Sept. 6: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Market News

South Dakota

For the week ending Sept. 5, there were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 25% very short, 41% short, 33% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 38% very short, 39% short, 23% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 16% very poor, 29% poor, 32% fair, 21% good and 2% excellent. Corn dough was 97%, near 96% last year and 93% for the five-year average. Dented was 68%, near 70% last year, but ahead of 59% average. Mature was 18%, near 21% last year but ahead of 11% average.

Soybean condition rated 11% very poor, 29% poor, 38% fair, 21% good and 1% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 37%, equal to last year and ahead of 24% average.

Winter wheat planted was 3%, near 7% last year and equal to average.

Sorghum condition rated 11% very poor, 28% poor, 44% fair, 17% good and 0% excellent. Sorghum coloring was 81%, near 80% last year and ahead of 63% average. Mature was 23%, ahead of 12% last year and 9% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 37% very poor, 41% poor, 17% fair, 5% good and 0% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending Sept. 5, there were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 29% very short, 34% short, 35% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 42% very short, 33% short, 24% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Soybean condition rated 16% very poor, 26% poor, 42% fair, 16% good and 0% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 44%, ahead of 31% for both last year and the five-year average.

Spring wheat harvested was 94%, well ahead of 74% last year and ahead of 81% average.

Durum wheat harvested was 91%, well ahead of 68% last year and 67% average.

Winter wheat planted was 6%, near 3% average.

Corn condition rated 16% very poor, 27% poor, 39% fair, 18% good and 0% excellent. Corn dough was 94%, near 93% last year and 91% average. Dented was 63%, ahead of 48% last year and 49% average. Mature was 12%, ahead of 5% last year and 7% average.

Canola condition rated 24% very poor, 28% poor, 28% fair, 19% good and 1% excellent. Canola harvested was 60%, ahead of 43% last year and near 58% average.

Sugar beet condition rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 29% fair, 51% good and 15% excellent. Sugar beets harvested was 6%, near 7% both last year and average.

Oats harvested was 93%, ahead of 83% last year and 86% average.

Barley harvested was 96%, ahead of 85% last year and 88% average.

Dry edible peas harvested was 95%, ahead of 88% last year and near 93% average.

Sunflower condition rated 10% very poor, 26% poor, 38% fair, 25% good and 1% excellent. Sunflowers ray flowers dry was 84%, near 80% last year and ahead of 75% average. Bracts turned yellow was 46%, near 45% both last year and average. Bracts turned brown was 14%, ahead of 9% both last year and average.

Flaxseed harvested was 71%, well ahead of 43% last year and 49% average.

Potato condition rated 10% very poor, 18% poor, 49% fair, 19% good and 4% excellent. Potatoes vines dry was 47%, behind 58% last year and 56% average. Harvested was 5%, near 3% last year and equal to average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 16% very poor, 35% poor, 33% fair, 16% good and 0% excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 87%, ahead of 74% last year and 76% average. Harvested was 14%, near 10% last year and 18% average.

Alfalfa condition rated 42% very poor, 33% poor, 19% fair, 6% good and 0% excellent. Alfalfa second cutting was 88%, behind 98% last year and 93% average.

Lentils harvested was 89%, well ahead of 62% last year and 63% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 48% very poor, 32% poor, 14% fair, 6% good and 0% excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 51% very short, 35% short, 14% adequate and 0% surplus.

Minnesota

Continued widespread rain events allowed 4.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Sept. 5, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Reports indicated the recent rainfall greened pastures and revitalized some crops affected by drought conditions. Field activities for the week included cutting corn for silage.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 15% very short, 26% short, 54% adequate and 5% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 22% very short, 37% short, 40% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn dented reached 71%, four days behind last year but three days ahead of average. Corn mature reached 18%, one day behind last year but seven days ahead of the average. Corn harvested for silage reached 48%, three days ahead of last year and over a week ahead of the five-year average. Corn condition rated 37% good to excellent.

Soybeans coloring reached 66%, two days ahead of last year and over a week ahead of the five-year average. Soybeans dropping leaves reached 25%, four days ahead of last year and a week ahead of the average. Soybeans condition rated 34% good to excellent.

Dry beans dropping leaves reached 79%. Dry bean harvest was 10% complete. Dry beans condition rated 19% good to excellent.

Potatoes were 28% harvested. Potato condition rated 56% good to excellent.

Sunflower condition rated 45% good to excellent.

Sugar beets reached 5% harvested. Sugar beet condition rated 73% good to excellent.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition was 35% very poor, 34% poor, 24% fair, 4% good and 3% excellent. No livestock losses were reported.

Iowa

Precipitation across most of the state, in addition to that received the previous week, limited Iowa’s farmers to 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Sept. 5, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Field activities included harvesting hay, oats and corn silage. Topsoil moisture levels rated 8% very short, 26% short, 63% adequate and 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 16% very short, 37% short, 46% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn in or beyond the dough stage reached 97%, four days ahead of the five-year average. Seventy-seven percent of the corn crop has reached the dent stage or beyond, three days ahead of normal. Fourteen percent of corn has reached maturity, equal to the five-year average. Iowa’s corn condition rated 60% good to excellent. Crop damage was reported in the northeast and west central parts of the state from heavy rain, hail and strong winds.

Soybeans coloring or beyond reached 40%, two days ahead of the five-year average. Soybeans dropping leaves reached 10%, also two days ahead of normal. Soybean condition was rated 61% good to excellent. Several reporters noted soybeans have benefitted from the recent increased rain.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay reached 88% complete, four days ahead of the five-year average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition was rated 34% good to excellent. No livestock issues were reported for the week.

Nebraska

For the week ending Sept. 5, there were 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 7% very short, 25% short, 66% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 14% very short, 40% short, 46% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 4% very poor, 10% poor, 22% fair, 41% good and 23% excellent. Corn dough was 96%, near 100% last year and 97% for the five-year average. Dented was 78%, behind 83% last year but near 75% average. Mature was 18%, behind 25% last year but near 14% average.

Soybean condition rated 3% very poor, 7% poor, 23% fair, 46% good and 21% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 20%, behind 34% last year but near 18% average.

Winter wheat planted was 1%, near 2% last year and 3% average.

Sorghum condition rated 8% very poor, 14% poor, 27% fair, 38% good and 13% excellent. Sorghum coloring was 81%, ahead of 75% last year and 72% average. Mature was 6%, behind 11% last year and near 9% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 1% very poor, 1% poor, 15% fair, 54% good and 29% excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 51%, ahead of 43% last year. Harvested was 7%, behind 22% last year.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 14% very poor, 18% poor, 40% fair, 23% good and 5% excellent.