May 17: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Market News

South Dakota

For the week ending May 16, there were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 25% very short, 38% short, 37% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 23% very short, 42% short, 35% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn planted was 86%, well ahead of 65% last year and 53% for the five-year average. Emerged was 19%, near 18% last year, and ahead of 14% average.

Soybeans planted was 66%, well ahead of 38% last year and 24% average. Emerged was 6%, near 7% last year and 3% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 8% very poor, 15% poor, 45% fair, 31% good and 1% excellent.

Spring wheat planted was 97%, ahead of 89% last year and 86% average. Emerged was 76%, well ahead of 54% last year, and ahead of 58% average.

Oats condition rated 0% very poor, 7% poor, 52% fair, 39% good and 2% excellent. Oats planted was 96%, near 95% last year and ahead of 85% average. Emerged was 70%, near 71% last year, but ahead of 65% average.

Sorghum planted was 10%, behind 16% last year, and near 11% average.

Sunflowers planted was 1%, near 3% both last year and average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 14% very poor, 40% poor, 32% fair, 13% good and 1% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending May 16, there were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 55% very short, 26% short, 19% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 53% very short, 28% short, 18% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Soybeans planted was 53%, well ahead of 8% last year and 28% for the five-year average. Emerged was 1%, near 2% average.

Spring wheat planted was 84%, well ahead of 39% last year and 64% average. Emerged was 36%, well ahead of 12% last year and ahead of 27% average.

Durum wheat planted was 57%, ahead of 44% last year and 51% average. Emerged was 17%, near 13% last year, and equal to average.

Winter wheat condition rated 24% very poor, 28% poor, 36% fair, 11% good and 1% excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 57%, well ahead of 28% last year and 33% average. Headed was 1%, equal to average.

Corn planted was 63%, well ahead of 18% last year, and ahead of 47% average. Emerged was 8%, ahead of 1% last year, but near 10% average.

Canola planted was 37%, ahead of 21% last year, but behind 42% average. Emerged was 7%, near 5% last year and 10% average.

Oats condition rated 9% very poor, 14% poor, 57% fair, 19% good and 1% excellent. Oats planted was 74%, well ahead of 45% last year and ahead of 59% average. Emerged was 31%, ahead of 16% last year and 24% average. Jointed was 2%, near 1% average.

Barley planted was 82%, well ahead of 31% last year and 62% average. Emerged was 35%, well ahead of 10% last year and ahead of 25% average.

Dry edible peas planted was 66%, well ahead of 46% last year and near 64% average. Emerged was 22%, ahead of 16% last year, and equal to average.

Sunflowers planted was 11%, ahead of 2% last year, and equal to average.

Flaxseed planted was 32%, ahead of 18% last year, but near 33% average. Emerged was 4%, near 2% last year and 6% average.

Potatoes planted was 61%, well ahead of 33% last year and ahead of 49% average. Emerged was 10%, ahead of 2% average.

Dry edible beans planted was 19%, ahead of 3% last year, and near 16% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 47% very poor, 28% poor, 18% fair, 7% good and 0% excellent. Stock water supplies rated 38% very short, 39% short, 23% adequate and 0% surplus.

Minnesota

Minnesota farmers were able to take advantage of 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork because of mostly dry conditions during the week ending May 16, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Field activities for the week included corn and soybean planting.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 14% very short, 37% short, 48% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 9% very short, 31% short, 58% adequate and 2% surplus. Dry conditions continue to be reported.

Field crops report: Minnesota’s statewide corn planting progress was nearing completion at 95%, one day ahead of last year and over two weeks ahead of the five-year average. Corn emergence reached 39%, which is four days behind last year and two days ahead of the five-year average.

Soybean planting progress was 88% completed, just over one week ahead of last year and over two weeks ahead of average. Soybean emergence reached 10%, which is four days behind last year and two days ahead of average.

Spring wheat was 84% emerged, over two weeks ahead of 2020 and 16 days ahead of normal. Spring wheat jointed was 13%, over a week ahead of last year and the normal. The first report for spring wheat condition was 0% very poor, 0% poor, 22% fair, 63% good and 15% excellent.

Oats were 95% planted, six days ahead of last year and 12 days ahead of average. Oats were 75% emerged, five days ahead of last year and a week ahead of normal. Oats were at 21% jointed, five days ahead of last year and the normal. Oats condition was 1% very poor, 3% poor, 28% fair, 61% good and 7% excellent.

Barley was 94% planted, over one week ahead of last year and the average. Barley was 73% emerged, two weeks ahead of the previous year and 11 days ahead of normal. Barley jointed was 7%, four days ahead of last year and one week ahead of the average. The first barley condition report for the year was 1% very poor, 1% poor, 19% fair, 77% good and 2% excellent.

Potato planting was 82% complete, six days ahead of last year and five days ahead of the average.

Dry beans were 52% planted, 10 days ahead of last year and ahead of normal. Dry beans were 5% emerged, three days ahead of last year and five days ahead of the average.

Sunflowers were 67% planted, over one week ahead of last year and 10 days ahead of normal.

Pasture and range report: Hay condition was at 1% very poor, 4% poor, 31% fair, 59% good and 5% excellent.

Pasture condition rated 5% very poor, 12% poor, 38% fair, 41% good and 4% excellent. Pasture growth remained slow in some areas.

Iowa

Most of Iowa received some precipitation during the week ending May 16, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week.

Much of Iowa continues to need additional precipitation. Normal temperatures would also aid crop development. Field activities included planting, spraying and applying anhydrous and dry fertilizer. Cleaning of terraces and fence rows was also reported.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 7% very short, 27% short, 61% adequate and 5% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 12% very short, 36% short, 48% adequate and 4% surplus.

Nearly one-quarter of west central Iowa’s subsoil moisture level continues to be rated very short.

Field crops report: Planting of Iowa’s expected corn crop is winding down at 94% complete, almost two weeks ahead of the five-year average. Only farmers in west central Iowa have over 10% of their corn crop left to plant. During the week ending May 16, corn emergence jumped 30 percentage points to 52%, four days ahead of normal.

Eighty-three percent of the soybean crop has been planted, 18 days ahead of the five-year average. Farmers in southeast Iowa have approximately one-third of their soybean crop left to plant. Twenty-four percent of the expected soybean crop has emerged, one week ahead of normal.

Eighty-eight percent of the oat crop has emerged with some reports of oats headed. Iowa’s oat condition rated 61% good to excellent.

Pasture and range report: Iowa’s hay condition rating was 54% good to excellent. Some farmers have started their first cutting of alfalfa. Pasture condition rated 42% good to excellent.

No problems with livestock were reported.

Nebraska

For the week ending May 16, there were 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 6% very short, 20% short, 72% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 8% very short, 29% short, 62% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn planted was 86%, near 89% last year but ahead of 77% for the five-year average. Emerged was 34%, behind 51% last year and near 35% average.

Soybeans planted was 71%, near 75% last year but well ahead of 46% average. Emerged was 16%, behind 26% last year but ahead of 11% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 4% very poor, 10% poor, 38% fair, 42% good and 6% excellent. Winter wheat headed was 8%, near 4% last year but behind 18% average.

Sorghum planted was 16%, behind 26% last year and near 19% average.

Oats condition rated 2% very poor, 6% poor, 31% fair, 55% good and 6% excellent. Oats emerged was 89%, ahead of 80% both last year and average.

Dry edible beans planted was 2%, near 4% last year and 1% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 4% very poor, 10% poor, 42% fair, 40% good and 4% excellent.