June 28: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Crop News

South Dakota

For the week ending June 27, there were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 45% very short, 45% short, 10% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 41% very short, 46% short, 13% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 4% very poor, 21% poor, 51% fair, 23% good and 1% excellent.

Soybean condition rated 5% very poor, 18% poor, 51% fair, 25% good and 1% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 10%, behind 18% last year but near 8% for the five-year average.

Winter wheat condition rated 16% very poor, 34% poor, 38% fair, 12% good and 0% excellent. Winter wheat headed was 97%, equal to last year and near 96% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 22% very poor, 27% poor, 41% fair, 10% good and 0% excellent. Spring wheat headed was 79%, ahead of 72% last year and 67% average.

Oats condition rated 10% very poor, 35% poor, 39% fair, 15% good and 1% excellent. Oats headed was 91%, ahead of 81% last year and 73% average.

Sorghum condition rated 6% very poor, 25% poor, 61% fair, 8% good and 0% excellent.

Sorghum headed was 5%, near 2% both last year and average.

Sunflowers planted was 97%, equal to last year and near 94% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 23% very poor, 45% poor, 29% fair, 3% good and 0% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending June 27, there were 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 24% very short, 42% short, 33% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 39% very short, 39% short, 22% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Soybean condition rated 9% very poor, 22% poor, 44% fair, 24% good and 1% excellent. Soybeans emerged was 96%, ahead of 88% last year and near 95% for the five-year average. Blooming was 2%, near 1% last year and 6% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 19% very poor, 25% poor, 36% fair, 18% good and 2% excellent. Spring wheat jointed was 84%, ahead of 75% last year and near 83% average. Headed was 42%, ahead of 27% last year and 36% average.

Durum wheat condition rated 6% very poor, 13% poor, 30% fair, 43% good and 8% excellent. Durum wheat emerged was 97%, near 100% last year and 98% average. Jointed was 66%, ahead of 61% last year, but behind 79% average. Headed was 19%, near 15% last year, but behind 25% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 13% very poor, 26% poor, 46% fair, 15% good and 0% excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 93%, behind 99% last year and 98% average. Headed was 73%, behind 84% last year and 80% average. Coloring was 7%, equal to last year. Mature was 2%, near 4% average.

Corn condition rated 5% very poor, 17% poor, 38% fair, 37% good and 3% excellent.

Canola condition rated 17% very poor, 29% poor, 28% fair, 24% good and 2% excellent. Canola emerged was 95%, near 98% last year and 99% average. Blooming was 34%, ahead of 22% last year, but near 37% average.

Sugar beet condition rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 31% fair, 48% good and 15% excellent.

Oats condition rated 9% very poor, 27% poor, 40% fair, 23% good and 1% excellent. Oats jointed was 85%, ahead of 74% last year and 80% average. Headed was 29%, ahead of 21% last year, but behind 34% average.

Barley condition rated 17% very poor, 25% poor, 42% fair, 15% good and 1% excellent. Barley jointed was 82%, ahead of 71% last year but near 83% average. Headed was 41%, ahead of 24% last year and 36% average.

Dry edible peas condition rated 5% very poor, 21% poor, 39% fair, 33% good and 2% excellent. Dry edible peas emerged was 93%, behind 98% both last year and average. Blooming was 26%, behind 36% last year and well behind 49% average.

Sunflower condition rated 2% very poor, 22% poor, 49% fair, 25% good and 2% excellent. Sunflowers planted was 95%, near 92% last year and 97% average. Emerged was 80%, equal to last year, and behind 87% average.

Flaxseed condition rated 5% very poor, 22% poor, 36% fair, 36% good and 1% excellent. Flaxseed emerged was 91%, behind 97% both last year and average. Blooming was 8%, behind 14% both last year and average.

Potato condition rated 10% very poor, 12% poor, 60% fair, 15% good and 3% excellent. Potatoes blooming was 4%, near 5% last year and 6% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 13% very poor, 25% poor, 46% fair, 15% good and 1% excellent. Dry edible beans emerged was 95%, near 93% last year and equal to average. Blooming was 2%, near 3% last year.

Alfalfa condition rated 28% very poor, 30% poor, 32% fair, 10% good and 0% excellent. Alfalfa first cutting was 54%, near 58% last year and 51% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 33% very poor, 32% poor, 27% fair, 8% good and 0% excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 38% very short, 36% short, 26% adequate, and 0% surplus.

Minnesota

Some areas received scattered precipitation while others remained dry and crop conditions continued to decline during the week ending June 27, according USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

There were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Field activities for the week included cutting hay and some limited spraying.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 28% very short, 47% short, 24% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 22% very short, 47% short, 30% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition declined to 43% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 50%.

Soybeans blooming reached 13%, three days ahead last year and six days ahead of average. Soybean condition declined to 45% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 53%.

Spring wheat was 95% jointed, the same as last year but four days ahead of average. Spring wheat headed was 84%, eight days ahead of last year and 10 days ahead of average. Spring wheat condition declined to 29% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 48%.

Oats were 96% jointed, 71% headed and 8% coloring. Oats condition declined to 29% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 41%.

Barley was 86% jointed and 74% headed. Barley condition declined to 27% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 39%.

Potatoes condition was 61% good to excellent.

Dry beans were 12% blooming. Dry bean condition declined to 48% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 56%.

Sunflower condition declined to 55% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 66%.

Sugar beet condition was rated 69% good to excellent.

The first cutting of alfalfa hay was 97% complete. Second cutting alfalfa hay was 14%.

Pasture and range report: Hay condition declined to 18% good to excellent compared to the previous week’s 22%

Pasture condition declined to 14% very poor, 30% poor, 42% fair, 14% good and 0% excellent.

Iowa

Much needed precipitation limited Iowa farmers to 3.9 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 27, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Field activities included spraying post emergence herbicides and harvesting hay.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 12% very short, 30% short, 52% adequate and 6% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 18% very short, 42% short, 37% adequate and 3% surplus.

While precipitation fell across the state during the week, amounts received varied widely with northwest Iowa still reporting over two-thirds of topsoil moisture short to very short. In contrast, districts in the southern one-third of Iowa rated 60% or more of subsoil moisture adequate to surplus.

Farmers reported crops benefitted from the rain but more moisture is needed, especially in the northern two-thirds of the state. There were scattered reports of damaging hail and high winds throughout Iowa.

Field crops report: Iowa’s corn condition rated 60% good to excellent.

Soybean emergence was virtually complete. Across the state, 19% of soybeans were blooming, six days ahead of the five-year average. There were scattered reports of soybeans setting pods. Soybean condition was rated 58% good to excellent.

Oats headed or beyond reached 84% with 23% turning color, four days ahead of normal. Iowa’s oat condition rated 57% good to excellent.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 7% complete, four days behind the five-year average. Wet conditions slowed progress in some areas.

Pasture and range conditions: Hay condition improved to 55% good to excellent, six percentage points above last week. Pasture condition also improved slightly to 40% good to excellent. Some feedlots were muddy after recent rainfalls.

Nebraska

For the week ending June 27, there were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 6% very short, 25% short, 65% adequate and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 6% very short, 32% short, 61% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 1% very poor, 2% poor, 15% fair, 58% good and 24% excellent.

Soybean condition rated 1% very poor, 2% poor, 14% fair, 64% good and 19% excellent.

Soybeans blooming was 23%, near 25% last year, but ahead of 14% for the five-year average.

Winter wheat condition rated 3% very poor, 9% poor, 30% fair, 48% good and 10% excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 1%, equal to last year, and near 3% average.

Sorghum condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 18% fair, 61% good and 20% excellent. Sorghum headed was 1%, near 5% last year and 4% average.

Oats condition rated 2% very poor, 6% poor, 37% fair, 47% good and 8% excellent. Oats

headed was 94%, ahead of 89% last year and 88% average.

Dry edible beans emerged was 92%, near 93% last year.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 3% very poor, 8% poor, 58% fair, 28% good and 3% excellent.