July 26: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Crop News

South Dakota

For the week ending July 25, there were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 37% very short, 45% short, 18% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 37% very short, 47% short, 16% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 6% very poor, 19% poor, 45% fair, 28% good and 2% excellent. Corn silking was 68%, behind 74% last year, but ahead of 60% for the five-year average. Dough was 11%, near 12% last year and 9% average.

Soybean condition rated 5% very poor, 21% poor, 48% fair, 25% good and 1% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 72%, near 73% last year and 69% average. Setting pods was 29%, behind 46% last year, and near 32% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 26% very poor, 28% poor, 36% fair, 10% good and 0% excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 71%, ahead of 63% last year and 59% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 32% very poor, 37% poor, 26% fair, 5% good and 0% excellent. Spring wheat harvested was 21%, ahead of 7% last year, and near 17% average.

Oats condition rated 12% very poor, 38% poor, 30% fair, 20% good and 0% excellent. Oats harvested was 43%, ahead of 34% last year and 35% average.

Sorghum condition rated 8% very poor, 23% poor, 53% fair, 16% good and 0% excellent. Sorghum headed was 33%, behind 39% last year, but near 32% average. Coloring was 1%, equal to average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 34% very poor, 38% poor, 17% fair, 11% good and 0% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending July 25, there were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 41% very short, 46% short, 13% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 51% very short, 34% short, 15% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Soybean condition rated 13% very poor, 28% poor, 42% fair, 16% good and 1% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 77%, ahead of 69% last year and near 74% for the five-year average. Setting pods was 37%, ahead of 27% last year and near 33% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 28% very poor, 33% poor, 28% fair, 10% good and 1% excellent. Spring wheat headed was 97%, near 96% last year and equal to average. Coloring was 66%, well ahead of 41% last year and ahead of 56% average. Mature was 12%, ahead of 5% last year.

Durum wheat condition rated 13% very poor, 24% poor, 30% fair, 28% good and 5% excellent. Durum wheat headed was 96%, equal to last year and near 95% average. Coloring was 48%, ahead of 38% last year and 43% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 22% very poor, 44% poor, 28% fair, 6% good and 0% excellent. Winter wheat coloring was 88%, near 89% both last year and average. Mature was 62%, ahead of 54% last year. Harvested was 13%, ahead of 5% last year and near 9% average.

Corn condition rated 11% very poor, 28% poor, 40% fair, 20% good and 1% excellent. Corn silking was 52%, near 51% last year and ahead of 47% average.

Canola condition rated 25% very poor, 25% poor, 30% fair, 19% good and 1% excellent. Canola coloring was 35%, ahead of 18% last year and near 32% average.

Sugar beet condition rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 31% fair, 48% good and 15% excellent.

Oats condition rated 26% very poor, 30% poor, 33% fair, 11% good and 0% excellent. Oats headed was 96%, near 93% last year and 95% average. Coloring was 64%, well ahead of 43% last year and ahead of 57% average. Mature was 18%, ahead of 4% last year. Harvested was 2%, behind 7% average.

Barley condition rated 25% very poor, 28% poor, 38% fair, 8% good and 1% excellent. Barley headed was 96%, near 95% last year and 97% average. Coloring was 71%, well ahead of 44% last year, and ahead of 65% average. Mature was 13%, ahead of 4% last year. 

Dry edible peas condition rated 12% very poor, 27% poor, 39% fair, 21% good and 1% excellent. Dry edible peas blooming was 96%, equal to last year and near 97% average. Dropping leaves was 43%, near 39% last year and 45% average. Harvested was 1%, near 4% average.

Sunflower condition rated 7% very poor, 29% poor, 44% fair, 19% good and 1% excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 15%, near 19% last year and behind 25% average.

Flaxseed condition rated 12% very poor, 30% poor, 41% fair, 16% good and 1% excellent. Flaxseed blooming was 96%, ahead of 88% last year and near 92% average. Coloring was 32%, ahead of 20% last year and 23% average.

Potato condition rated 11% very poor, 18% poor, 47% fair, 24% good and 0% excellent. Potatoes blooming was 89%, near 91% last year and 92% average. Rows closed was 49%, behind 67% last year and 64% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 15% very poor, 34% poor, 38% fair, 11% good and 2% excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 76%, ahead of 69% last year, but near 78% average. Setting pods was 29%, ahead of 24% last year.

Alfalfa condition rated 39% very poor, 33% poor, 24% fair, 4% good and 0% excellent. Alfalfa first cutting was 98%, near 99% last year and 96% average. Second cutting was 17%, behind 27% last year and 30% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 55% very poor, 30% poor, 13% fair, 2% good and 0% excellent. Stock water supplies rated 55% very short, 33% short, 12% adequate and 0% surplus.

Minnesota

Dry, humid and hot conditions prevailed and provided farmers with 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 25, according USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Reports indicated that crop conditions remained unchanged or decreased. Field activities for the week included mowing ditches.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 37% very short, 44% short, 19% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 32% very short, 48% short, 20% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn silking reached 90%, one day ahead of last year and nine days ahead of the average. Corn in the dough stage or beyond was at 11%, two days behind last year but three days ahead of the average. Corn condition was at 38% good to excellent.

Soybeans blooming reached 92%, four days ahead of last year and over a week ahead of average. Soybean setting pods was 52%, five days ahead of the average. Soybean condition declined to 36% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 43%.

Spring wheat coloring reached 95%, over a week ahead of last year and the five-year average. Spring wheat condition declined to 9% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 15%.

Oats were at 90% coloring and 25% harvested. Oat condition declined to 22% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 23%.

Barley was 90% coloring. Barley condition decreased to 15% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 20%.

Potatoes condition was 61% good to excellent.

Dry beans were 90% blooming and 63% setting pods. Dry bean condition declined to 26% good to excellent, compared to the previous week’s 30%.

Sunflower condition was rated 36% good to excellent, same as last week.

Sugar beet condition was 71% good to excellent.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay was 80% complete.

Pasture and range conditions: Pasture condition was 25% very poor, 41% poor, 25% fair, 7% good and 2% excellent.

Iowa

Hot, dry conditions and minimal rain allowed Iowa farmers 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 25, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Field activities included applying fungicides and insecticides and harvesting hay and oats.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 14% very short, 39% short, 46% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 20% very short, 40% short, 39% adequate and 1% surplus.

The shortage of moisture was especially evident in northwest Iowa, where topsoil was rated 70% short to very short and subsoil was rated 84% short to very short. In some parts of the state, creeks have gone dry due to lack of rain.

The lack of precipitation is causing some stress on crops, especially in the northern third of the state.

Field crops report: Corn silking or beyond reached 80%, equal to the five-year average. Corn in the dough stage reached 21%, three days ahead of normal. Iowa’s corn condition was rated 65% good to excellent. There were scattered reports of corn in the dent stage.

Eighty-five percent of soybeans were blooming, six days ahead of the five-year average. Over half of Iowa’s soybeans were setting pods, also six days ahead of normal. Soybean condition was rated 61% good to excellent.

Oats coloring or beyond reached 94%, two days ahead of normal. Forty-eight percent of oats for grain have been harvested, one day ahead of the five-year average. Iowa’s oat condition rated 64% good to excellent.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 83% complete. The third cutting was reported at 8% complete, equal to the five-year average.

Hay condition rated 60% good to excellent.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition was rated 44% good to excellent. High temperatures and humidity are impacting livestock and some producers are still fighting pinkeye in cows and calves.

Nebraska

For the week ending July 25, there were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 9% very short, 37% short, 53% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 9% very short, 40% short, 50% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 2% very poor, 4% poor, 18% fair, 53% good and 23% excellent. Corn silking was 84%, near 85% last year, but ahead of 78% for the five-year average. Dough was 14%, behind 24% last year and near 17% average.

Soybean condition rated 1% very poor, 2% poor, 15% fair, 59% good and 23% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 85%, near 88% last year, but ahead of 77% average. Setting pods was 52%, near 50% last year and ahead of 34% average.

Winter wheat harvested was 88%, near 91% last year but ahead of 82% average.

Sorghum condition rated 1% very poor, 2% poor, 22% fair, 53% good and 22% excellent. Sorghum headed was 20%, well behind 40% last year and behind 30% average.

Oats condition rated 3% very poor, 6% poor, 34% fair, 48% good and 9% excellent. Oats harvested was 68%, behind 78% last year and equal to average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 18% fair, 69% good and 12% excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 60%, near 59% last year. Setting pods was 15%, near 14% last year.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 4% very poor, 12% poor, 59% fair, 23% good and 2% excellent.