May 24: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Crop News

South Dakota

For the week ending May 23, there were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 22% very short, 41% short, 37% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 21% very short, 45% short, 33% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn planted was 93%, ahead of 83% last year, and well ahead of 72% for the five-year average. Emerged was 55%, ahead of 41% last year, and well ahead of 34% average.

Soybeans planted was 83%, well ahead of 59% last year and 45% average. Emerged was 28%, ahead of 17% last year and 12% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 7% very poor, 20% poor, 43% fair, 30% good and 0% excellent. Winter wheat headed was 9%, near 7% last year and 10% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 2% very poor, 8% poor, 43% fair, 47% good and 0% excellent. Spring wheat emerged was 87%, ahead of 73% last year and 75% average.

Oats condition rated 1% very poor, 7% poor, 48% fair, 43% good and 1% excellent. Oats emerged was 84%, near 88% last year but ahead of 79% average. Headed was 2%, near 1% average.

Sorghum planted was 39%, ahead of 27% last year and 25% average.

Sunflowers planted was 18%, ahead of 7% last year and 12% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 10% very poor, 37% poor, 40% fair, 12% good and 1% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending May 23, there were 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 37% very short, 29% short, 33% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 47% very short, 30% short, 22% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Soybeans planted was 75%, well ahead of 26% last year and 52% for the five-year average. Emerged was 19%, ahead of 3% last year and 11% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 4% very poor, 15% poor, 50% fair, 28% good and 3% excellent. Spring wheat planted was 94%, well ahead of 66% last year and ahead of 82% average. Emerged was 58%, well ahead of 29% last year and ahead of 49% average. Jointed was 4%, near 3% average.

Durum wheat planted was 78%, ahead of 67% last year and 73% average. Emerged was 34%, ahead of 28% last year, but near 37% average. Jointed was 3%, equal to average.

Winter wheat condition rated 23% very poor, 25% poor, 32% fair, 18% good and 2% excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 67%, ahead of 50% last year and 51% average. Headed was 2%, equal to average.

Corn planted was 84%, well ahead of 49% last year and ahead of 71% average. Emerged was 41%, well ahead of 10% last year, and ahead of 27% average.

Canola planted was 59%, ahead of 47% last year but behind 68% average. Emerged was 17%, ahead of 12% last year, but behind 26% average.

Oats condition rated 8% very poor, 20% poor, 53% fair, 18% good and 1% excellent. Oats planted was 88%, well ahead of 68% last year and ahead of 78% average. Emerged was 52%, well ahead of 27% last year and ahead of 43% average. Jointed was 4%, near 5% average.

Barley condition rated 4% very poor, 19% poor, 53% fair, 22% good and 2% excellent. Barley planted was 93%, well ahead of 60% last year and ahead of 81% average. Emerged was 55%, well ahead of 25% last year and ahead of 48% average. Jointed was 3%, equal to average.

Dry edible peas planted was 82%, ahead of 75% last year and near 81% average. Emerged was 43%, ahead of 31% last year and equal to average.

Sunflowers planted was 30%, ahead of 15% last year and near 28% average. Emerged was 2%, equal to average.

Flaxseed planted was 66%, ahead of 47% last year and 59% average. Emerged was 18%, ahead of 8% last year but near 19% average.

Potatoes planted was 80%, ahead of 62% last year and 72% average. Emerged was 22%, ahead of 7% last year and 9% average.

Dry edible beans planted was 46%, well ahead of 20% last year, and near 42% average. Emerged was 4%, equal to average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 41% very poor, 30% poor, 21% fair, 8% good and 0% excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 35% very short, 36% short, 29% adequate and 0% surplus.

Minnesota

Minnesota farmers were able to take advantage of 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork because of only scattered precipitation during the week ending May 23, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Field activities for the week included hay cutting, finishing up small grain and row crop planting.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 5% very short, 27% short, 66% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 8% very short, 28% short, 62% adequate and 2% surplus. Dry conditions continue to be reported.

Field crops report: Minnesota’s statewide corn was 77% emerged, the same as last year but eight days ahead of the five-year average.

Soybean planting progress was nearly completed at 97% planted, 11 days ahead of last year and three weeks ahead of average. Soybean emergence reached 49%, which is two days ahead of last year and eight days ahead of average.

Spring wheat was 93% emerged, over two weeks ahead of 2020 and two weeks ahead of normal. Spring wheat jointed was 26%, 11 days ahead of last year and normal. Spring wheat condition improved to 84% good to excellent.

Oats were 85% emerged, five days ahead last year and one week ahead of normal. Oats were at 35% jointed, three days ahead of last year and five days ahead of normal. Oats condition improved to 73% good to excellent.

Barley was 95% planted, four days ahead of last year and the average. Barley was 85% emerged, 11 days ahead of the previous year and nine days ahead of normal. Barley jointed was 22%, 10 days ahead of last year and 11 days ahead of the average. Barley condition improved to 86% good to excellent.

Potato planting was 87% complete, three days ahead of last year and two days ahead of the average.

Dry beans were 82% planted, 12 days ahead of last year and normal. Dry beans were 28% emerged, five days ahead of last year and one week ahead of the average.

Sunflowers were 84% planted, 11 days ahead of last year and nine days ahead of normal.

Pasture and range report: Hay condition was at 1% very poor, 4% poor, 32% fair, 59% good and 4% excellent.

Pasture condition rated 2% very poor, 12% poor, 40% fair, 43% good and 3% excellent. Pasture growth remained slow in some areas.

Iowa

Persistent precipitation limited opportunities for farmers to plant corn or soybeans during the week ending May 23, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide, there were just 2.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week.

Where possible, field activities included planting and spraying.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 3% very short, 15% short, 71% adequate and 11% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 11% very short, 29% short, 54% adequate and 6% surplus.

Field crops report: Planting of Iowa’s expected corn crop is nearly complete at 97%, two weeks ahead of the five-year average. Corn emergence reached 75%, five days ahead of normal. Iowa’s first corn condition rating of the season showed 0% very poor, 1% poor, 21% fair, 64% good and 14% excellent.

Eighty-nine percent of the soybean crop has been planted, 15 days ahead of normal. Soybeans emerged jumped 29 percentage points during the week to 53%, nine days ahead of the five-year average. Farmers in south central and southeast Iowa still have at least 20% of their soybean crop to plant, but some areas may need a few days to dry out enough to allow field work to resume.

Ninety-six percent of the oat crop has emerged and 8% of oats have headed. Iowa’s oat condition rated 62% good to excellent.

Pasture and range report: Six percent of the state’s first cutting of alfalfa hay has been completed. Iowa’s hay condition rating rose to 59% good to excellent.

Pasture condition improved to 49% good to excellent. Warmer temperatures and rain have promoted good pasture and hay growth. Overall, livestock conditions are good; however, some producers reported muddy feedlots. Some cows and calves have been turned out on grass.

Nebraska

For the week ending May 23, there were 4.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2% very short, 15% short, 80% adequate and 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 5% very short, 23% short, 70% adequate and 2% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn planted was 95%, near 96% last year, but ahead of 89% for the five-year average. Emerged was 62%, behind 74% last year but near 59% average.

Soybeans planted was 85%, near 87% last year but ahead of 66% average. Emerged was 44%, behind 52% last year but ahead of 28% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 2% very poor, 10% poor, 40% fair, 44% good and 4% excellent. Winter wheat headed was 28%, ahead of 20% last year but behind 33% average.

Sorghum planted was 28%, well behind 52% last year and behind 35% average.

Oats condition rated 3% very poor, 8% poor, 36% fair, 48% good and 5% excellent. Oats

emerged was 94%, near 90% last year and ahead of 88% average. Headed was 9%, near 8% both last year and average.

Dry edible beans planted was 11%, behind 16% last year but ahead of 4% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 3% very poor, 8% poor, 52% fair, 33% good and 4% excellent.