Sept. 27: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Crop News

South Dakota

For the week ending Sept. 26, there were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 28% very short, 39% short, 31% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 39% very short, 37% short, 24% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 16% very poor, 26% poor, 35% fair, 21% good and 2% excellent. Corn mature was 70%, behind 78% last year but ahead of 55% for the five-year average. Harvested was 10%, near 9% last year and ahead of 5% average.

Soybean condition rated 11% very poor, 25% poor, 40% fair, 22% good and 2% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 92%, near 89% last year and ahead of 78% average. Harvested was 17%, behind 26% last year but near 13% average.

Winter wheat planted was 58%, ahead of 51% last year and 50% average. Emerged was 4%, behind 15% last year and 12% average.

Sorghum condition rated 15% very poor, 33% poor, 33% fair, 19% good and 0% excellent. Sorghum mature was 66%, behind 72% last year but well ahead of 45% average. Harvested was 18%, near 14% last year and ahead of 7% average.

Sunflowers harvested was 2%, equal to last year and near 1% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 46% very poor, 36% poor, 15% fair, 3% good and 0% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending Sept. 26, there were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 32% very short, 39% short, 28% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 41% very short, 35% short, 23% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Soybean condition rated 15% very poor, 28% poor, 41% fair, 16% good and 0% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 91%, ahead of 86% last year and near 87% for the five-year average. Harvested was 26%, near 24% last year and ahead of 16% average.

Winter wheat planted was 66%, behind 71% last year but ahead of 58% average. Emerged was 10%, behind 20% last year and 17% average.

Corn condition rated 16% very poor, 26% poor, 41% fair, 17% good and 0% excellent. Corn dented was 96%, ahead of 89% last year and 88% average. Mature was 65%, ahead of 55% last year and 47% average. Harvested was 9%, ahead of 4% last year and 3% average.

Canola harvested was 92%, near 91% last year and 88% average.

Sugar beet condition rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 29% fair, 51% good and 14% excellent. Sugar beets harvested was 13%, near 15% both last year and average.

Sunflower condition rated 10% very poor, 28% poor, 37% fair, 23% good and 2% excellent. Sunflowers ray flowers dry was 97%, near 95% both last year and average. Bracts turned yellow was 90%, near 86% last year and ahead of 84% average. Bracts turned brown was 57%, near 60% last year and 53% average. Harvested was 2%, near 5% last year and equal to average.

Flaxseed harvested was 97%, ahead of 92% last year and 85% average.

Potato condition rated 3% very poor, 18% poor, 59% fair, 20% good and 0% excellent. Potatoes vines dry was 90%, behind 95% last year and near 93% average. Harvested was 48%, behind 60% last year but ahead of 43% average.

Dry edible beans harvested was 73%, near 71% last year and ahead of 63% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 48% very poor, 28% poor, 18% fair, 6% good and 0% excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 51% very short, 33% short, 16% adequate and 0% surplus.

Minnesota

According to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, scattered rainfall allowed 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Sept. 26.

Field activities for the week included harvesting of row crops. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 9% very short, 24% short, 65% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 17% very short, 37% short, 45% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn dented reached 97%, four days behind last year but four days ahead of average. Corn mature reached 75%, three days behind last year but eight days ahead of the average. Corn harvested for grain reached 10%, five days ahead of last year and ten days ahead of the average. Corn harvested for silage reached 92%. Corn condition rated 38% good to excellent.

Soybeans dropping leaves reached 90%, one day ahead of last year and eight days ahead of the average. Soybeans harvested reached 30%, one day ahead of last year and seven days ahead of the average. Soybean condition rated 35% good to excellent.

Dry beans harvested was 72% complete.

Potatoes were 59% harvested.

Sunflowers reached 3% harvested. Sunflower condition rated 37% good to excellent.

Sugar beets reached 11% harvested. Sugar beet condition rated 72% good to excellent.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition was 26% very poor, 29% poor, 32% fair, 11% good and 2% excellent. No livestock losses reported.

Iowa

Spotty precipitation did not slow activities down significantly as Iowa’s farmers had 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Sept. 26, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Field activities included spraying for army worms in forages as well as harvesting hay, soybeans and corn.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 12% very short, 34% short, 53% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 17% very short, 39% short, 44% adequate and 0% surplus. Row crop harvest has begun across the state.

Field crops report: Corn in or beyond the dent stage reached 97%, four days ahead of the five-year average. Almost three-quarters of the corn crop has reached maturity, also four days ahead of normal. Corn harvest for grain reached 9% statewide, again, four days ahead of the five-year average. Moisture content of field corn being harvested for grain was at 23%. Iowa’s corn condition rated 59% good to excellent.

Soybeans coloring or beyond reached 95%, five days ahead of the 5-year average. Soybeans dropping leaves reached 77%, four days ahead of normal. Soybeans harvested reached 18%, also four days ahead of the five-year average. Soybean condition was rated 62% good to excellent.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition rated 30% good to excellent. Low water levels in some creeks and ponds have been an issue for livestock on pasture.

Nebraska

For the week ending Sept. 26, there were 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 9% very short, 40% short, 51% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 12% very short, 47% short, 41% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 4% very poor, 7% poor, 19% fair, 46% good and 24% excellent. Corn dented was 97%, near 99% last year and equal to the five-year average. Mature was 71%, behind 78% last year but ahead of 66% average. Harvested was 13%, equal to last year and near 10% average.

Soybean condition rated 3% very poor, 6% poor, 20% fair, 49% good and 22% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 87%, near 91% last year but ahead of 81% average. Harvested was 17%, behind 26% last year but near 15% average.

Winter wheat planted was 61%, near 57% last year and 62% average. Emerged was 20%, ahead of 13% last year but near 22% average.

Sorghum condition rated 8% very poor, 16% poor, 29% fair, 34% good and 13% excellent. Sorghum mature was 62%, behind 68% last year but ahead of 55% average. Harvested was 11%, ahead of 6% last year and near 9% average.

Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 89%, near 90% last year. Harvested was 63%, behind 73% last year.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 12% very poor, 15% poor, 56% fair, 15% good and 2% excellent.