Oct. 25: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Crop News

South Dakota

For the week ending Oct. 24, there were 4.4 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 18% very short, 29% short, 48% adequate and 5% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 24% very short, 36% short, 37% adequate and 3% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn harvested was 64%, behind 77% last year, but well ahead of 39% for the five-year average.

Soybeans harvested was 93%, near 94% last year but ahead of 75% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 18% very poor, 29% poor, 22% fair, 29% good and 2% excellent. Winter wheat emerged was 69%, behind 79% last year and 81% average.

Sorghum harvested was 79%, behind 86% last year but well ahead of 49% average.

Sunflowers harvested was 42%, ahead of 37% last year and 31% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 42% very poor, 36% poor, 17% fair, 5% good and 0% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending Oct. 24, there were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 18% very short, 26% short, 52% adequate and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 33% very short, 31% short, 34% adequate and 2% surplus.

Field crops report: Soybeans harvested was 91%, behind 96% last year but ahead of 74% for the five-year average.

Winter wheat condition rated 15% very poor, 31% poor, 36% fair, 17% good and 1% excellent. Winter wheat emerged was 90%, equal to last year and ahead of 83% average.

Corn condition rated 17% very poor, 30% poor, 37% fair, 16% good and 0% excellent. Corn harvested was 55%, behind 70% last year but well ahead of 33% average.

Sugar beet condition rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 27% fair, 50% good and 17% excellent. Sugar beets harvested was 68%, well behind 99% last year and behind 85% average.

Sunflower condition rated 8% very poor, 36% poor, 33% fair, 21% good and 2% excellent. Sunflowers bracts turned brown was 98%, near 97% both last year and average. Harvested was 37%, behind 56% last year but near 36% average.

Potatoes harvested was 90%, behind 100% last year and equal to average.

Dry edible beans harvested was 93%, behind 100% last year but near 91% average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 47% very poor, 26% poor, 22% fair, 5% good and 0% excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 38% very short, 41% short, 21% adequate and 0% surplus.

Minnesota

Field conditions allowed for the rapid harvest of crops according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Oct. 24.

Field activities for the week included combining, tilling and manure applications.

Topsoil moisture supplies were down slightly to 5% very short, 16% short, 73% adequate and 6% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 8% very short, 30% short, 60% adequate and 2% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn harvested for grain reached 70%, one day behind last year but 11 days ahead of the average. Corn moisture content of grain at harvest averaged 18%.

Soybean harvest was nearly finished at 95% complete, one week behind last year but 12 days ahead of the average.

Potatoes were also nearly harvested at 96% complete.

Sunflowers reached 70% harvested. The final sunflower condition of the season rated 44% good to excellent.

Sugar beets advanced to 68% harvested, 17 days behind last year and 8 days behind average. The final sugar beet condition rating of the season remained at 74% good to excellent.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition declined to 16% very poor, 24% poor, 39% fair, 18% good and 3% excellent.

Iowa

Harvest was in full swing across Iowa until precipitation slowed progress over the weekend and limited farmers to 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Oct. 24, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Field activities continued to include harvesting soybeans and corn, fall tillage and applying fertilizer.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 7% very short, 23% short, 63% adequate and 7% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 14% very short, 31% short, 53% adequate and 2% surplus.

Field crops report: Sixty percent of Iowa’s corn for grain has been harvested, one week ahead of the five-year average. Producers across much of the state have approximately two-thirds of their corn crop harvested, while producers in northeast and south central Iowa have more than half remaining to be harvested.

Moisture content of field corn being harvested for grain was 18%, unchanged from last week.

Soybean harvest reached 83%, six days ahead of the five-year average. Although soybean harvest in the southern one-third of the state is still lagging behind, farmers in each of the southern districts harvested 18% or more of their soybean crop during the week ending Oct. 24.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition rated 32% good to excellent. Livestock were reported to be in good condition with some cattle grazing on stalks. Muddy feedlots may be an issue following rain over the weekend.

Nebraska

For the week ending Oct. 24, there were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 8% very short, 32% short, 58% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 12% very short, 41% short, 45% adequate and 2% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 4% very poor, 7% poor, 18% fair, 44% good and 27% excellent. Corn harvested was 60%, behind 73% last year, but ahead of 47% for the five-year average.

Soybeans harvested was 88%, behind 96% last year but ahead of 77% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 2% very poor, 9% poor, 30% fair, 51% good and 8% excellent. Winter wheat planted was 97%, equal to both last year and average. Emerged was 84%, near 82% last year and 86% average.

Sorghum mature was 96%, near 98% both last year and average. Harvested was 72%, behind 79% last year but ahead of 54% average.

Dry edible beans harvested was 92%, near 96% last year.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 12% very poor, 19% poor, 53% fair, 15% good and 1% excellent.