June 11: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Crop News

South Dakota

For the week ending July 11, there were 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 39% very short, 43% short, 18% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 41% very short, 42% short, 17% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 6% very poor, 18% poor, 45% fair, 30% good and 1% excellent. Corn silking was 5%, behind 14% last year and 13% for the five-year average.

Soybean condition rated 6% very poor, 22% poor, 44% fair, 27% good and 1% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 34%, behind 47% last year and 39% average. Setting pods was 1%, behind 12% last year, and near 5% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 21% very poor, 37% poor, 34% fair, 8% good and 0% excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 16%, ahead of 4% last year, and near 12% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 31% very poor, 40% poor, 26% fair, 3% good and 0% excellent. Spring wheat headed was 95%, near 94% last year and 91% average.

Oats condition rated 17% very poor, 38% poor, 33% fair, 11% good and 1% excellent. Oats harvested was 6%, near 3% last year and 7% average.

Sorghum condition rated 7% very poor, 21% poor, 58% fair, 13% good and 1% excellent. Sorghum headed was 17%, near 19% last year, but ahead of 9% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 25% very poor, 41% poor, 28% fair, 6% good and 0% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending July 11, there were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 32% very short, 43% short, 24% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 42% very short, 38% short, 20% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Soybean condition rated 11% very poor, 26% poor, 42% fair, 20% good and 1% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 33%, ahead of 28% last year, but near 35% for the five-year average. Setting pods was 1%, near 2% last year and 4% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 22% very poor, 32% poor, 30% fair, 15% good and 1% excellent. Spring wheat jointed was 96%, near 94% last year and 97% average. Headed was 84%, ahead of 76% last year, and near 82% average. Coloring was 16%, ahead of 5% last year, and near 13% average.

Durum wheat condition rated 12% very poor, 19% poor, 24% fair, 39% good and 6% excellent. Durum wheat jointed was 91%, near 93% last year. Headed was 69%, near 72% both last year and average. Coloring was 12%, near 8% last year, and ahead of 7% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 29% very poor, 30% poor, 29% fair, 11% good and 1% excellent. Winter wheat headed was 89%. Coloring was 61%, ahead of 42% last year and 49% average. Mature was 27%, well ahead of 4% last year, and ahead of 9% average. Harvested was 5%.

Corn condition rated 7% very poor, 20% poor, 40% fair, 31% good and 2% excellent. Corn silking was 8%, ahead of 1% last year, but near 9% average.

Canola condition rated 18% very poor, 27% poor, 24% fair, 29% good and 2% excellent. Canola blooming was 87%, ahead of 80% last year, and equal to average. Coloring was 5%, near 4% last year and 9% average.

Sugar beet condition rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 31% fair, 48% good and 15% excellent.

Oats condition rated 24% very poor, 30% poor, 29% fair, 16% good and 1% excellent. Oats jointed was 97%, ahead of 92% last year, and near 96% average. Headed was 78%, ahead of 71% last year, and equal to average. Coloring was 13%, ahead of 7% last year, but behind 18% average. Mature was 2%

Barley condition rated 23% very poor, 31% poor, 33% fair, 12% good and 1% excellent. Barley jointed was 96%, near 93% last year and 97% average. Headed was 82%, ahead of 74% last year, but near 84% average. Coloring was 14%, ahead of 8% last year but behind 19% average.

Dry edible peas condition rated 10% very poor, 27% poor, 32% fair, 29% good and 2% excellent. Dry edible peas blooming was 86%, near 85% both last year and average. Dropping leaves was 8%, ahead of 3% last year, but near 9% average.

Sunflower condition rated 5% very poor, 23% poor, 49% fair, 22% good and 1% excellent. Sunflowers emerged was 92%, near 94% last year. Blooming was 2%, equal to last year, and near 6% average.

Flaxseed condition rated 12% very poor, 27% poor, 30% fair, 29% good and 2% excellent. Flaxseed blooming was 77%, ahead of 63% last year and 66% average. Coloring was 4%.

Potato condition rated 10% very poor, 17% poor, 52% fair, 20% good and 1% excellent. Potatoes blooming was 68%, ahead of 55% last year and 54% average. Rows closed was 18%, ahead of 12% last year.

Dry edible bean condition rated 13% very poor, 30% poor, 41% fair, 14% good and 2% excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 18%, near 21% last year and behind 28% average. Setting pods was 1%.

Alfalfa condition rated 34% very poor, 32% poor, 27% fair, 7% good and 0% excellent. Alfalfa first cutting was 85%, behind 90% last year but near 83% average. Second cutting was 5%, equal to last year and near 7% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 41% very poor, 30% poor, 23% fair, 6% good and 0% excellent. Stock water supplies rated 40% very short, 37% short, 23% adequate and 0% surplus.

Minnesota

During the week ending July 11, there were 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork, according USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Field activities for the week included cutting hay. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 27% very short, 49% short, 24% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 26% very short, 50% short, 24% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn silking reached 16%, one day behind last year but two days ahead of the average. Corn condition increased to 42% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 41%.

Soybeans blooming reached 60%, one week ahead of average. Soybean setting pods was 11%, five days ahead of the average. Soybean condition improved to 45% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 44%.

Spring wheat coloring reached 54%,10 days ahead of average. Spring wheat condition decreased to 28% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 35%.

Oats were 95% headed and 58% coloring. Oat condition declined to 28% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 32%.

Barley was 97% headed and 59% coloring. Barley condition decreased to 31% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 36%.

Potatoes condition was 64% good to excellent.

Dry beans were 50% blooming and 9% setting pods. Dry bean condition declined to 40% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 47%.

Sunflower condition was rated 45% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 59%.

Sugar beet condition was 70% good to excellent.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay was 58% complete.

Hay condition remained at 18% good to excellent.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition was 19% very poor, 32% poor, 38% fair, 11% good and 0% excellent.

Iowa

Much needed rainfall limited farmers to 4.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 11, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

There were scattered reports of crops lying flat due to strong winds and hail. Field activities included hauling grain, applying fungicides and harvesting hay and oats.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 9% very short, 31% short, 56% adequate and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 16% very short, 40% short, 42% adequate and 2% surplus.

Districts in northwest Iowa reported subsoil moisture conditions as 78% percent short to very short while subsoil levels in southeast Iowa rated 87% adequate to surplus.

Widespread precipitation helped with stress on crops and forages.

Field crops reports: Corn silking or beyond reached 21%, two days behind the five-year average. There were scattered reports of corn reaching the dough stage. Iowa’s corn condition improved slightly to 66% good to excellent.

Fifty-six percent of soybeans were blooming, five days ahead of the five-year average. Fifteen percent of soybeans were setting pods, five days ahead of normal.

Soybean condition improved to 65% good to excellent.

Oats headed or beyond reached 97% with 72% turning color, three days ahead of normal. Ten percent of oats for grain has been harvested, two days ahead of the five-year average. Iowa’s oat condition improved to 62% good to excellent.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 50% complete, one day behind the five-year average. Hay condition rated 57% good to excellent.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition was rated 43% good to excellent. There was little stress on livestock this past week although a few producers reported some pinkeye in cattle.

Nebraska

For the week ending July 11, there were 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 7% very short, 32% short, 57% adequate and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 8% very short, 38% short, 53% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 1% very poor, 3% poor, 19% fair, 53% good and 24% excellent. Corn silking was 19%, near 17% last year but behind 25% for the five-year average.

Soybean condition rated 1% very poor, 3% poor, 17% fair, 57% good and 22% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 59%, near 55% last year and ahead of 44% average. Setting pods was 16%, near 12% last year, and ahead of 4% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 4% very poor, 8% poor, 30% fair, 47% good and 11% excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 23%, well behind 45% last year and behind 40% average.

Sorghum condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 19% fair, 59% good and 21% excellent. Sorghum headed was 3%, behind 11% last year and 9% average.

Oats condition rated 5% very poor, 9% poor, 33% fair, 45% good and 8% excellent. Oats harvested was 13%, behind 30% last year and 25% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 0% very poor, 0% poor, 18% fair, 70% good and 12% excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 6%, behind 18% last year.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 4% very poor, 9% poor, 59% fair, 25% good and 3% excellent.