Nov. 1: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Crop News

South Dakota

For the week ending October 31, 2021, there were 4.0 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 8% very short, 24% short, 62% adequate, and 6% surplus.

Subsoil moisture supplies rated 12% very short, 35% short, 49% adequate, and 4% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn harvested was 71%, behind 84% last year, but ahead of 52% for the five-year average.

Soybeans harvested was 95%, near 97% last year, but ahead of 89% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 6% very poor, 25% poor, 37% fair, 30% good, and 2% excellent. Winter wheat emerged was 93%, ahead of 83% last year and 87% average.

Sorghum harvested was 84%, behind 89% last year, but well ahead of 64% average.

Sunflowers harvested was 52%, near 48% last year, and ahead of 46% average.

Oct. 25: Crop progress and pasture conditions Pasture and range conditions rated 29% very poor, 37% poor, 24% fair, 10% good, and 0% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending October 31, 2021, there were 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 15% very short, 27% short, 55% adequate, and 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 31% very short, 33% short, 34% adequate, and 2% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybeans harvested was 95%, behind 100% last year, but ahead of 84% for the five-year average.

Winter wheat condition rated 7% very poor, 25% poor, 44% fair, 23% good, and 1% excellent. Winter wheat emerged was 94%, equal to last year, and ahead of 89% average.

Corn harvested was 69%, behind 82% last year, but well ahead of 46% average.

Sugarbeets harvested was 96%, near 99% last year, but ahead of 91% average.

Sunflower condition rated 9% very poor, 28% poor, 39% fair, 22% good, and 2% excellent. Sunflowers harvested was 52%, behind 67% last year, and equal to average.

Potatoes harvested was 96%, near 100% last year and 93% average.

Dry edible beans harvested was 95%, behind 100% last year, but near 93% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 50% very poor, 27% poor, 17% fair, 6% good, and 0% excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 34% very short, 41% short, 25% adequate, and 0% surplus

Minnesota

Harvest continued despite wet field conditions during the week ending October 31, 2021 according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork, the fewest number of days since the week ending September 5, 2021. Field activities for the week included lifting sugarbeets, combining, tilling, and manure applications.

Topsoil moisture supplies increased to 4% very short, 16% short, 71% adequate and 9 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies increased slightly to 8 percent very short, 28% short, 60% adequate and 4% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn harvested for grain reached 83%, one day ahead of last year and 11 days ahead of the 5-year average. Average corn moisture content of grain at harvest remained at 18%.

The soybean harvest was nearly finished at 98%, twelve days ahead of the average.

Sunflower harvest was almost finished at 95% complete, 5 days behind last year.

Sugarbeets advanced to 93% harvested, 4 days ahead of average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition was rated 14% very poor, 25% poor, 40% fair, 20% good and 1% excellent.

Iowa

Widespread precipitation slowed or halted harvest across much of Iowa and limited farmers to just 2.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending October 31, 2021, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Field activities, when possible, included harvesting and fall tillage.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 2% very short, 12% short, 73% adequate and 13% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 8% very short, 27% short, 60% adequate and 5% surplus. The week’s precipitation helped replenish soil moisture. Eighty-six percent of the State’s topsoil moisture was rated adequate to surplus; the highest percentage of the season.

Field crops report: Seventy percent of Iowa’s corn for grain has been harvested, four days ahead of the five-year average. There were scattered reports of downed corn due to strong winds.

Moisture content of field corn being harvested for grain was 17%. Only farmers in south central Iowa have more than half of their corn for grain crop remaining to be harvested.

Soybean harvest reached 88%, two days ahead of the five-year average. There were several reports of soybeans lodging due to the damp weather. Soybean harvest in the southern one-third of the State continued to lag behind, but farmers in those districts have now harvested close to three-quarters or more of their soybean crop.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition rated 31% good to excellent. No issues with livestock were reported this week.

Nebraska

For the week ending October 31, 2021, there were 4.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 7% very short, 26% short, 62% adequate, and 5% surplus.

Subsoil moisture supplies rated 11% very short, 37% short, 48% adequate, and 4% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn harvested was 72%, behind 85% last year, but ahead of 63% for the five-year average.

Soybeans harvested was 91%, behind 100% last year, and equal to average.

Winter wheat condition rated 3% very poor, 10% poor, 31% fair, 48% good, and 8% excellent. Winter wheat emerged was 90%, near 88% last year and 92% average.

Sorghum harvested was 78%, behind 91% last year, but ahead of 68% average.

Dry edible beans harvested was 96%.

Pasture and Range Report: : Pasture and range conditions rated 13% very poor, 21% poor, 50% fair, 15% good, and 1% excellent.