Sept. 18: Crop Progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture

South Dakota

For the week ending September 18, 2022, there were 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 27% very short, 44% short, 28% adequate, and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 24% very short, 43% short, 31% adequate, and 2% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 13% very poor, 18% poor, 30% fair, 35% good, and 4% excellent. Corn dented was 89%, behind 94% last year, but ahead of 84% for the five-year average. Mature was 37%, behind 48% last year, but near 36% average. Harvested was 2%, near 4% last year, and equal to average.

Soybean condition rated 7% very poor, 18% poor, 34% fair, 39% good, and 2% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 52%, well behind 76% last year, and behind 59% average. Harvested was 2%, near 3% both last year and average.

Winter wheat planted was 32%, near 30% last year and 29% average. Emerged was 5%, near 1% last year and 2% average.

Sorghum condition rated 5% very poor, 26% poor, 28% fair, 41% good, and 0% excellent. Sorghum coloring was 94%, near 97% last year, but ahead of 83% average. Mature was 42%, near 40% last year, and ahead of 26% average. Harvested was 6%, near 5% last year and 2% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 24% very poor, 31% poor, 30% fair, 14% good, and 1% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending September 18, 2022, there were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 15% very short, 42% short, 41% adequate, and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 10% very short, 39% short, 49% adequate, and 2% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 34% fair, 54% good, and 6% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 57%, well behind 78% last year, and behind 72% for the five-year average. Harvested was 4%, behind 10% last year, and near 7% average.

Spring wheat harvested was 91%, behind 100% last year, and near 93% average.

Durum wheat mature was 88%, behind 100% last year and 99% average. Harvested was 77%, well behind 99% last year, and behind 88% average.

Winter wheat planted was 42%, ahead of 37% last year and 34% average. Emerged was 8%, ahead of 1% last year, and near 4% average.

Corn condition rated 2% very poor, 7% poor, 31% fair, 50% good, and 10% excellent. Corn dough was 95%, behind 100% last year, and near 98% average. Dented was 76%, behind 88% last year, and near 77% average. Mature was 26%, behind 40% last year, and near 29% average.

Canola harvested was 68%, behind 80% last year and 78% average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 2% very poor, 3% poor, 36% fair, 48% good, and 11% excellent. Sugarbeets harvested was 11%, near 10% last year, and equal to average.

Oats harvested was 94%, behind 100% last year, and near 95% average.

Barley harvested was 93%, behind 100% last year, and near 97% average.

Dry edible peas harvested was 97%, near 100% last year and 98% average.

Sunflower condition rated 2% very poor, 6% poor, 33% fair, 51% good, and 8% excellent. Sunflowers ray flowers dry was 89%, near 93% last year and 91% average. Bracts turned yellow was 67%, behind 79% last year and 74% average. Bracts turned brown was 30%, behind 36% last year, and near 34% average.

Flaxseed harvested was 74%, behind 91% last year, and near 77% average. Potato condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 25% fair, 53% good, and 21% excellent.

Potatoes vines dry was 59%, well behind 82% last year and 84% average. Harvested was 25%, near 27% last year and 26% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 38% fair, 47% good, and 10% excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 88%, behind 95% last year and 94% average. Harvested was 31%, well behind 54% last year, and behind 49% average.

Lentils harvested was 80%, behind 96% last year, and near 83% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 3% very poor, 18% poor, 42% fair, 33% good, and 4% excellent. Stock water supplies rated 4% very short, 27% short, 67% adequate, and 2% surplus.

Nebraska

For the week ending September 18, 2022, there were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 40% very short, 40% short, 20% adequate, and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 44% very short, 38% short, 18% adequate, and 0% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 18% very poor, 18% poor, 27% fair, 29% good, and 8% excellent. Corn dented was 93%, equal to both last year and the five-year average. Mature was 52%, near 51% last year, and ahead of 46% average. Harvested was 6%, equal to last year, and near 5% average.

Soybean condition rated 13% very poor, 18% poor, 29% fair, 32% good, and 8% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 65%, near 68% last year and 61% average. Harvested was 5%, near 4% both last year and average.

Winter wheat planted was 18%, behind 32% last year and 31% average. Emerged was 1%, near 4% last year and 2% average.

Sorghum condition rated 46% very poor, 20% poor, 16% fair, 14% good, and 4% excellent. Sorghum coloring was 93%, near 96% last year and 92% average. Mature was 24%, behind 34% last year and 31% average. Harvested was 3%, equal to last year, and near 2% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 4% very poor, 5% poor, 33% fair, 50% good, and 8% excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 72%, behind 84% last year. Harvested was 26%, well behind 47% last year.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 50% very poor, 28% poor, 15% fair, 6% good, and 1% excellent.

Iowa

Widespread rainfall across the State resulted in 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending September 18, 2022, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Row crop harvest has begun, and other fieldwork included chopping silage, cutting hay, and seeding cover crops. Producers were also preparing equipment and bins for harvest.

Topsoil moisture condition rated 14 percent very short, 28 percent short, 57 percent adequate and 1 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture condition rated 19 percent very short, 31 percent short, 49 percent adequate and 1 percent surplus.

Corn in the dent stage or beyond was 93 percent, 5 days ahead of the 5-year average. Forty-two percent of Iowa’s corn crop was mature, 2 days behind last year but equal to the average. Harvest of the State’s corn crop began with 2 percent complete. Corn condition was 64 percent good to excellent.

Seventy-five percent of soybeans were coloring or beyond, 3 days behind last year. Soybeans dropping leaves were at 30 percent, almost 1 week behind last year and 3 days behind the 5-year average. Soybean condition remained 63 percent good to excellent.

Ninety-four percent of the State’s third cutting of alfalfa hay was complete.

Pasture condition rose slightly to 34 percent good to excellent. Some producers have livestock on dry lots due to lack of water in pastures.

Minnesota

Minnesota had 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending September 18, 2022, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Harvest of corn and soybeans is just getting underway.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 7 percent very short, 26 percent short, 65 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 7 percent very short, 22 percent short, 68 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus.

Corn dented or beyond reached 86 percent. Corn mature was at 21 percent, one week behind the 5-year average. Corn condition was 3 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 14 percent excellent. Corn for silage was 43 percent harvested. Soybean coloring reached 76 percent.

Soybeans dropping leaves was at 31 percent, 5 days behind average. Soybean condition was 2 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 50 percent good, and 13 percent excellent.

Oats were 95 percent harvested, barley was 91 percent harvested, and spring wheat was 92 percent harvested.

Dry edible beans were 79 percent dropping leaves and 39 percent harvested. Dry edible bean condition was 0 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 63 percent good, and 8 percent excellent.

Sunflower condition was 0 percent very poor, 0 percent poor, 19 percent fair, 71 percent good, and 10 percent excellent.

Potato harvest was 49 percent complete. Potato condition was 0 percent very poor, 0 percent poor, 4 percent fair, 67 percent good, and 29 percent excellent.

Sugarbeet harvest was 7 percent complete. Sugarbeet condition was 2 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 18 percent fair, 22 percent good, and 56 percent excellent.

Pasture condition was rated 4 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 23 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 13 percent excellent.