July 17: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Crop News

South Dakota

For the week ending July 17, 2022, there were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 8% very short, 26% short, 56% adequate, and 10% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 7% very short, 26% short, 60% adequate, and 7% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1% very poor, 8% poor, 23% fair, 57% good, and 11% excellent. Corn silking was 13%, behind 24% last year and 27% for the five-year average.

Soybean condition rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 27% fair, 61% good, and 7% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 30%, behind 49% last year, and well behind 51% average. Setting pods was 4%, near 7% last year, and behind 10% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 2% very poor, 25% poor, 40% fair, 30% good, and 3% excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 25%, behind 31% last year, and near 26% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 2% very poor, 10% poor, 21% fair, 58% good, and 9% excellent. Spring wheat headed was 91%, behind 96% last year, and near 94% average. Harvested was 1%, near 2% average.

Oats condition rated 2% very poor, 16% poor, 23% fair, 53% good, and 6% excellent. Oats headed was 93%, behind 100% last year, and near 95% average. Harvested was 9%, behind 21% last year, and near 11% average.

Sorghum condition rated 2% very poor, 8% poor, 36% fair, 53% good, and 1% excellent. Sorghum headed was 19%, near 23% last year and 16% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 4% very poor, 24% poor, 34% fair, 32% good, and 6% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending July 17, 2022, there were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0% very short, 9% short, 80% adequate, and 11% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0% very short, 7% short, 82% adequate, and 11% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 0% very poor, 4% poor, 33% fair, 57% good, and 6% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 40%, behind 53% last year and 50% for the five-year average. Setting pods was 2%, behind 12% last year and 11% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 0% very poor, 2% poor, 18% fair, 67% good, and 13% excellent. Spring wheat jointed was 92%, behind 99% both last year and average. Headed was 63%, well behind 92% last year and 91% average. Coloring was 6%, well behind 37% last year and 27% average.

Durum wheat condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 15% fair, 79% good, and 5% excellent. Durum wheat jointed was 79%, behind 94% last year and 97% average. Headed was 46%, well behind 78% last year and 85% average. Coloring was 7%, well behind 27% last year, and behind 18% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 2% very poor, 4% poor, 16% fair, 67% good, and 11% excellent. Winter wheat headed was 98%, near 94% last year and 97% average. Coloring was 49%, well behind 72% last year, and behind 68% average. Mature was 17%, well behind 42% last year, and behind 28% average. Harvested was 2%, near 6% last year and 3% average.

Corn condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 24% fair, 64% good, and 11% excellent. Corn silking was 18%, near 20% last year and 19% average.

Canola condition rated 0% very poor, 2% poor, 27% fair, 68% good, and 3% excellent. Canola blooming was 77%, behind 94% both last year and average. Coloring was 8%, behind 13% both last year and average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 5% very poor, 10% poor, 35% fair, 38% good, and 12% excellent.

Oats condition rated 0% very poor, 0% poor, 14% fair, 76% good, and 10% excellent. Oats jointed was 93%, behind 99% last year and 98% average. Headed was 69%, well behind 90% last year, and behind 87% average. Coloring was 3%, well behind 35% last year and 28% average.

Barley condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 22% fair, 70% good, and 7% excellent. Barley jointed was 93%, behind 99% both last year and average. Headed was 71%, behind 90% last year, and well behind 91% average. Coloring was 5%, well behind 35% last year and 33% average.

Dry edible peas condition rated 0% very poor, 0% poor, 15% fair, 79% good, and 6% excellent. Dry edible peas blooming was 55%, well behind 91% both last year and average.

Sunflower condition rated 0% very poor, 0% poor, 14% fair, 80% good, and 6% excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 1%, near 5% last year, and behind 9% average.

Flaxseed condition rated 0% very poor, 0% poor, 14% fair, 81% good, and 5% excellent. Flaxseed blooming was 32%, well behind 89% last year and 82% average.

Potato condition rated 0% very poor, 6% poor, 40% fair, 52% good, and 2% excellent. Potatoes blooming was 61%, behind 75% last year and 71% average. Rows closed was 20%, behind 34% last year and 32% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 36% fair, 55% good, and 3% excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 14%, well behind 39% last year and 50% average. Setting pods was 5%, near 4% last year and 7% average.

Alfalfa condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 13% fair, 72% good, and 14% excellent. Alfalfa first cutting was 90%, near 92% last year, and equal to average. Second cutting was 11%, near 9% last year and 12% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0% very poor, 2% poor, 12% fair, 66% good, and 20% excellent. Stock water supplies rated 0% very short, 3% short, 88% adequate, and 9% surplus.

Nebraska

For the week ending July 17, 2022, there were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 22% very short, 37% short, 39% adequate, and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 22% very short, 38% short, 39% adequate, and 1% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 5% very poor, 9% poor, 22% fair, 49% good, and 15% excellent. Corn silking was 45%, near 49% last year and 48% for the five-year average. Dough was 1%, near 3% both last year and average.

Soybean condition rated 3% very poor, 7% poor, 24% fair, 50% good, and 16% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 55%, behind 72% last year and 63% average. Setting pods was 14%, behind 28% last year and 19% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 19% very poor, 22% poor, 36% fair, 20% good, and 3% excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 61%, ahead of 55% last year, and near 60% average.

Sorghum condition rated 5% very poor, 15% poor, 30% fair, 43% good, and 7% excellent. Sorghum headed was 10%, near 7% last year, but behind 15% average.

Oats condition rated 12% very poor, 19% poor, 34% fair, 32% good, and 3% excellent. Oats harvested was 20%, behind 35% last year, and well behind 40% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 30% fair, 55% good, and 9% excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 16%, near 14% last year.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 23% very poor, 25% poor, 37% fair, 13% good, and 2% excellent.

Minnesota

Favorable weather conditions allowed farmers 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 17, 2022, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 5% very short, 19% short, 69% adequate, and 7% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 3% very short, 14% short, 75% adequate, and 8% surplus.

Corn was at 18% silking, about 1 week behind last year and the 5-year average. Corn condition was 1% very poor, 4% poor, 27% fair, 56% good, and 12% excellent.

Soybeans blooming or beyond reached 46%. Soybeans setting pods reached 10%, 7 days behind last year and 3 days behind the 5-year average. Soybean condition was 1% very poor, 4% poor, 33% fair, 53% good, and 9% excellent.

Oats were 97% jointing, 81% headed, and 32% coloring. Oat condition was 1% very poor, 4% poor, 32% fair, 52% good, and 11% excellent.

Spring wheat was 97% jointing, 71% headed, and 11% coloring. Spring wheat condition was 0% very poor, 0% poor, 29% fair, 65% good, and 6% excellent.

Barley was 96% jointing, 67% headed, and 12% coloring. Barley condition was 0% very poor, 1% poor, 45% fair, 49% good, and 5% excellent.

Dry edible beans were 43% blooming. Dry edible beans condition was 0% very poor, 1% poor, 36% fair, 55% good, and 8% excellent.

Sunflower condition was 0% very poor, 0% poor, 16% fair, 79% good, and 5% excellent.

Alfalfa hay second cutting was at 53%.

Potato condition was 0% very poor, 0% poor, 9% fair, 70% good, and 21% excellent.

Sugarbeet condition was 2% very poor, 8% poor, 21% fair, 14% good, and 55% excellent.

All hay condition was rated at 0% very poor, 4% poor, 21% fair, 58% good, and 17% excellent.

Pasture condition was rated at 2% very poor, 6% poor, 22% fair, 56% good, and 14% excellent.

Iowa

Little precipitation and above average temperatures resulted in 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 17, 2022, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Fieldwork included cutting hay and starting fungicide applications.

Topsoil moisture condition rated 6% very short, 24% short, 66% adequate and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture condition rated 8% very short, 23% short, 65% adequate and 4% surplus.

Corn silking or beyond was 31%, 4 days behind both last year and the 5-year average. Scattered reports throughout the State showed 1% of the corn crop reached the dough stage. Corn condition rating was 81% good to excellent.

55% of soybeans were blooming, 6 days behind last year and 2 days behind average. 13% of the soybean crop was setting pods, 1 week behind last year and 3 days behind the 5-year average. Iowa’s soybean condition rating was 78% good to excellent.

Nearly all the oat crop has headed with 67% of oats turning color or beyond, 1 week behind last year. Oat harvest for grain reached 16%, 3 days behind last year. Iowa’s oat condition was 81% good to excellent.

55% of the State’s second cutting of alfalfa hay was complete. All hay condition rated 72% good to excellent.

Pasture condition rated 57% good to excellent. Livestock were stressed due to above average heat and humidity with pinkeye in cattle still an issue.