CROP AND PASTURE CONDITIONS

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For the week ending September 22, 2013, near normal temperatures were recorded across most of the state last week, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Activities included seeding winter wheat, finishing up the hay season, scouting fields for row crop harvest, and moving livestock to fall pastures. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 20 percent very short, 42 short, 37 adequate, and 1 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 21 percent very short, 44 short, 34 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat seeding was 43 percent complete, ahead of 34 last year but near 44 average. Emerged was 6 percent complete, ahead of 1 last year but behind 10 average.

Corn at the dent stage was 90 percent, behind 99 last year but near 92 average. Mature was 40 percent, well behind 86 last year, and behind 45 average. Harvested was 4 percent complete, also well behind 34 last year and near 7 average. Condition rated 3 percent very poor, 11 poor, 26 fair, 47 good, and 13 excellent.

Soybeans dropping leaves were 72 percent, well behind 97 last year and 80 average. Harvested was 3 percent complete, also well behind 42 last year and 10 average. Condition rated 6 percent very poor, 13 poor, 32 fair, 42 good, and 7 excellent.

Sorghum coloring was 93 percent, behind 100 last year but near 94 average. Mature was 33 percent, well behind 83 last year and 38 average. Harvested was 3 percent complete, also well behind 44 last year and 10 average. Condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 16 fair, 67 good, and 14 excellent.

Sunflowers with ray flowers dry were 91 percent, behind last year at 100 and 95 average. Bracts yellow were 62 percent, well behind last year at 88 and 77 average. Bracts brown were 15 percent, well behind last year at 54 and 20 average. Condition rated 2 percent very poor, 18 poor, 31 fair, 45 good, and 4 excellent.

The third cutting of alfalfa was 90 percent complete, ahead of 83 last year and 82 average. Alfalfa hay condition rated 2 percent very poor, 8 poor, 38 fair, 46 good, and 6 excellent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 16 poor, 40 fair, 35 good, and 7 excellent. Stock water supplies were 5 percent very short, 26 short, 66 adequate, and 3 surplus.

North Dakota

For the week ending September 22, 2013, no significant rainfall was received across the state last week other than a few isolated areas, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Even though very little moisture was received, harvest of the remaining small grains was slowed due to cool, damp days. Livestock producers were busy vaccinating calves in preparation for weaning and also moving hay supplies to winter feeding areas. After several weeks of temperatures being significantly above normal, last week’s average temperatures across the state were only slightly above normal. Statewide, there were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 5 percent very short, 19 short, 70 adequate, and 6 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat seeding was estimated at 51 percent complete. Emerged was 11 percent.

Spring wheat harvested was 91 percent, behind last year’s 100 but near 93 average.

Durum wheat harvested was 75 percent, well behind last year’s 100 and 85 average.

Barley harvested was 95 percent, behind last year’s 100 and 99 average.

Canola harvested was 82 percent, behind last year’s 100 and 87 average.

Flaxseed harvest was 53 percent complete, well behind last year’s 97 and 70 average. Condition rated 2 percent very poor, 2 poor, 21 fair, 67 good, and 8 excellent.

Lentils harvested were 90 percent, behind 100 last year and 97 average.

Sugarbeets lifted were 10 percent, behind 17 last year but equal to 10 average. Sugarbeet condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 30 fair, 53 good, and 11 excellent.

Corn reaching the dent stage was 90 percent, behind 100 last year but ahead of 86 average. Mature was 24 percent, well behind 90 last year and 40 average. Harvest was 1 percent complete, also well behind last year’s 19 but near 4 average. Condition rated 3 percent very poor, 14 poor, 36 fair, 38 good, and 9 excellent.

Soybeans dropping leaves were 82 percent, well behind 98 last year, but ahead of 70 average. Harvest was 3 percent complete, also well behind last year’s 52 and 12 average. Condition rated 5 percent very poor, 17 poor, 40 fair, 35 good, and 3 excellent.

Potatoes with vines killed were 56 percent, well behind 95 last year and 84 average. Dug were 11 percent, well behind 49 last year and 38 average. Condition rated 6 percent very poor, 15 poor, 40 fair, 35 good, and 4 excellent.

Dry edible beans dropping leaves were 92 percent, behind 100 last year but ahead of 87 average. Harvest was 40 percent complete, well behind last year’s 87 but equal to 40 average. Condition rated 1 percent very poor, 10 poor, 39 fair, 43 good, and 7 excellent.

Sunflowers with ray flowers dry were 88 percent, behind 100 last year and 96 average. Bracts yellow were 52 percent, well behind 96 last year and 79 average. Bracts brown were 14 percent, also well behind 75 last year and 36 average. Condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 20 fair, 60 good, and 16 excellent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions had little change with 2 percent rated very poor, 8 poor, 27 fair, 52 good, and 11 excellent. Stock water supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 7 short, 90 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Minnesota

The condition of Minnesota’s crops improved during the week ending September 22, 2013 according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide, an average of 0.43 inch of rain fell; improving topsoil and subsoil moisture to 51 and 43 percent adequate, respectively. Central Minnesota received 0.96 inch of rainfall making it the wettest region for the second consecutive week. Temperatures averaged 57.2 degrees, 0.3 degrees cooler than normal. Statewide, 5.2 days were rated suitable for fieldwork.

Ninety-one percent of the corn crop was at or beyond the dent stage, remaining behind the normal 94 percent. Seventeen percent of Minnesota’s corn was mature, 12 days behind normal. Seventy-six percent of corn silage has been cut, two percentage points ahead of normal, yet behind last year’s 99 percent. Corn conditions were rated 4 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 45 percent good and 5 percent excellent. Seventy-nine percent of the soybean crop was turning yellow, 20 percentage points behind last year. Forty-six percent of soybeans were dropping leaves, 6 days behind normal. Soybean conditions improved slightly to 50 percent good or excellent.

Dry beans were 28 percent harvested, compared to last year’s 85 percent. The sugarbeet harvest has begun, with 5 percent of the crop lifted. Minnesota’s potatoes were 58 percent dug, while sweet corn was 89 percent harvested.

Pasture conditions also improved and were rated 27 percent good to excellent, compared to 17 percent a year ago. The harvest of third cutting alfalfa was 93 percent complete.