July 10: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Crop News

South Dakota

For the week ending July 10, 2022, there were 4.4 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 4% very short, 19% short, 61% adequate, and 16% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 6% very short, 21% short, 60% adequate, and 13% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 21% fair, 56% good, and 18% excellent.

Soybean condition rated 2% very poor, 4% poor, 25% fair, 62% good, and 7% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 18%, behind 32% for both last year and the five-year average.

Winter wheat condition rated 3% very poor, 23% poor, 34% fair, 30% good, and 10% excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 10%, near 14% last year and 9% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 2% very poor, 12% poor, 20% fair, 58% good, and 8% excellent. Spring wheat headed was 81%, behind 93% last year and 89% average.

Oats condition rated 2% very poor, 12% poor, 21% fair, 59% good, and 6% excellent. Oats headed was 88%, behind 97% last year, and near 90% average.

Sorghum condition rated 2% very poor, 8% poor, 28% fair, 61% good, and 1% excellent. Sorghum headed was 11%, behind 16% last year, but near 9% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 6% very poor, 20% poor, 31% fair, 36% good, and 7% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending July 10, 2022, there were 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1% very short, 7% short, 79% adequate, and 13% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0% very short, 5% short, 81% adequate, and 14% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 0% very poor, 2% poor, 29% fair, 63% good, and 6% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 22%, behind 30% last year and 28% for the five-year average.

Spring wheat condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 17% fair, 73% good, and 9% excellent. Spring wheat jointed was 79%, behind 95% last year and 96% average. Headed was 38%, well behind 82% last year and 77% average.

Durum wheat condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 10% fair, 86% good, and 3% excellent. Durum wheat jointed was 75%, behind 90% last year and 94% average. Headed was 30%, well behind 66% last year and 65% average. Coloring was 2%, behind 11% last year and 7% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 2% very poor, 4% poor, 13% fair, 67% good, and 14% excellent. Winter wheat headed was 93%, ahead of 88% last year, but near 94% average. Coloring was 28%, well behind 57% last year, and behind 44% average. Mature was 8%, behind 24% last year and 13% average. Harvested was 1%, near 4% last year, and equal to average.

Corn condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 20% fair, 70% good, and 9% excellent. Corn silking was 10%, near 7% last year, and ahead of 5% average.

Canola condition rated 0% very poor, 3% poor, 28% fair, 66% good, and 3% excellent. Canola blooming was 50%, well behind 84% last year and 83% average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 10% very poor, 10% poor, 30% fair, 30% good, and 20% excellent.

Oats condition rated 0% very poor, 0% poor, 12% fair, 81% good, and 7% excellent. Oats jointed was 87%, behind 96% last year and 95% average. Headed was 39%, well behind 75% last year and 72% average.

Barley condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 19% fair, 75% good, and 5% excellent. Barley jointed was 87%, behind 95% last year and 96% average. Headed was 44%, well behind 80% last year and 78% average. Coloring was 1%, behind 13% last year and 10% average. 

Dry edible peas condition rated 0% very poor, 0% poor, 13% fair, 84% good, and 3% excellent. Dry edible peas blooming was 46%, well behind 82% last year and 81% average.

Sunflower condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 15% fair, 77% good, and 7% excellent. Sunflowers emerged was 95%, near 91% last year, and equal to average. Blooming was 1%, near 2% last year and 4% average.

Flaxseed condition rated 0% very poor, 0% poor, 14% fair, 83% good, and 3% excellent. Flaxseed blooming was 20%, well behind 71% last year and 61% average.

Potato condition rated 0% very poor, 5% poor, 46% fair, 47% good, and 2% excellent. Potatoes emerged was 95%, behind 100% both last year and average. Blooming was 12%, well behind 63% last year and 47% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 2% very poor, 4% poor, 37% fair, 53% good, and 4% excellent. Dry edible beans emerged was 95%, behind 100% both last year and average. Blooming was 7%, behind 17% last year and 22% average.

Alfalfa condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 8% fair, 77% good, and 14% excellent. Alfalfa first cutting was 74%, behind 83% last year and 80% average. Second cutting was 2%, near 5% both last year and average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0% very poor, 2% poor, 17% fair, 70% good, and 11% excellent. Stock water supplies rated 0% very short, 4% short, 86% adequate, and 10% surplus.

Nebraska

For the week ending July 10, 2022, there were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 20% very short, 28% short, 49% adequate, and 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 21% very short, 31% short, 47% adequate, and 1% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 4% very poor, 9% poor, 24% fair, 50% good, and 13% excellent. Corn silking was 8%, behind 17% last year and 19% for the five-year average.

Soybean condition rated 4% very poor, 7% poor, 21% fair, 55% good, and 13% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 40%, behind 57% last year and 47% average. Setting pods was 2%, behind 14% last year, and near 6% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 20% very poor, 24% poor, 39% fair, 16% good, and 1% excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 36%, ahead of 21% last year, and near 32% average.

Sorghum condition rated 2% very poor, 16% poor, 27% fair, 48% good, and 7% excellent. Sorghum headed was 6%, near 3% last year and 9% average.

Oats condition rated 14% very poor, 20% poor, 24% fair, 40% good, and 2% excellent.

Dry edible bean condition rated 0% very poor, 4% poor, 35% fair, 61% good, and 0% excellent. Dry edible beans emerged was 97%.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 24% very poor, 25% poor, 32% fair, 18% good, and 1% excellent.

Minnesota

Favorable weather conditions allowed farmers 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 3, 2022, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 3 percent very short, 12 percent short, 75 percent adequate, and 10 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 2 percent very short, 11 percent short, 78 percent adequate, and 9 percent surplus.

Corn condition was 1 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 54 percent good, and 12 percent excellent.

Soybean blooming was at 22 percent, 10 days behind last year and 5 days behind the 5-year average. Soybean condition was 1 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 53 percent good, and 10 percent excellent.

Oats was 94 percent jointing, 58 percent headed, and 11 percent coloring. Oats condition was 1 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 9 percent excellent.

Spring wheat was 90 percent jointing and 34 percent headed. Spring wheat condition was 0 percent very poor, 0 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 63 percent good, and 6 percent excellent.

Barley was 82 percent jointing and 40 percent headed. Barley condition was 0 percent very poor, 1 percent poor, 43 percent fair, 50 percent good, and 6 percent excellent.

Dry edible beans were 21 percent blooming. Dry edible beans condition was 0 percent very poor, 1 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 53 percent good, and 9 percent excellent.

Sunflowers condition was 0 percent very poor, 1 percent poor, 19 percent fair, 74 percent good, and 6 percent excellent.

Alfalfa hay first cutting was at 97 percent and second cutting was at 28 percent.

Potatoes condition was 0 percent very poor, 1 percent poor, 15 percent fair, 67 percent good, and 17 percent excellent.

Sugarbeets condition was 4 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 10 percent good, and 55 percent excellent.

All hay condition was rated at 0 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 20 percent fair, 60 percent good, and 17 percent excellent.

Pasture condition was rated at 1 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 23 percent fair, 56 percent good, and 14 percent excellent.

Iowa

Most of the State received rain along with warmer temperatures, resulting in 4.0 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 10, 2022, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service.

A derecho blew through northern Iowa on Tuesday, causing some crop damage.

Fieldwork included wrapping up the first cutting of alfalfa and working on the second.

Topsoil moisture condition rated 3 percent very short, 19 percent short, 72 percent adequate and 6 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture condition rated 7 percent very short, 22 percent short, 66 percent adequate and 5 percent surplus.

Corn silking was at 7 percent, 4 days behind last year and 5 days behind average. Corn condition rated 81 percent good to excellent.

Thirty-four percent of soybeans were blooming or beyond, 1 week behind last year and 2 days behind average. Three percent of the soybean crop was setting pods, 10 days behind last year and 5 days behind the 5-year average. Iowa’s soybean condition rating was 79 percent good to excellent. Ninety-five percent of the oat crop was headed or beyond, 4 days behind last year.

Forty-eight percent of oats were turning color, 6 days behind last year. Oat harvest for grain has begun at 2 percent, 1 week behind last year. Iowa’s oat condition was 80 percent good to excellent.

Thirty-five percent of the State’s second cutting of alfalfa hay was complete.

All Hay condition rated 70 percent good to excellent.

Pasture condition rated 59 percent good to excellent. Pasture and hay improved with widespread rain.

Livestock were stressed due to above average heat and humidity with reports of pinkeye in cattle.