June 14: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Crop News

South Dakota

For the week ending June 13, there were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 36% very short, 44% short, 20% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 32% very short, 47% short, 21% adequate, and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 4% very poor, 9% poor, 42% fair, 43% good and 2% excellent. Corn emerged was 96%, near 97% last year, but ahead of 87% for the five-year average.

Soybean condition rated 3% very poor, 9% poor, 43% fair, 42% good and 3% excellent.

Soybeans emerged was 94%, ahead of 83% last year, and well ahead of 73% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 16% very poor, 26% poor, 36% fair, 22% good and 0% excellent. Winter wheat headed was 89%, ahead of 75% last year and 76% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 8% very poor, 18% poor, 57% fair, 17% good and 0% excellent. Spring wheat headed was 45%, well ahead of 19% last year, and ahead of 26% average.

Oats condition rated 7% very poor, 16% poor, 49% fair, 28% good, and 0% excellent. Oats headed was 54%, well ahead of 21% last year and 32% average.

Sorghum condition rated 1% very poor, 10% poor, 74% fair, 13% good and 2% excellent. Sorghum planted was 94%, ahead of 84% last year and 82% average. Headed was 3%.

Sunflowers planted was 79%, ahead of 68% last year and 65% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 18% very poor, 36% poor, 36% fair, 8% good and 2% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending June 13, there were 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 25% very short, 37% short, 35% adequate and 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 35% very short, 35% short, 29% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Soybean condition rated 10% very poor, 20% poor, 46% fair, 23% good and 1% excellent. Soybeans emerged was 83%, well ahead of 55% last year and ahead of 75% for the five-year average.

Spring wheat condition rated 14% very poor, 20% poor, 37% fair, 27% good and 2% excellent. Spring wheat emerged was 94%, near 90% last year and 95% average. Jointed was 46%, well ahead of 26% last year and near 43% average. Headed was 2%, near 1% last year and 3% average.

Durum wheat condition rated 4% very poor, 13% poor, 28% fair, 46% good and 9% excellent. Durum wheat emerged was 78%, behind 92% last year and 91% average. Jointed was 20%, behind 25% last year and 36% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 11% very poor, 27% poor, 42% fair, 20% good and 0% excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 87%, equal to last year and near 89% average. Headed was 29%, near 27% last year but behind 36% average.

Corn condition rated 6% very poor, 13% poor, 39% fair, 40% good and 2% excellent. Corn emerged was 90%, ahead of 71% last year, and near 86% average.

Canola condition rated 8% very poor, 26% poor, 37% fair, 28% good and 1% excellent. Canola emerged was 80%, near 76% last year, but behind 89% average.

Sugar beet condition rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 31% fair, 48% good and 15% excellent.

Oats condition rated 7% very poor, 19% poor, 41% fair, 32% good and 1% excellent. Oats emerged was 95%, ahead of 79% last year and 89% average. Jointed was 48%, ahead of 33% last year, and near 45% average. Headed was 2%, near 6% average.

Barley condition rated 14% very poor, 22% poor, 41% fair, 22% good and 1% excellent. Barley emerged was 95%, ahead of 83% last year, and near 93% average. Jointed was 46%, well ahead of 22% last year, and near 44% average. Headed was 1%, near 3% average.

Dry edible peas condition rated 4% very poor, 19% poor, 35% fair, 39% good and 3% excellent. Dry edible peas emerged was 83%, near 87% last year, and behind 91% average. Blooming was 1%, near 3% last year and behind 8% average.

Sunflowers planted was 84%, ahead of 76% last year, but near 87% average. Emerged was 41%, near 39% last year but behind 52% average.

Flaxseed condition rated 6% very poor, 24% poor, 32% fair, 36% good and 2% excellent. Flaxseed emerged was 70%, near 68% last year, but behind 78% average.

Potato condition rated 6% very poor, 12% poor, 65% fair, 17% good and 0% excellent. Potatoes emerged was 93%, well ahead of 42% last year and 73% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 11% very poor, 19% poor, 51% fair, 17% good and 2% excellent. Dry edible beans planted was 98%, ahead of 86% last year and 93% average. Emerged was 75%, well ahead of 52% last year, and near 71% average.

Alfalfa condition rated 20% very poor, 31% poor, 31% fair, 18% good and 0% excellent. Alfalfa first cutting was 7%, near 11% last year and behind 16% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 28% very poor, 32% poor, 29% fair, 11% good and 0% excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 34% very short, 31% short, 35% adequate and 0% surplus.

Minnesota

Hot, dry weather advanced crop development but reduced soil moisture and crop condition ratings during the week ending June 13, according USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

There were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Field activities for the week included moving cattle and cutting hay.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 19% very short, 45% short, 35% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 13% very short, 44% short, 42% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn was 98% emerged, five days ahead of the five-year average. Corn condition declined to 58% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 69%.

Soybean emergence reached 97%, the same as last year and 11 days ahead of average. Soybean condition declined to 61% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 70%.

Spring wheat was 66% jointed, six days ahead of last year and five days ahead of average. The crop was 19% headed, 10 days ahead of last year and six days above average. Spring wheat condition declined to 68% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 72%.

Oats were 73% jointed and 27% headed. Oats condition declined to 51% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 58%.

Barley was 95% emerged, 54% jointed and 9% headed. Barley condition declined to 67% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 72%.

Potato planting was 94% complete. The first potato condition rating of the season was 0% very poor, 2% poor, 26% fair, 47% good and 25% excellent.

Dry bean planting was nearly complete at 97% planted with 93% of the crop emerged. The first dry bean condition rating of the season was 0% very poor, 6% poor, 31% fair, 48% good and 15% excellent.

Sunflowers were 94% planted. The first sunflower condition rating of the season was 1% very poor, 3% poor, 19% fair, 67% good and 10% excellent.

The first sugar beet condition rating of the season was 0% very poor, 4% poor, 27% fair, 52% good and 17% excellent.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition declined to 8% very poor, 15% poor, 41% fair, 35% good and 1% excellent.

The first cutting of alfalfa hay was 81% complete.

Hay condition declined to 43% good to excellent compared to the previous week’s 54%.

Iowa

Continued dry conditions allowed farmers 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 13, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

In addition to planting, field activities included spraying post-emergence herbicides, side dressing nitrogen, and harvesting hay.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 24% very short, 46% short, 30% adequate and 0% surplus. The percentage of topsoil moisture rated short to very short increased from 39% to 70% over the week ending June 13.

Subsoil moisture levels rated 21% very short, 50% short, 29% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture conditions in northwest, north central, west central, central and south central Iowa rated close to 80% short to very short.

Across the state, farmers saw signs of crop stress in fields due to lack of precipitation and high heat.

Field crops report: Corn emergence is nearly complete except for some re-planted fields. Iowa’s corn condition rated 63% good to excellent, 14 percentage points below the previous week.

Statewide, soybeans emerged reached 93%, nine days ahead of the five-year average. Soybean condition rated 61% good to excellent, 12 percentage points worse than last week. There were scattered reports of soybeans blooming.

Oats headed reached 56%, three days ahead of normal. Across Iowa, oats are starting to turn color. Iowa’s oat condition rated 57% good to excellent.

Pasture and range report: The first cutting of alfalfa hay reached 87% complete, six days ahead of normal. Hay condition fell to 55% good to excellent.

Pasture condition dropped to 41% good to excellent. High temperatures were stressful for livestock.

Nebraska

For the week ending June 13, there were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 6% very short, 27% short, 65% adequate and 2% surplus.

Subsoil moisture supplies rated 7% very short, 31% short, 61% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 1% very poor, 2% poor, 13% fair, 62% good and 22% excellent.

Soybean condition rated 1% very poor, 2% poor, 10% fair, 67% good and 20% excellent.

Soybeans emerged was 91%, near 93% last year but ahead of 85% for the five-year average.

Winter wheat condition rated 3% very poor, 8% poor, 31% fair, 48% good and 10% excellent. Winter wheat headed was 93%, ahead of 82% last year and 88% average.

Sorghum condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 19% fair, 70% good and 10% excellent. Sorghum planted was 87%, behind 96% last year and near 90% average. Headed was 1%, equal to last year.

Oats condition rated 2% very poor, 6% poor, 31% fair, 52% good and 9% excellent. Oats

headed was 70%, ahead of 64% last year and 62% average.

Dry edible beans planted was 74%, behind 91% last year but well ahead of 52% average. Emerged was 46%, behind 60% last year but well ahead of 21% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 3% very poor, 10% poor, 55% fair, 27% good and 5% excellent.