Sept. 13: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Crop News

South Dakota

For the week ending Sept. 12, there were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 28% very short, 43% short, 29% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 39% very short, 39% short, 22% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 14% very poor, 30% poor, 31% fair, 24% good and 1% excellent. Corn dented was 86%, equal to last year and ahead of 74% for the five-year average. Mature was 33%, behind 44% last year, but ahead of 22% average. Harvested was 1%, equal to last year.

Soybean condition rated 10% very poor, 31% poor, 39% fair, 19% good and 1% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 58%, equal to last year and ahead of 40% average.

Winter wheat planted was 13%, behind 18% last year but near 12% average.

Sorghum condition rated 10% very poor, 35% poor, 41% fair, 14% good and 0% excellent. Sorghum coloring was 92%, equal to last year and ahead of 74% average. Mature was 31%, near 29% last year and ahead of 17% average. Harvested was 2%.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 39% very poor, 41% poor, 15% fair, 5% good and 0% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending Sept. 12, there were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 28% very short, 36% short, 34% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 42% very short, 32% short, 25% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Soybean condition rated 15% very poor, 27% poor, 42% fair, 15% good and 1% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 67%, ahead of 54% last year and 53% for the five-year average. Harvested was 4%, near 1% last year and 2% average.

Spring wheat harvested was 97%, ahead of 88% last year and 89% average.

Durum wheat harvested was 96%, ahead of 84% last year and 78% average.

Winter wheat planted was 24%, ahead of 13% last year and 15% average.

Corn condition rated 15% very poor, 27% poor, 41% fair, 17% good and 0% excellent. Corn dough was 98%, equal to last year, and near 96% average. Dented was 77%, ahead of 66% last year and 65% average. Mature was 22%, ahead of 16% last year and 17% average.

Canola harvested was 72%, ahead of 66% last year and near 71% average.

Sugar beet condition rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 29% fair, 51% good and 14% excellent. Sugar beets harvested was 7%, near 10% last year and 9% average.

Oats harvested was 97%, near 93% last year and ahead of 91% average.

Sunflower condition rated 11% very poor, 28% poor, 37% fair, 22% good and 2% excellent. Sunflowers ray flowers dry was 90%, near 87% last year and ahead of 85% average. Bracts turned yellow was 65%, near 63% last year and 62% average. Bracts turned brown was 22%, behind 27% last year but near 21% average.

Flaxseed harvested was 81%, ahead of 68% last year and 66% average.

Potato condition rated 5% very poor, 21% poor, 54% fair, 18% good and 2% excellent. Potatoes vines dry was 69%, behind 80% last year and 75% average. Harvested was 13%, behind 18% last year and equal to average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 16% very poor, 30% poor, 37% fair, 16% good and 1% excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 93%, ahead of 88% last year and near 89% average. Harvested was 39%, ahead of 26% last year and 32% average.

Alfalfa condition rated 36% very poor, 37% poor, 20% fair, 6% good and 1% excellent. Alfalfa second cutting was 91%, behind 100% last year and 96% average.

Lentils harvested was 93%, well ahead of 71% last year and ahead of 74% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 47% very poor, 30% poor, 19% fair, 4% good and 0% excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 48% very short, 35% short, 17% adequate and 0% surplus.

Minnesota

According to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, dryer conditions advanced harvests and allowed 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Sept. 12. Field activities for the week included cutting corn for silage.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 15% very short, 28% short, 55% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 22% very short, 40% short, 37% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn dented reached 86%, six days behind last year but five days ahead of average. Corn mature reached 34%, three days behind last year but six days ahead of the average. Corn harvested for grain reached 3%. Corn harvested for silage reached 71%, three days ahead of last year and two weeks ahead of the five-year average. Corn condition rated 39% good to excellent.

Soybeans coloring reached 86%, two days ahead of last year and over a week ahead of the five-year average. Soybeans dropping leaves reached 49%, three days ahead of last year and six days of the average. Soybeans harvested reached 3%. Soybeans condition rated 37% good to excellent.

Dry beans dropping leaves reached 91%. Dry beans harvested rated 35% complete. Dry beans condition rated 19% good to excellent.

Potatoes were 31% harvested. Potato condition rated 60% good to excellent.

Sunflower condition rated 40% good to excellent.

Sugar beets reached 7% harvested. Sugar beets condition rated 73% good to excellent.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition was 32% very poor, 31% poor, 28% fair, 6% good and 3% excellent.

Iowa

It was a very dry week across most of the state, which allowed Iowa’s farmers 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Sept. 12, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Field activities included harvesting hay and corn silage. Some reports of old crop corn being moved to town prior to harvest were received.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 9% very short, 26% short, 63% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 14% very short, 37% short, 48% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Crop maturity advanced across the state. Corn in or beyond the dent stage reached 87%, three days ahead of the five-year average. Almost one-third of the corn crop has reached maturity, two days ahead of normal. Iowa’s corn condition rated 59% good to excellent. There were scattered reports of corn for grain being harvested.

Soybeans coloring or beyond reached 67%, three days ahead of the five-year average. Soybeans dropping leaves reached 30%, also three days ahead of normal. Soybean condition was rated 62% good to excellent. There were also a few isolated reports of soybeans being harvested during the week.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay reached 92% complete, two days ahead of the five-year average. In some areas of the state, farmers were starting on the fourth cutting of hay.

Pasture and range condition: Pasture condition was rated 35% good to excellent. In general, livestock has done well in spite of the heat.

There were reports of low water levels in creeks and ponds for livestock use.

Nebraska

For the week ending Sept. 12, there were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 8% very short, 31% short, 60% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 13% very short, 44% short, 42% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 4% very poor, 9% poor, 21% fair, 43% good and 23% excellent. Corn dented was 90%, near 93% last year and 87% for the five-year average. Mature was 35%, behind 45% last year but ahead of 29% average. Harvested was 1%, near 4% last year and 2% average.

Soybean condition rated 2% very poor, 7% poor, 22% fair, 50% good and 19% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 47%, behind 58% last year but ahead of 37% average. Harvested was 1%, near 3% last year and equal to average.

Winter wheat planted was 17%, ahead of 8% last year and near 13% average.

Sorghum condition rated 8% very poor, 15% poor, 29% fair, 36% good and 12% excellent. Sorghum coloring was 94%, ahead of 83% last year and 85% average. Mature was 27%, near 24% last year and ahead of 18% average. Harvested was 2% near 1% last year.

Dry edible bean condition rated 2% very poor, 4% poor, 18% fair, 47% good and 29% excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 78%, ahead of 71% last year. Harvested was 34%, ahead of 26% last year.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 12% very poor, 18% poor, 51% fair, 17% good and 2% excellent.