June 21: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Crop News

South Dakota

For the week ending June 20,  there were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 39% very short, 49% short, 12% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 34% very short, 50% short, 16% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 3% very poor, 14% poor, 49% fair, 33% good and 1% excellent.

Soybean condition rated 3% very poor, 11% poor, 53% fair, 32% good and 1% excellent. Soybeans emerged was 97%, near 93% last year and ahead of 85% for the five-year average. Blooming was 3%, near 2% last year and 1% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 23% very poor, 31% poor, 34% fair, 12% good and 0% excellent. Winter wheat headed was 94%, near 91% last year and ahead of 89% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 14% very poor, 25% poor, 56% fair, 5% good and 0% excellent. Spring wheat headed was 64%, well ahead of 41% last year and ahead of 46% average.

Oats condition rated 8% very poor, 26% poor, 44% fair, 22% good and 0% excellent. Oats headed was 74%, well ahead of 49% last year and 53% average.

Sorghum condition rated 5% very poor, 17% poor, 67% fair, 10% good and 1% excellent. Sorghum planted was 96%, equal to last year, and near 93% average. Headed was 4%, near 1% average.

Sunflowers planted was 92%, ahead of 87% last year and 83% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 21% very poor, 40% poor, 31% fair, 7% good and 1% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending June 20, there were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 31% very short, 41% short, 27% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 44% very short, 35% short, 20% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Soybean condition rated 12% very poor, 23% poor, 42% fair, 22% good and 1% excellent. Soybeans emerged was 93%, ahead of 76% last year and near 89% for the five-year average.

Spring wheat condition rated 23% very poor, 27% poor, 31% fair, 18% good and 1% excellent. Spring wheat emerged was 97%, near 96% last year and 98% average. Jointed was 68%, ahead of 50% last year and near 65% average. Headed was 18%, ahead of 5% last year and 13% average.

Durum wheat condition rated 8% very poor, 17% poor, 24% fair, 44% good and 7% excellent. Durum wheat emerged was 89%, behind 97% last year and 96% average. Jointed was 38%, behind 43% last year and well behind 58% average. Headed was 3%, equal to last year.

Winter wheat condition rated 17% very poor, 27% poor, 42% fair, 14% good and 0% excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 90%, behind 95% both last year and average. Headed was 55%, behind 62% last year and 61% average.

Corn condition rated 5% very poor, 15% poor, 41% fair, 38% good and 1% excellent. Corn emerged was 96%, ahead of 85% last year and near 94% average.

Canola condition rated 30% very poor, 25% poor, 26% fair, 19% good and 0% excellent. Canola emerged was 89%, near 93% last year and behind 97% average. Blooming was 8%, equal to last year and behind 13% average.

Sugar beet condition rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 31% fair, 48% good and 15% excellent.

Oats condition rated 11% very poor, 26% poor, 37% fair, 25% good and 1% excellent. Oats jointed was 72%, ahead of 54% last year and 65% average. Headed was 10%, ahead of 5% last year but behind 15% average.

Barley condition rated 20% very poor, 30% poor, 34% fair, 16% good and 0% excellent. Barley jointed was 69%, well ahead of 45% last year and near 66% average. Headed was 17%, ahead of 3% last year and 12% average.

Dry edible peas condition rated 6% very poor, 25% poor, 35% fair, 33% good and 1% excellent. Dry edible peas emerged was 89%, behind 94% last year and 96% average. Blooming was 8%, behind 16% last year and 25% average.

Sunflowers planted was 94%, ahead of 88% last year and equal to average. Emerged was 70%, ahead of 61% last year but near 73% average.

Flaxseed condition rated 9% very poor, 26% poor, 34% fair, 31% good and 0% excellent. Flaxseed emerged was 87%, behind 92% both last year and average.

Potato condition rated 9% very poor, 12% poor, 62% fair, 15% good and 2% excellent. Potatoes emerged was 97%, well ahead of 76% last year and ahead of 91% average. Blooming was 2%.

Dry edible bean condition rated 14% very poor, 24% poor, 44% fair, 17% good and 1% excellent. Dry edible beans emerged was 91%, ahead of 75% last year and near 88% average.

 Alfalfa condition rated 23% very poor, 35% poor, 30% fair, 12% good and 0% excellent. Alfalfa first cutting was 29%, behind 34% last year and near 33% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 31% very poor, 35% poor, 25% fair, 9% good and 0% excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 36% very short, 34% short, 30% adequate and 0% surplus.

Minnesota

Continued hot, dry weather advanced crop development yet reduced soil moisture and crop condition ratings during the week ending June 20, according USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

There were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Field activities for the week included mowing out ditches.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 26% very short, 46% short, 27% adequate and 1% surplus.

Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 18% very short, 48% short, 33% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition declined to 50% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 58%.

Soybean emergence reached 99%, the same as last year but nine days ahead of average. Soybean condition declined to 53% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 61%.

Spring wheat was 90% jointed, six days ahead of last year and eight days ahead of average. The crop was 62% headed, 11 days ahead of last year and average. Spring wheat condition declined to 48% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 68%.

Oats were 87% jointed and 51% headed. Oats condition declined to 41% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 51%. Barley was 75% jointed and 47% headed.

Barley condition declined to 39% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 67%.

Potato planting was 100% complete. The potato condition was 0% very poor, 2% poor, 33% fair, 55% good and 10% excellent.

Dry beans were 96% emerged. Dry bean condition declined to 56% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 63%.

Sunflowers were 99% planted. Sunflower conditions declined to 66% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 77%. Sugar beet condition was rated 69% good to excellent.

The first cutting of alfalfa hay was 91% complete. Hay condition declined to 22% good to excellent compared to the previous week’s 43%.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition declined to 11% very poor, 23% poor, 49% fair, 17% good and 0% excellent.

Iowa

With only spotty rains across most areas of the state, farmers had 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 20, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Field activities included spraying post emergence herbicides, side dressing nitrogen, and harvesting hay.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 25% very short, 39% short, 35% adequate and 1% surplus.

Subsoil moisture levels rated 23% very short, 46% short, 31% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Crops showed signs of stress from the lack of precipitation and high heat. Farmers reported corn curling and ground cracking in some areas. Iowa’s corn condition rated 56% good to excellent, seven percentage points below the past week.

Soybean emergence was 96% complete, one week ahead of the five-year average. Across the state, 7% of soybeans were blooming, also one week ahead of normal. There were scattered reports of soybeans setting pods. Soybean condition declined to 57% good to excellent.

Oats headed or beyond reached 74% with 13% turning color, one week ahead of the five-year average. Iowa’s oat condition rated 54% good to excellent.

The first cutting of alfalfa hay reached 95% complete, nine days ahead of normal. There were scattered reports of farmers completing a second cutting.

Pasture and range report: Hay condition continued to fall to 49% good to excellent, six percentage points below last week. Pasture condition also continued to drop this week to 37% good to excellent. Heat and continued dry conditions are stressing livestock.

Nebraska

For the week ending June 20, there were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 8% very short, 33% short, 57% adequate and 2% surplus.

Subsoil moisture supplies rated 9% very short, 34% short, 57% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 1% very poor, 1% poor, 15% fair, 60% good and 23% excellent.

Soybean condition rated 1% very poor, 2% poor, 14% fair, 64% good and 19% excellent.

Soybeans emerged was 95%, near 96% last year and 93% for the five-year average. Blooming was 5%, behind 14% last year, and equal to average.

Winter wheat condition rated 2% very poor, 8% poor, 31% fair, 50% good and 9% excellent. Winter wheat headed was 98%, near 94% last year and 96% average.

Sorghum condition rated 0% very poor, 0% poor, 18% fair, 64% good and 18% excellent. Sorghum planted was 97%, near 100% last year and 96% average. Headed was 1%, near 2% both last year and average.

Oats condition rated 2% very poor, 5% poor, 35% fair, 51% good and 7% excellent. Oats

headed was 83%, near 82% last year and ahead of 77% average.

Dry edible beans planted was 92%, near 95% last year but well ahead of 65% average. Emerged was 70%, behind 79% last year but well ahead of 48% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 3% very poor, 9% poor, 59% fair, 26% good and 3% excellent.