May 9: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Crop News

South Dakota

For the week ending May 8, 2022, there were 3.9 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 10% very short, 28% short, 50% adequate, and 12% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 13% very short, 34% short, 48% adequate, and 5% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn planted was 11%, well behind 60% last year and 32% for the fiveyear average.

Soybeans planted was 5%, well behind 29% last year, and behind 12% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 3% very poor, 18% poor, 49% fair, 29% good, and 1% excellent.

Spring wheat planted was 63%, well behind 90% last year, and behind 69% average. Emerged was 28%, well behind 58% last year, and behind 36% average.

Oats planted was 63%, well behind 87% last year, and behind 69% average. Emerged was 35%, behind 53% last year and 40% average.

Sorghum planted was 6%, near 3% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 15% very poor, 41% poor, 35% fair, 9% good, and 0% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending May 8, 2022, there were 2.3 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 4% very short, 16% short, 54% adequate, and 26% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 10% very short, 19% short, 50% adequate, and 21% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Spring wheat planted was 8%, well behind 63% last year and 37% for the five-year average.

Durum wheat planted was 3%, well behind 37% last year and 23% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 3% very poor, 6% poor, 32% fair, 56% good, and 3% excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 30%, equal to last year, and ahead of 17% average.

Corn planted was 1%, well behind 33% last year, and behind 18% average.

Canola planted was 2%, behind 18% last year and 14% average. Sugarbeets planted was 2%, well behind 91% last year and 62% average.

Oats planted was 11%, well behind 47% last year and 32% average.

Barley planted was 6%, well behind 60% last year and 33% average.

Dry edible peas planted was 4%, well behind 43% last year and 32% average.

Flaxseed planted was 3%, behind 14% last year and 10% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 11% very poor, 34% poor, 35% fair, 19% good, and 1% excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 6% very short, 19% short, 65% adequate, and 10% surplus.

Nebraska

For the week ending May 8, 2022, there were 2.3 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 13% very short, 23% short, 62% adequate, and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 24% very short, 35% short, 40% adequate, and 1% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn planted was 39%, well behind 67% last year, and behind 57% for the five-year average. Emerged was 4%, behind 11% last year and 12% average.

Soybeans planted was 28%, behind 43% last year, and near 29% average. Emerged was 1%, near 3% last year and 2% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 14% very poor, 17% poor, 36% fair, 29% good, and 4% excellent.

Sorghum planted was 2%, near 5% last year, and behind 7% average.

Oats planted was 90%, behind 96% last year, but near 88% average. Emerged was 62%, behind 79% last year, and near 63% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 35% very poor, 28% poor, 24% fair, 12% good, and 1% excellent.

Minnesota

Some warmer and drier weather yielded 2.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 8, 2022, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 4 percent short, 69 percent adequate, and 26 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 2 percent very short, 13 percent short, 69 percent adequate, and 16 percent surplus.

Corn planting reached 9 percent complete, compared to 48 percent last year and the 5-year average of 81 percent.

Soybean planting was 2 percent complete, compared to 59 percent last year and the 5-year average of 25 percent.

Statewide, planting progress for spring wheat is at 2 percent, oats at 23 percent, barley at 5 percent, and potatoes and sugarbeets at 8 percent.

All hay condition was rated at 12 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 46 percent good, and 6 percent excellent.

Pasture condition was rated at 21 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 28 percent good, and 3 percent excellent.

Iowa

The week began with rain and colder than normal temperatures, but Iowa farmers found the end of the week fair enough to resume planting row crops with 1.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 8, 2022, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Fieldwork activities also included spraying, when windy conditions allowed, and spreading manure.

Topsoil moisture condition rated 1 percent very short, 9 percent short, 73 percent adequate and 17 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture condition rated 4 percent very short, 19 percent short, 67 percent adequate and 10 percent surplus.

Farmers made little progress last week, with just 14 percent of Iowa’s expected corn crop planted, at least two weeks behind both last year and the 5-year average.

Seven percent of soybeans have been planted, 12 days behind last year and 11 days behind average.

Seventy-two percent of the expected oat crop has been planted, 17 days behind last year and 11 days behind the 5-year average. Thirty-two percent of the oat crop has emerged, 12 days behind last year and 8 days behind normal.

The first hay condition rating of the season was 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 51 percent good and 7 percent excellent.

Pasture condition rated 43 percent good to excellent. Pasture and hay growth improved with slightly warmer temperatures.

Livestock conditions were good, with calves growing well despite muddy feedlots and pastures.