Oct. 18: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Crop News

South Dakota

For the week ending Oct. 17, there were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 20% very short, 31% short, 44% adequate and 5% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 30% very short, 27% short, 38% adequate and 5% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 13% very poor, 29% poor, 37% fair, 20% good and 1% excellent. Corn mature was 96%, near 98% last year but ahead of 89% for the 5-year average. Harvested was 51%, behind 60% last year but well ahead of 27% average.

Soybeans harvested was 86%, near 89% last year but well ahead of 57% average.

Winter wheat planted was 95%, near 96% last year and 92% average. Emerged was 51%, behind 68% last year and 69% average.

Sorghum harvested was 72%, behind 80% last year but well ahead of 39% average.

Sunflowers harvested was 35%, ahead of 25% last year and 19% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 44% very poor, 35% poor, 18% fair, 3% good and 0% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending Oct. 17, there were 3.4 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 22% very short, 29% short, 44% adequate and 5% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 29% very short, 32% short, 38% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Soybeans harvested was 81%, behind 91% last year but ahead of 63% for the five-year average.

Winter wheat condition rated 10% very poor, 22% poor, 58% fair, 9% good and 1% excellent. Winter wheat planted was 97%, near 94% last year and ahead of 89% average. Emerged was 82%, near 81% last year and ahead of 71% average.

Corn condition rated 15% very poor, 31% poor, 39% fair, 14% good and 1% excellent. Corn mature was 97%, near 96% last year and ahead of 85% average. Harvested was 42%, behind 51% last year but well ahead of 21% average.

Sugar beet condition rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 27% fair, 50% good and 17% excellent. Sugar beets harvested was 31%, well behind 96% last year and 74% average.

Sunflower condition rated 9% very poor, 34% poor, 37% fair, 18% good and 2% excellent. Sunflowers bracts turned brown was 94%, equal to last year and near 92% average. Harvested was 20%, well behind 41% last year and near 22% average.

Potatoes harvested was 78%, well behind 98% last year and behind 84% average.

Dry edible beans harvested was 91%, behind 99% last year but near 87% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 53% very poor, 27% poor, 16% fair, 4% good and 0% excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 40% very short, 37% short, 23% adequate and 0% surplus.

Minnesota

According to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service, scattered storms gave farmers 4.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Oct. 17.

Field activities for the week included combining, tilling and manure applications.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 3% very short, 17% short, 74% adequate and 6% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 9% very short, 32% short, 57% adequate and 2% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn harvested for grain reached 53%, two days behind last year but 11 days ahead of the average. Corn moisture content of grain at harvest averaged 18%. Corn condition rated 37% good to excellent.

Soybeans harvested reached 91%, three days behind last year but two weeks ahead of the average. Dry beans harvest was 97% complete.

Potatoes were 92% harvested.

Sunflowers reached 40% harvested. Sunflower condition rated 47% good to excellent.

Sugar beets reached 38% harvested. Sugar beets condition rated 74% good to excellent.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition was 14% very poor, 23% poor, 39% fair, 19% good and 5% excellent. No reports of livestock losses were received.

Iowa

Despite measurable precipitation across Iowa, harvest continued as farmers had 4.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Oct. 17,  according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Field activities continued to include harvesting soybeans and corn, fall tillage and applying fertilizer.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 8% very short, 34% short, 57% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 16% very short, 38% short, 46% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Virtually all of Iowa’s corn crop has reached maturity.

Forty-three percent of corn for grain has been harvested, one week ahead of the five-year average. Moisture content of field corn being harvested for grain was 18%. Iowa’s corn condition rated 63% good to excellent.

Despite the rain showers, soybean harvest reached 70%, one week ahead of the five-year average. Producers in south central Iowa have over half their soybean crop remaining to be harvested while producers in all other districts have at least 52% already harvested.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition rated 30% good to excellent. No unusual conditions for livestock were reported.

Nebraska

For the week ending Oct. 17, there were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 8% very short, 32% short, 59% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 12% very short, 41% short, 46% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 5% very poor, 7% poor, 19% fair, 40% good and 29% excellent. Corn mature was 95%, near 98% last year and equal to the five-year average. Harvested was 41%, behind 55% last year but ahead of 33% average.

Soybeans harvested was 76%, behind 91% last year but ahead of 58% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 2% very poor, 9% poor, 26% fair, 51% good and 12% excellent. Winter wheat planted was 93%, equal to last year and near 94% average. Emerged was 76%, ahead of 70% last year but near 77% average.

Sorghum condition rated 9% very poor, 14% poor, 25% fair, 32% good and 20% excellent. Sorghum mature was 94%, near 98% last year and 95% average. Harvested was 58%, near 56% last year and well ahead of 38% average.

Dry edible beans harvested was 89%, behind 95% last year.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 13% very poor, 17% poor, 55% fair, 14% good and 1% excellent.