Jan. 1 cattle inventory down 2 percent

Farm Forum

All cattle and calves in the United States as of January 1, 2013 totaled 89.3 million head, 2 percent below the 90.8 million on January 1, 2012. This is the lowest January 1 inventory of all cattle and calves since the 88.1 million on hand in 1952.

All cows and heifers that have calved, at 38.5 million, were down 2 percent from the 39.4 million on January 1, 2012. This is the lowest January 1 inventory of all cows and heifers that have calved since the 36.8 million head in 1941.

· Beef cows, at 29.3 million, were down 3 percent from January 1, 2012.

· Milk cows, at 9.2 million, unchanged from January 1, 2012.

Other class estimates on January 1, 2013 and the change from January 1, 2012, are as follows:

· All heifers 500 pounds and over, 19.1 million, down 1 percent.

· Beef replacement heifers, 5.4 million, up 2 percent.

· Milk replacement heifers, 4.6 million, down 2 percent.

· Other heifers, 9.2 million, down 3 percent.

· Steers weighing 500 pounds and over, 15.8 million, unchanged.

· Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over, 2.1 million, down 2 percent.

· Calves under 500 pounds, 13.8 million, down 2 percent.

· Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter in all feedlots, 13.4 million, down 5 percent.

· The combined total of calves under 500 pounds, and other heifers and steers over 500 pounds outside of feedlots was 25.5 million, up 1 percent.

Calf Crop Down 3 Percent

The 2012 calf crop was estimated at 34.3 million head, down 3 percent from 2011. This is the smallest calf crop since the 33.7 million born during 1949. Calves born during the first half of 2012 are estimated at 25.0 million, down 3 percent from 2011.

South Dakota’s cattle

inventory up 5 percent

SIOUX FALLS (AP) – South Dakota’s cattle inventory heading into 2013 is up 5 percent from the previous year.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service says the state had 3.85 million head of cattle and calves on hand on Jan. 1. That’s a 4 percent increase from two years ago.

Cows and heifers that have calved totaled 1.78 million head, up 5 percent from a year ago.

Beef cows totaled 1.69 million head, up 5 percent from a year ago. Milk cows are at 92,000 head, up 2,000 head from last year.

The total cattle on feed for the slaughter market on Jan. 1 was 300,000 head, down 20,000 head from one year ago.


All inventory and calf crop estimates for July 1, 2011, January 1, 2012, and July 1, 2012 were reviewed using calf crop, official slaughter, import and export data, and the relationship of new survey information to the prior surveys. Based on the findings of this review, small adjustments of less than one-half percent were made to previously released inventory estimates by class.

State level estimates were reviewed and changes were made to reallocate inventory estimates to the United States total. This report was approved on February 1, 2013.