December hog and pig inventory: Numbers are down

Farm Forum

South Dakota

South Dakota’s December 1 inventory of all hogs and pigs was 1.20 million head, down 14 percent from one year ago and down 7 percent from September 1, 2012, according to the South Dakota office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Breeding stock totaled 165,000 head, down 3 percent from December 2011 and down 6 percent from September 2012. Market hogs totaled 1,035,000 head, down 16 percent from last year and down 7 percent from September.

The September through November pig crop was 936,000 head, unchanged from last year, but down 3 percent from the previous quarter. During the quarter 90,000 sows farrowed, unchanged from last year, but down 5 percent from last quarter. Pigs per litter averaged 10.40, unchanged from last year, but up from the previous quarter’s 10.10. Producers intend to farrow 83,000 sows during December through February, 6 percent below the actual farrowings a year ago for that period. Intentions for March through May are for 86,000 farrowings, 9 percent below the actual farrowings one year earlier for that period.

North Dakota

The December 1, 2012 North Dakota all hog and pig inventory, at 135,000 head, decreased 16,000 from December 1, 2011 as a result of a decrease in both breeding and market hog inventory, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, North Dakota Field Office. Over the past 10 years, the largest December 1 inventory was 182,000 head in 2007, while the previous low was 143,000 in 2010.

The breeding herd totaled 35,000 head, down 5,000 head from December 1, 2011. The 2012 pig crop totaled 789,000 head, down 23,000 from last year’s 812,000 head. Average pigs per litter, at 10.73, is down from 10.83 last December.

Market hogs on December 1 totaled 100,000, down 11,000 from December 1, 2011. Market inventory by weight group with respective changes from last year are as follows: 41,000 head weighing under 50 pounds, down 9 percent from the previous year; 25,000 head in the 50-119 pound range, virtually unchanged from the previous year; 15,000 head in the 120-179 range, down 25 percent from a year ago; 19,000 head at or over 180 pounds, down 10 percent from last December.


LINCOLN, Neb. (AP) – Federal agriculture officials say Nebraska’s hog inventory is down.

The United States Department of Agriculture says in a report released on Dec. 28 that the state’s inventory of all hogs and pigs was 3 million head on Dec. 1. That’s down five percent from the same period last year. It’s also down five percent from September of this year.

United States

The United States inventory of all hogs and pigs on December 1, 2012 was 66.3 million head. This was down slightly from December 1, 2011, and down 2 percent from September 1, 2012.

Breeding inventory, at 5.82 million head, was up slightly from last year, and up slightly from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 60.5 million head, was down slightly from last year, and down 2 percent from last quarter.

The September-November 2012 pig crop, at 29.4 million head, was up slightly from 2011. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.90 million head, down 1 percent from 2011. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 50 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was a record high 10.15 for the September-November period, compared to 10.02 last year.

Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.60 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 10.20 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.

Hog producers intend to have 2.86 million sows farrow during the December 2012-February 2013 quarter, up slightly from the actual farrowings during the same period in 2012, and up 1 percent from 2011. Intended farrowings for March-May 2013, at 2.93 million sows, are down 2 percent from 2012, but up slightly from 2011.

The number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 47 percent of the total U.S. hog inventory, up from 45 percent last year.