Sept. 20: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Crop News

South Dakota

For the week ending Sept. 19, there were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 29% very short, 38% short, 32% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 38% very short, 38% short, 24% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 15% very poor, 28% poor, 33% fair, 22% good and 2% excellent. Corn dented was 95%, near 94% last year, and ahead of 85% for the five-year average. Mature was 50%, behind 62% last year, but ahead of 38% average. Harvested was 4%, equal to last year, and near 2% average.

Soybean condition rated 11% very poor, 29% poor, 39% fair, 20% good and 1% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 79%, near 77% last year and ahead of 60% average. Harvested was 3%, near 4% last year, and equal to average.

Winter wheat planted was 33%, near 34% last year and 30% average. Emerged was 1%, near 4% last year and 3% average.

Sorghum condition rated 10% very poor, 34% poor, 34% fair, 22% good and 0% excellent. Sorghum coloring was 98%, near 96% last year and ahead of 83% average. Mature was 42%, equal to last year and ahead of 29% average. Harvested was 5%, near 3% last year and 2% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 44% very poor, 36% poor, 15% fair, 5% good and 0% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending Sept. 19, there were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 30% very short, 34% short, 34% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 43% very short, 33% short, 23% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Soybean condition rated 15% very poor, 29% poor, 40% fair, 16% good and 0% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 80%, ahead of 72% last year and 74% for the five-year average. Harvested was 11%, near 7% last year and ahead of 6% average.

Winter wheat planted was 39%, near 42% last year and 37% average. Emerged was 1%, behind 7% last year and 6% average.

Corn condition rated 16% very poor, 27% poor, 41% fair, 16% good and 0% excellent. Corn dented was 90%, ahead of 79% last year and 78% average. Mature was 43%, ahead of 36% last year and 32% average. Harvested was 3%, equal to last year and near 1% average.

Canola harvested was 81%, equal to both last year and average.

Sugar beet condition rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 29% fair, 51% good and 14% excellent. Sugar beets harvested was 11%, near 12% last year and equal to average.

Sunflower condition rated 11% very poor, 31% poor, 39% fair, 18% good and 1% excellent. Sunflowers ray flowers dry was 93%, near 92% last year and 91% average. Bracts turned yellow was 81%, near 77% last year and ahead of 75% average. Bracts turned brown was 38%, behind 45% last year but near 36% average.

Flaxseed harvested was 93%, ahead of 81% last year and 78% average.

Potato condition rated 4% very poor, 16% poor, 63% fair, 15% good and 2% excellent. Potatoes vines dry was 84%, behind 91% last year and near 86% average. Harvested was 29%, behind 36% last year but near 26% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 15% very poor, 30% poor, 39% fair, 16% good and 0% excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 95%, near 96% last year and equal to average. Harvested was 57%, ahead of 51% last year and 49% average.

Alfalfa condition rated 44% very poor, 33% poor, 20% fair, 3% good and 0% excellent. Alfalfa second cutting was 95%, behind 100% last year and near 97% average.

Lentils harvested was 96%, ahead of 77% last year and 83% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 54% very poor, 29% poor, 14% fair, 3% good and 0% excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 53% very short, 33% short, 14% adequate, and 0% surplus.

Minnesota

According to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, scattered rainfall allowed 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Sept. 19.

Field activities for the week included harvesting of row crops. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 11% very short, 24% short, 61% adequate and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 19% very short, 37% short, 43% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn dented reached 94%, seven days behind last year but seven days ahead of average. Corn mature reached 59%, one day behind last year but eight days ahead of the average. Corn harvested for grain reached 6%, eight days ahead of last year and twelve days ahead of the average. Corn harvested for silage reached 85%. Corn condition rated 38% good to excellent.

Soybeans coloring reached 96%, one day ahead of last year and over a week ahead of the five-year average. Soybeans dropping leaves reached 74%, two days ahead of last year and seven days ahead of the average. Soybeans harvested reached 11%. Soybeans condition rated 35% good to excellent.

Dry beans dropping leaves reached 95%. Dry bean harvest was 52% complete. Dry beans condition rated 21% good to excellent.

Potatoes were 41% harvested. Potato condition rated 73% good to excellent.

Sunflower condition rated 40% good to excellent.

Sugar beets reached 10% harvested. Sugar beets condition rated 72% good to excellent.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition was 27% very poor, 30% poor, 31% fair, 9% good and 3% excellent. No livestock losses reported.

Iowa

Another warm, mostly dry week across the state allowed Iowa’s farmers 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Sept. 19, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Field activities included harvesting hay, finishing corn silage and starting on earlage.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 10% very short, 30% short, 59% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 15% very short, 37% short, 48% adequate and 0% surplus.

The warm windy weather helped crops dry down and push toward maturity.

Field crops report: Corn in or beyond the dent stage reached 93%, four days ahead of the five-year average. Half of Iowa’s corn crop has reached maturity, two days ahead of normal. Iowa’s corn condition rated 58% good to excellent. Producers have started corn harvest in many parts of the state.

Soybeans coloring or beyond reached 86%, four days ahead of the five-year average. Soybeans dropping leaves reached 53%, three days ahead of normal. Soybean condition was rated 61% good to excellent. Soybean harvest began in parts of Iowa during the week.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay reached 97% complete. Some farmers were working on the fourth and in some areas the fifth cutting of hay.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition was rated 29% good to excellent. In general, livestock were doing well.

Nebraska

For the week ending Sept. 19, there were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 8% very short, 33% short, 59% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 12% very short, 42% short, 46% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 5% very poor, 8% poor, 19% fair, 45% good and 23% excellent. Corn dented was 94%, near 97% last year and equal to the five-year average. Mature was 54%, behind 63% last year but ahead of 47% average. Harvested was 7%, near 9% last year and 5% average.

Soybean condition rated 2% very poor, 6% poor, 21% fair, 50% good and 21% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 71%, behind 79% last year but ahead of 62% average. Harvested was 4%, behind 9% last year and near 5% average.

Winter wheat planted was 35%, near 36% last year and 37% average. Emerged was 5%, near 3% last year and equal to average.

Sorghum condition rated 8% very poor, 16% poor, 29% fair, 34% good and 13% excellent. Sorghum coloring was 96%, near 92% last year and 93% average. Mature was 35%, behind 46% last year and near 36% average. Harvested was 3%, near 2% both last year and average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 3% very poor, 6% poor, 26% fair, 42% good and 23% excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 85%, near 84% last year. Harvested was 49%, behind 57% last year.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 11% very poor, 15% poor, 55% fair, 17% good and 2% excellent.