Crop and Pasture Conditions

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South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending April 27, 2014, above normal temperatures and scattered rain showers were recorded in most areas of the state with larger amounts of precipitation in the northeast, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Agricultural activities included spreading fertilizer, planting corn and spring wheat, and caring for livestock. Statewide, there were 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 26 short, 69 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 21 short, 77 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 31 fair, 63 good and 2 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 2 percent, compared to 0 last year and the five-year average of 2.

Spring wheat was 42 percent planted, ahead of 12 last year but behind 46 average. Six percent of spring wheat had emerged, ahead of 1 last year but behind 22 average.

Oats planted rated 60 percent complete, ahead of 29 percent last year and of 46 average. Sixteen percent of oats had emerged, ahead of 3 last year but behind 21 average.

Corn planted was 11 percent complete, ahead of 0 last year and near 10 average.

Barley planted was 19 percent complete, ahead of 13 percent last year but behind 33 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Cattle and calf conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 16 fair, 74 good and 9 excellent. Calving was 75 percent complete. Cattle and calf death losses rated 12 percent below normal, 86 normal, and 2 above normal.

Sheep and lamb conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 17 fair, 65 good and 18 excellent. Lambing was 84 percent complete and shearing 86 percent. Sheep and lamb death losses rated 18 percent below normal, 81 normal, and 1 above normal.

Hay and forage supplies were 0 percent very short, 8 short, 85 adequate and 7 surplus.

Stock water supplies were 0 percent very short, 7 percent short, 89 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending April 27, 2014, wet, cool conditions limited fieldwork across most of the state, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil temperatures remained in the high 30’s. Limited planting and fertilizer applications occurred. Only 2.3 days were suitable for fieldwork. Reports indicated that, on average, producers intended to begin fieldwork by May 1. Pastures were beginning to green up. Continued wet conditions were a concern for calving and lambing. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 78 adequate, and 20 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 3 short, 83 adequate, and 14 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 15 poor, 38 fair, 43 good, and 3 excellent.

Durum wheat planted rated 1 percent, near last year at 0 but behind 9 for the five-year average.

Spring wheat planted was 3 percent, near 2 last year but behind 19 average.

Barley planted rated 2 percent, near last year at 0 but behind 14 average.

Oats planted at 3 percent was near 1 last year but behind 14 average.

Dry edible peas planted were 2 percent complete, compared to last year at 0 but behind 13 average.

Sugarbeets planted reached 5 percent, ahead of last year at 0 but well behind 34 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Cattle and calf conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 12 fair, 74 good, and 12 excellent. Calving was 72 percent complete. Cattle and calf death losses rated 23 percent below normal, 75 normal, and 2 above normal.

Sheep and lamb conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 17 fair, 71 good, and 10 excellent. Lambing was 80 percent complete and shearing 75 percent. Sheep and lamb death losses rated 18 percent below normal, 79 normal, and 3 above normal.

Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 85 adequate, and 14 surplus.

Hay and forage supplies rated 1 percent very short, 6 short, 85 adequate, and 8 surplus.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — For the week ending April 27, 2014, corn planting picked up momentum but progress was limited by rain at mid-week across much of the eastern half of the state, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. An inch of rainfall was common in eastern and south central counties. However, little or no moisture was received across western counties as drought conditions continued. Soybean planting was underway but was limited as producers were focused on corn. Temperatures averaged 6 to 8 degrees above normal. The number of days suitable for fieldwork was 5.3. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 14 percent very short, 39 short, 46 adequate, and 1 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 17 percent very short, 45 short, 38 adequate, and 0 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 3 percent very poor, 11 poor, 30 fair, 51 good, and 5 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 5 percent, near 6 last year but behind the five-year average of 25.

Oats condition rated 1 percent very poor, 18 poor, 46 fair, 34 good, and 1 excellent. Oats planted was 92 percent, well ahead of 70 last year and 82 average. Oats emerged was 61 percent, well ahead of 23 last year and 42 average.

Sorghum planted was at 2 percent, ahead of 0 last year and 0 average.

Corn planted was 20 percent, ahead of 3 last year but near 22 average. Corn emerged was 2 percent, near 0 last year and 1 average.

Soybeans planted was 6 percent, ahead of 0 last year and 2 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Stock water supplies rated 5 percent very short, 8 short, 86 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Hay and forage supplies rated 2 percent very short, 9 short, 85 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Cattle and calf condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 11 fair, 77 good, and 11 excellent. Cattle and calf losses rated 17 percent below average, 83 average, and 0 above average. Percentage of cows calved since January 1 was 93 percent.

Sheep and lamb condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 10 fair, 82 good, and 7 excellent. Sheep and lamb losses rated 12 percent below average, 88 average, and 0 above average.

Minnesota

Wet conditions continued to limit field work in Minnesota during the week ending April 27th, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Soil temperatures remain a concern in northern Minnesota. There were 1.7 days rated suitable for fieldwork statewide compared to the average of 3.2 days.

Recent rainfall has allowed topsoil and subsoil moisture levels to continue to improve. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 66 percent adequate, and 32 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 17 percent short, 67 percent adequate, and 15 percent surplus.

Crop planting progress was ahead of last year, but behind the 5 year average. Four percent of the corn crop has been planted, 26 percentage points behind the 5 year average. Spring wheat planted was 2 percent complete, 37 percent points behind the 5 year average. Two percent of the barely crop was planted, 33 percentage points behind average. Oats planting progress improved to 9 percent complete; ahead of previous year’s 1 percent, but behind the 5 year average of 46 percent.

Pasture conditions were rated 3 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 48 percent fair, 40 percent good, and 1 percent excellent. Limited numbers of livestock producers in northwest Minnesota reported concerns of having adequate feed stocks to feed herds till grazing becomes available.

Iowa

Wet conditions continued to slow down fieldwork in Iowa during the week ending April 27, 2014, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Average temperatures were above normal for the week except in north central and northeast Iowa. Cool soil temps remain a concern for farmers planting in the northern part of the State. Statewide there were 3.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Other activities for the week included applying fertilizers and herbicides.

Recent precipitation improved soil moisture levels. Topsoil moisture levels rated 4 percent very short, 15 percent short, 67 percent adequate and 14 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 14 percent very short, 36 percent short, 46 percent adequate and 4 percent surplus. Northwest Iowa remained the driest with 17 percent of topsoil reported in very short condition.

Planting progress was ahead of the previous year’s progress, but still trailed behind the five year average. Planting for oats was at 68 percent complete, 26 percentage points ahead of last year but 13 percentage points behind average. Twenty-four percent of oats had emerged, ahead of last year’s 10 percent, but 18 percentage points behind the five-year average. Fifteen percent of the expected corn acreage was planted, 13 percentage points ahead of last year but 18 percentage points behind average. Corn had started to emerge. There were scattered reports of soybeans being planted.

Pasture condition rated 10 percent very poor, 19 percent poor, 44 percent fair, 24 percent good and 3 percent excellent. Calving conditions were reported as poor with the wet conditions and cooler temperatures in some areas of the state.