CROP AND PASTURE CONDITIONS

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Farm Forum

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending September 29, 2013, above normal temperatures were recorded across most areas of the state, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Row crop harvest was underway in most areas. Statewide, there were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 12 percent very short, 44 short, 43 adequate, and 1 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 20 percent very short, 46 short, 33 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat seeding was 66 percent complete, ahead of 48 last year and 62 average. Emerged was 15 percent complete, ahead of 4 last year but behind 23 average.

Corn at the dent stage was 96 percent, behind 100 last year but near 97 average. Mature was 66 percent, well behind 95 last year, but near 65 average. Harvested was 11 percent complete, also well behind 52 last year but near 13 average. Condition rated 3 percent very poor, 11 poor, 25 fair, 47 good, and 14 excellent.

Soybeans dropping leaves were 87 percent, well behind 100 last year and 92 average. Harvested was 13 percent complete, also well behind 74 last year and 25 average. Condition rated 5 percent very poor, 13 poor, 33 fair, 41 good, and 8 excellent.

Sorghum coloring was 99 percent, behind 100 last year but near 98 average. Mature was 59 percent, well behind 95 last year but near 57 average. Harvested was 11 percent complete, also well behind 54 last year and 15 average. Condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 23 fair, 60 good, and 13 excellent.

Sunflowers with ray flowers dry were 97 percent, near last year at 100 and 98 average. Bracts yellow were 87 percent, behind last year at 95 and near 88 average. Bracts brown were 50 percent, well behind last year at 81 but ahead of 39 average. Harvested was 2 percent complete, behind 12 last year and 3 average. Condition rated 2 percent very poor, 16 poor, 25 fair, 50 good, and 7 excellent.

The third cutting of alfalfa was 90 percent complete, behind 96 last year but near 88 average. Fifteen percent of alfalfa hay has been cut a fourth time. Alfalfa hay condition rated 1 percent very poor, 7 poor, 38 fair, 46 good, and 8 excellent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 15 poor, 43 fair, 34 good, and 6 excellent. Stock water supplies were 6 percent very short, 27 short, 64 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Data for this news release were provided at the county level by USDA Farm Service Agency, SDSU Extension Service and other reporters across the state.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending September 29, 2013, almost all areas across the state received at least one-half inch of rainfall last week, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. This moisture occurred primarily the latter part of the week and continued to delay the harvest of remaining small grains. Temperatures remained warm with the eastern half 6 to 10 degrees above normal and the western half normal to 4 degrees above. Frost has been very limited so far this fall. This has allowed the late planted row crops to reach full maturity in most areas. Statewide, there were 4.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 4 percent very short, 14 short, 74 adequate, and 8 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 5 percent very short, 18 short, 72 adequate, and 5 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat seeding was estimated at 72 percent complete. Emerged was 30 percent.

Spring wheat harvested was 95 percent, behind last year’s 100 and 97 average.

Durum wheat harvested was 83 percent, well behind last year’s 100 and 92 average.

Canola harvested was 85 percent, well behind last year’s 100 and 94 average.

Flaxseed harvest was 65 percent complete, well behind last year’s 100 and 80 average.

Lentils harvested were 93 percent, behind 100 last year and 99 average.

Sugarbeets lifted were 12 percent, behind 20 last year and 16 average. Sugarbeet condition rated 0 percent very poor, 5 poor, 32 fair, 54 good, and 9 excellent.

Corn reaching the dent stage was 96 percent, behind 100 last year but ahead of 93 average. Mature was 51 percent, well behind 97 last year and 56 average. Harvest was 1 percent complete, also well behind last year’s 34 and 7 average. Condition rated 3 percent very poor, 14 poor, 39 fair, 36 good, and 8 excellent.

Soybeans dropping leaves were 94 percent, behind 100 last year, but ahead of 91 average. Harvest was 13 percent complete, well behind last year’s 77 and 27 average. Condition rated 4 percent very poor, 14 poor, 44 fair, 34 good, and 4 excellent.

Potatoes with vines killed were 87 percent, well behind 100 last year and 92 average. Dug was 36 percent, well behind 70 last year and 54 average. Condition rated 4 percent very poor, 12 poor, 41 fair, 38 good, and 5 excellent.

Dry edible beans dropping leaves were 97 percent, behind 100 last year but near 95 average. Harvest was 53 percent complete, well behind last year’s 94 but near 54 average. Condition rated 2 percent very poor, 9 poor, 38 fair, 44 good, and 7 excellent.

Sunflowers with ray flowers dry were 95 percent, behind 100 last year and 99 average. Bracts yellow were 70 percent, well behind 100 last year and 92 average. Bracts brown were 28 percent, also well behind 90 last year and 58 average. Harvested were 1 percent, well behind 14 last year but near 3 average. Condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 21 fair, 55 good, and 18 excellent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions had little change with 2 percent rated very poor, 9 poor, 23 fair, 55 good, and 11 excellent. Stock water supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 6 short, 89 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Data for this news release were provided at the county level by USDA Farm Service Agency and NDSU Extension Service.

Minnesota

Soybean maturity rapidly advanced in Minnesota during the week ending September 29, 2013 according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. A statewide average of 5.6 days were rated suitable for fieldwork. Minnesota’s average temperature was 7.4 degrees above normal at 62.0 degrees. The average rainfall statewide was 0.15 inch below normal at 0.54 inch. These weather conditions reduced topsoil and subsoil moisture to 48 and 37 percent adequate to surplus, respectively. However, the Northwest region received an average 1.41 inches of rain.

Ninety-six percent of the corn crop was at or beyond the dent stage, 3 days behind normal. Forty-one percent of Minnesota’s corn was mature, compared to last year’s 98 percent. Eighty-eight percent of corn silage has been cut. Ninety-three percent of the soybean crop was turning yellow or beyond, 6 days behind normal. Seventy-three percent of soybeans were dropping leaves or beyond, 17 percentage points behind normal. Forty percent of the soybean crop has reached maturity, compared to the normal 66 percent. Soybean harvest has begun and was 9 percent complete. The average moisture content of harvested soybeans was 14 percent, compared to 10 percent a year ago. Corn and soybean crop conditions both declined slightly to 48 percent good to excellent.

The sweet corn harvest was nearly finished at 95 percent complete. Dry beans were 59 percent harvested, compared to last year’s 92 percent. Sugarbeets were 8 percent lifted, behind the normal 16 percent. Minnesota’s potatoes were 70 percent dug, 4 percentage points ahead of normal.

Pasture conditions were rated 25 percent good to excellent. The third cutting of alfalfa hay was 95 percent complete.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. (AP) – Last week’s rain of an inch or more of rain slowed the planting of winter wheat across much of the Panhandle and some central Nebraska counties.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture says in its report for the week ending Sunday that 65 percent of the expected crop had been planted, compared with 72 percent average by the end of September.

The USDA says, however, that the rain improved the overall prospects for the state’s next wheat crop.

The report also says about 9 percent of the state’s corn crop had been harvested, compared with 51 percent last year and 16 percent on average by this time of the year.

The soybean harvest was 13 percent complete, compared with 44 percent last year and 19 percent on average.