Crop progress and pasture conditions

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South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending May 4, 2014, below normal temperatures continued to persist across the state. Most areas received an inch or more of rain, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Activities included spreading fertilizer, planting, and tillage. Statewide, there were 3.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 20 short, 77 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 19 short, 79 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 33 fair, 62 good, and 2 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 3 percent.

Spring wheat was 59 percent planted, ahead of 41 last year but behind the five-year average of 64. Eleven percent of spring wheat had emerged, ahead of 4 last year but behind 34 average.

Oats planted rated 67 percent complete, ahead of 48 percent last year and 61 average. Twenty-five percent of oats had emerged, ahead of 8 last year but behind 31 average.

Barley planted was 44 percent complete, ahead of 30 percent last year but behind 48 average. Barley emerged was 1 percent, near 3 last year but behind 21 average.

Corn planted was 25 percent complete, ahead of 6 last year and near 23 average. Corn emerged was 1 percent complete, ahead of 0 last year and near 2 average.

Soybeans were 1 percent planted, compared to 0 last year and 2 average.

Sorghum was 1 percent planted, ahead of 0 last year and equal to average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and Range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 47 fair, 45 good, and 4 excellent.

Stock water supplies were 0 percent very short, 6 percent short, 90 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus.

Cattle and calf conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 15 fair, 75 good, and 9 excellent. Calving was 83 percent complete. Cattle and calf death losses rated 16 percent below normal, 82 normal, and 2 above normal.

Sheep and lamb conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 17 fair, 66 good, and 17 excellent. Lambing was 88 percent complete and shearing 89 percent. Sheep and lamb death losses rated 19 percent below normal, 80 normal, and 1 above normal.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending May 4, 2014, at least an inch of precipitation was received over much of the state last week, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Average temperatures were 6 to 9 degrees below normal in most areas. Even though there were reports of fieldwork being done in some southern counties, the wet, cool conditions caused delays. Only 1.4 days were suitable for fieldwork. Reports indicated that, on average, fieldwork was estimated to begin May 4. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 71 adequate, and 27 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 80 adequate, and 18 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 14 poor, 39 fair, 43 good, and 3 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 1 percent.

Durum wheat planted rated 1 percent, near last year at 3 but behind 14 for the five-year average.

Spring wheat planted was 5 percent, near 6 last year but well behind 28 average.

Barley planted rated 3 percent, compared to last year at 2 but behind 22 average.

Oats planted at 6 percent was near 8 last year but behind 23 average.

Canola planted was 1 percent, equal to last year but behind 13 average.

Dry edible peas planted were 3 percent complete, compared to last year at 0 but behind 23 average.

Potatoes planted were 1 percent, near 0 last year but behind 19 average.

Sugarbeets planted reached 6 percent, ahead of last year at 0 but well behind 41 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 4 percent very poor, 6 poor, 37 fair, 49 good, and 4 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 82 adequate, and 17 surplus.

Calving was coming to a close and livestock producers have indicated that the cool, wet weather conditions have caused concern for pneumonia and scours in newborn calves. Cattle and calf conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 13 fair, 71 good, and 13 excellent. Calving was 81 percent complete. Cattle and calf death losses rated 24 percent below normal, 74 normal, and 2 above normal.

Sheep and lamb conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 15 fair, 73 good, and 10 excellent. Lambing was 86 percent complete and shearing 85 percent. Sheep and lamb death losses rated 20 percent below normal, 78 normal, and 2 above normal.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — For the week ending May 4, 2014, precipitation in the form of snow in the extreme northwest and rain across most other areas of the state slowed fieldwork, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Amounts of an inch of rain were common across the north and east while central counties received lesser amounts. By week’s end, soils had dried and fieldwork was widespread. Temperatures averaged 3 to 6 degrees below normal in most areas. The number of days considered suitable for fieldwork was 4.2. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 13 percent very short, 38 short, 48 adequate, and 1 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 16 percent very short, 45 short, 39 adequate, and 0 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 3 percent very poor, 16 poor, 35 fair, 42 good, and 4 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 21 percent, ahead of 8 last year but behind the five-year average of 39.

Oats condition rated 1 percent very poor, 19 poor, 41 fair, 38 good, and 1 excellent. Oats planted was 94 percent, ahead of 82 last year but near 91 average. Oats emerged was 70 percent, well ahead of 36 last year and 62 average.

Corn planted was 44 percent, ahead of 12 last year but near 45 average. Corn emerged was 7 percent, ahead of 2 last year but equal to the average.

Soybeans planted was 11 percent, ahead of 1 last year but equal to the average.

Sorghum planted was at 3 percent, ahead of 1 last year but equal to the average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and Range condition rated 13 percent very poor, 15 poor, 46 fair, 25 good, and 1 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 5 percent very short, 9 short, 85 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Cattle and calf condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 10 fair, 77 good, and 12 excellent. Cattle and calf losses rated 20 percent below average, 79 average, and 1 above average. Percentage of cows calved since January 1 was 96 percent.

Sheep and lamb condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 9 fair, 80 good, and 10 excellent. Sheep and lamb losses rated 12 percent below average, 88 average, and 0 above average.

Iowa

Cool weather and persistent wet conditions hindered fieldwork in Iowa during the week ending May 4, 2014, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Average temperatures were below normal for the week, but average precipitation was above normal. Statewide there were 0.9 days suitable for fieldwork.

Recent precipitation improved soil moisture levels. Topsoil moisture levels rated 2 percent very short, 12 percent short, 72 percent adequate and 14 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 10 percent very short, 32 percent short, 54 percent adequate and 4 percent surplus. Northwest Iowa remained the driest with over one-third of topsoil reported as very short or short of moisture.

Planting progress advanced little during the week. Oat seeding was 73 percent complete, 9 percentage points ahead of last year but 16 percentage points behind average. Thirty-eight percent of the oat acreage had emerged, ahead of last year’s 21 percent, but 23 percentage points behind the five-year average. Twenty-three percent of the expected corn acreage was planted, 9 days ahead of last year but 10 days behind normal. Corn started to emerge. There were scattered reports of soybeans being planted.

Pasture condition rated 7 percent very poor, 17 percent poor, 41 percent fair, 31 percent good and 4 percent excellent. Livestock have been moved onto pastures in parts of southern Iowa where pastures have seen more growth.

Minnesota

Cool and wet conditions continued to delay spring planting during the week ending May 4th, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Precipitation was widespread and above normal for many counties. There were 0.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Statewide, April was the 6th consecutive month with cooler than normal mean temperatures.

Widespread precipitation allowed topsoil and subsoil moisture levels to continue to improve. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, and 62 percent adequate, and 37 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 10 percent short, 72 percent adequate, and 18 percent surplus.

Very few acres were planted in Minnesota last week. Eight percent of the corn crop has been planted, which is 2 weeks behind normal. Spring wheat planted was 4 percent complete, 41 percentage points behind the 5 year average. Two percent of the barley crop has been planted, 41 percentage points behind average. Oats planted was 12 percent complete. Sugar beets planted was 2 percent complete, 44 percentage points behind average. Southwestern Minnesota continues to be the only area of the state where farmers are making progress.

Pasture conditions were rated 3 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 51 percent fair, 39 percent good, and 1 percent excellent. Grass continued to green, but cool and damp weather conditions have not allowed for favorable conditions to grow enough forage for grazing.