Oct. 3: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture

South Dakota

For the week ending October 2, 2022, there were 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 37% very short, 43% short, 18% adequate, and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 30% very short, 49% short, 19% adequate, and 2% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 10% very poor, 21% poor, 31% fair, 34% good, and 4% excellent. Corn mature was 77%, behind 85% last year, but ahead of 69% for the five-year average. Harvested was 15%, near 17% last year, but ahead of 10% average.

Soybean condition rated 8% very poor, 19% poor, 36% fair, 36% good, and 1% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 91%, near 95% last year and 88% average. Harvested was 30%, behind 37% last year, but ahead of 25% average.

Winter wheat planted was 69%, behind 74% last year, but near 68% average. Emerged was 26%, near 24% last year and 29% average.

Sorghum condition rated 3% very poor, 36% poor, 21% fair, 40% good, and 0% excellent. Sorghum mature was 79%, near 83% last year, but well ahead of 56% average. Harvested was 16%, behind 33% last year, and equal to average.

Sunflowers harvested was 2%, behind 7% last year, and near 3% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 34% very poor, 26% poor, 23% fair, 15% good, and 2% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending October 2, 2022, there were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 12% very short, 41% short, 45% adequate, and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 11% very short, 40% short, 48% adequate, and 1% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 2% very poor, 5% poor, 35% fair, 52% good, and 6% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 89%, behind 96% last year and 94% for the five-year average. Harvested was 26%, behind 45% last year and 31% average.

Spring wheat harvested was 97%, near 100% last year and 98% average.

Durum wheat mature was 96%, near 100% both last year and average. Harvested was 89%, behind 100% last year and 95% average.

Winter wheat planted was 78%, near 81% last year, but ahead of 73% average. Emerged was 29%, behind 39% last year and 38% average.

Corn condition rated 2% very poor, 6% poor, 31% fair, 54% good, and 7% excellent. Corn dented was 94%, behind 99% last year, but near 93% average. Mature was 66%, behind 80% last year, but ahead of 61% average. Harvested was 3%, behind 17% last year, and near 7% average.

Canola harvested was 88%, behind 95% last year, and near 90% average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 1% very poor, 2% poor, 34% fair, 53% good, and 10% excellent. Sugarbeets harvested was 18%, near 15% last year, but behind 27% average.

Sunflower condition rated 2% very poor, 5% poor, 31% fair, 58% good, and 4% excellent. Sunflowers ray flowers dry was 96%, near 99% last year and 98% average. Bracts turned yellow was 90%, near 94% last year and 91% average. Bracts turned brown was 55%, behind 73% last year and 68% average.

Flaxseed harvested was 87%, behind 100% last year, and near 89% average.

Potatoes vines dry was 89%, near 93% last year, and behind 95% average. Harvested was 72%, ahead of 59% last year and 60% average.

Dry edible beans harvested was 77%, behind 82% last year, but near 74% average.

Lentils harvested was 93%, behind 100% last year, but near 91% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2% very poor, 20% poor, 38% fair, 39% good, and 1% excellent. Stock water supplies rated 5% very short, 40% short, 54% adequate, and 1% surplus.

Nebraska

For the week ending October 2, 2022, there were 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 45% very short, 36% short, 19% adequate, and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 51% very short, 33% short, 16% adequate, and 0% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 20% very poor, 21% poor, 24% fair, 29% good, and 6% excellent. Corn mature was 83%, equal to last year, and ahead of 78% for the five-year average. Harvested was 24%, near 20% last year, and ahead of 16% average.

Soybean condition rated 14% very poor, 21% poor, 30% fair, 28% good, and 7% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 91%, near 94% last year, and equal to average. Harvested was 29%, near 32% last year and 28% average.

Winter wheat planted was 65%, behind 79% last year and 76% average. Emerged was 25%, behind 41% last year and 37% average.

Sorghum condition rated 35% very poor, 30% poor, 13% fair, 18% good, and 4% excellent. Sorghum mature was 60%, well behind 81% last year, and behind 72% average. Harvested was 11%, behind 20% last year, and near 15% average.

Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 91%, near 94% last year. Harvested was 62%, behind 71% last year.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 50% very poor, 30% poor, 16% fair, 4% good, and 0% excellent.

Iowa

Harvest was in full swing with little or no precipitation allowing farmers 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending October 2, 2022, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Fieldwork included harvesting row crops, chopping silage, and some fourth cutting of hay.

Topsoil moisture condition rated 17 percent very short, 36 percent short, 46 percent adequate and 1 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture condition rated 22 percent very short, 35 percent short, 42 percent adequate and 1 percent surplus.

Virtually all of Iowa’s corn crop has reached the dent stage or beyond. Eighty-two percent of Iowa’s corn crop was mature, 1 day behind last year but 4 days ahead of the average. Harvest of the State’s corn crop reached 11 percent complete, 4 days behind last year and 1 day behind the 5-year average. Moisture content of field corn being harvested for grain was at 22 percent. Corn condition dropped slightly to 61 percent good to excellent. Ninety-six percent of soybeans were coloring or beyond.

Soybeans dropping leaves were at 80 percent, 4 days behind last year and 1 day behind the 5-year average. Soybean harvest reached 26 percent, 3 days behind last year but 1 day ahead of the average. Farmers in northwest Iowa led the way with 45 percent harvested while farmers in south central Iowa have harvested just 4 percent. Soybean condition fell slightly to 61 percent good to excellent.

Pasture condition dropped to 28 percent good to excellent. Water for cows and calves on pasture continued to be an issue in areas of the State. Weaning was underway for some livestock producers.

Minnesota

Minnesota had 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending October 2, 2022, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Much of the state saw its first frost of the season.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 8 percent very short, 29 percent short, 61 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 8 percent very short, 26 percent short, 64 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus.

Corn dented or beyond reached 98 percent. Corn mature was at 75 percent, two days ahead of the 5-year average. Corn harvested for grain was at 5 percent. Corn condition was 3 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 48 percent good, and 13 percent excellent. Corn for silage was 85 percent harvested.

Soybean coloring reached 99 percent and soybeans dropping leaves was at 86 percent. Soybeans harvested was at 29 percent, one day behind the 5-year average. Soybean condition was 2 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 52 percent good, and 12 percent excellent.

Dry edible beans were 92 percent dropping leaves and 76 percent harvested.

Sunflower condition was 0 percent very poor, 0 percent poor, 19 percent fair, 72 percent good, and 9 percent excellent.

Potato harvest was 83 percent complete.

Sugarbeet harvest was 13 percent complete. Sugarbeet condition was 1 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 19 percent fair, 22 percent good, and 56 percent excellent.

Pasture condition was rated 6 percent very poor, 13 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 46 percent good, and 10 percent excellent.