July 5: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Crop News

South Dakota

For the week ending July 4, there were 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 46% very short, 46% short, 8% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 40% very short, 49% short, 11% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 5% very poor, 21% poor, 50% fair, 24% good and 0% excellent. Corn silking was 2%, equal to the five-year average.

Soybean condition rated 7% very poor, 22% poor, 47% fair, 24% good, and 0% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 19%, behind 35% last year, and near 20% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 20% very poor, 36% poor, 36% fair, 8% good and 0% excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 1%, near 4% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 20% very poor, 41% poor, 32% fair, 7% good, and 0% excellent. Spring wheat headed was 84%, near 88% last year and 82% average.

Oats condition rated 7% very poor, 37% poor, 43% fair, 12% good, and 1% excellent. Oats headed was 95%, ahead of 90% last year and 84% average.

Sorghum condition rated 7% very poor, 23% poor, 62% fair, 8% good and 0% excellent. Sorghum headed was 10%, near 11% last year, but ahead of 5% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 21% very poor, 53% poor, 20% fair, 6% good and 0% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending July 4,  there were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 35% very short, 41% short, 23% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 46% very short, 35% short, 19% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Soybean condition rated 13% very poor, 25% poor, 43% fair, 18% good and 1% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 14%, ahead of 8% last year, but near 17% for the five-year average.

Spring wheat condition rated 21% very poor, 29% poor, 32% fair, 16% good and 2% excellent. Spring wheat jointed was 92%, near 88% last year and 93% average. Headed was 68%, ahead of 55% last year and 62% average. Coloring was 6%, near 2% last year and 4% average.

Durum wheat condition rated 12% very poor, 18% poor, 23% fair, 40% good and 7% excellent. Durum wheat jointed was 83%, near 79% last year, but behind 91% average. Headed was 47%, near 50% both last year and average. Coloring was 2%, near 5% last year and 4% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 28% very poor, 29% poor, 29% fair, 14% good and 0% excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 96%, near 100% both last year and average. Headed was 83%, behind 94% last year and 92% average. Coloring was 31%, ahead of 19% last year and 25% average. Mature was 3%, near 2% last year and 5% average.

Corn condition rated 7% very poor, 20% poor, 38% fair, 33% good and 2% excellent.

Canola condition rated 23% very poor, 29% poor, 22% fair, 24% good and 2% excellent. Canola blooming was 64%, ahead of 50% last year, but near 65% average. Coloring was 1%, near 2% last year and 3% average.

Sugar beet condition rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 30% fair, 49% good and 15% excellent.

Oats condition rated 25% very poor, 33% poor, 27% fair, 14% good and 1% excellent. Oats jointed was 92%, ahead of 86% last year and near 91% average. Headed was 55%, ahead of 46% last year, but near 59% average. Coloring was 2%, equal to last year, and behind 7% average.

Barley condition rated 23% very poor, 33% poor, 30% fair, 13% good and 1% excellent. Barley jointed was 92%, ahead of 87% last year but near 93% average. Headed was 66%, ahead of 52% last year, and near 65% average. Coloring was 8%, ahead of 1% last year, and near 7% average.

Dry edible peas condition rated 9% very poor, 26% poor, 31% fair, 31% good and 3% excellent. Dry edible peas emerged was 97%, near 100% last year and 99% average. Blooming was 58%, behind 66% last year and 70% average.

Sunflower condition rated 4% very poor, 26% poor, 52% fair, 16% good and 2% excellent. Sunflowers emerged was 85%, behind 90% last year and 94% average.

Flaxseed condition rated 10% very poor, 26% poor, 29% fair, 32% good and 3% excellent. Flaxseed emerged was 95%, near 99% both last year and average. Blooming was 38%, ahead of 33% last year, and equal to average.

Potato condition rated 11% very poor, 16% poor, 48% fair, 22% good and 3% excellent. Potatoes blooming was 30%, equal to last year, and ahead of 23% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 12% very poor, 31% poor, 40% fair, 15% good and 2% excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 9%, equal to last year and near 11% average.

Alfalfa condition rated 43% very poor, 28% poor, 24% fair, 5% good and 0% excellent. Alfalfa first cutting was 72%, near 76% last year and 69% average. Second cutting was 4%, near 1% last year and 2% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 51% very poor, 26% poor, 20% fair, 3% good and 0% excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 38% very short, 43% short, 19% adequate and 0% surplus.

Minnesota

With reports of scattered precipitation during the week ending July 4, farmers saw an improvement in some crop conditions while other conditions remained unchanged or declined, according USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

There were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Field activities for the week included cutting hay.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 28% very short, 50% short, 21% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 24% very short, 49% short, 26% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn silking reached 5%, two days ahead of last year and three days ahead of the average. Corn condition declined to 41% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 43%.

Soybeans blooming reached 38%, equal to last year and one week ahead of average. Soybean condition declined to 44% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 45%.

Spring wheat was 97% headed, 10 days ahead of average. Spring wheat coloring reached 21%, nine days ahead of last year and one week ahead of the average. Spring wheat condition increased to 35% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 29%.

Oats were 90% headed and 28% coloring. Oat condition increased to 32% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 29%

Barley was 99% jointed, 90% headed and 30% coloring. Barley condition increased to 36% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 27%.

Potatoes condition was 71% good to excellent.

Dry beans were 25% blooming. Dry bean condition declined to 47% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 48%.

Sunflower condition was rated 59% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 55%.

Sugar beet condition was rated 70% good to excellent.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay was 40% complete. Hay condition remained at 18% good to excellent.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition was 16% very poor, 31% poor, 39% fair, 14% good and 0% excellent.

Iowa

Apart from southeastern Iowa, little to no precipitation allowed farmers 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 4, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Field activities included spraying post emergence herbicides and harvesting hay.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 14% very short, 36% short, 48% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 18% very short, 45% short, 34% adequate and 3% surplus.

Moisture levels vary widely as subsoil moisture levels in northwest Iowa rated 84% short to very short while levels in southeast Iowa rated 84% adequate to surplus. Spotty rains benefitted crops, but farmers reported more moisture is needed, especially in the northern two-thirds of the state.

Field crops report: Across Iowa, there were scattered reports of corn silking. Iowa’s corn condition rated 62% good to excellent.

Thirty-nine percent of soybeans were blooming, six days ahead of the five-year average. Five percent of soybeans are setting pods, five days ahead of normal. Soybean condition was rated 59% good to excellent.

Oats headed or beyond reached 94% with 50% turning color, four days ahead of normal. There were scattered reports of oats for grain being harvested. Iowa’s oat condition rated 55% good to excellent.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 30% complete, one day behind the five-year average.

Hay condition rated 54% good to excellent.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition was rated 39% good to excellent. Producers reported heat-stressed livestock. Some producers had to start supplemental feeding.

Nebraska

For the week ending July 4, there were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 6% very short, 36% short, 56% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 8% very short, 38% short, 53% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 1% very poor, 3% poor, 14% fair, 53% good and 29% excellent. Corn silking was 2%, near 4% last year and behind 9% for the five-year average.

Soybean condition rated 2% very poor, 2% poor, 16% fair, 56% good and 24% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 46%, ahead of 39% last year and 27% average. Setting pods was 2%, near 4% last year and 1% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 3% very poor, 8% poor, 24% fair, 52% good and 13% excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 7%, behind 14% last year and 16% average.

Sorghum condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 14% fair, 63% good and 22% excellent. Sorghum headed was 2%, behind 7% last year and near 6% average.

Oats condition rated 4% very poor, 9% poor, 31% fair, 47% good and 9% excellent. Oats headed was 97%, near 96% last year and 95% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 0% very poor, 0% poor, 12% fair, 76% good and 12% excellent. Dry edible beans emerged was 95%, equal to last year. Blooming was 4%, near 7% last year.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 4% very poor, 10% poor, 57% fair, 25% good and 4% excellent.