AGRICULTURE

USDA 2013 Crop Production Summaries

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South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS — Corn for grain production is estimated at 809 million bushels, up 51 percent from 2012 according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The average yield is estimated at 138 bushels per harvested acre, up 37 bushels from last year. Area harvested for grain was 5.86 million acres, up from 2012’s 5.30 million acres.

Soybean production is estimated at 183 million bushels, up 27 percent from 2012. The average yield was 40.0 bushels per harvested acre, up 9.5 bushels from a year ago. Acres harvested are estimated at 4.58 million, down from 4.72 million acres the previous year.

Alfalfa hay production, at 3.78 million tons, was up 46 percent from 2012. Yield is estimated at 2.1 tons per acre, up 0.7 tons per acre from a year ago. Acres harvested are estimated at 1.80 million, down from 1.85 million acres last year. All other hay production totaled 2.13 million tons, up 42 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.70 tons per acre, up from 1.20 tons per acre last year. Harvested acres are estimated at 1.25 million, unchanged from last year. New seedings of alfalfa in 2013 totaled 110,000 acres, up from 100,000 acres a year ago. Total forage production from alfalfa and other hay was 6.09 million tons in 2013, up 46 percent from a year earlier.

Sorghum for grain production is estimated at 22.0 million bushels, up 274 percent from the previous year. Yield is estimated at 80 bushels per acre, up 38 bushels from last year. Acres harvested are estimated at 275,000, up from 140,000 acres a year ago.

Oil sunflower production is estimated at 821 million pounds, up 4 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 1,520 pounds per acre, up 110 pounds from the previous year. Acres harvested are estimated at 540,000, down from 560,000 acres last year. Non-oil sunflower production is estimated at 176 million pounds, up 72 percent from a year ago. Yield is estimated at 1,600 pounds per acre, down 20 pounds from the previous year. Acres harvested are estimated at 110,000, up from 63,000 acres last year.

Proso millet grain production is estimated at 5.61 million bushels, up 648 percent from a year ago. Yield is estimated at 34 bushels per acre, up 9 bushels from a year earlier. Harvested acres are estimated at 165,000, up from 30,000 acres in 2012.

Dry edible bean production is estimated at 230,000 hundredweight, down 14 percent from 2012. Yield is estimated at 2,000 pounds per acre, down 60 pounds from last year. Acres harvested are estimated at 11,500, down from 12,900 acres from a year ago.

Flaxseed production is estimated at 120,000 bushels, down 1 percent from 2012. Yield per harvested acre is 20 bushels, up 3 bushels from last year. Acres harvested are estimated at 6,000, down from 7,000 acres a year ago.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. — Corn for grain production is estimated at 396 million bushels, down 6 percent from last year according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The average yield is estimated at 110 bushels, down 12 bushels from 2012. Area harvested for grain, at a record high 3.60 million acres, is up from 2012’s 3.46 million.

Soybean production is estimated at 139 million bushels, down 15 percent from 2012. The average yield was 30.0 bushels per acre, down 4.5 bushels from a year ago. Acres harvested are estimated at 4.62 million, down from 4.73 million acres the previous year.

Potato production is estimated at 22.6 million hundredweight, down 10 percent from 2012. Yield is estimated at 290 hundredweight per acre, down 10 hundredweight from last year. Acres harvested are estimated at 78,000, down from 84,000 acres a year ago.

Oil sunflower production is estimated at 510 million pounds, down 61 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 1,260 pounds, down 490 pounds from the previous year. Acres harvested are estimated at 405,000, down from 755,000 acres a year ago. Non-oil sunflower production is estimated at 97.9 million pounds, down 30 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 1,360 pounds, down 220 pounds from a year ago. An estimated 72,000 acres were harvested, down from 88,000 acres the previous year.

Canola production is estimated at 1.67 billion pounds, down 18 percent from 2012. Yield is estimated at 1,820 pounds per acre, up 420 pounds from last year. Area harvested totaled 915,000 acres, down from 1.46 million acres from a year ago.

Flaxseed production is estimated at 2.92 million bushels, down 46 percent from 2012. Yield per harvested acre is 20.0 bushels, up 2.5 bushels from last year. Acres harvested are estimated at 146,000, down from 310,000 acres a year ago.

Dry edible bean production is estimated at 7.10 million hundredweight, down 39 percent from 2012. Yield is estimated at 1,650 pounds, down 50 pounds from last year. Acres harvested are estimated at 430,000, down from 685,000 acres a year ago.

Dry edible pea production is estimated at 5.74 million hundredweight, up 28 percent from 2012. Yield is estimated at 2,050 pounds per acre, up 100 pounds from last year. Acres harvested are estimated at 280,000, up from 230,000 acres a year ago.

Lentil production is estimated at 1.76 million hundredweight, down 9 percent from the previous year. Yield is estimated at 1,400 pounds per harvested acre, up 180 pounds from last year. Acres harvested are estimated at 126,000, down from 158,000 acres a year ago.

Sugarbeet production is estimated at 5.69 million tons, down 5 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 25.3 tons per harvested acre, down 2.7 tons from the previous year. Acres harvested are estimated at 225,000 acres, up from 215,000 acres the previous year.

Safflower production is estimated at 18.0 million pounds, up 6 percent from the previous year. Yield is estimated at 1,200 pounds per acre, unchanged from last year. Acres harvested are estimated at 15,000, up from 14,200 acres a year ago.

Alfalfa hay production, at 3.24 million tons, was up 79 percent from 2012. Yield is estimated at 2.0 tons per acre, up 0.6 tons from a year ago. Acres harvested are estimated at 1.62 million, up from 1.29 million acres last year. All other hay production totaled 1.85 million tons, up 37 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 1.85 tons per acre, up 0.35 tons from last year. Harvested acres are estimated at 1.00 million, up from 900,000 acres from last year. New seedings of alfalfa in 2013 totaled 73,000 acres, up from 53,000 acres a year ago.

Minnesota

Corn for grain production in Minnesota during 2013 is estimated at 1.30 billion bushels, according to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service annual Crop Production 2013 Summary report. This estimate is down 2 percent from the November 1 forecast and down 5 percent from 2012. Minnesota’s corn for grain yield is estimated at 160 bushels per acre, 4 bushels less than the November 1 forecast and 5 bushels below 2012. Area harvested for grain is estimated at 8.15 million acres, up 50,000 acres from the November 1 forecast but 180,000 acres below 2012. Corn planted for all purposes in 2013 is estimated at 8.6 million acres, down 2 percent from 2012.

Corn for silage production is estimated at 6.27 million tons, down 6 percent from 2012. The silage yield estimate of 16.5 tons per acre is 2.5 tons per acre lower than 2012. Producers harvested 380,000 acres of corn for silage, an increase of 30,000 acres from 2012.

Soybean production is estimated at 271 million bushels in 2013, up 5 percent from the November 1 forecast but down 11 percent from 2012. Minnesota soybean growers averaged 41.0 bushels per acre in 2013. This is 2.0 bushels above the November 1 forecast but 2.5 bushels below the 2012 yield. The harvested acreage of 6.62 million is 5 percent below 2012. Soybean planted acreage, at 6.70 million acres, is also down 5 percent from 2012.

Spring Wheat production is estimated at 66.1 million bushels, down 11 percent from 2012. Spring wheat harvested area for grain is 1.16 million acres, down 11 percent from last year. Spring wheat yield, at 57 bushels per acre, is unchanged from 2012.

All hay production for the state is estimated at 3.90 million tons, down 3 percent from the 4.00 million tons produced in 2012. Producers averaged 2.05 tons per acre, down from 2.28 tons in 2012. All hay harvested acres is estimated at 1.90 million acres, up 9 percent from 2012.

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures production is estimated at 2.47 million tons, up less than 1 percent from 2012. Producers averaged 2.6 tons per acre. Harvested acres at 950,000 were up 100,000 acres from 2012. Minnesota producers seeded 230,000 acres of alfalfa in 2013, up 15 percent from the previous year.

Other hay production is estimated at 1.43 million tons, 7 percent below 2012. Producers averaged 1.5 tons per acre, down from 1.7 tons per acre in 2012. Harvested acres of other hay, at 950,000, is up 6 percent from the previous year.

Sugarbeet production is estimated at 11.1 million tons, down 10 percent from 2012. Yield averaged 26.0 tons per acre, down 0.5 tons from 2012. The harvested acres at 426,000 is 8 percent below 2012.

Iowa

Corn for grain production in Iowa during 2013 is estimated at 2.16 billion bushels, according to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service annual Crop Production 2013 Summary report. This estimate is down 2 percent from the November 1 forecast but 15 percent above 2012. Iowa’s corn for grain yield is estimated at 165 bushels per acre, 4 bushels less than the November 1 forecast but 28 bushels above 2012. Area harvested for grain is estimated at 13.1 million acres, unchanged from the November 1 forecast and 600,000 acres below 2012. Corn planted for all purposes in 2013 is estimated at 13.6 million acres, down 4 percent from 2012.

Corn for silage production is estimated at 7.41 million tons, up 52 percent from 2012 and the largest silage production since 1982. The silage yield estimate of 19.0 tons per acre is 4.0 tons per acre higher than 2012. Producers harvested 390,000 acres of corn for silage, an increase of 65,000 acres from 2012. It is the largest acreage harvested for silage since 1993.

Soybean production is estimated at 411 million bushels in 2013, down 1 percent from the November 1 forecast and down 1 percent from 2012. This is the lowest production since 2003. Iowa soybean growers averaged 44.5 bushels per acre in 2013. This is 0.5 bushel below the November 1 forecast but equal to 2012. The harvested acreage of 9.24 million is 1 percent below the previous year. Soybean planted acreage, at 9.30 million acres, is down 1 percent from 2012.

All hay production for the state is estimated at 3.38 million tons, up 20 percent from the 2.81 million tons produced in 2012. Producers averaged 2.9 tons per acre, up from 2.5 tons in 2012. All hay harvested acres is estimated at 1.17 million acres, up 3 percent from 2012.

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures production is estimated at 2.41 million tons, up 14 percent from 2012. Producers averaged 3.3 tons per acre. Harvested acres are unchanged from last year at 730,000. Iowa producers seeded 145,000 acres of alfalfa in 2013, up 26 percent from the previous year.

Other hay production is estimated at 968,000 tons, 39 percent above 2012. Producers averaged 2.2 tons per acre, up from 1.7 tons per acre in 2012. Harvested acres of other hay, at 440,000, is up 7 percent from the previous year.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — Corn for grain production in Nebraska based on year-end surveys is estimated at a record high 1.62 billion bushels, up 26 percent from 2012, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Yield of 170 bushels per acre is up 28 bushels from last year and the second highest of record. Farmers harvested 9.55 million acres of corn for grain, up 5 percent from 2012 and the second largest harvested acreage since 1933.

Soybean production for 2013 totaled 252 million bushels, up 22 percent from 2012. Yield, at 53.0 bushels per acre, is up 11.5 bushels from a year earlier. Area for harvest, at 4.76 million acres, is down 5 percent from 2012.

Sorghum for grain production in 2013 is estimated at 9.38 million bushels, more than double last year’s production. Yield, at 67 bushels per acre, is up 8 bushels from a year earlier. Area harvested for grain, at 140,000 acres, is more than double a year ago.

Alfalfa production of 2.42 million tons is up 6 percent from a year earlier. The average yield, at 3.45 tons per acre, is up 0.50 ton per acre from last year. Area harvested for dry hay, at

700,000 acres, is down 9 percent from 2012. Seedings of alfalfa during 2013 totaled

140,000 acres, up 17 percent from the year earlier. All other hay production, at 2.52 million tons, is up 40 percent from 2012. The average yield, at 1.40 tons per acre, is up 0.40 ton per acre from last year. Area harvested of other dry hay is 1.80 million acres, unchanged from a year ago. Total forage production from alfalfa and other hay was 5.06 million tons in 2013, up 20 percent from the previous year.

Proso millet production in 2013 is estimated at 4.58 million bushels, near seven times last year’s production. Yield, at 32 bushels per acre, is up 20 bushels from a year earlier. Area harvested for grain, at 143,000 acres, is more than two times that of 2012.

Oil sunflower production in 2013 is 21.7 million pounds, up 5 percent from last year. Yield, at 850 pounds per acre, is up 150 pounds from a year earlier. Area harvested, at 25,500 acres, is down 14 percent from 2012. Non-oil sunflower production of 13.0 million pounds is near double last year. Yield, at 1,000 pounds per acre, is up 100 pounds from a year earlier. Area harvested, at 13,000 acres, is up 78 percent from 2012.

Sugarbeet production of 1.31 million tons is down 10 percent from 2012. Yield, at 29.7 tons per acre, is down 0.10 ton from the record high set a year earlier. Area harvested, at 44,200 acres, is 10 percent less than 2012.

Dry edible bean production of 2.75 million hundredweight, is down 14 percent from a year ago. Yield, at 2,350 pounds per acre, is down 50 pounds from a year earlier. Area harvested, at 117,000 acres, is down 12 percent from 2012.

Potato production is 8.42 million hundredweight, down 19 percent from last year. Yield, at a record high 460 hundredweight per acre, is up 15 pounds from a year earlier. Area harvested, at 18,300 acres, is down 21 percent from 2012.