May 30: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Ag News

South Dakota

For the week ending May 30, there were 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 19% very short, 35% short, 45% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 19% very short, 43% short, 37% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 0% very poor, 2% poor, 31% fair, 63% good and 4% excellent. Corn planted was 98%, near 94% last year and ahead of 82% for the five-year average. Emerged was 82%, ahead of 68% last year, and well ahead of 57% average.

Soybeans planted was 92%, ahead of 77% last year and well ahead of 63% average. Emerged was 65%, well ahead of 40% last year and 32% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 5% very poor, 21% poor, 43% fair, 31% good and 0% excellent. Winter wheat headed was 34%, ahead of 21% last year and 27% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 0% very poor, 9% poor, 46% fair, 45% good and 0% excellent. Spring wheat emerged was 93%, near 89% last year and ahead of 87% average. Headed was 4%, near 2% last year and 1% average.

Oats condition rated 0% very poor, 6% poor, 41% fair, 53% good and 0% excellent. Oats

emerged was 94%, equal to last year, and ahead of 87% average. Headed was 18%, ahead of 3% last year and 4% average.

Sorghum planted was 65%, well ahead of 44% last year and 42% average.

Sunflowers planted was 35%, ahead of 21% last year and 24% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 6% very poor, 34% poor, 42% fair, 16% good and 2% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending May 30, there were 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 44% very short, 29% short, 25% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 50% very short, 26% short, 23% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Soybeans planted was 88%, well ahead of 48% last year and ahead of 73% for the five-year average. Emerged was 45%, well ahead of 11% last year and ahead of 28% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 6% very poor, 21% poor, 42% fair, 27% good and 4% excellent. Spring wheat planted was 97%, ahead of 83% last year and 92% average. Emerged was 76%, well ahead of 49% last year and ahead of 69% average. Jointed was 13%, ahead of 2% last year, and near 9% average.

Durum wheat planted was 88%, near 85% last year. Emerged was 50%, near 49% last year, but behind 57% average. Jointed was 9%, ahead of 3% last year and near 7% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 18% very poor, 24% poor, 28% fair, 27% good and 3% excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 80%, ahead of 67% both last year and average. Headed was 10%, ahead of 2% last year and 4% average.

Corn condition rated 3% very poor, 7% poor, 42% fair, 44% good and 4% excellent. Corn planted was 93%, well ahead of 72% last year and ahead of 85% average. Emerged was 63%, well ahead of 24% last year and ahead of 48% average.

Canola planted was 83%, ahead of 72% last year. Emerged was 33%, ahead of 27% last year but behind 48% average.

Oats condition rated 10% very poor, 18% poor, 46% fair, 25% good and 1% excellent. Oats planted was 95%, ahead of 81% last year and 89% average. Emerged was 72%, well ahead of 45% last year and ahead of 63% average. Jointed was 14%, ahead of 4% last year, but near 15% average.

Barley condition rated 7% very poor, 17% poor, 46% fair, 28% good and 2% excellent. Barley planted was 97%, ahead of 80% last year and 92% average. Emerged was 76%, well ahead of 40% last year and ahead of 68% average. Jointed was 10%, ahead of 3% last year, and equal to average.

Dry edible peas planted was 89%, near 87% last year and 91% average. Emerged was 63%, ahead of 50% last year, and equal to average.

Sunflowers planted was 56%, ahead of 37% last year and 51% average. Emerged was 11%, ahead of 3% last year, and equal to average.

Flaxseed planted was 83%, ahead of 75% last year, and near 80% average. Emerged was 34%, ahead of 22% last year, but near 35% average.

Potatoes planted was 95%, ahead of 78% last year and 87% average. Emerged was 47%, well ahead of 11% last year and 19% average.

Dry edible beans planted was 76%, well ahead of 43% last year, and ahead of 66% average. Emerged was 21%, ahead of 3% last year and 15% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 36% very poor, 31% poor, 24% fair, 9% good and 0% excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 37% very short, 32% short, 31% adequate and 0% surplus.

Minnesota

According to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service for the week ending on May 30, conditions allowed 4.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Field activities for the week included hay cutting, replanting and applying fertilizer.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 4% very short, 20% short, 71% adequate and 5% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 6% very short, 24% short, 68% adequate and 2% surplus. Cool conditions continue to be reported.

Field crops report: Statewide, corn was 89% emerged, the same as last year but eight days ahead of the five-year average. Corn condition was 0% very poor, 2% poor, 22% fair, 62% good and 14% excellent.

Soybeans emerged reached 81%, which was eight days ahead of last year and over two weeks ahead of average. The first soybean condition of the season reported 0% very poor, 2% poor, 22% fair, 65% good and 11% excellent.

Spring wheat was 97% emerged, nearly two weeks ahead of 2020 and average. Spring wheat jointed was 42%, 12 days ahead of normal. Spring wheat condition was 0% very poor, 2% poor, 18% fair, 64% good and 16% excellent.

Oats were 92% emerged and 48% jointed. Oats condition was 69% good to excellent.

Barley was 95% planted, 89% emerged and 37% jointed. Barley condition was 83% good to excellent.

The first cutting of alfalfa hay was 14% complete. Hay condition was 61% good to excellent.

Potato planting was 89% complete. Dry beans were 92% planted and 61% emerged.

Sunflowers were 90% planted.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition rated 3% very poor, 12% poor, 40% fair, 41% good and 4% excellent. Pasture growth is behind in some areas.

Iowa

Beneficial rains helped stimulate crop growth and cool, cloudy conditions allowed needed moisture to stay in the soil during the week ending May 30, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Below normal overnight temperatures, primarily in low-lying areas, resulted in scattered reports of frost. Statewide, there were 3.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week. In addition to planting, field activities included spraying, side dressing and chopping cover crops.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 1% very short, 14% short, 76% adequate and 9% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 10% very short, 28% short, 58% adequate and 4% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn planting is virtually complete. Corn emergence reached 87%, five days ahead of the five-year average. Iowa’s corn condition rated 81% good to excellent.

Ninety-three percent of the soybean crop has been planted, 12 days ahead of normal. Farmers in southeast Iowa have just over one-quarter of their soybean crop remaining to be planted. Soybeans emerged reached 72%, nine days ahead of the five-year average. Iowa’s first soybean condition rating of the season showed 0% very poor, 1% poor, 23% fair, 60% good and 16% excellent.

Oat emergence is nearly complete with 21% of oats headed, five days ahead of normal. Iowa’s oat condition rated 70% good to excellent.

Pasture and range condition: Seventeen percent of the state’s first cutting of alfalfa hay has been completed, two days behind the five-year average.

Iowa’s hay condition was rated 62% good to excellent. Pasture condition improved to 54% good to excellent. There was little stress on livestock, although some feedlots remain muddy.

Nebraska

For the week ending May 30, there were 3.9 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2% very short, 10% short, 82% adequate and 6% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 3% very short, 17% short, 78% adequate and 2% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 1% very poor, 1% poor, 10% fair, 63% good, and 25% excellent. Corn emerged was 84%, near 86% last year but ahead of 78% for the five-year average.

Soybeans planted was 94%, equal to last year and ahead of 80% average. Emerged was 69%, near 71% last year but ahead of 50% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 5% very poor, 9% poor, 33% fair, 44% good and 9% excellent. Winter wheat headed was 49%, ahead of 38% last year but behind 57% average.

Sorghum planted was 45%, well behind 77% last year and behind 58% average.

Oats condition rated 2% very poor, 5% poor, 43% fair, 44% good and 6% excellent. Oats

emerged was 96%, near 94% last year and 93% average. Headed was 29%, ahead of 14% last year and 22% average.

Dry edible beans planted was 19%, well behind 40% last year, but ahead of 13% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2% very poor, 5% poor, 45% fair, 34% good and 14% excellent.