July 25: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Crop News

South Dakota

For the week ending July 24, 2022, there were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 15% very short, 28% short, 48% adequate, and 9% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 11% very short, 31% short, 51% adequate, and 7% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 2% very poor, 8% poor, 25% fair, 52% good, and 13% excellent. Corn silking was 42%, well behind 62% last year, and behind 56% for the fiveyear average.

Soybean condition rated 1% very poor, 6% poor, 29% fair, 56% good, and 8% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 50%, behind 69% last year and 65% average. Setting pods was 13%, behind 26% both last year and average.

Winter wheat condition rated 3% very poor, 27% poor, 36% fair, 25% good, and 9% excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 64%, near 66% last year, but ahead of 53% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 1% very poor, 12% poor, 22% fair, 56% good, and 9% excellent. Spring wheat headed was 95%, near 98% last year and 97% average. Harvested was 11%, behind 18% last year, and near 14% average.

Oats condition rated 3% very poor, 14% poor, 23% fair, 54% good, and 6% excellent. Oats headed was 96%, near 100% last year and 97% average. Harvested was 27%, behind 40% last year, and near 29% average.

Sorghum condition rated 4% very poor, 9% poor, 43% fair, 44% good, and 0% excellent. Sorghum headed was 34%, near 32% last year, and ahead of 28% average. Coloring was 1%, equal to last year.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 9% very poor, 28% poor, 32% fair, 24% good, and 7% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending July 24, 2022, there were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1% very short, 12% short, 78% adequate, and 9% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0% very short, 9% short, 81% adequate, and 10% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 0% very poor, 3% poor, 35% fair, 52% good, and 10% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 66%, behind 74% last year and 71% for the five-year average. Setting pods was 11%, well behind 34% last year, and behind 29% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 0% very poor, 2% poor, 20% fair, 65% good, and 13% excellent. Spring wheat jointed was 97%, near 100% both last year and average. Headed was 81%, behind 96% both last year and average. Coloring was 21%, well behind 62% last year and 51% average. Mature was 2%, behind 11% last year, and near 6% average.

Durum wheat condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 12% fair, 76% good, and 11% excellent. Durum wheat jointed was 95%, near 97% last year and 99% average. Headed was 65%, well behind 94% last year and 95% average. Coloring was 15%, well behind 45% last year and 39% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 2% very poor, 4% poor, 12% fair, 65% good, and 17% excellent. Winter wheat coloring was 73%, behind 86% both last year and average. Mature was 37%, well behind 59% last year, and behind 49% average. Harvested was 6%, behind 12% last year, and near 7% average.

Corn condition rated 0% very poor, 2% poor, 24% fair, 58% good, and 16% excellent. Corn silking was 28%, well behind 48% last year, and behind 44% average.

Canola condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 32% fair, 61% good, and 6% excellent. Canola blooming was 95%, near 97% last year and 98% average. Coloring was 21%, behind 32% last year and 27% average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 5% very poor, 10% poor, 35% fair, 40% good, and 10% excellent.

Oats condition rated 0% very poor, 0% poor, 16% fair, 72% good, and 12% excellent. Oats jointed was 97%, near 100% last year and 99% average. Headed was 83%, behind 95% last year and 94% average. Coloring was 23%, well behind 60% last year and 51% average. Mature was 4%, behind 17% last year and 14% average.

Barley condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 30% fair, 61% good, and 8% excellent. Barley jointed was 98%, near 100% both last year and average. Headed was 86%, behind 95% last year and 96% average. Coloring was 29%, well behind 66% last year and 59% average.

Dry edible peas condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 18% fair, 70% good, and 11% excellent. Dry edible peas blooming was 85%, behind 95% last year and 96% average. Dropping leaves was 9%, well behind 40% last year and 39% average.

Sunflower condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 21% fair, 73% good, and 5% excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 15%, near 14% last year, but behind 20% average.

Flaxseed condition rated 0% very poor, 0% poor, 13% fair, 78% good, and 9% excellent. Flaxseed blooming was 58%, well behind 95% last year and 91% average. Coloring was 5%, well behind 29% last year, and behind 22% average.

Potato condition rated 0% very poor, 6% poor, 34% fair, 50% good, and 10% excellent. Potatoes blooming was 88%, near 87% last year and 89% average. Rows closed was 35%, behind 47% last year, and well behind 58% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 1% very poor, 6% poor, 40% fair, 47% good, and 6% excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 50%, well behind 71% last year and 75% average. Setting pods was 18%, behind 26% both last year and average.

Alfalfa condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 11% fair, 68% good, and 20% excellent. Alfalfa first cutting was 97%, equal to last year, and near 96% average. Second cutting was 20%, near 16% last year and 23% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0% very poor, 2% poor, 13% fair, 69% good, and 16% excellent. Stock water supplies rated 0% very short, 3% short, 89% adequate, and 8% surplus.

Nebraska

For the week ending July 24, 2022, there were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 26% very short, 42% short, 31% adequate, and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 29% very short, 37% short, 34% adequate, and 0% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 8% very poor, 10% poor, 25% fair, 43% good, and 14% excellent. Corn silking was 68%, behind 80% last year and 75% for the five-year average. Dough was 8%, behind 13% last year and 15% average.

Soybean condition rated 4% very poor, 9% poor, 27% fair, 47% good, and 13% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 67%, behind 83% last year and 77% average. Setting pods was 31%, behind 49% last year and 37% average.

Winter wheat harvested was 84%, equal to last year, and ahead of 79% average.

Sorghum condition rated 6% very poor, 21% poor, 34% fair, 32% good, and 7% excellent. Sorghum headed was 20%, near 18% last year, but behind 26% average.

Oats condition rated 15% very poor, 22% poor, 28% fair, 32% good, and 3% excellent. Oats harvested was 58%, behind 64% last year and 65% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 2% very poor, 6% poor, 24% fair, 56% good, and 12% excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 51%, near 54% last year. Setting pods was 1%, behind 13% last year.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 24% very poor, 26% poor, 30% fair, 18% good, and 2% excellent.

Iowa

Limited rain over much of Iowa resulted in 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 24, 2022, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Fieldwork included cutting hay as well as insecticide and fungicide applications.

Topsoil moisture condition rated 12% very short, 26% short, 61% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture condition rated 11% very short, 25% short, 63% adequate and 1% surplus.

Corn silking or beyond was 66%, 4 days behind last year and 3 days behind the 5-year average. 8% of the corn crop has reached the dough stage, 5 days behind last year and 2 days behind average. Corn condition rating was 80% good to excellent.

72% of soybeans were blooming, 1 week behind last year and 2 days behind average. 32% of the soybean crop was setting pods, 5 days behind last year and 1 day behind the 5-year average. Iowa’s soybean condition rating was 75% good to excellent.

82% of oats were turning color or beyond, 1 week behind last year. Oats harvested for grain reached 38%, 2 days behind last year. Iowa’s oat condition was 78% good to excellent.

77% of the State’s second cutting of alfalfa hay was complete, with the third cutting under way at 3%. All hay condition rated 66% good to excellent.

Pasture condition rated 50% good to excellent. Some producers already had to begin supplementing with hay. Flies and above average heat and humidity were stressing livestock with cattle still struggling with pinkeye

Minnesota

Minnesota had 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending July 24, 2022, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Weekend rain provided some much-needed moisture in some areas, but more rain would be welcome throughout most of the state.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 7% very short, 17% short, 70% adequate, and 6% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 4% very short, 17% short, 75% adequate, and 4% surplus.

Corn silking was at 49%, 6 days behind average. Corn condition was 2% very poor, 6% poor, 29% fair, 53% good, and 10% excellent.

Soybeans blooming or beyond reached 69%, slightly behind the 5-year average. Soybeans setting pods reached 18%. Soybean condition was 2% very poor, 4% poor, 32% fair, 52% good, and 10% excellent.

Oats were 93% headed, 60% coloring, and 10% harvested. Oat condition was 1% very poor, 5% poor, 32% fair, 52% good, and 10% excellent.

Spring wheat was 94% headed and 21% coloring. Spring wheat condition was 0% very poor, 0% poor, 28% fair, 66% good, and 6% excellent.

Barley was 92% headed and 30% coloring. Barley condition was 0% very poor, 1% poor, 44% fair, 50% good, and 5% excellent.

Dry edible beans were 75% blooming and 13% setting pods. Dry edible bean condition was 0% very poor, 1% poor, 33% fair, 55% good, and 11% excellent.

Sunflower condition was 0% very poor, 0% poor, 15% fair, 78% good, and 7% excellent.

Alfalfa hay second cutting was at 68%.

Potato condition was 0% very poor, 0% poor, 4% fair, 69% good, and 27% excellent.

Sugarbeet condition was 2% very poor, 6% poor, 21% fair, 16% good, and 55% excellent.

All hay condition was rated at 1% very poor, 4% poor, 19% fair, 61% good, and 15% excellent.

Pasture condition was rated at 2% very poor, 6% poor, 23% fair, 57% good, and 12% excellent.