% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn planted was 66%, ahead of 49% last year, and well ahead of 30% for the 5-year average. Emerged was 3%, near 6% last year, and equal to average.

Soybeans planted was 32%, ahead of 21% last year and well ahead of 10% average. Emerged was 1%, equal to last year.

Winter wheat condition rated 4% very poor, 16% poor, 39% fair, 40% good and 1% excellent.

Spring wheat planted was 91%, ahead of 73% last year and 72% average. Emerged was 60%, well ahead of 33% last year, and ahead of 41% average.

Oats condition rated 3% very poor, 15% poor, 41% fair, 41% good and 0% excellent. Oats planted was 89%, near 86% last year and ahead of 72% average. Emerged was 57%, ahead of 45% last year and 47% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 9% very poor, 41% poor, 34% fair, 16% good and 0% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending May 9, there were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 52% very short, 28% short, 20% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 52% very short, 29% short, 18% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Soybeans planted was 17%, ahead of 4% last year and 11% for the 5-year average.

Spring wheat planted was 66%, well ahead of 25% last year and 42% average. Emerged was 20%, ahead of 3% last year and 11% average.

Durum wheat planted was 39%, ahead of 26% both last year and average. Emerged was 6%, equal to last year and near 5% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 24% very poor, 36% poor, 31% fair, 8% good and 1% excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 31%, ahead of 14% last year and 19% average.

Corn planted was 36%, well ahead of 7% last year and ahead of 24% average.

Canola planted was 20%, ahead of 10% last year, and equal to average. Emerged was 2%, near 1% last year, and equal to average.

Sugar beets planted was 95%, well ahead of 33% last year and 66% average.

Oats condition rated 9% very poor, 18% poor, 56% fair, 16% good and 1% excellent. Oats planted was 52%, well ahead of 27% last year, and ahead of 38% average. Emerged was 12%, ahead of 2% last year, and near 9% average.

Barley planted was 64%, well ahead of 19% last year and 38% average. Emerged was 15%, ahead of 1% last year and 9% average.

Dry edible peas planted was 46%, well ahead of 26% last year and ahead of 39% average. Emerged was 4%, near 3% last year, but behind 9% average.

Sunflowers planted was 2%, near 3% average.

Flaxseed planted was 15%, ahead of 5% last year, and near 14% average.

Potatoes planted was 39%, well ahead of 16% last year and ahead of 24% average. Emerged was 3%.

Dry edible beans planted was 5%, near 1% last year and 4% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 44% very poor, 31% poor, 19% fair, 6% good and 0% excellent. Stock water supplies rated 41% very short, 34% short, 25% adequate and 0% surplus.

Minnesota

Minnesota farmers were able to take advantage of 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 9, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Field activities for the week included corn and soybean planting and herbicide application. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 12% very short, 32% short, 53% adequate and 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 7% very short, 33% short, 57% adequate and 3% surplus. Dry conditions continue to be reported.

During the week ending on May 9, Minnesota farmers were able to plant 25% of their expected corn crop for a total of 85% planted, one day behind last year but 12 days ahead of the 5-year average.

Field crops report: Corn was 8% emerged, three days behind average.

Soybeans were 65% planted, five days ahead of last year and almost two weeks ahead of normal.

Spring wheat was 97% planted, just over three weeks ahead of both last year and the five-year average. Spring wheat was 50% emerged, over two weeks ahead of 2020 and 11 days ahead of normal.

Oats were 89% planted, one week ahead of last year and 12 days ahead of average. Oats were 52% emerged, two days ahead last year and one week ahead of normal. The first oat condition rating of the season was 0% very poor, 2% poor, 33% fair, 57% good and 8% excellent.

Barley was 89% planted, two weeks ahead of last year and 13 days ahead of the average.

Barley was 41% emerged, eight days ahead the previous year and nine days ahead of normal.

Potato planting was 74% complete, one week ahead of last year and eight days ahead of the average.

Sugar beet crop planted was 99% complete statewide, over three weeks ahead of last year and average.

Dry beans were 17% planted, two days ahead of last year and four days ahead of normal.

Sunflowers were 33% planted, 12 days ahead of last year and one week ahead of normal.

Hay condition was at 2% very poor, 3% poor, 32% fair, 58% good and 5% excellent.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition rated 5% very poor, 11% poor, 32% fair, 47% good and 5% excellent. Pasture growth has been slow in some areas. No problems were reported with livestock.

Iowa

Much needed precipitation across much of Iowa was beneficial to crop progress during the week ending May 9, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Statewide, there were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork for the week due to precipitation. Other field activities such as spraying and applying anhydrous and dry fertilizer were slowed by sporadic rains.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 10% very short, 27% short, 61% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 13% very short, 39% short, 46% adequate and 2% surplus.

Field crops report: Statewide, 86% of the expected corn crop has been planted, 10 days ahead of the 5-year average. North central and central Iowa farmers have less than 10% of their expected corn crop remaining to be planted. Corn emergence improved to 22% complete, an increase of 20 percentage points from the previous week.

Just over two-thirds of the expected soybean crop has been planted, 15 days ahead of the 5-year average. Six percent of the expected soybean crop has emerged, five days ahead of normal.

Seeding of Iowa’s expected oat crop is nearly complete with 74% emerged, four days ahead of average. Iowa’s first oat crop condition rating of the season was 2% very poor, 4% poor, 36% fair, 51% good and 7% excellent.

The first hay condition rating of the season was 4% very poor, 7% poor, 31% fair, 51% good and 7% excellent. There were reports of some farmers starting their first cutting of alfalfa.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition rated 42% good to excellent. Rain during the week helped green up some pastures. Livestock were reported to be in good condition, especially in terms of calving.

Nebraska

For the week ending May 9, there were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 6% very short, 23% short, 68% adequate and 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 8% very short, 23% short, 67% adequate and 2% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn planted was 71%, behind 76% last year, but ahead of 57% for the 5-year average. Emerged was 12%, behind 27% last year and near 16% average.

Soybeans planted was 47%, near 51% last year but well ahead of 26% average. Emerged was 3%, near 5% last year and 2% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 5% very poor, 12% poor, 42% fair, 37% good and 4% excellent. Winter wheat headed was 3%, near 1% last year and 5% average.

Sorghum planted was 6%, behind 14% last year, and near 8% average.

Oats condition rated 2% very poor, 6% poor, 39% fair, 47% good and 6% excellent. Oats planted was 97%, ahead of 90% last year and 87% average. Emerged was 80%, ahead of 68% last year and 65% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 4% very poor, 12% poor, 36% fair, 43% good and 5% excellent.