Aug. 7: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture

South Dakota

For the week ending August 7, 2022, there were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 23% very short, 25% short, 48% adequate, and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 19% very short, 28% short, 50% adequate, and 3% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 5% very poor, 13% poor, 23% fair, 49% good, and 10% excellent. Corn silking was 89%, near 92% last year and 90% for the five-year average. Dough was 32%, behind 41% last year and 38% average. Dented was 1%, equal to last year, and near 2% average.

Soybean condition rated 2% very poor, 7% poor, 31% fair, 54% good, and 6% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 90%, near 91% last year and 89% average. Setting pods was 60%, near 64% last year and 63% average.

Winter wheat harvested was 92%, near 96% last year, but ahead of 86% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 6% very poor, 17% poor, 30% fair, 45% good, and 2% excellent. Spring wheat harvested was 54%, behind 69% last year, but near 52% average.

Oats harvested was 67%, behind 80% last year, but near 65% average.

Sorghum condition rated 2% very poor, 11% poor, 31% fair, 56% good, and 0% excellent. Sorghum headed was 63%, behind 74% last year, but near 59% average. Coloring was 3%, equal to last year, and near 5% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 17% very poor, 24% poor, 32% fair, 24% good, and 3% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending August 7, 2022, there were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3% very short, 26% short, 67% adequate, and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1% very short, 20% short, 74% adequate, and 5% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 35% fair, 55% good, and 4% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 93%, near 91% for both last year and the five-year average. Setting pods was 57%, behind 71% last year and 67% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 0% very poor, 2% poor, 24% fair, 60% good, and 14% excellent. Spring wheat coloring was 63%, well behind 93% last year and 89% average. Mature was 14%, well behind 69% last year and 45% average.

Durum wheat condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 22% fair, 72% good, and 5% excellent. Durum wheat headed was 97%, near 100% last year and 99% average. Coloring was 60%, well behind 89% last year and 84% average. Mature was 19%, well behind 57% last year, and behind 35% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 1% very poor, 3% poor, 17% fair, 71% good, and 8% excellent. Winter wheat coloring was 98%, near 97% last year, and equal to average. Mature was 75%, behind 93% last year and 87% average. Harvested was 36%, well behind 61% last year, and behind 47% average.

Corn condition rated 0% very poor, 3% poor, 25% fair, 63% good, and 9% excellent. Corn silking was 80%, near 84% last year, and behind 86% average. Dough was 17%, near 18% last year and 20% average.

Canola condition rated 0% very poor, 2% poor, 36% fair, 57% good, and 5% excellent. Canola coloring was 52%, well behind 74% last year and 72% average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 5% very poor, 5% poor, 37% fair, 50% good, and 3% excellent.

Oats condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 21% fair, 68% good, and 10% excellent. Oats headed was 97%, near 100% both last year and average. Coloring was 68%, well behind 92% last year, and behind 87% average. Mature was 34%, well behind 65% last year and 54% average. Harvested was 7%, behind 22% last year and 18% average.

Barley condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 33% fair, 59% good, and 7% excellent. Barley coloring was 74%, behind 92% both last year and average. Mature was 28%, well behind 68% last year and 62% average. Harvested was 7%, behind 25% last year and 19% average.

Dry edible peas condition rated 0% very poor, 2% poor, 20% fair, 72% good, and 6% excellent. Dry edible peas dropping leaves was 50%, well behind 89% last year and 88% average. Harvested was 10%, well behind 47% last year and 33% average.

Sunflower condition rated 0% very poor, 2% poor, 21% fair, 68% good, and 9% excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 49%, well behind 72% last year and 69% average.

Flaxseed condition rated 0% very poor, 2% poor, 19% fair, 74% good, and 5% excellent. Flaxseed blooming was 97%, near 100% last year and 99% average. Coloring was 45%, well behind 82% last year and 65% average.

Potato condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 44% fair, 46% good, and 9% excellent. Potatoes blooming was 96%, near 100% last year and 98% average. Rows closed was 73%, near 70% last year, but behind 83% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 1% very poor, 3% poor, 46% fair, 47% good, and 3% excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 92%, equal to both last year and average. Setting pods was 62%, behind 74% last year and 71% average.

Alfalfa condition rated 0% very poor, 4% poor, 23% fair, 63% good, and 10% excellent. Alfalfa second cutting was 55%, behind 60% both last year and average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0% very poor, 4% poor, 23% fair, 62% good, and 11% excellent. Stock water supplies rated 0% very short, 9% short, 87% adequate, and 4% surplus.

Nebraska

For the week ending August 7, 2022, there were 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 32% very short, 42% short, 26% adequate, and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 30% very short, 41% short, 29% adequate, and 0% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 11% very poor, 12% poor, 27% fair, 40% good, and 10% excellent. Corn silking was 91%, behind 99% last year and 96% for the five-year average. Dough was 45%, behind 60% last year and 52% average. Dented was 3%, near 6% last year and 7% average.

Soybean condition rated 7% very poor, 11% poor, 28% fair, 44% good, and 10% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 95%, near 97% last year and 93% average. Setting pods was 66%, behind 81% last year and 71% average.

Winter wheat harvested was 95%, near 97% last year and 94% average.

Sorghum condition rated 10% very poor, 29% poor, 36% fair, 20% good, and 5% excellent. Sorghum headed was 49%, well behind 70% both last year and average. Coloring was 4%, near 8% last year and 7% average.

Oats harvested was 93%, equal to last year, and near 91% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 34% fair, 60% good, and 0% excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 73%, behind 87% last year. Setting pods was 50%, behind 68% last year.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 33% very poor, 28% poor, 30% fair, 9% good, and 0% excellent.

Iowa

Precipitation early in the week for a few areas and late in the week for much of the state resulted in 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending August 7, 2022, according to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Persistent dry conditions and above-average temperatures are a concern for many. Fieldwork included cutting and baling hay and applying pesticides and fungicides.

Topsoil moisture condition rated 20% very short, 30% short, 48% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture condition rated 19% very short, 33% short, 47% adequate and 1% surplus.

Corn silking or beyond was 93%, 5 days behind last year and 3 days behind the 5-year average. 53% of the corn crop has reached the dough stage or beyond, 2 days behind last year but 1 day ahead of the average. 5% of Iowa’s corn crop has reached the dent stage, 6 days behind last year and 1 day behind the 5-year average. Corn condition fell to 73% good to excellent.

89% of soybeans were blooming, 9 days behind last year and 3 days behind average. 69% of the soybean crop was setting pods, 1 week behind last year and 1 day behind the 5-year average. Iowa’s soybean condition declined to 71% good to excellent.

96% of oats were turning color or beyond, 9 days behind last year. Oats harvested for grain reached 82%, 1 day behind both last year and the average.

95% of the state’s second cutting of alfalfa hay was complete, with the third cutting at 28%. All hay condition rated 54% good to excellent. Pasture condition rated 36% good to excellent.

Lack of rain and high heat caused some pastures to go dormant and CRP was released for grazing and haying in areas.

Minnesota

Minnesota had 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending August 7, 2022, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Weekend storms in the southern half of the state provided some relief to dry fields.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 9% very short, 19% short, 63% adequate, and 9% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 6% very short, 17% short, 74% adequate, and 3% surplus.

Corn silking was at 90%, 5 days behind the 5- year average. Corn dough reached 26%. Corn condition was 3% very poor, 6% poor, 29% fair, 51% good, and 11% excellent.

Soybeans blooming or beyond reached 91%, 5 days behind average. Soybeans setting pods reached 60%. Soybean condition was 2% very poor, 5% poor, 30% fair, 53% good, and 10% excellent.

Oats were 85% coloring and 30% harvested. Oat condition was 2% very poor, 6% poor, 28% fair, 52% good, and 12% excellent.

Spring wheat was 70% coloring. Spring wheat condition was 0% very poor, 0% poor, 26% fair, 67% good, and 7% excellent.

Barley was 75% coloring and 7% harvested. Barley condition was 0% very poor, 1% poor, 32% fair, 59% good, and 8% excellent.

Dry edible beans were 97% blooming and 72% setting pods. Dry edible bean condition was 0% very poor, 2% poor, 31% fair, 55% good, and 12% excellent.

Sunflower condition was 0% very poor, 0% poor, 16% fair, 77% good, and 7% excellent.

Alfalfa hay second cutting was at 87%.

Potato condition was 0% very poor, 0% poor, 4% fair, 69% good, and 27% excellent.

Sugarbeet condition was 2% very poor, 4% poor, 23% fair, 16% good, and 55% excellent.

All hay condition was rated at 2% very poor, 4% poor, 20% fair, 58% good, and 16% excellent.

Pasture condition was rated at 3% very poor, 10% poor, 22% fair, 55% good, and 10% excellent.