July 31: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture

South Dakota

For the week ending July 31, 2022, there were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 18% very short, 29% short, 49% adequate, and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 11% very short, 28% short, 57% adequate, and 4% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 3% very poor, 8% poor, 24% fair, 54% good, and 11% excellent. Corn silking was 76%, behind 81% last year, and near 77% for the five-year average. Dough was 12%, behind 21% both last year and average.

Soybean condition rated 1% very poor, 6% poor, 28% fair, 58% good, and 7% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 73%, behind 82% last year and 78% average. Setting pods was 43%, near 44% last year and 45% average.

Winter wheat harvested was 77%, behind 88% last year, but near 74% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 1% very poor, 16% poor, 27% fair, 47% good, and 9% excellent. Spring wheat harvested was 26%, well behind 48% last year, and behind 33% average.

Oats condition rated 1% very poor, 11% poor, 23% fair, 57% good, and 8% excellent. Oats harvested was 48%, behind 67% last year, and near 49% average.

Sorghum condition rated 0% very poor, 4% poor, 42% fair, 54% good, and 0% excellent. Sorghum headed was 44%, behind 54% last year, but near 43% average.

Coloring was 2%, equal to last year, and near 1% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 8% very poor, 29% poor, 34% fair, 25% good, and 4% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending July 31, 2022, there were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0% very short, 23% short, 72% adequate, and 5% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0% very short, 17% short, 78% adequate, and 5% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 0% very poor, 3% poor, 34% fair, 54% good, and 9% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 86%, equal to last year, and near 84% for the five-year average. Setting pods was 38%, behind 55% last year and 52% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 19% fair, 67% good, and 13% excellent. Spring wheat headed was 95%, near 99% both last year and average. Coloring was 33%, well behind 81% last year and 74% average. Mature was 4%, well behind 38% last year, and behind 21% average.

Durum wheat condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 15% fair, 77% good, and 7% excellent. Durum wheat headed was 93%, behind 98% both last year and average. Coloring was 17%, well behind 70% last year and 61% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 13% fair, 72% good, and 14% excellent. Winter wheat coloring was 90%, near 94% both last year and average. Mature was 49%, well behind 77% last year and 70% average. Harvested was 18%, behind 29% last year, and near 22% average.

Corn condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 20% fair, 64% good, and 15% excellent. Corn silking was 59%, behind 67% last year and 69% average. Dough was 7%, equal to both last year and average.

Canola condition rated 0% very poor, 2% poor, 30% fair, 63% good, and 5% excellent. Canola coloring was 31%, well behind 53% last year, and behind 49% average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 5% very poor, 8% poor, 37% fair, 45% good, and 5% excellent.

Oats condition rated 0% very poor, 0% poor, 19% fair, 69% good, and 12% excellent. Oats headed was 94%, behind 99% last year, and near 98% average. Coloring was 41%, well behind 80% last year and 72% average. Mature was 18%, well behind 39% last year, and behind 32% average.

Barley condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 27% fair, 61% good, and 11% excellent. Barley headed was 96%, near 98% both last year and average. Coloring was 42%, well behind 83% last year and 79% average. Mature was 12%, well behind 36% both last year and average.

Dry edible peas condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 15% fair, 79% good, and 5% excellent. Dry edible peas blooming was 96%, near 98% both last year and average. Dropping leaves was 24%, well behind 70% last year and 67% average.

Sunflower condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 17% fair, 74% good, and 8% excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 24%, well behind 44% last year, and behind 43% average.

Flaxseed condition rated 0% very poor, 2% poor, 21% fair, 73% good, and 4% excellent. Flaxseed blooming was 92%, behind 98% last year, and near 96% average. Coloring was 28%, well behind 62% last year, and behind 39% average.

Potato condition rated 0% very poor, 0% poor, 43% fair, 43% good, and 14% excellent. Potatoes blooming was 92%, near 96% both last year and average. Rows closed was 52%, near 54% last year, and well behind 74% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 1% very poor, 3% poor, 42% fair, 49% good, and 5% excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 75%, behind 86% both last year and average. Setting pods was 27%, well behind 56% last year and 53% average.

Alfalfa condition rated 0% very poor, 2% poor, 18% fair, 68% good, and 12% excellent. Alfalfa second cutting was 31%, behind 41% last year and 42% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0% very poor, 3% poor, 20% fair, 64% good, and 13% excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 0% very short, 8% short, 87% adequate, and 5% surplus.

Nebraska

For the week ending July 31, 2022, there were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 31% very short, 39% short, 30% adequate, and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 30% very short, 39% short, 31% adequate, and 0% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 10% very poor, 12% poor, 24% fair, 40% good, and 14% excellent. Corn silking was 84%, behind 95% last year and 90% for the five-year average. Dough was 21%, behind 37% last year and 32% average.

Soybean condition rated 6% very poor, 11% poor, 26% fair, 44% good, and 13% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 85%, behind 94% last year, and near 87% average. Setting pods was 50%, behind 64% last year, and near 54% average.

Winter wheat harvested was 92%, near 94% last year and 88% average.

Sorghum condition rated 8% very poor, 25% poor, 31% fair, 28% good, and 8% excellent. Sorghum headed was 32%, behind 45% both last year and average. Coloring was 2%, near 3% both last year and average.

Oats harvested was 82%, near 86% last year and 84% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 2% very poor, 7% poor, 28% fair, 53% good, and 10% excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 68%, behind 77% last year. Setting pods was 19%, well behind 39% last year.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 34% very poor, 28% poor, 25% fair, 11% good, and 2% excellent.

Iowa

Very little precipitation across the state resulted in 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 31, 2022, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Increasingly dry conditions are a concern for many. Fieldwork included cutting and baling hay and pesticide applications.

Topsoil moisture condition rated 17% very short, 32% short, 50% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture condition rated 15% very short, 31% short, 53% adequate and 1% surplus.

Corn silking or beyond was 87%, 2 days behind both last year and the 5-year average. 30% of the corn crop has reached the dough stage or beyond, 3 days behind last year but even with the average. 1% of Iowa’s corn crop has reached the dent stage, 6 days behind last year and 3 days behind the average. Corn condition fell slightly to 76% good to excellent.

83% of soybeans were blooming, 1 week behind last year and 2 days behind average. 52% of the soybean crop was setting pods, 6 days behind last year and 1 day behind the 5-year average. Iowa’s soybean condition declined slightly to 73% good to excellent. 91% of oats were turning color or beyond, 8 days behind last year.

Oats harvested for grain reached 64%, 1 day behind last year and the average.

89% of the state’s second cutting of alfalfa hay was complete, with the third cutting at 13%. All hay condition rated 61% good to excellent.

Pasture condition rated 47% good to excellent. Lack of rain stressed pastures and livestock last week.

Minnesota

Minnesota had 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending July 31, 2022, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Dry conditions continued across much of the state.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 8% very short, 20% short, 66% adequate, and 6% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 5% very short, 19% short, 71% adequate, and 5% surplus.

Corn silking was at 75%, 5 days behind the 5- year average. Corn dough reached 13%. Corn condition was 2% very poor, 5% poor, 30% fair, 52% good, and 11% excellent.

Soybeans blooming or beyond reached 81%, 5 days behind average. Soybeans setting pods reached 36%. Soybean condition was 1% very poor, 4% poor, 29% fair, 55% good, and 11% excellent.

Oats were 98% headed, 75% coloring, and 16% harvested. Oat condition was 1% very poor, 5% poor, 30% fair, 53% good, and 11% excellent.

Spring wheat was 100% headed and 45% coloring. Spring wheat condition was 0% very poor, 0% poor, 18% fair, 74% good, and 8% excellent.

Barley was 98% headed, 48% coloring, and 4% harvested. Barley condition was 0% very poor, 1% poor, 31% fair, 62% good, and 6% excellent.

Dry edible beans were 90% blooming and 44% setting pods. Dry edible bean condition was 0% very poor, 1% poor, 27% fair, 61% good, and 11% excellent.

Sunflower condition was 0% very poor, 0% poor, 20% fair, 71% good, and 9% excellent.

Alfalfa hay second cutting was at 80%.

Potato condition was 0% very poor, 0% poor, 5% fair, 69% good, and 26% excellent.

Sugarbeet condition was 2% very poor, 4% poor, 23% fair, 16% good, and 55% excellent.

All hay condition was rated at 1% very poor, 4% poor, 20% fair, 60% good, and 15% excellent. Pasture condition was rated at 3% very poor, 11% poor, 19% fair, 53% good, and 14% excellent.