July 18: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Crop News

South Dakota

For the week ending July 18, there were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 39% very short, 45% short, 16% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 39% very short, 45% short, 16% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 5% very poor, 16% poor, 49% fair, 28% good, and 2% excellent. Corn silking was 27%, behind 37% last year and 33% for the five-year average.

Soybean condition rated 4% very poor, 19% poor, 48% fair, 28% good, and 1% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 51%, behind 61% last year and 56% average. Setting pods was 8%, behind 23% last year and 14% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 27% very poor, 34% poor, 31% fair, 8% good and 0% excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 33%, near 29% last year and 34% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 32% very poor, 38% poor, 25% fair, 5% good, and 0% excellent.

Oats condition rated 14% very poor, 36% poor, 35% fair, 14% good and 1% excellent. Oats harvested was 23%, ahead of 12% last year and 17% average.

Sorghum condition rated 8% very poor, 21% poor, 52% fair, 18% good and 1% excellent. Sorghum headed was 24%, behind 32% last year, but ahead of 18% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 28% very poor, 50% poor, 20% fair, 2% good and 0% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending July 18, there were 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 41% very short, 45% short, 13% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 47% very short, 36% short, 17% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Soybean condition rated 12% very poor, 29% poor, 39% fair, 19% good and 1% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 56%, near 53% last year, and equal to the five-year average. Setting pods was 14%, ahead of 9% last year, and equal to average.

Spring wheat condition rated 30% very poor, 34% poor, 25% fair, 10% good and 1% excellent. Spring wheat headed was 93%, near 91% last year, and equal to average. Coloring was 41%, ahead of 23% last year and 34% average. Mature was 5%, near 1% last year.

Durum wheat condition rated 13% very poor, 25% poor, 29% fair, 27% good and 6% excellent. Durum wheat jointed was 95%, near 97% last year. Headed was 80%, behind 90% last year and 89% average. Coloring was 29%, ahead of 21% last year and 22% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 21% very poor, 36% poor, 31% fair, 11% good and 1% excellent. Winter wheat headed was 95%. Coloring was 74%, near 75% last year, and equal to average. Mature was 44%, ahead of 30% last year, and well ahead of 22% average. Harvested was 6%, near 4% average.

Corn condition rated 9% very poor, 23% poor, 39% fair, 27% good and 2% excellent. Corn silking was 22%, ahead of 16% last year, and equal to average.

Canola condition rated 32% very poor, 28% poor, 21% fair, 17% good and 2% excellent. Canola blooming was 95%, near 93% last year and 96% average. Coloring was 14%, ahead of 7% last year, but behind 20% average.

Sugar beet condition rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 31% fair, 48% good and 15% excellent.

Oats condition rated 19% very poor, 31% poor, 32% fair, 17% good and 1% excellent. Oats headed was 92%, ahead of 84% last year, and near 89% average. Coloring was 39%, ahead of 23% last year, and near 36% average. Mature was 8%, ahead of 1% last year.

Barley condition rated 24% very poor, 28% poor, 37% fair, 10% good and 1% excellent. Barley headed was 91%, near 88% last year and 93% average. Coloring was 39%, ahead of 25% last year, but near 42% average.

Dry edible peas condition rated 9% very poor, 28% poor, 38% fair, 23% good and 2% excellent. Dry edible peas blooming was 92%, equal to last year and near 93% average. Dropping leaves was 22%, near 20% last year, and equal to average.

Sunflower condition rated 6% very poor, 25% poor, 45% fair, 23% good and 1% excellent. Sunflowers emerged was 98%, near 97% last year. Blooming was 5%, near 6% last year, and behind 12% average.

Flaxseed condition rated 9% very poor, 31% poor, 35% fair, 23% good and 2% excellent. Flaxseed blooming was 91%, ahead of 83% last year and 84% average. Coloring was 11%, near 15% last year, and equal to average.

Potato condition rated 7% very poor, 13% poor, 61% fair, 18% good and 1% excellent. Potatoes blooming was 76%, near 79% last year and 77% average. Rows closed was 37%, near 38% last year and 36% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 18% very poor, 33% poor, 36% fair, 12% good and 1% excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 42%, behind 53% last year and 56% average. Setting pods was 5%, behind 11% last year.

Alfalfa condition rated 37% very poor, 33% poor, 23% fair, 7% good and 0% excellent. Alfalfa first cutting was 93%, near 96% last year and 92% average. Second cutting was 10%, near 13% last year and behind 17% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 43% very poor, 31% poor, 21% fair, 5% good and 0% excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 40% very short, 38% short, 22% adequate and 0% surplus.

Minnesota

Dry conditions provided farmers with 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork, during the week ending July 18, according USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Scattered precipitation was reported, but crop conditions remained unchanged or decreased.

Field activities for the week included spraying and hay cutting. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 31% very short, 47% short, 22% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 28% very short, 51% short, 21% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn silking reached 62%, one day behind last year but five days ahead of the average. Corn condition was at 42% good to excellent.

Soybeans blooming reached 79%, equal to last year but one week ahead of average. Soybean setting pods was 26%, five days ahead of the average. Soybean condition declined to 43% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 45%.

Spring wheat coloring reached 90%, two weeks ahead of last year and the average. Spring wheat condition declined to 15% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 28%.

Oats were at 82% coloring and 7% harvested. Oat condition declined to 23% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 28%.

Barley was 86% coloring. Barley condition decreased to 20% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 31%.

Potatoes condition was 60% good to excellent. Dry beans were 74% blooming and 31% setting pods.

Dry bean condition declined to 30% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 40%.

Sunflower condition was rated 36% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 45%.

Sugar beet condition was 70% good to excellent.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay was 66% complete.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition was 26% very poor, 37% poor, 29% fair, 6% good and 2% excellent. Some producers are pulling livestock off pastures and feeding hay.

Iowa

Variable precipitation across Iowa resulted in 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 18, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Days suitable ranged from just 1.6 days in southeast Iowa to 5.3 days in the north central area. There were scattered reports of crop damage due to hail and high winds.

Field activities included hauling grain, applying fungicides and insecticides, and harvesting hay and oats. Topsoil moisture levels rated 6% very short, 27% short, 62% adequate and 5% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 15% very short, 37% short, 46% adequate and 2% surplus.

Producers reported crops responded well to recent rains while indicating more rain is needed. Corn silking or beyond reached 60%, one day ahead of the five-year average.

Field crops report: Corn in the dough stage reached 6%, three days ahead of normal. Iowa’s corn condition was rated 68% good to excellent.

Seventy-five percent of soybeans were blooming, six days ahead of the five-year average. Thirty percent of soybeans were setting pods, four days ahead of normal. Soybean condition was rated 66% good to excellent.

Oats coloring reached 85%, two days ahead of normal. Almost one-quarter of oats for grain has been harvested, one day ahead of the five-year average. Iowa’s oat condition improved marginally to 63% good to excellent.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 63% complete, three days behind the five-year average. There were reports of producers starting on their third cutting of hay. Hay condition rated 59% good to excellent.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition was rated 45% good to excellent. Some livestock producers were supplementing hay where grass is short, and there were scattered reports of pinkeye in calves.

Nebraska

For the week ending July 18, there were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 4% very short, 27% short, 67% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 7% very short, 34% short, 58% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 17% fair, 52% good and 26% excellent. Corn silking was 54%, near 55% last year, and equal to the five-year average. Dough was 4%, near 3% last year, and equal to average.

Soybean condition rated 1% very poor, 2% poor, 16% fair, 57% good and 24% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 74%, near 72% last year, and ahead of 62% average. Setting pods was 30%, near 28% last year, and ahead of 16% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 2% very poor, 9% poor, 30% fair, 49% good and 10% excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 60%, behind 75% last year and 67% average.

Sorghum condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 18% fair, 52% good and 29% excellent. Sorghum headed was 8%, behind 23% last year and 17% average.

Oats condition rated 3% very poor, 7% poor, 36% fair, 43% good and 11% excellent. Oats harvested was 39%, behind 53% last year and 46% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 1% very poor, 2% poor, 24% fair, 66% good and 7% excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 15%, well behind 47% last year. Setting pods was 3%, near 7% last year.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 4% very poor, 10% poor, 57% fair, 27% good and 2% excellent.