May 22: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Crop News

South Dakota

For the week ending May 22, 2022, there were 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 6% very short, 24% short, 55% adequate, and 15% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 8% very short, 29% short, 53% adequate, and 10% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn planted was 62%, well behind 92% last year, and behind 71% for the five-year average. Emerged was 11%, well behind 50% last year and 33% average.

Soybeans planted was 34%, well behind 81% last year, and behind 47% average. Emerged was 4%, well behind 25% last year, and behind 12% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 4% very poor, 20% poor, 46% fair, 29% good, and 1% excellent. Winter wheat headed was 1%, behind 8% last year and 6% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 1% very poor, 16% poor, 26% fair, 55% good, and 2% excellent.

Spring wheat planted was 94%, behind 99% last year, but near 92% average. Emerged was 69%, behind 85% last year, and near 71% average.

Oats condition rated 1% very poor, 17% poor, 55% fair, 26% good, and 1% excellent.

Oats planted was 88%, behind 98% last year, and near 91% average. Emerged was 57%, well behind 82% last year, and behind 75% average.

Sorghum planted was 21%, behind 35% last year, and near 23% average.

Sunflowers planted was 6%, behind 16% last year and 11% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 17% very poor, 28% poor, 41% fair, 13% good, and 1% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending May 22, 2022, there were 3.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0% very short, 5% short, 62% adequate, and 33% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 3% very short, 9% short, 64% adequate, and 24% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybeans planted was 7%, well behind 72% last year and 47% for the fiveyear average.

Spring wheat planted was 27%, well behind 93% last year and 80% average. Emerged was 9%, well behind 55% last year and 42% average.

Durum wheat planted was 17%, well behind 75% last year and 69% average. Emerged was 4%, well behind 32% last year and 27% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 5% very poor, 7% poor, 23% fair, 52% good, and 13% excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 51%, behind 66% last year, but near 48% average.

Corn planted was 20%, well behind 81% last year and 66% average. Emerged was 1%, well behind 36% last year and 21% average.

Canola planted was 13%, well behind 56% last year and 59% average. Emerged was 2%, behind 16% both last year and average.

Sugarbeets planted was 23%, well behind 100% last year and 96% average.

Oats condition rated 1% very poor, 2% poor, 39% fair, 57% good, and 1% excellent.

Oats planted was 36%, well behind 86% last year and 75% average. Emerged was 11%, well behind 49% last year and 36% average.

Barley planted was 26%, well behind 91% last year and 79% average. Emerged was 7%, well behind 52% last year and 40% average.

Dry edible peas planted was 27%, well behind 80% last year and 77% average. Emerged was 8%, well behind 40% last year and 32% average.

Sunflowers planted was 3%, well behind 27% last year, and behind 21% average.

Flaxseed planted was 9%, well behind 61% last year and 53% average.

Potatoes planted was 12%, well behind 77% last year and 67% average.

Dry edible beans planted was 5%, well behind 42% last year and 35% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2% very poor, 22% poor, 36% fair, 31% good, and 9% excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1% very short, 9% short, 79% adequate, and 11% surplus.

Nebraska

For the week ending May 22, 2022, there were 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 12% very short, 31% short, 55% adequate, and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 19% very short, 40% short, 40% adequate, and 1% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn planted was 85%, behind 94% last year, and near 88% for the fiveyear average. Emerged was 48%, behind 58% last year and 56% average.

Soybeans planted was 72%, behind 83% last year, but near 69% average. Emerged was 27%, behind 40% last year, and near 30% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 20% very poor, 21% poor, 28% fair, 25% good, and 6% excellent. Winter wheat headed was 27%, near 25% last year, and equal to average.

Sorghum planted was 24%, near 26% last year, and behind 31% average.

Oats condition rated 10% very poor, 13% poor, 27% fair, 48% good, and 2% excellent.

Oats planted was 96%, near 100% last year, and equal to average. Emerged was 87%, behind 93% last year, and near 88% average.

Dry edible beans planted was 9%, near 10% last year and 5% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 16% very poor, 23% poor, 34% fair, 26% good, and 1% excellent.

Minnesota

Moderate weather conditions allowed farmers 3.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 22, 2022, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. An excess of moisture in the ground continued to delay fieldwork in many locations.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 60 percent adequate, and 38 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 5 percent short, 64 percent adequate, and 31 percent surplus.

Corn planting reached 60 percent complete, 20 days behind last year and 10 days behind the 5-year average. Corn emergence reached 24 percent.

Soybean planting was 32 percent complete, 18 days behind last year and 11 days behind the 5-year average. Soybean emergence reached 7 percent.

Planting progress for spring wheat is at 11 percent, oats at 59 percent, barley at 23 percent, dry edible beans at 2 percent, potatoes at 57 percent, and sugarbeets at 27 percent.

Alfalfa hay first cutting is at 1 percent. All hay condition was rated at 6 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 47 percent good, and 9 percent excellent.

Pasture condition was rated at 7 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 40 percent good, and 7 percent excellent.

Iowa

Weather conditions allowed farmers to gain ground on spring planting with 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 22, 2022, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Fieldwork activities included planting and spraying when winds allowed.

Topsoil moisture condition rated 3 percent very short, 17 percent short, 76 percent adequate and 4 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture condition rated 5 percent very short, 22 percent short, 69 percent adequate and 4 percent surplus.

Farmers made good progress last week with 86 percent of Iowa’s expected corn crop planted, 13 days behind last year and 3 days behind the 5-year average.

Forty-seven percent of the corn crop has emerged, 1 week behind last year and 3 days behind average.

Sixty-nine percent of soybeans have been planted, 12 days behind last year but 1 day ahead of the 5-year average.

Eighteen percent of soybeans have emerged, 8 days behind last year and 4 days behind average.

Ninety-six percent of the expected oat crop has been planted with 82 percent emerged, 9 days behind last year and 5 days behind the 5-year average. Four percent of the oat crop has headed, 3 days behind last year but 2 days ahead of average.

Iowa’s first oat condition rating for 2022 was 0 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 23 percent fair, 60 percent good and 15 percent excellent.

Five percent of the State’s first cutting of alfalfa hay has been completed.

Hay condition improved to 71 percent good to excellent.

Pasture condition rose to 59 percent good to excellent. Livestock conditions were good with most cattle now on pastures.