Sept. 25: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture

South Dakota

For the week ending September 25, 2022, there were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 29% very short, 49% short, 21% adequate, and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 27% very short, 49% short, 23% adequate, and 1% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 12% very poor, 18% poor, 31% fair, 34% good, and 5% excellent. Corn dented was 95%, near 98% last year and 92% for the five-year average. Mature was 60%, behind 67% last year, but ahead of 54% average. Harvested was 8%, near 9% last year and 5% average.

Soybean condition rated 6% very poor, 18% poor, 37% fair, 37% good, and 2% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 82%, behind 90% last year, but ahead of 76% average. Harvested was 9%, behind 15% last year, and near 11% average.

Winter wheat planted was 52%, near 54% last year and 50% average. Emerged was 18%, ahead of 4% last year and 10% average. Sorghum condition rated 4% very poor, 27% poor, 26% fair, 43% good, and 0% excellent.

Sorghum coloring was 97%, near 100% last year, but ahead of 90% average. Mature was 60%, near 63% last year, but ahead of 42% average. Harvested was 12%, near 16% last year, but ahead of 7% average.

Sunflowers harvested was 1%, near 2% last year, and equal to average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 31% very poor, 27% poor, 28% fair, 13% good, and 1% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending September 25, 2022, there were 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 15% very short, 39% short, 45% adequate, and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 13% very short, 38% short, 48% adequate, and 1% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 2% very poor, 6% poor, 38% fair, 50% good, and 4% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 72%, behind 89% last year and 86% for the five-year average. Harvested was 5%, behind 24% last year and 16% average.

Spring wheat harvested was 93%, behind 100% last year, and near 96% average. Durum wheat mature was 92%, behind 100% both last year and average. Harvested was 84%, behind 100% last year and 93% average.

Winter wheat planted was 60%, near 62% last year and 56% average. Emerged was 13%, near 9% last year and 14% average.

Corn condition rated 2% very poor, 7% poor, 36% fair, 51% good, and 4% excellent. Corn dented was 88%, behind 95% last year, but near 87% average. Mature was 36%, well behind 62% last year, and behind 45% average.

Canola harvested was 76%, behind 90% last year and 86% average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 2% very poor, 3% poor, 31% fair, 50% good, and 14% excellent. Sugarbeets harvested was 13%, equal to last year, and near 14% average.

Oats harvested was 97%, near 100% last year, and equal to average. Barley harvested was 95%, behind 100% last year, and near 99% average.

Sunflower condition rated 2% very poor, 6% poor, 29% fair, 54% good, and 9% excellent. Sunflowers ray flowers dry was 92%, near 96% last year and 95% average. Bracts turned yellow was 76%, behind 89% last year and 84% average. Bracts turned brown was 35%, behind 54% last year and 50% average.

Flaxseed harvested was 85%, behind 96% last year, and equal to average.

Potato condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 28% fair, 55% good, and 16% excellent. Potatoes vines dry was 80%, behind 89% last year and 92% average. Harvested was 49%, near 45% last year, and ahead of 44% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 2% very poor, 5% poor, 39% fair, 47% good, and 7% excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 95%, near 98% both last year and average. Harvested was 48%, well behind 71% last year, and behind 64% average.

Lentils harvested was 82%, behind 99% last year and 89% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 5% very poor, 16% poor, 44% fair, 33% good, and 2% excellent. Stock water supplies rated 7% very short, 27% short, 65% adequate, and 1% surplus.

Nebraska

For the week ending September 25, 2022, there were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 40% very short, 37% short, 23% adequate, and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 43% very short, 37% short, 20% adequate, and 0% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 17% very poor, 19% poor, 26% fair, 32% good, and 6% excellent. Corn dented was 96%, near 97% last year, and equal to the five-year average. Mature was 71%, near 69% last year, and ahead of 64% average. Harvested was 13%, near 12% last year and 10% average.

Soybean condition rated 14% very poor, 19% poor, 26% fair, 34% good, and 7% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 81%, near 85% last year, and equal to average. Harvested was 13%, near 15% last year and 14% average.

Winter wheat planted was 40%, behind 57% last year and 56% average. Emerged was 4%, behind 18% last year and 15% average.

Sorghum condition rated 27% very poor, 28% poor, 20% fair, 19% good, and 6% excellent. Sorghum coloring was 95%, near 98% last year and 97% average. Mature was 43%, behind 58% last year and 52% average. Harvested was 7%, near 10% last year and 8% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 4% very poor, 9% poor, 36% fair, 46% good, and 5% excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 82%, behind 88% last year. Harvested was 45%, behind 61% last year.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 45% very poor, 25% poor, 22% fair, 7% good, and 1% excellent

Iowa

Farmers took advantage of 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork to get harvest underway during the week ending September 25, 2022, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Fieldwork included harvesting row crops, chopping silage, and cutting hay.

Topsoil moisture condition rated 14 percent very short, 29 percent short, 56 percent adequate and 1 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture condition rated 20 percent very short, 30 percent short, 49 percent adequate and 1 percent surplus.

Corn in the dent stage or beyond was 97 percent, 1 week ahead of the 5-year average. Sixty-three percent of Iowa’s corn crop was mature or beyond, 2 days behind last year but 1 day ahead of the average. Harvest of the State’s corn crop was 5 percent complete, 5 days behind last year and 1 day behind the 5-year average. Corn condition remained 64 percent good to excellent.

Ninety percent of soybeans were coloring or beyond, 3 days behind last year. Soybeans dropping leaves or beyond were at 61 percent, 3 days behind last year and 1 day behind the 5-year average. Soybean harvest reached 7 percent, 4 days behind last year and 3 days behind the average. Soybean condition rated 62 percent good to excellent.

Ninety-eight percent of the State’s third cutting of alfalfa hay was complete.

Pasture condition rated 34 percent good to excellent.

Minnesota

Minnesota had 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending September 25, 2022, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The weather across most of the state was typical for this time of year.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 7 percent very short, 25 percent short, 66 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 7 percent very short, 24 percent short, 67 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus.

Corn dented or beyond reached 94 percent. Corn mature was at 49 percent, two days behind the 5-year average. Corn harvested for grain was at 1 percent. Corn condition was 3 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 48 percent good, and 14 percent excellent. Corn for silage was 65 percent harvested.

Soybean coloring reached 93 percent. Soybeans dropping leaves was at 61 percent, 4 days behind average. Soybeans harvested was at 4 percent. Soybean condition was 2 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 51 percent good, and 13 percent excellent.

Oats were 99 percent harvested, barley was 99 percent harvested, and spring wheat was 98 percent harvested.

Dry edible beans were 88 percent dropping leaves and 60 percent harvested. Dry edible bean condition was 0 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 61 percent good, and 8 percent excellent.

Sunflower condition was 0 percent very poor, 0 percent poor, 17 percent fair, 77 percent good, and 6 percent excellent.

Potato harvest was 65 percent complete.

Sugarbeet harvest was 9 percent complete. Sugarbeet condition was 1 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 19 percent fair, 22 percent good, and 56 percent excellent.

Pasture condition was rated 4 percent very poor, 12 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 48 percent good, and 10 percent excellent.