May 15: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Crop News

South Dakota

For the week ending May 15, 2022, there were 4.0 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 8% very short, 20% short, 56% adequate, and 16% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 12% very short, 28% short, 54% adequate, and 6% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn planted was 31%, well behind 83% last year and 54% for the fiveyear average. Emerged was 1%, behind 17% last year and 12% average.

Soybeans planted was 15%, well behind 61% last year, and behind 28% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 3% very poor, 21% poor, 52% fair, 23% good, and 1% excellent.

Spring wheat planted was 78%, behind 96% last year and 84% average. Emerged was 43%, well behind 74% last year, and behind 53% average.

Oats planted was 74%, well behind 95% last year, and behind 83% average. Emerged was 40%, well behind 68% last year, and behind 58% average.

Sorghum planted was 11%, near 9% last year and 10% average. Sunflowers planted was 1%, equal to last year, and near 2% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 17% very poor, 27% poor, 41% fair, 15% good, and 0% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending May 15, 2022, there were 1.9 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0% very short, 6% short, 61% adequate, and 33% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4% very short, 10% short, 63% adequate, and 23% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybeans planted was 2%, well behind 48% last year and 24% for the fiveyear average.

Spring wheat planted was 17%, well behind 81% last year and 60% average. Emerged was 2%, well behind 34% last year, and behind 20% average.

Durum wheat planted was 9%, well behind 54% last year and 45% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 4% very poor, 6% poor, 26% fair, 52% good, and 12% excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 43%, behind 53% last year, but ahead of 31% average.

Corn planted was 4%, well behind 59% last year and 41% average.

Canola planted was 6%, well behind 35% last year and 33% average.

Sugarbeets planted was 9%, well behind 98% last year and 84% average.

Oats planted was 21%, well behind 71% last year and 54% average. Emerged was 2%, well behind 28% last year, and behind 18% average.

Barley planted was 11%, well behind 79% last year and 58% average. Emerged was 3%, well behind 32% last year, and behind 18% average.

Dry edible peas planted was 13%, well behind 63% last year and 56% average. Emerged was 3%, behind 19% last year and 14% average.

Flaxseed planted was 5%, well behind 30% last year and 25% average.

Potatoes planted was 3%, well behind 58% last year and 44% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 3% very poor, 25% poor, 38% fair, 27% good, and 7% excellent.

Nebraska

For the week ending May 15, 2022, there were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 10% very short, 27% short, 62% adequate, and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 18% very short, 42% short, 40% adequate, and 0% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn planted was 62%, well behind 84% last year, and behind 77% for the five-year average. Emerged was 19%, behind 31% last year and 32% average.

Soybeans planted was 44%, well behind 68% last year, and behind 51% average. Emerged was 8%, behind 14% last year, and near 11% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 13% very poor, 18% poor, 41% fair, 26% good, and 2% excellent. Winter wheat headed was 10%, near 7% last year and 11% average.

Sorghum planted was 4%, behind 15% last year and 17% average.

Oats condition rated 10% very poor, 21% poor, 25% fair, 41% good, and 3% excellent. Oats planted was 94%, behind 99% last year, but near 93% average. Emerged was 72%, behind 88% last year and 79% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 17% very poor, 24% poor, 46% fair, 13% good, and 0% excellent.

Minnesota

Storms and heavy rainfall limited farmers to 2.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 15, 2022, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 64 percent adequate, and 35 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 9 percent short, 64 percent adequate, and 27 percent surplus.

Corn planting reached 35 percent complete, compared to 94 percent last year and the 5-year average of 72 percent.

Soybean planting was 11 percent complete, compared to 85 percent last year and the 5- year average of 47 percent.

Planting progress for spring wheat is at 5 percent, oats at 44 percent, barley at 16 percent, dry edible beans at 1 percent, potatoes at 36 percent, and sugarbeets at 8 percent.

All hay condition was rated at 8 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 43 percent good, and 7 percent excellent. Pasture condition was rated at 13 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 35 percent good, and 5 percent excellent.

Iowa

Significantly drier and warmer weather allowed Iowa’s farmers 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 15, 2022, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Fieldwork activities included spraying and planting.

Topsoil moisture condition rated 1 percent very short, 11 percent short, 81 percent adequate and 7 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture condition rated 4 percent very short, 20 percent short, 70 percent adequate and 6 percent surplus.

Farmers planted 43 percent of Iowa’s expected corn crop during the week ending May 15, 2022, to reach 57 percent planted, 2 weeks behind last year and 9 days behind the 5-year average. Eight percent of the corn crop has emerged, 11 days behind last year and 9 days behind average.

Thirty-four percent of soybeans have been planted, just over 2 weeks behind last year and 1 week behind the 5-year average. Just 3 percent of soybeans have emerged, 10 days behind the previous year and 6 days behind average.

Eighty-nine percent of the expected oat crop has been planted, 16 days behind last year and 10 days behind the 5-year average. Fifty-eight percent of the oat crop has emerged, 11 days behind last year and 1 week behind average.

Hay and pasture growth improved greatly with above normal temperatures. Iowa’s hay condition rating improved to 68 percent good to excellent. Some farmers have begun their first cutting of alfalfa. Pasture condition improved to 53 percent good to excellent. Livestock conditions were good as they were turned out from muddy feedlots to pasture, although feed stocks were low.