Oct. 4: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Crop News

South Dakota

For the week ending Oct. 3, there were 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 23% very short, 39% short, 37% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 34% very short, 37% short, 29% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 13% very poor, 28% poor, 35% fair, 23% good and 1% excellent. Corn mature was 87%, near 89% last year, but ahead of 69% for the five-year average. Harvested was 18%, near 19% last year, but ahead of 10% average.

Soybean condition rated 9% very poor, 29% poor, 38% fair, 23% good and 1% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 96%, near 95% last year, and ahead of 89% average. Harvested was 40%, behind 56% last year but ahead of 28% average.

Winter wheat planted was 77%, ahead of 68% last year and 67% average. Emerged was 27%, behind 35% last year and 32% average.

Sorghum condition rated 11% very poor, 32% poor, 35% fair, 22% good and 0% excellent. Sorghum mature was 86%, near 89% last year but well ahead of 57% average. Harvested was 36%, ahead of 31% last year and well ahead of 15% average.

Sunflowers harvested was 8%, near 5% last year and ahead of 3% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 40% very poor, 38% poor, 17% fair, 5% good and 0% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending Oct. 3, there were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 35% very short, 37% short, 27% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 47% very short, 30% short, 22% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Soybean condition rated 16% very poor, 30% poor, 38% fair, 16% good and 0% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 97%, near 93% last year and 94% for the five-year average. Harvested was 48%, behind 55% last year but ahead of 34% average.

Winter wheat planted was 84%, equal to last year and ahead of 73% average. Emerged was 44%, behind 53% last year but near 41% average.

Corn condition rated 17% very poor, 28% poor, 38% fair, 17% good and 0% excellent. Corn mature was 82%, ahead of 75% last year and 63% average. Harvested was 18%, ahead of 10% last year and 5% average.

Canola harvested was 96%, near 95% last year and ahead of 91% average.

Sugar beet condition rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 27% fair, 50% good and 17% excellent. Sugar beets harvested was 15%, well behind 50% last year and behind 32% average.

Sunflower condition rated 10% very poor, 31% poor, 38% fair, 20% good and 1% excellent. Sunflowers bracts turned yellow was 95%, near 93% last year and 92% average. Bracts turned brown was 76%, near 77% last year but ahead of 70% average. Harvested was 4%, behind 15% last year and near 6% average.

Potatoes vines dry was 93%, behind 99% last year and near 96% average. Harvested was 61%, well behind 81% last year but near 60% average.

Dry edible beans harvested was 83%, behind 88% last year but ahead of 73% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 50% very poor, 28% poor, 19% fair, 3% good and 0% excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 53% very short, 32% short, 15% adequate and 0% surplus.

Minnesota

According to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service, scattered rainfall allowed 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Oct. 3.

Harvesting crops was the week’s primary activity. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 7% very short, 24% short, 67% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 15% very short, 37% short, 47% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Ninety percent of the corn crop was mature, two days behind last year but eleven days ahead of the 5-year average. Corn harvested for grain reached 20%, three days ahead of last year and 11 days ahead of the average. Moisture content of field corn being harvested for grain was at 21%. Corn silage harvested neared completion at 97%. Corn condition rated 39% good to excellent.

Soybeans dropping leaves reached 97%, five days ahead of last year and 10 days ahead of the five-year average. Soybeans harvested reached 62%, two days ahead of last year and two weeks ahead of the average. Soybean condition rated 36% good to excellent.

Dry beans harvest was 86% complete.

Potatoes were 73% harvested.

Sunflowers reached 16% harvested. Sunflower condition rated 40% good to excellent.

Sugar beets reached 14% harvested. Sugar beets condition rated 74% good to excellent.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition was 22% very poor, 29% poor, 37% fair, 12% good and 0% excellent. No reports of livestock concerns were received.

Iowa

Harvest made good progress even with variable precipitation late in the week, allowing Iowa’s farmers 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Oct. 3, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Field activities included harvesting hay, soybeans and corn. Topsoil moisture levels rated 13% very short, 32% short, 53% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 17% very short, 36% short, 46% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crop report: Eighty-seven percent of the corn crop has reached maturity, six days ahead of normal. Corn harvest for grain reached 19% statewide, eight days ahead of the five-year average. Moisture content of field corn being harvested for grain fell to 20%. Iowa’s corn condition rated 60% good to excellent.

Soybeans dropping leaves or beyond reached 92%, eight days ahead of normal. Producers harvested over 20% of Iowa’s soybean crop during the week ending Oct. 3, with the total harvested reaching 40%, 10 days ahead of the five-year average. Farmers in central and east central Iowa have now harvested half of their soybean crop. Soybean condition was rated 64% good to excellent.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition rated 27% good to excellent. Spotty precipitation helped keep some pastures green for cattle to continue grazing, but water for livestock continues to be an issue.

Nebraska

For the week ending Oct. 3, there were 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 7% very short, 36% short, 55% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 12% very short, 41% short, 45% adequate and 2% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 5% very poor, 8% poor, 19% fair, 42% good and 26% excellent. Corn mature was 85%, near 89% last year but ahead of 80% for the five-year average. Harvested was 21%, near 20% last year and ahead of 16% average.

Soybean condition rated 2% very poor, 6% poor, 20% fair, 49% good and 23% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 95%, near 96% last year and 91% average. Harvested was 34%, behind 51% last year but ahead of 28% average.

Winter wheat planted was 82%, ahead of 77% last year and near 79% average. Emerged was 44%, ahead of 30% last year and near 43% average.

Sorghum condition rated 9% very poor, 15% poor, 28% fair, 34% good and 14% excellent. Sorghum mature was 84%, near 85% last year but ahead of 76% average. Harvested was 21%, ahead of 16% both last year and average.

Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 95%, near 96% last year. Harvested was 72%, behind 81% last year.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 14% very poor, 16% poor, 52% fair, 17% good and 1% excellent.